In the Early Cretaceous period, just over 100 million years ago, Australia lay alongside Antarctica, which straddled the South Pole as it does today. Australia's southeastern corner, now the state of Victoria, lay well inside the Antarctic Circle. At that time, the region hosted an assemblage of animals and plants that lived under climate conditions having no modern analogue. The average temperature appears to have ranged from frigid to low temperate. Through the long winter, the sun did not shine for weeks or months at a time.