10. Roxana Kreimer, “Nietzsche, autor de ‘Funes el memorioso’: Crítica al saber residual de la modernidad” (Nietzsche, author of “Funes the Memori- ous”: A critique of modernity’s residual knowledge), in Jorge Luis Borges: Intervenciones sobre pensamiento y literatura (Buenos Aires: Paidós, 2000).
11. Friedrich Nietzsche, “On the Utility and Liability of History for Life,” in Unfashionable Observations, trans. Richard T. Gray (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995). In this essay Nietzsche refers to forgetting in a historical context, suggesting that man should not tie himself to the prejudices of History (a fundamental requirement for the creation of his famous “superman”).
12. William James, The Principles of Psychology, authorized ed., vol. 1 (New York: Henry Holt, 1890; repr., New York: Dover, 1950), pp. 680 – 681. The second half of the quotation is itself a quotation: Théodule Ribot, Les maladies de la mémoire (Paris: Librairie Germer Ballière, 1881), p. 46.
13. Democritus is known for conceiving atomic theory; legend has it that he gouged his eyes out in his garden so that contemplation of the external world would not disturb his meditations.