RESEARCH LEADER OF THE YEAR
Professor of molecular neurobiology and biophysics, Rockefeller University; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Elucidated the structure and function of ion channels, particularly the potassium ion channel.
Larry Cornman and Robert Sharman
Project scientists, research applications program, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo.
Discovered an algorithm that allows aircraft radar to better detect turbulence.
Professor of plant molecular and cellular biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, San Diego; investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Pinpointed a gene that may allow shaded plants to grow more productively.
Group leader, Battery Technology Development, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Ill.
Made superior lithium-based batteries for hybrid vehicles and medical devices.
CHEMICALS AND MATERIALS
Associate professor of chemistry and biochemistry, State University of New York, Buffalo
Adapted nuclear magnetic resonance techniques to map a protein¿s atomic structure in hours, not days.
David E. Culler
Professor of computer science, University of California, Berkeley; former director of the Berkeley laboratory of Intel Research
Field-tested networks of sensors for military and environmental applications.
Assistant professor of computer science, Stanford University
Showed how software could protect networks from disastrous crashes in individual servers.
Frank X. Hursey
President, Z-Medica, Newington, Conn.
Developed a mineral sponge that stops soldiers' blood loss.
Chair, Center for the Application of Molecular Biology to International Agriculture, Canberra, Australia
Helps innovators in the Third World develop biotechnologies.
James A. Dumesic
Professor of chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Pioneered economical catalysts for turning biomass into hydrogen fuel.
Fisheries scientist, University of British Columbia
Advances the case for setting up marine reserves so that fisheries can make a comeback.
Philip E. Batson
Researcher, department of physical sciences, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, N.Y.
Demonstrated an electron microscope that can see objects smaller than an atom.
Professor of physics, New York University
Built arrays of optical tweezers that may eventually power micromachines.
Professor of developmental biology, Stanford University School of Medicine; investigator, Howard Hughs Medical Institute
Purified a molecule that may help restore blood cells destroyed through chemotherapy.
Bahige M. Baroudy and Chris Hitchcock
Baroudy, director, department of antiviral therapy, Schering-Plough Research Institute, Kenilworth, N.J., and Hitchcock, senior director of exploratory development, Pfizer Global Research and Development, Sandwich, England
Created drugs that blocked a receptor to prevent HIV from entering cells.
nanotechnology AND MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS
Professor of chemistry, Harvard University
Made nanowires, switches, sensors and lasers; fabricated electronic components and devices with features only billionths of a meter across.