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Next-Gen Scientists Honored for Evolving Medicine and Renewables [Slide Show]

Artificial antibodies, 3-D genome imaging, inexpensive prosthetics, a liner for hydrogen-car fuel tanks--winning ideas from the Lemelson-M.I.T. awards for students

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UNDER PRESSURE

The challenges to making an automobile run on hydrogen are primarily those of hydrogen production, storage, distribution and energy conversion. From a technology perspective, storage is the most difficult of the four, Rafiee says.....[ More ]

HELPING HYDROGEN

The automotive industry has begun the long and difficult transformation from being completely dependent on gas-burning internal combustion (ICB) engines to offering vehicles that will run on a number of different power sources, including ICB–electric motor hybrids, electric motors exclusively, and hydrogen.....[ More ]

HELPING HAND OR HOOK

This image provides a closer look at Naber's prototype prosthetic hand attachments. The white hook on the left is a standard prehensile hook. The complex hand (the clear one in the foreground) is one of the original prototypes and an example of a high-tech hand replacement.....[ More ]

NEW IDEA FOR RECYCLING

Naber and his team made the transhumeral (from shoulder to elbow) replacement arm [left] entirely from recycled and commonly available items for around $5. It is designed to act as an interim prosthetic arm for amputees in disaster situations, such as those in Haiti or Chile.....[ More ]

LOW-COST PROSTHETIC

University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign junior Jonathan Naber won the prize for leading a team that developed a prototype arm for a transradial (below-the-elbow) amputation featuring a standard prehensile hook and an aerated socket into which the residual limb fits.....[ More ]

GENETIC MAP

Scientists see 3-D genome sequencing such as the kind Lieberman-Aiden developed as a major advance in solving the mystery of how the human genome's 3.4-billion-letter DNA chemical code—which if unraveled would be two meters long—fits into a microscopic cell's nucleus.....[ More ]

HI-C 3-D

Erez Lieberman-Aiden , a graduate student at the Harvard–M.I.T. Division of Health Science and Technology, has invented (among other things) the "Hi-C" method for three-dimensional genome sequencing.....[ More ]

BIOMEDICINE

Agnew's biomedicine work includes using multiparameter diagnostics—such as biomarkers—to define molecular "fingerprints" of a patient’s health status. This approach is designed to provide a higher level of sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing, staging and monitoring treatments over time as well as to predict the onset of future disease.....[ More ]

PROTEIN CAPTURE AGENTS

Lemelson–M.I.T. Caltech Student Prize winner Heather Agnew helped develop synthetic antibodies called "protein capture agents," which can identify, bind to and remove protein biomarkers that are indicators of disease and infection.....[ More ]

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