In 2004, however, I was a member of a team of physicians at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee that rescued a 15-year-old girl from a similar fate. Jeanna Giese of Fond du Lac, Wis., became the first known unimmunized survivor of rabies. (Five other people who had been immunized but developed rabies anyway have also survived.) Our novel treatment, dubbed the Milwaukee protocol, has stirred controversy among medical specialists; some claim that Jeanna's cure was a fluke. Although the few attempts to replicate the treatment have not saved the lives of any other rabies patients, I fervently hope that we are on the right track. At the very least, researchers should initiate animal studies to determine which of the elements in our protocol can help defeat rabies.