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PASSIVE NATION— “Poll after poll among our youngsters has given statistical confirmation of the phenomenon of American life which David Riesman, in his book The Lonely Crowd, named ‘other-direction’—extreme sensitivity to the opinions of others, with a concomitant conformity. As a nation we seem to have a syndrome characterized by atrophy of the will, hyp er trophy of the ego and dystrophy of the intellectual musculature. This rather unpleasant por-trait is an inescapable conclu-sion from the mass of data on the attitudes of the younger generation. More than half believe that the Federal Bu-reau of Investigation and the local police should be al-lowed to use wiretapping at will, that the police should be permitted to use the ‘third de-gree,’ that people who refuse to testify against themselves should be forced to do so.”
BOVINE RESOURCES— “Cattle stand first among the animals serving man. They are out-numbered, it is true, by sheep, and they are outranked in man’s esteem by the horse and the dog, but no other domes-tic animal renders such a vari-ety of important services to human well-being. To the American or European con-sumer cattle represent beef, veal, milk, butter, cheese and leather; they yield in addition hormones and vitamin extracts, bone meal for feed and fertilizer, and high-protein concentrates for livestock feeding. However, more than a third of the world’s 800 million cattle are engaged primarily in the generation of brute ener-gy for the tasks of plowing, hauling and milling.”
CARE OF LEPERS— “For the past several hundred years the care of lepers has re-ceived considerable attention in the Phil-ippine Islands. If the segregation of lepers would stamp out the disease, this would be a good investment. But in the Philip-pines, medical evidence is by no means conclusive regarding the efficacy of segre-gation. A colony has, however, been opened on the little island of Culion, and a large number of lepers collected in it. It is contemplated that only such persons shall be declared lepers as by microscopi-cal examination are found to have leprosy bacilli in their tissues. One noteworthy fact was observed while the lepers were being collected, that only about one-half of those who were previously reported as lepers were, on careful examination, found to be so.”
THE WRIGHT BROTHERS WRITE— “The spring of 1908 found us with [government] con-tracts on hand, the conditions of which required performance not entirely met by our flights in 1905. The best flight of that year, on October 5, covered a distance of a little over 24 miles, at a speed of 38 miles an hour, with only one person on board. The contracts call for a machine with a speed of 40 miles an hour, and ca-pable of carrying two men and fuel sup-plies sufficient for a flight of 125 miles. Our recent exper-iments were undertaken with a view of testing our flyer in these particulars, and to en-able us to become familiar with the use of the control-ling levers as arranged in our latest machines. —Orville and Wilbur Wright”
The entire article from 1908 is available here.
ANILINE DYES— “F. Grace Cal-vert, an eminent English chem ist, four years ago said ‘ere long, some valuable dye-ing substance would be pre-pared from coal.’ A few weeks ago he stood before the Soci-ety of Arts in London and showed them a beautiful pur-pleish blue color rivaling that of orchil [a vegetable dye], and having the great advantage of not being destroyed by light. These colors, for there are many of them, have been prepared from the alka-lies of coal tar by Messrs. William Henry Perkin and Arthur H. Church, two rising discoverers, and have been called by them nitroso-phenyline and nitroso-naph-thyline. The colors have been tried on silk, and found perfectly fast.”