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Press Release November 01, 2011

Scientific American's online archive to 1845 goes live


Readers can now revisit original reports of Alexander Graham Bell's invention of the telephone and Thomas Edison's invention of the light bulb. Scientific American's complete archive, back to volume 1, issue 1, is now available on nature.com. To celebrate the completion of the Scientific American archive on nature.com, the 1845-1909 archive collection will be free to all to access from 1-30 November 2011. Published since 1845, Scientific American is the longest continually published magazine in the U.S.

This collection, from Scientific American's inaugural issue in August 1845 through December 1909, completes the Scientific American archive available to institutional customers on nature.com. Users can now access over 160 years of historic medical and technological advancements, scientific discoveries and research.

Scientific American founded the first branch of the U.S. Patent Agency, in 1850, to provide technical help and legal advice to inventors. The 1845-1909 collection chronicles major inventions, including the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876 and the incandescent light bulb by Thomas Edison in 1879. Other highlights include coverage of New York City's first subway in 1870, a special issue in 1899 dedicated to bicycles and automobiles, and Wilbur Wright's completion of a three-mile flight at Kitty Hawk, South Carolina. In all, the 1845-1909 collection contains more than 75,000 articles.

Site license access to Scientific American's online archive can be purchased as four collections:

  • August 1845-December 1909 (approximately 75,000 articles).
  • January 1910- December 1947 (approximately 38,300 articles).
  • January 1948- December 1992 (approximately 15,800 articles).
  • January 1993- December 2005 (approximately 4,600 articles).

 

Collections contain content from Scientific American and Scientific American Mind, beginning with its premier issue in December 2004/January 2005, plus all Special Issues. The articles are available as PDFs.

The Scientific American archive is an integrated part of the nature.com platform. All users can browse the archive online. The archive is searchable by keyword, author, article title or DOI for refined results. Alternatively, users can also browse by year and issue.

Browse the online archive at:
www.nature.com/scientificamerican/archive/index.html
Scientific American's archive years 1910-1947 now available online (press release 6 May 2011)
Scientific American's archive to 1948 is now available online (press release 5 May 2010)
Site license access to Scientific American available on nature.com (press release 28 October 2009)


About Scientific American

Founded in 1845, Scientific American is the award-winning authoritative source for the science discoveries and technology
innovations that matter. The longest continuously published magazine in the U.S., it is translated into 14 languages, and reaches a global audience of more than 6 million. Other titles include Scientific American Mind and Spektrum der Wissenschaft in Germany. Scientific American is at the heart of Springer Nature’s consumer media division, meeting the needs of the general public. Springer Nature is a leading global research, educational and professional publisher, home to an array of respected and trusted brands providing quality content through a range of innovative products and services. For more information, please visit www.scientificamerican.com.


FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT:

Rachel Scheer
Head of Communications, USA, Nature Publishing Group
Tel: (212) 451-8569
Email: r.scheer@us.nature.com

Press Inquiries

Interview requests, corporate and trade press:

  • Rachel Scheer
    Head of Communications, USA, Nature Publishing Group
    New York, NY
    Phone: (212) 451-8569
    Contact by Email
  • James Cola
    Communications Manager, Nature Publishing Group
    New York, NY
    Phone: 212-451-8865
    Contact by Email

For science writers and journalists about Scientific American content:

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Exception in onError

key [_fw1] doesn't exist

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Exception
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stringkey [_fw1] doesn't exist
StackTrace
stringkey [_fw1] doesn't exist at railo.runtime.type.util.StructSupport.invalidKey(StructSupport.java:48):48 at railo.runtime.type.scope.RequestImpl.get(RequestImpl.java:150):150 at org.hibachi.fw1.framework_cfc$cf.udfCall4(/webroot/www/mura/Slatwall/org/Hibachi/FW1/framework.cfc:584):584 at org.hibachi.fw1.framework_cfc$cf.udfCall(/webroot/www/mura/Slatwall/org/Hibachi/FW1/framework.cfc):-1 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl.implementation(UDFImpl.java:93):93 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl._call(UDFImpl.java:307):307 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl.call(UDFImpl.java:208):208 at railo.runtime.ComponentImpl._call(ComponentImpl.java:623):623 at railo.runtime.ComponentImpl._call(ComponentImpl.java:506):506 at railo.runtime.ComponentImpl.call(ComponentImpl.java:1738):1738 at railo.runtime.listener.ModernAppListener.call(ModernAppListener.java:388):388 at railo.runtime.listener.ModernAppListener.onError(ModernAppListener.java:375):375 at railo.runtime.PageContextImpl.execute(PageContextImpl.java:2223):2223 at railo.runtime.PageContextImpl.execute(PageContextImpl.java:2179):2179 at railo.runtime.engine.CFMLEngineImpl.serviceCFML(CFMLEngineImpl.java:331):331 at railo.loader.servlet.CFMLServlet.service(CFMLServlet.java:29):29 at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:728):728 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:305):305 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210):210 at org.apache.catalina.filters.RemoteIpFilter.doFilter(RemoteIpFilter.java:831):831 at org.apache.catalina.filters.RemoteIpFilter.doFilter(RemoteIpFilter.java:867):867 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243):243 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210):210 at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor72.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filterchain.WrappedFilterChain.doFilter(WrappedFilterChain.java:134):134 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorRequestHandler.doNext(FusionReactorRequestHandler.java:802):802 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorRequestHandler.doHttpServletRequest(FusionReactorRequestHandler.java:339):339 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorRequestHandler.doFusionRequest(FusionReactorRequestHandler.java:215):215 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorRequestHandler.handle(FusionReactorRequestHandler.java:839):839 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorCoreFilter.doFilter(FusionReactorCoreFilter.java:36):36 at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor71.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filterchain.WrappedFilterChain.doFilter(WrappedFilterChain.java:71):71 at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor70.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.agent.filter.FusionReactorStaticFilter.doFilter(FusionReactorStaticFilter.java:53):53 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.agent.pointcuts.NewFilterChainPointCut$1.invoke(NewFilterChainPointCut.java:41):41 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java):-1 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:222):222 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:123):123 at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:472):472 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:171):171 at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:99):99 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118):118 at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:407):407 at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1004):1004 at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:589):589 at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:310):310 at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source):-1 at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source):-1 at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source):-1
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string582: request.event = event; 583: // reset lifecycle flags: 584: structDelete( request._fw1, 'controllerExecutionComplete' ); 585: structDelete( request._fw1, 'controllerExecutionStarted' ); 586: structDelete( request._fw1, 'serviceExecutionComplete' );
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Original exception in onSessionStart

key [_fw1] doesn't exist

(expression)

Exception
Struct
additional
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stringkey [_fw1] doesn't exist
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stringkey [_fw1] doesn't exist at railo.runtime.type.util.StructSupport.invalidKey(StructSupport.java:48):48 at railo.runtime.type.scope.RequestImpl.get(RequestImpl.java:150):150 at org.hibachi.fw1.framework_cfc$cf.udfCalla(/webroot/www/mura/Slatwall/org/Hibachi/FW1/framework.cfc:1908):1908 at org.hibachi.fw1.framework_cfc$cf.udfCall(/webroot/www/mura/Slatwall/org/Hibachi/FW1/framework.cfc):-1 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl.implementation(UDFImpl.java:93):93 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl._call(UDFImpl.java:307):307 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl.call(UDFImpl.java:208):208 at railo.runtime.type.scope.UndefinedImpl.call(UndefinedImpl.java:748):748 at railo.runtime.util.VariableUtilImpl.callFunctionWithoutNamedValues(VariableUtilImpl.java:724):724 at railo.runtime.PageContextImpl.getFunction(PageContextImpl.java:1547):1547 at org.hibachi.fw1.framework_cfc$cf.udfCall4(/webroot/www/mura/Slatwall/org/Hibachi/FW1/framework.cfc:793):793 at org.hibachi.fw1.framework_cfc$cf.udfCall(/webroot/www/mura/Slatwall/org/Hibachi/FW1/framework.cfc):-1 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl.implementation(UDFImpl.java:93):93 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl._call(UDFImpl.java:307):307 at railo.runtime.type.UDFImpl.call(UDFImpl.java:208):208 at railo.runtime.ComponentImpl._call(ComponentImpl.java:623):623 at railo.runtime.ComponentImpl._call(ComponentImpl.java:506):506 at railo.runtime.ComponentImpl.call(ComponentImpl.java:1738):1738 at railo.runtime.listener.ModernAppListener.call(ModernAppListener.java:388):388 at railo.runtime.listener.ModernAppListener.onSessionStart(ModernAppListener.java:294):294 at railo.runtime.PageContextImpl.initApplicationContext(PageContextImpl.java:2807):2807 at railo.runtime.listener.ModernAppListener._onRequest(ModernAppListener.java:101):101 at railo.runtime.listener.MixedAppListener.onRequest(MixedAppListener.java:18):18 at railo.runtime.PageContextImpl.execute(PageContextImpl.java:2212):2212 at railo.runtime.PageContextImpl.execute(PageContextImpl.java:2179):2179 at railo.runtime.engine.CFMLEngineImpl.serviceCFML(CFMLEngineImpl.java:331):331 at railo.loader.servlet.CFMLServlet.service(CFMLServlet.java:29):29 at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:728):728 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:305):305 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210):210 at org.apache.catalina.filters.RemoteIpFilter.doFilter(RemoteIpFilter.java:831):831 at org.apache.catalina.filters.RemoteIpFilter.doFilter(RemoteIpFilter.java:867):867 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:243):243 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:210):210 at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor72.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filterchain.WrappedFilterChain.doFilter(WrappedFilterChain.java:134):134 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorRequestHandler.doNext(FusionReactorRequestHandler.java:802):802 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorRequestHandler.doHttpServletRequest(FusionReactorRequestHandler.java:339):339 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorRequestHandler.doFusionRequest(FusionReactorRequestHandler.java:215):215 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorRequestHandler.handle(FusionReactorRequestHandler.java:839):839 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filter.FusionReactorCoreFilter.doFilter(FusionReactorCoreFilter.java:36):36 at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor71.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.j2ee.filterchain.WrappedFilterChain.doFilter(WrappedFilterChain.java:71):71 at sun.reflect.GeneratedMethodAccessor70.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Unknown Source):-1 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.agent.filter.FusionReactorStaticFilter.doFilter(FusionReactorStaticFilter.java:53):53 at com.intergral.fusionreactor.agent.pointcuts.NewFilterChainPointCut$1.invoke(NewFilterChainPointCut.java:41):41 at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java):-1 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:222):222 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:123):123 at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:472):472 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:171):171 at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:99):99 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:118):118 at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:407):407 at org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process(AbstractHttp11Processor.java:1004):1004 at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$AbstractConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:589):589 at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.JIoEndpoint$SocketProcessor.run(JIoEndpoint.java:310):310 at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(Unknown Source):-1 at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(Unknown Source):-1 at java.lang.Thread.run(Unknown Source):-1
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string1906: <br> 1907: private void function setupRequestDefaults() {<br> <b>1908: if ( !request._fw1.requestDefaultsInitialized ) {</b><br> 1909: var pathInfo = variables.cgiPathInfo;<br> 1910: request.base = variables.framework.base;<br>
codePrintPlain
string1906: 1907: private void function setupRequestDefaults() { 1908: if ( !request._fw1.requestDefaultsInitialized ) { 1909: var pathInfo = variables.cgiPathInfo; 1910: request.base = variables.framework.base;
column
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stringorg.hibachi.fw1.framework_cfc$cf.udfCalla(/webroot/www/mura/Slatwall/org/Hibachi/FW1/framework.cfc:1908)
template
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string791: public any function onSessionStart() {<br> 792: setupFrameworkDefaults();<br> <b>793: setupRequestDefaults();</b><br> 794: setupSessionWrapper();<br> 795: }<br>
codePrintPlain
string791: public any function onSessionStart() { 792: setupFrameworkDefaults(); 793: setupRequestDefaults(); 794: setupSessionWrapper(); 795: }
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stringorg.hibachi.fw1.framework_cfc$cf.udfCall4(/webroot/www/mura/Slatwall/org/Hibachi/FW1/framework.cfc:793)
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