ADVERTISEMENT

Better Health for the Uncounted Urban Masses

THIS IS A PREVIEW.
or subscribe to access the full article.

Most of the people who moved to London, New York City, Chicago, Berlin and other big cities during the 19th century traded away their health to make better wages. Crowding, unsafe drinking water, bad sanitation, harsh working conditions and industrial pollution made them sicker than their cousins back home in the countryside and shortened their life spans.

But starting in the middle decades of the 1800s, government reforms and urban leaders began turning the health of these cities around by investing in water, sanitation, waste removal, education and more. Today affluent cities are among the healthiest places to live. Even in many middle-income countries urban dwellers go about their lives largely unthreatened by the classic epidemics.

THIS IS A PREVIEW.
or subscribe to access the full article.
Buy Digital Issue $7.99
Digital Issue + Subscription $39.99 Subscribe
Rights & Permissions
Share this Article:

Comments

You must sign in or register as a ScientificAmerican.com member to submit a comment.
Scientific American Holiday Sale

Scientific American Mind Digital

Get 6 bi-monthly digital issues
+ 1yr of archive access for just $9.99

Hurry this offer ends soon! >

X

Email this Article

X