ADVERTISEMENT

The U.S.'s $18.8-Billion Global AIDS Initiative--5 Years Later

The Bush administration's international AIDS program has been hailed as a success story, but will President-elect Obama follow through with a higher quality, fewer-strings-attached plan?

1 of 11

11

In 2003 George W. Bush pledged $15 billion over five years to AIDS-related programs around the world. The program has helped put more than 1.7 million people on antiretroviral treatment, including at this clinic in the Helen Joseph Hospital in Johannesburg.....[ More ]

10

PEPFAR is paying increasing attention to prevention issues. The Soul Buddyz club, run by Soul City, teaches more than 60,000 children across South Africa about making better choices. The clubs are tied to a popular children's television program, which is also supported by PEPFAR.....[ More ]

9

At the Perinatal HIV Research Unit, PEPFAR also funds treatment for children. These liquid antiretroviral drugs are specially made for very young patients.....[ More ]

8

PEPFAR has helped provide antiretroviral prophylaxes for more than one million pregnant women, preventing nearly 200,000 babies from being infected with HIV at birth. Here at the Perinatal HIV Research Unit at Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital in Soweto, HIV-positive mothers are also provided with milk formula to ensure they do not pass on the virus by breast-feeding.....[ More ]

7

More than 33 million people have been tested for HIV with support from PEPFAR. Most voluntary counseling and testing facilities (VCT), like the Kganya Motsha clinic in Soweto, use rapid tests kits like these.....[ More ]

6

Simon Mphaphuli counsels and tests teenagers for HIV at Kganya Motsha, an innovative PEPFAR-funded clinic in Soweto aimed at adolescents. The name means "shine young ones".....[ More ]

5

Namisile Hlongwane and her third child [ left ] are both HIV-positive. Sister Susan Moloto visits to encourage her to enroll her daughter in an antiretroviral program for children.....[ More ]

4

PEPFAR was initially criticized for using only expensive, brand-name antiretroviral drugs. But the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has now approved the use of cheaper generics, like these from South African company Aspen Pharmacare, with PEPFAR money.....[ More ]

3

Soweto Hospice also helps patients, including Norah's family, with food parcels. It's important for people taking antiretroviral drugs to eat properly and PEPFAR has recently become more flexible in allowing money from the program to fund nutrition programs.....[ More ]

2

Nurse Susan Moloto [ center ] and her patient, Norah Mahlangu [ right ], discuss Norah's antiretroviral treatment during a home visit in Soweto. Nurse Moloto helped Norah through treatment for tuberculosis and, later, to enroll in an antiretroviral program.....[ More ]

1

The President's Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) pays the salary of Susan Moloto, who works for the Soweto Hospice as a home-based care nurse. Each week she visits the homes of more than 100 patients, helping them access treatment, manage opportunistic infections, and stay on their antiretroviral treatment regime.....[ More ]

risk free title graphic

YES! Send me a free issue of Scientific American with no obligation to continue the subscription. If I like it, I will be billed for the one-year subscription.

cover image Subscribe Now
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
Share this Article:
Scientific American Holiday Sale

Black Friday/Cyber Monday Blow-Out Sale

Enter code:
HOLIDAY 2014
at checkout

Get 20% off now! >

X

Email this Article

X