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Discoveries 2010: An Exhibition of Energy Sources from Past to Future

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The Power of the Sun

The photoelectric effect was discovered by Alexandre E. Becquerel in 1839, and Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for his physical explanation of it in 1921. Scientists from Bell Labs invented the solar cell in 1954.....[ More ]

Energy from the High Seas

Offshore wind farm technology, which is still relatively young, has a number of benefits: It is widely accepted as a renewable energy source, and it relies on offshore winds over the open sea—which are considerably stronger and more reliable than those over land.....[ More ]

Bringing the Sun's Fire to Earth

The aim of nuclear fusion research is to achieve on Earth the same kinds of reactions that generate the sun's incredible power. One gram of the products from the fusion of two light atomic nuclei could generate as much energy as 11 tons of coal.....[ More ]

Biomass Gas

Biomass is a regionally available energy resource that could help reduce CO2 emissions. It is a renewable and storage-capable carbon carrier that is primarily suited to the production of fuels—to power cars, for example.....[ More ]

Electricity from within Earth

Geothermal energy, using heat extracted from subsurface sources, has a high potential for innovation and development, and could contribute to a sustainable energy mix. It is available anytime and anywhere—regardless of season, climate and time of day—and is practically inexhaustible.....[ More ]

Power Savers

In a future in which societies depend more on wind and solar power, improved battery technology that stores regenerated power as chemical energy could deliver sustainable electricity when the wind is calm or sunlight is unavailable.....[ More ]

The High-Energy Society

In the 20th century petroleum became the most important source of energy. Above all, it served as fuel for internal combustion engines that revolutionized mobility, production and everyday life. The rising living standard of millions was based on growing energy consumption.....[ More ]

The Century of Coal

In the late 18th century coal became one of the most sought-after natural resources. The result over time was large-scale industrialization, urbanization and mobilization, especially in Europe and North America.....[ More ]

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