Research on genes critical for language ability, however, contradicts this assertion. Even the complete reconstruction of the Neanderthal genome, currently underway, may not resolve this debate -- after all, there are no Neanderthals living today.
#4. Brain to self: "I'm way ahead of you"
In a paper published in the March 20 issue of the journal Nature, researchers were able to guess which of two choices a subject would make up to 10 seconds in advance of the choice, based solely on information garnered from a scan of the subject's brain.
You could hardly ask for a more thorough account of the paper and its implications than this one at the science blog Mixing Memory.