Jordan is a strong proponent of the Red–Dead project, mainly because per capita, the country’s access to fresh water is among the most restricted in the world. Saad Abu Hammour, secretary-general of the Jordan Valley Authority, told the Jerusalem hearing that the scarcity of water in Jordan has been exacerbated by the arrival of more than 250,000 Syrian refugees into the country since the outbreak of the Syrian civil war in 2011.
Raising money for the pipeline may pose a problem at a time when many governments around the world are imposing austerity measures.
But an even more formidable obstacle may prove to be the region's politics, says Gidon Bromberg, director of FoEME in Israel. The project’s progress depends on all three parties signing a treaty, but Bromberg wonders whether the Israeli government is prepared to enter a treaty with the Palestinian Authority.
“A treaty means political recognition to sovereignty rights around the Dead Sea," he says. "They got away with it in the interim by calling everyone ‘beneficiaries’. The Palestinians aren’t going to accept that. But even more importantly, the international community isn’t going to accept that. So no-one is going to give money unless you have a treaty in place.”