See Inside Scientific American Volume 307, Issue 4

Science Is Now a Vast Global Enterprise

A measure of the creativity of a nation is how well it works with those beyond its borders
25 nations with the largest science output
25 nations with the largest science output

Sven Laqua and Arno Ghelfi, SOURCES: DIGITAL SCIENCE; MARTIN SZOMSZOR Digital Science

When Mikhail Gorbachev freed Andrei Sakharov to travel to the U.S., one of the Russian nuclear physicist's first stops was the New York Academy of Sciences. Members of the academy's Board of Governors at that time, in 1988, had been leaders in mobilizing the scientific community to fight for Sakharov's freedom, and Sakharov wanted to extend his thanks for all their efforts.

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