The last 30+ years have witnessed a revolution in the area of cryptography, bringing real-life security problems to the attention of a vast research community. This revolution created modern cryptography, where researchers started rigorously treating and solving several problems that only a few years before were unknown or seemed impossible to solve. Today modern cryptography is a well-established mathematical discipline, generating a significant amount of interest among theoreticians (building on its strong connections to older disciplines such as complexity theory, number theory, information theory, combinatorics and coding theory), and practitioners (having found several applications to common, real-life problems). This class offers a summary introduction to modern cryptography, and specifically its main problems, solutions and open questions with a heavy focus on application aspects, including real-life uses of modern cryptography solutions.
Behavioral finance is the integration of psychology and finance. Using the tenets of psychology – the study of how the mind works – behavioral finance delves into the decision-making process under conditions of uncertainty – in this case, the market. In this course, Philip Maymin, PhD, will introduce the concept of behavioral finance and its history as well as the definition of rationality and what it means to be “rational” He will focus questions of arbitrage, limits to arbitrage, market over- and under-reaction, common investor biases and the ways in which investors’ decision-making deviates from rational process. Most importantly, Dr. Maymin will frame these discussions around what these concepts mean for the nonprofessional investor when making decisions about finance – or other areas of life – in an uncertain environment.
This course provides an introduction to the human genome, including both description of relevant concepts as well as practical experience using Web-based bioinformatics tools to analyze DNA and protein sequences. Attendees will learn the structure and features of the human genome and the main types of variations that occur. They will be introduced to the three main online gateways where they will analyze both a single gene and gene sequences as well as explain how software programs predict the clinical significance of DNA variants.
The average life span is increasing across the globe, and with it the social and economic concerns of caring for an aging population. Dr. Brian Levine, a board certified clinical neuropsychologist and expert on human memory, will explain the processes underlying healthy brain aging, how healthy aging is differentiated from dementia and how the major dementia syndromes are recognized.
Get an inside look at cutting-edge research in particle physics with Don Lincoln, PhD, who was on the teams that discovered the Higgs boson and the top quark. In this course, you'll gain a wide perspective of our modern understanding of the universe, beginning with a historical look at how scientists came to this understanding and moving into the exciting new theories and questions being explored using particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider. You'll also explore topics of dark matter and energy as well as the connection between cosmology and what particle physics can tell us about how the universe began.
The Internet has revolutionized established conventions across the board. In education, its role is evolving rapidly, and in this course, NYU’s Director of Online and Virtual Learning, John Vivolo, will discuss the changing nature of learning with technology. He will review its history and current state of online learning worldwide, common models, how technology affects pedagogy, and the benefits and pitfalls of asynchronous versus synchronous learning. Mr. Vivolo will also debunk some of the myths surrounding online learning, analyze some of the reasons behind resistance, and examine the available data analytics, including how these data can be used to understand learning patterns and to improve student engagement.
Creativity is one of the most fundamental and fascinating human abilities. The scientific study of creative thinking has been an area of interest in cognitive psychology and, more recently, in cognitive neuroscience. In this course, Dr. Evangelia G. Chrysikou will introduce students to the psychology of creativity and innovation in problem solving, science, invention and the arts. She will present an overview of the topics at the forefront of scientific research on creativity, including issues of definition; the importance of studying creativity scientifically; the relationship between creative thinking and ordinary cognitive processes, such as attention and memory; the manner in which the brain is involved in the creative process and different techniques that can promote creativity in individuals as well as groups.
In a nutshell, quantum mechanics is a complicated set of mathematics used to predict the behavior of microscopic particles, and the mathematics of the theory is well understood. It provides the foundation for the best-confirmed theories of matter, describing how the microscopic world affects the macroscopic one. While it is the most successful theory we have, there are several issues, the most controversial being that there is little agreement as to how to interpret it. What is this microscopic world like, according to quantum mechanics? In this class, Dr. Jonathan Bain will discuss the development of quantum theory from both the mathematical and conceptual perspectives, as well as two proposals for interpretation. He will also focus on issues surrounding quantum information theory and applications such as quantum teleportation, quantum computing and quantum cryptography.
Every project requires the right tools, and for civic planners and transportation engineers, using the right modeling tool for data gathering and analysis is essential. Computer advances have allowed the development of the "multi-resolution model," which is a powerful suite of models that can both diagnose critical areas and assess future strategies and policies. In this course, 30-year industry expert Vassilis Papayannoulis, PhD, will explain the sub-models that comprise the multi-resolution model, the pros and cons of each, how it supports planning at various levels and much more.
Engineering standards for designing buildings and structures to safely withstand wind load are highly complex. In this course Dr. Emil Simiu, fellow at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), will provide structural and architectural engineers with the practical knowledge and tools needed for the design of structures for wind loads. Taking an intuitive approach, Dr. Simiu uses real-world examples and studies to demonstrate how to interpret and use the provisions of the ASCE 7-10 – standards developed by the American Society of Civil Engineers to identify minimum design loads. He will also cover issues with aerodynamic testing in wind tunnels and how to interpret those reports as well as the modern capabilities of database-assisted design.