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Stories by Robert Shapiro2 articles archived since 1845

A Simpler Origin for Life

The sudden appearance of a large self-copying molecule such as RNA was exceedingly improbable. Energy-driven networks of small molecules afford better odds as the initiators of life

June 1, 2007 — Robert Shapiro

A Simpler Origin for Life

The sudden appearance of a large self-copying molecule such as RNA was exceedingly improbable. Energy-driven networks of small molecules afford better odds as the initiators of life.

February 12, 2007 — Robert Shapiro

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