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All (Submerged) Creatures Big and Small: A Census Catalogues the World's Marine Species [Slide Show]

Scientists are creating a massive global database of marine creatures, revealing tremendous biodiversity ranging from the ocean's shallows to its cold, dark depths
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ZOMBIEWORM

Osedax roseus , sometimes endearingly referred to as "zombie worm," was devouring the bones of a decaying whale when it was discovered off the California coast on the Monterey Bay seabed. ....[ More ]

DEEP-SEA JELLYFISH

This deep-sea atolla jellyfish ( Atolla wyvillei ) is widely distributed throughout the world and can be found undulating 500 to 1,500 meters down.....[ More ]

COOPER OF THE SEA

This common crustacean, Phronima sedentaria , is only approximately 2.5 centimeters long and is typically found swimming in equatorial waters at depths of up to 1,000 meters. It is sometimes called "cooper of the sea" after the barrellike "house" it travels in—this transparent shell is fashioned out of the remains of a gelatinous zooplankton, which also serves as a food source for P.....[ More ]

VENUS FLYTRAP ANEMONE

Similar to its terrestrial namesake, the Venus flytrap anemone ( Actinoscyphia saginata ) quickly clamps down upon prey that unwittingly drifts close to the anemone's stinging tentacles. This anemone was photographed in the Gulf of Mexico at a depth of 1,500 meters.....[ More ]

GIANT CARIBBEAN ANEMONE

The Giant Caribbean Anemone ( Condylactis gigantea ) is frequently found in the shallow waters of its eponymous sea, attached to rocks or other hard surfaces through an adhesive foot. It is the largest anemone in U.S.....[ More ]

BEARDED FIREWORM

The bearded fireworm ( Hermodice carunculata ) has hollow, venom-filled bristles used for defense. If the worm is handled the bristles can easily penetrate the skin and break off, producing an intense burning sensation.....[ More ]

SPONGE BRITTLE STAR

These nocturnal echinoderms, common in the Caribbean and off the coasts of Florida and the Bahamas, are called sponge brittle stars ( Ophiothrix suensonii ).....[ More ]

DRAGONFISH

This ferocious-looking predator inhabits the deep sea (up to 1,500 meters) in tropical regions. Despite a fierce appearance, dragonfish typically measure only 15 centimeters in length. Dragonfish are bioluminescent (capable of producing light through a chemical process), and are thought to use this light in the inky waters to attract prey or possibly to signal mates.....[ More ]

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