• The Perception of the Upright

    How do we know which way is up? An investigation of this question has become a study of personality, because the way in which we perceive is related to what we are like

    Herman A. Witkin| February 1, 1959|

  • The Circulatory System of Plants

    Substances required in the metabolism of plant cells not only travel up from the roots but also move about in other ways. This circulation has recently been clarified by experiments using radioactive tracers

    Orlin Biddulph and Susann| February 1, 1959|

  • Reactor Fuel Elements

    As the evolution of nuclear reactors proceeds, their fissionable material and its protective coating assume remarkably intricate forms. These are the result of subtle technological compromises

    James F. Schumar| February 1, 1959|

  • Pidgin Languages

    These humble by-products of colonialism are still useful in contacts between peoples. Far from haphazard grammatically, they at times evolve into national languages called creoles

    Robert A. Hall Jr.| February 1, 1959|

  • Metamorphosis, Polymorphism, Differentiation

    The wondrous transformation of insects is explained by two familiar growth processes. One accounts for differences among individuals in a species; the other, for differences among tissues in an organism

    V. B. Wigglesworth| February 1, 1959|

  • How Water Freezes

    The formation of ice crystals requires not only low temperature but nuclei of appropriate size and shape. Such nuclei explain the strange diversity of snowflakes, "ice worms" and frost heaves

    Bruce Chalmers| February 1, 1959|

  • Enteroviruses

    It is now apparent that the three viruses which cause polio belong to a family of more than 50 viruses which ordinarily dwell in the human alimentary tract without causing disease

    Joseph L. Melnick| February 1, 1959|

  • Alfred Russel Wallace

    This great 19th-century naturalist and Charles Darwin simultaneously announced the theory of evolution by means of natural selection. He later went beyond Darwin in applying the theory to human evolution

    Loren C. Eiseley| February 1, 1959|

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