By analyzing samples taken directly from a cow's cellulose-digesting foregut, the authors of a new study elucidated a new catalogue of nearly 30,000 enzymes that could lead to more efficient production of cellulosic biofuel
A genome-level understanding of how the fungus Grosmannia clavigera, a symbiont of the mountain pine beetle, withstands its host tree's chemical defenses could help ecological modelers better forecast the range and extent of the epidemic
Citing a lack of information, scientists argue a consultant's conclusion that Saskatchewan's Weyburn oil field is leaking greenhouse gas is unfounded
In another step for synthetic biology, genes designed in the lab and not seen in nature have been used by researchers to rescue bacterial cells from death
A new study finds a previous estimate of wastewater's potential as a renewable energy source "a substantial underestimation"
The nature of the congresswoman's injury, along with prompt emergency care kept her alive
Two recent studies highlight a debate within the world of marine fisheries science over how to interpret available fisheries data
Rather than raising alarm, new study results could help pave the way toward better methods for monitoring geologic carbon sequestration areas and detecting CO2 leaks
Researchers have found a gene that promotes faster-growing and larger roots, which could lead to plants with a robuster ability to sequester excess atmospheric carbon
In a new study scientists used "paleothermometers" to gauge CO2 and temperatures that prevailed during a long-lived primordial global warming event, and found CO2 to be the culprit
Could purple wind turbines decrease the carnage wreaked in the night by looming towers with spinning blades on Halloween's iconic flying mammals?
A new analysis using a standard drought index augurs that by the end of the century devastating drought conditions will take hold over much of the populated areas of the world
A new review sums up options for increasing global carbon sequestration by flora and speculates that genetically engineering crops and trees could enhance the process, trapping gigatons of the greenhouse gas as well as increasing bioenergy production
The participants of the 36th annual Nikon microscopic photography competition won prizes for minuscule masterpieces rendering really close close-ups of everything from mosquito hearts and rat retinas to soy sauce and soap film
The plan emphasizes the need to share knowledge and scientific capacity, and establishes a new type of conservation partnership. But will it work in practice?
Deadline: Dec 11 2013
Reward: $52,000 USD
Platform technologies – tools, techniques, and instruments that enable entirely novel approaches for scientific investigation across a b
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