By Erika Check Hayden
The fiscal crisis at the University of California looks set to engulf the world's largest collection of research materials focused on marine sciences.
On February 11, Brian Schottlaender, librarian at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), proposed closing the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Library, along with four other libraries affiliated with UCSD, including the Medical Center Library and the Science & Engineering Library.
Schottlaender had been asked to cut $6 million out of his $25-million budget as part of a $500-million reduction for the entire University of California system. Newly elected state governor Jerry Brown, who faces a $25-billion state deficit, announced the reduction in January. The Scripps library closure is the highest-profile casualty of the cuts so far, but it is unlikely to be the last.
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The library includes some 227,000 books and 700 print periodicals along with an extensive archive that charts the history of oceanography, including documents from the 1872-76 voyage of HMS Challenger--a landmark global oceanographic expedition. News of the planned closure has elicited a storm of protest. "Closing the Scripps library is almost unthinkable," says Walter Munk, a pioneer¬ing oceanographer who spent his entire professional career at the Scripps institution. "The Scripps library is a unique asset to the community of oceanographers everywhere." A group of Scripps graduate students has organized a petition opposing the closure.
Select collections and services from the library could be moved to a larger library on UCSD's main campus as early as this summer, according to Schottlaender. And Peter Brueggeman, director of the Scripps library, notes that about half of the library's collection has been digitized through a partnership with Google. But, he says, "the reality is that many research-oriented library resources are not yet digitized, are not freely available or are not affordable at this time."
Schottlaender points out that, before this year's proposed cut, his budget had already been reduced by 16 percent since 2008 and that the Scripps library, with 34,000 visitors last year, is not as heavily used as other libraries on campus. "My hands are more are less tied. Everything is getting cut everywhere," Schottlaender says.
Other libraries are feeling the pinch too (see "Shrinking pool"). At the University of California, San Francisco, librarian Karen Butter says that she doesn't have the budget to subscribe to some databases that researchers want, such as BIOBASE, which contains products such as the Human Gene Mutation Database, an archive of mutations associated with disease. She adds that the university is negotiating with publishers to lower the cost of online access to individual journals, because packages of journals are no longer affordable. On January 1, the University of California library system canceled its site license to the Informa Healthcare journals--the first time the university has cancelled a subscription to a "bundle" of journals.
At the University of California, Santa Cruz, hundreds of undergraduate and graduate students occupied its science and engineering library in 2009 and 2010 to protest over cuts in library hours. In May, the students voted to institute a $6.50 library fee per student per quarter to pay to keep the library open. But the fee ends in 2013. At that point, says university librarian Virginia Steele, "we're facing a really difficult dilemma."