There are many indications which go to prove that some parts of New Jersey are gradually sinking. Thus, in several of the salt marshes, great quantities of cedar timber is found at some distance below the surface, and Ljuite a number of persons find employment in raising it for making cedar shingles. This timber in all likelihood grew on the spot where it is now found submerged, as in some places in these marshes, there are still stand-,ng trees (withered and bare) which at some period, when the waters did not rise as high is now, flourished in green luxuriance. Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING NOVEMBER 24, 1857. [Reported officially for the Scientific American,'] COVERING SUG.VS 0 VNE—John Allison, of St. Msn-Hns-ville, La. : I do not claim the lat'-ra) board::, A A, nor the blades, V IJ. nor do claim the revolving imrrowv, F F, nm the roller, D. But I claim tlie bonrd.-, A A, provider! with the blades. B B, and revolving IMIVO-HV. F F. in combination with the roller, D, arranged raid operating ia the manner and for the purposes as set forth. [For information about this invention we refer to page 99.] SLID;'. VALVES FOE $n.x KNV.ISKH—Nathan Ather-ton, of riiihiilulphisi, Pn. : I claim the construction of the glide valve, with curved edaes. a b. c d, e f, g h, arranged wilh such a lap owr the faces of the steam chest that tho steam shall be admitted in front of the piston an instant before the stroke has been completed, mid so that the exhaust bh til not be madi1 behind the piston until attor the stroke has been entirely completed, substantially as docribed. PREPARATION OP ENGRAVED MI:TA'. PJ.ATI:-J you PETNTINQ—J. M. Hiitrhelror, ofUjunbridi'e. Alnss., find L. IJ. Smith, of New Yoik City: We ,-n-p aware th.-it electrotype phifes aro formed by the deposit of copper in a matrix, and a bark of softer metal afterwards applied to them*, ai-o, that movable fyp~-s in relief been coated with copper; also, that alto-plates (the reverse of engraved plates) have bec-n coat H rith silver to piv-vent oxydation; we, therefore, mke no claim to there processes or tlu-ir product?. But yc, claim an engraved plate cornpo?ed of two metal?*, one of which I* iridinm, and form- the fnee or impression surface ot the pbtte; the oilier metal iorm-ing the back of the plate Leni. copper or any metal that cfin bv* eipiriive.l with the common tools iW-d by engravers, while the printing surface produced as herein described is very hard, and will ?/ive a MWUT number of impressions than the engrave*' plate-' now in use. SCREWING TCHLS IN Vvcrrw PANS—B. II. Bartol, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I would btate that. I do not claim screwing tubes into the sheelj, as HIM lias been done. But I claim making the tubes many-sided in their interior parts*, so that l)y rhe w.-e of a many-sided long mandrel fitted into said interior, tiiey may be placed, removed or replaced, without the necessity of having the ends of s.iid tub-'proj-'Ct beyond the tube sheets, as set forth. HAY AND MANUEE FORKS—O. L. Barton and A. E. Roberts, of Albany, N. Y. : We claim a hay fork provided with an upright bow, C, said bow being firmly held in its position by means of the rod, I), which rod extends trom the c nter of the tines to the center of the bow, and thence to the handle of the fork, the tines, B, provided with double crossbars, b b', all as set forth. [This is a light, durable and cheap implement.] CHURN—L. W. Beecher, of Avon, N. Y. : 1 claim the swing valves or beaters, operating and producing the effects substantially as set forth. OKE SEPARATOR—Wm. O. Bourne, of New York City: I do not claim the use of air for the purpose specified, either forced in continuously or in vibrating strokes, as I am aware that such methods have been used. But I claim, first, The arrangement of a rake with scrapers alterhati g and revolving over a body of ore upon a Bviive. as described. rieeuiid, The arrangement of the tub, B, with the bellows below the seive, in relation to each other for the purposes as .set forth. PiA:oFoi:'i'i;r3—8. . Brooks, of Boston, Mass. : 1 claim combining or arranging the hammer and damper of each stria;*, in or ua one bout lever, substantially aa specified. I aliso claim jointing or hinging the fly or fly lifter to the hummer lever, and arranging the escapement on the jack substantially as described, the same dispensi g vith hinging the fly to the jack, and enabling the fly and lifter to be made or united in one rigid bar or piece. I also claim the above described arrangement of the back catch, namely, on the jack and in rear of the escapement JOURNALS OF ROLLING MILLS—John Bryan, of Con-nington, Ky. Patented in England, Sept. 4,1857 : I would state that I am aware that cold water has been used as a lubricator tor journals, and although I do not know that hot water has ever been used for this purpose, namely, lubricating, yet I make no claim to it as such in this application. But I claim equalizing the temperature of rollers and their journals that are used in rolling hot iron, or other heated work by means of hot water applied to said journals, for the purpose of making the fibre of the metal of which the roils and journals are made more uniform at their point # of junction, and thus lessen the liability of their breaking or separating at that point as described. ARITHMOMETER FOE ADDING—O. L. Castle, of Upper Alton, 111. : I claim, first, The combination of the repeater X, the stationary repeater stop 17, the sliding stop-bars, T 1, T 2, &c, and the stationary stop pin, w, with the driving wheel, D, or its equivalent, provided with a series of holes, e e, the whole operating substantially as described to control the motion of the register. Second, Combining the shaft of the driving wheel, D, or its equivalent, with the keys, S 1, S 2, &c, by means ot a stronger spring, y, and a weaker spring, K, and a lover, 13, deriving motion from the keys, tbe whole operating substantially as described for the purpose set forth. Third, Combining the kej'K with the sliding stop bars, T 1, T 2, &c., by means of the wedges, 8 8, attached to the keys, the ariutj, U U, .sliding on guide bars, V, and the collars, (j f, and springs, 7 7, applied to the guide bars, substantially as and for the purpose specified. Fourth, The loose teeth, v, applied to the wheels, o o, and o; crating iKviantmny as described for the purpose specified. [This is described on another page.] COUPLINGS FOE MELODKOSTS, fco.—E. B. Carpenter, of Brattleboro', Vt, and E. N. Merriam, of East Poultney, Vt. : We claim, first, The employment of a single series of diagonal levers, o o. arranged rein tively to and combined with the keys by blocks, L, and jacks, N N, substantially as described, whereby a single lever serves not only to couple a key with another to which it stands in the relation of octave, but with other keys with which it stands ia different relations, a fifths, tenths, &c. Second, Supporting the diagonal levers upon a fulcrum board thai ii arranged between the keys and valves, and applied so us to be capable of rising toward.- and falling from the keys, with the whole seiv1 oilevers substantially asset forth. Third, Combining the jack, N N, with the uncoupling i barH, j./ P', by means of the elastic connections, r p, operating -?ubstitntialiy in the manner and for the pur- pocc, set for. h. h [See notice of this improvement on another page.] METALLIC ROOFING FOR SUBTERRANEAN VAULTS—J. B. Cornell, ot New York City: I claim my improved metallic roofing, for an apartment located under a sidewalk, and a portion of a street carriageway, the said roofing being constructed of the metallic beams, G, K, L, L, L, the metallic sectional plates, B B B, and the metallic plate. C In such a manner that the united inner surfaces of t!ie said parts form the. ceiling to said apartment. the same time that the sectional plates, B B B, form an illuminating water-tight street sidewalk, and the plate, (J, forms a safe support for the portion of the carriage-way mmediately over said apartment substantially as set forth. I also claim the arrangement of my improved metallie roofing for subterranean apartments, which enables the beam, G-, to serve as the main support of said root, at the same time that the exposed portion thereof forms the street curb, substantially as set forth. ROTATING BREECH FIRE-ARMS-—Samuel Colt, of Hartford, Conn. : I am aware that in letters patent granted to Elijah Jacquith, on the 12th day of July, 1838, the many-chambered rotating breech is described and represented as turning on, and connected in place by what may be termed a central pin passing through a central bore; but in that case the parts cannot- be solid because the greater part of the rotating breech is placed above the upper surface of the barrel, and the pin can only be a segment of a hollow cylinder to admit of taking sight, and for these and other reasons such a construction is not practically useful. But I do not, however, wish to be understood as claiming broadly the connection of a, many-chambered rotating breech with the barrel and shield, by means of an axle passing through the central bore thereof, and inserted from the rear end. I claim securing the many-chambered rotating breech in place by a solid pin passing through the central bore thereof, and fitted to a hole in the breech plate, behind and in a line below the bore of the barrel, so as to be inserted from the rear end and there secured, that the said breech maybe properly and conveniently inserted within a cavity in the surrounding me-tallic/rame, which connects the barrel with the shield plate,'to giw the required strength and .nippoll to re-fist the recoil, the main part ?of the said breech beina thus placed below the barrel by an arrangement sub-si antially such as ia described. And I 'cdno claim the adjusting of the rotating breech to the rear end of the barrel by combining therewith, and ttith th? central pin on which it turns? a hollow screw fca-ppc-d into the shield plate, and bearing against the rear end of the rotating breech, substantially as described. MvontNT: FOR Ccm:;q SHINGLES FEOM THE BOLT—. E. K. Collins, of Cambridge, Mass,: I claim the combination of the two screw shafts, D D, K E, and knives, Q G, arranged ivlath t-ly with each other, and with the bolt, C, substantially a3 and for the purpose set forth. [This invention cuts ihe aliinles by living, and the knives are given a reciprocating motion, and by means of a screw shaft, the log i? fed to the knives, so that a bolt may be cut with ease into shingles of any required thickness.] Si'OKn MACHINF.—U. W. Cooke, of Springfield, N. J. : I wonld statettthat I do not claitu the tenoning part of the machine. But I claim the pl'i.ning of spokes with rotary cutters, whose surface or circumference is divided by grooves, the edges thcrebv being in sections or teeth, the same acting alternately on the work, in combination with lever, F, springs, K, and cog screws, 11, for the purpose of producing the lateral and oblique movements of the cutters, substantially as described. SHINGLE MACHINE—James Crary, of Jvittaning, Pa. : I claim, first, The use of the sliding side pieces, L L, with converging slots, C, C, in combination with the upright grooves, u, in the frame in which the wrists of the shaving knives are inserted, for the purpose of effecting the gradual approximation of the shaving knives in giving the proper taper to the shingles. Second, The combination of lever, F, with its pin, R, the projecting cam, S, and cam on tho frame, L, for the purpose of communicating the requisite relative motion to the vibrating feed board. O, the driver, N, and frame L, whereby one bolt only at a time ot the three riven by the froes is driven outwards, and forced through the shaving knives, no matter how short or thin the bolt may have been froed. STOPPING AXT STARTING- FKRRY BOAT;J.—.loneph C. Day, of Jersey City, N. J. : I do notelsriin the use of a butfei1 for lt'.-.-seuin the concussion produced by the collision of a boat with a wharf or other object, as I am aware of the yrevioua employment of such a device. But I claim the elastic shields, G G, constructed and applied to the slip in the manner and for the purpose described, 1 also claim the arrange.'uent of the pistons or buffer 1 I, :n';ip,jk, I, ami dhieldiS, C '. opi-miing together as speeiik-j. MACHINE FOB FILING SAWS- - Jucob Erdle, of West Bloomfield, N. Y. : T claim, fii~t, the two adjustable or elastic bars, G i, attached one to the permanent bar, E, and the other to the bar, f of the clamp, and arranged as shown, whereby the movement of the .saw may be fed to the file in a horizontal or curved direction, corresponding t o the form of its cutting edge or to the line of its teeth as described. Second, I claim placing the file bar, O, within the frame, N, pivoted or hung as described, so that the position of the le may be changed relatively with the aw as described. Third, I claimthe arrangement of the lever, v, shaft, M, piuvlrf K L, wheel J, provided with ratchet teeth, o p, as shown, and the pinion, n, and rack, m, whereby the saw is fed to the file in either direction as described, [This is a very complete saw filing machine, and does its work as perfectly as if done by the most skillful mechanic] PLOWS—Tame? G. Cummings, of Columbus, Miss.: I claim the mode of making the plow standard to carry the variety of cutters and mold boards, the same consist! ug in the expansion of the standard at the point. A, in combination with the groove in the nose of the plow as set forth. I also claim the compound adjustment of the mold board by the three &et screws, K j S, operating upon the heel of the land-side as set forth. SKATER—Stockton II. Evans and Ludwlg Gentsch,of Philadelphia, Pa.: We claim the spurs, F F. or their equivalents, in combination with the inclined rotating spur or cam, G, which presses the heel agaixist the spurs F F, and locks it down to the skate as described. We also cL-iini the .-uljus-tablo ilato, Q, over the fore part of the sko to, constructed va ] arranged substantially a.- described, Lv the purpose of Jidjustingand f.fihtvnlng the straps over the top ot" tin foot. TlAiivrsTint IIAKK—Elias T. Ford, of Bafavi.'t, N. Y. : I claim the gathering arms, G G, in combination with the spring platform, L L, grain divider, II II Y, and gavel ren over, V, the whole being arranged in relation to and operated by the rock shaft, Iv and cam, F, for the purpose set forth. MACHINES FOR SLATING COAT,—Jacob Gass, (assignor to himself and George Mowton,) of Trevorton, Pa. : I am aware that a cylinder formed of bars placed farther apart at one end than the other, so as to provide oblong slots of different widths, has been used for cleaning ?rain, algo that a cylinder of this construction has been urnished with an intermediate perforated section, therefore I do not claim this. But f claim the employment in the process of slating coal, of the revolving inclined cylinder when constructed with the several peculiar features for united use, to wit: checkered circumferentidily near the center of its length with small square openings fur ishedwith narrow oblong slots from its receiving end to the checkering, and with similar but wider slots from the discharge end to the checkering end. each or every other one of its slats furnished with a beveled or V-shaped rib, internally, which only extends from the checkering to tho ends of tbe cylinder, as and i'ur the purposes set tuith, [This is described on another page.] MEASURING APPARATUS OF SEED DRILLS—Oliver C. Green, of Dublin, Ind. : I claim as new and of my invention the construction and arrangement as set forth, of the sheath, C, and the slide, D, 1 2, provided with the described passages, d d, 3 3', operating as explained, in combination with the seed box, A, of a grain drill. LEVELING INSTRUMENT FOR DITCHING, &C.—Joseph Gra3f, of Raymond, Mis3.: I claim the combination of the two adjustable bars, D E, provided with graduated sectors, with the table, A, and bar, C, or other equivalent support, capable of being adjusted in a level position, for the purpose of laying out levels or grades in a direction transverse to the line of vision as described. [This leveling instrument is specially intended for agricultural purposes, such as for taking levels and grades for plowing or ditching round a hill and similar purposes. SEED DsiLLB—Philip M. Gnndlach, of Belleville, 111.: I am aware that clearers have been used to work between cultivator teeth for the purpose of clearing said teeth or tubes from stubble, &&, and I do not, tlien-fore, claim such feature broadly, but only with reference to my particular arrangement therefor. I claim, first, the arrangement consisting of a variable vibrating slotted slide, E b, vertical adjustable plate, F, with a series of overhanging guards, e e, and downward projecting gage spurs, d d, and perforated hopp-r, Da, for united, operation, as and for tho purposes set forth. Second, The arrangement of a series of radial arms, II H, in spiral lines directly upon the propelling axle, C, and of said axle nnd arms behind the seed tubes, and in such relation to the same that the arms pass successively between the lower extremities of the tubes as and for the purposes set forth. [A description of this will be found on another page.] FLOATING IIORSKS, &C, ACROSS RIVERS—S. P. FLeint-zelman, of Newport Barracks, Ky. : I claim the specific form ot cavalry float described, consisting mainly of si pah1 of bags connected by girths and provided with the derfciiijpfl fastening straps, the bags having each the form uf two lqbv.-s connected by a duet, and" being provided with suitable inflation tubes a-3 represented, or equivalent devices for the purposes explained. AniTnMOMETEE—Thomas Hill, of Walt ham. Mass.: I chum the use in a mechanical calculator of the series of wheels, C, D, &c, having each a double row of characters, arranged in the manner ami for the purposes substantially aa .sot forth. Second, I claim operating the said wheels by the keys, i, the Leveiv. F, and pawl?, b, or their substantial equivalents, in the manner described. Third. I claim the wheel, I, in combination with the arias, II and G, and pawl, 1, constructed and operating substantially as described for the purpose specified. BOILERS tost HKATISQ BUILDINGS—-A. li Hitching, of "Sew York City : I do not claim of itself the conical water jacket, with the fire in the center. Hut I clftim the arrangement within the upright conical water jacket, A B, of the upright, fiat bided central wuter chamber, D, extending nearly acm the said jacket in one direction, but made narrow in a transverse direction, sn'bstantiallv as and for the purpose set forth. [This boiler is of cast iron, and intended to heal, water for warming purposes, such as greenhouses or room.-?; It possesses great heating surface, and permits a rapid circulation of water.] ATTACHING- PADDLE WIIEEIJ9 TO CANAL BOATS—Reuben Jane, of Otego, N. Y, : I claim the vertical slotted shaft, N, hung on a pivot on the bow of the boat, arranged in relation to the wheel shaft, C, to which is attached the twisted paddles, B, and gear wheel, E, for the purpose of drawing boats on canals, &c, and which aro put in motion by the engine by means of gear wheel, H', arranged as set forth. WASHING MACHINES—J. D. Jenkins, of Jacksonville, 111. : I claim the arranging in the manner described, and relatively to v:c other for united use, of the rubber frame, J, rubbers, L L, roller, B 2, connecting rods. M, crank shaft, K, overhanging spring bracket, e, roller bed, B B, and variable discharge roller, B', sub-: aiUialiy RS and for the purposes set forth. [The description of this invention is on page 09.] V]-:NTIL-TINO ROOKING CIIAIE—-David Kahnweiler, of Wilmington, N. C. : I do not claim purifying or cooling tiir by passin.y it in contact with ice, or any mode of impregnating air with perfumes. Nor do I claim producing a current ui' air bv the rocking of a, chair for the purpose of fanning the parson. But i claim com inin a refrigerating apparatus with a rot-king chair in the manner set-forth. BEAN HARVKSITI'CKS—Jo.shii)i Iveteham and John Waterman , of Orangeport, N. Y.: We claim the slide, F, for the purpose of pulling and dislocating the beans and carrying them wwixy over the bead, and this slide, F, in combination with rolli r, D, and levers :i and b, operated by of lover, G, rod, B, and handle, C, for the ] nr-IJOSC of forming a bean harvester, aa set forth and described. GANG Purv s—Joel Lee, of Galpsburg, 111. : I claim the peculiar arrangement consist! g of the friction wheels, d, inclined planes, f g, and lever, K, for adjusting the plow frame to any required, position, as set forth. Second. The peculiar arrangement consisting of the flange or'guard, e, and pivoted axle, a a', for allowing of the front truck to a po:i1 inn at right angles, or nearly so, to the hind truck, so that the machine may turn a square corner without liability of lifting the plow-shares out of the ground, us set forth". [For description of this plow see another page.") PAINTER'S STRIPING INSTRUMENT—James J. McCor-mick, of New York City, and Ge orge Crossingham, of Croton Falls, N. Y. : We do not claim broadly the employment or use of a cylinder and plunger attached to a pen, for such a device has been applied to fountain pens and analogous devices. Neither do we clsiiin. separately the pen,F, for an equivult nt device is in common use for mechanical drawing. But we claim the feeders, I, in combination with the pen, F, cylinder, A, and plunger, B, arranged as and for tho purpose set forth. [See description on another page.] CORN SIIELLTCBS—John W. Morton, of Brunswick, Ohio: I claim the driving of both the exit rollers, o o'. in opposite directions by means oJ the endless fcrew, L, or its equivalent opeivitnig upon tho. gvnr, M, the opio-fite endof cm* "oll'-r sbrir, , bs'in;;- Tiin-lr- adjustable by the step, P, and spring, a, iur th; purpose of seizin .; the cob whether ];oY:e or small, and dethcrlir.: it tiom the machine as specified, PENIMT.UM QUADTIANT—Hubert Norrif and Frt-cKrii-.k Peters, of Ne.vv YorkCicy : We, do not clnim a quadrant for taking altitudes without the aid of :i natural horizon. But we claim the p.-ndtilinn with its tell-tale in combination with the index, the siirht tube, and the other parts of the quadnmt as descnk 1. CANDLE SNUFFEES—0. W. Stow and Augustus Barncp, of Southington, Conn. : We claim the snuff"iv, A 13, struck out of sheet metal, the legs formed with and constituting a portion of the wing blanks, and the cutter wing, B, bent as set forth, so as to form a good cutting edge, as described. [This is an ingenious pair of snuffers, and operates well.] Cn/r;.VATop.p—.Joseph FnmmM1?, of Raleigh, Va. : I claim the use of the hinged wings, I) I), which are adjusted by rack and pinion, when arranged to move in and out over a stationary curved supporting and guide rod, 11, which has two springs, F F, coiled round it, in combination with a stationary circular notched plate, J, pivoted tilting lever, K, and sprint:, I,, which are arranged as shown, ad and for the purpo/f a'hot fortfi. [For more information about the above we refer to a notice on another page.] SnnT,viN FOX?. CURING AND STORING CUKTRE-—Jeremiah II. Phillips, of Coltbrook, Ohio : I 0o not cbum the construction of cheese shelves in double or .single tiers. But I claim the short movable shelves with the rabbeted or beveled ends thereof combined and operating with the fixed skehes, in the manner and for the purposes set forth. SASH BALANCE—Joseph K. Pays on, of Covinston, Ivy. : I do not claim any of the partd or arrangements iirHifi:ir?fhes alone, separately cuiit-ider.-d. But I claim combining the Krr.-niycins nt ii cord g. and pulleys, d d d d, attached to tho sides of balanced sashes I) c, and frame, a, as shown, with tho arrangement of the open weight or weighted tassel, e, substantially as shown, by which means the sashes can be diversely operated in'counterbalance with the weight, conjointly and separately as specified, and alno by which means is furnished to the trade and the public :i n w, economical and useful modi* of counterbalancing Hashes with one-fourth of the usual weight, and in the common phn'n frame without boxes, after the building is finished without change in the fnime or in jury to the finish. SAFETY LAMPS—William Pratt, of Baltimore, Md. : I do not claim any of the devices of others which I have referred to in the .-peciiiciVumi, or rrui' 'sss to be the discoverer of any of the principles iuvulvcd in my m n devices*, separately eon-idt-: ed. But L cl.iim, first, Protp.cung the orifices of voxels used in holding, pouring Jind burning inflammable liquids, with a volute of ribbed metal, vound upon itself, or'made of strips of plain and eciTupuVd metal wound together, these so formed making most economically a series of regular tubes of great 'J.iLiiy and conducting power, together wi*h freedom of pouring through them the liquids used, and also presenting great facility of chairing from any accident;il cl-inx-tion.-. fn ciniiuini! the above, I do not laim 'n'uU-H'n:. such orifice? wills wire gui;ze, perforated lueta! (Mim?.]-.- or chambers, paekati/'d or niarf.' s of !ii?, pmnuv .-imsf _?)? masse.-1 of tan tied wire, or of wire ].:ti'kei! i';n.L'iiu!i!:-tI!v in tubes, us all these devices have been known before, but do not fulfill all conditions which my deice does. Second, I claim the arrnngemeu'r of the fi-eder tube and cap, and the ik tubes and cap, ? ii(;??! by tin- intersection of their peripheries? or ttuiw. suluibiy pl.-tced in such a manner the n nioval of 1 lie wiek cap cannot take place till tlmt ?uhich covejv the prot? eted or*-fico fur replenishing the lamp io first taken oif. VVAIV pAriuN,--V--burn Tare, of Senee/i Fs:lt. X. Y. : I do not rhiini io be the first inventor of pumps having a hollow shaft and hollow oscillating piston. Nor flo I el:sim tripping the -udve.?, E 17, by means of the oseillatint,' piston, C. But to the be.rt of my knowledge fm-i beliof it is- a new ieafi.'.Tf, in pinnptTof thin description, io o;i'L;e a wcii.uu picff in hold the lower VHIVOS in place, and c-rve also aa packing for thy ocillsiting niiaft. It i,-1 also a iiQw feature to cause the lower valves to in the penau-lous valve. I claim cunning the- wedge iucc'% G, viMcl: holds the I/no lower valves E ]?/, and piece, v, in u'a-cv, to .er) e ahu. in combination with paid ]ieee, c, ;H a packing for the o.-c.ilhitiiiir him ft. B, as dcscril)t-d! fFull iKirriouljuv of this invention ill be found in another column.] MAKING SEi.a LICHTEBS—Ilenrich U-imnnn. of Hertford, Conn. : I claim the jirran.'."?;;::? Tit, of the mechanism dmbod, and for the purpe.-e set forth. PROJECTILE FOE FIRE-AIJMS—John B. It.-nd, of Tiwca-loosa, Ala. : I claim the surrounding of the, cylindrical portion of elongated projectiles with a band cf lead, or other fusible metal or alloy, filling a rre:;.-.-i, with projections or lugs in the same to jirevent it.- .lis'i-L-i'i in- ::t. and provided"~vith one or more vent?, extendiag irv;n the rear of the projectiles to the inner side of raid iwmi, for the purpose of expanding it by the. gnu s oi iked gunpowder, so as to save windtiirc, and tjcure-rotation by taking into rifle grooves, as more iully act forth in the specification. TjtussES—tT. W. i:U. oi 3'IainfieM. X. J. : I cl:;ira tiie consti notion of a pad v/i(.h a knobbed ov r.oduicd face, substantially af described, so thnt it Kh-tH pv ss upon several distinct ]oints or iiifi-rvju.- nround mid upon the tiiK's ro!]vu-riK'd in hernin, :md not have a, cni-linuous bearijjtr, raid operate an sit fort'". [Thi.-= iinproveniont v/iil be, found dc cribed in another column.] Sol -SOTTS Hi; li ]iJ.!j;---Vi!]i;iii! E. Robe i.-", oi i!-my, (.'onu. : T cliii'n the article of now U;J nu:;ii'ture oi scifc-rforrf fluu'pener, v/hen contrufh-i :.ind iirrei for iw as described. COFFEB RoAf/:r.E—Kilns Sehn* ider -iji'l A. Koiraun, of New Tripoli, Pit. : We chum tlu- dt.ubinatio/i oi the uutaici1, an desr-; I bed, with fb vfrliciiU-yliiider containing.' it, us iind for the purpof-H.? .qvjuif'tM!." MirniNr, roit ]ft:i.Tii'],Y:N(. NfMr;:its—JtiTiie-* 1). Smith, of lirantingluim, JN. Y.: 1 chum i'; combinaiion of tlie rotating disk, A. and tation:iry index or 'inn; (', graduated and numbered as described, fe?" tho piuxose set forth. [This is a valuable calculating il vUe, for ascertaining quickly the price of articles which have a standard value.] AUTOMATIC K n ITR.VKES—Alfred F. Toulmin, of Kliicott's Mills, Md. : i do not cltiim the application of brakes to railroad cars as new or novel. Nor do I claim spring?, OJ1 rutdu.f a.ixi cog v/in'f !:? &H new. in winding up the chain attached to lirjik!.".-5 of railroad cars. Neither do 1 claim as my invent ion the transmission of power derived from thftrevolntiou')! the car or tender wheels. But I claim ihe, self-adjusting or Hrlf-rpLniJjulB'f =!v.i jnu of disengaging the revolving spring axle, about which the brake chain is wound up, from ic irther cont:icfc wi'.h the motive or winding power, sf1 soon a the brakes nrc put sufficiently to offer a ::rc;;t rcsilnnet. to the prop.ress of the car.-?, but Lxriore the breaking point of tiie brake chain is reached, this disenirtifrin-'r b hig effcted by means of the tension from the combination and connection of a revolving spring a:de on one end of the brake chain, and at the other end the resistance offered to tiie brakes bv the revolution of the car wheel, substantially us dcsciiLe d. 8EED Pr.ANT!atS—L. T. WarJ. ci JLiraflK-n, X. V. : 1 tliiliii. tir.-t, The covering (-'nipc-iv. q q, in coK'biii.'itinn with the p!**jF? in;r rollers, /. 7. when co;j:-ir::fted iwA operated :is ocrihed. ?i-.nn-). I cbihil. ifl ('o'.iihiijjilS'.iVi Awih I";".' flb'roWUli; ifOth e c, ;,i'i',L'i?-:'.I so r.-- i;iv [H'rii.'u'ne.'iUu-lv. lv. bar if, K-Hjiiar.I, i. sjriM-:': :n :u, :ni.l Inrkiiirr l::iV-li. L, fr r;ti~iiii.', lov.'i riuy. ;nd iv'UUna: tS;.; l'tnTowiLii; inJiin tho required position, as doi-cribi-i. TninJ. I ;d.-o fbiini'tli" ar,":in:em'-!i!- d' ilio h-.iver-e ro-K .N. Huks. ,) (f. Jim! f::-hi:-s. L L, fertile vuri.v=e ui operating the --lides, J J, ;is li.'.-'.-rjJji-d'. SKKI I'l.XiiTEn--—Caleb R V"nn;er. of Xoiilj Tyvvis-buryh, Ohio: Irir.-f,I chtim i'tif inclined i-iancs arrL'Tivu'd to ctttcli tin*, seed carried or thrown uver bv therol'er. deliver it to the lr-Dev agiuu, do that will c.Jirvtf back to the see.d box, as dc-rrilird. Second, 1 claim connecting tiie (lr;i('r mil to [? ii-";nn fft the rv.w of, or behind the wliee!, in {"liiibirusiio.i -tviil! the clevi- yoke or staple, ivhieii rJiovfiS il to vibmle ;H described. STKAM PUMPING EN"-;IXES—Jolm S. J*adcn. of Nev Haven, Conn., (assignor to himself and Aaron V. Koekv.'ood, of Boston. Jlas.): I an ravaiv tliat it. is not new fco so combine a pump and a f-terim engine that the l)iston of the former may be operated ];y the hitter; also that it is not new to a*rran;ie the axis of the cylinder of a steam engin.1 in linev.ith that, oftlie barrel of the pump, and so connecting the ptons of ti'--" o that a lvciprocatinfi r.-friliir'T moveiuejit (A tlM'skwm engine cylinder may cToate a ci: f,-[oariiTi,i.- ,u. ..ment of the )ump piston. Therefore 1 do not elnlm .such. I do not, dami a puniiionod hollow fPiut-fcylino'ncal 99 chamber, and two series of induction and eduction pas- sages arranged wi/tii respect to the partition of said j chamber, substantially a,s described, in combination i with three or any other suitable number of oscillatory cylinders and pistons connected together by three connected cranks, and applied to the partitioned semi-cylin-dric vessel as described, such being the subject of claim in my Letters Patent. " j Nor do I claim the rotury pump, for which a patent j was granted to Hosea Lindsay, December 4,1855. i Nor do I claim tha reciprocating pump represented in J Henry L. Russell's application for a patent, rejected ! October 25th, 1854, for in neither of the engines of McMurtrie, Lindsay and Russell is there any three-fold bell crank, and these pumps operating together, and in connection with a semi-cylindric case, I employ three pumps, one semi-cylindric case, and with one engine, made as specified: the semi-cylindric connecting all the pumps together, so that the fluid which each pump may elevate, is drawn into one end of the common case, and forced out of the other end of it, while but one three-fold crank is used in the construction of my apparatus. Therefore, It is this peculiar apparatus, as composed of the three pumps arranged on one common case, and combined with the peculiar steam engine, in manner as described, and so as to cause but one three-fold crank necessary to the operation of the three pumps during each entire revolution of the crank that I claim. YAPOK BURNING LAMPS—Dexter IT. Chamberlain, of West Koxburv, Mass., (assignor to himself and John Horrovwale, of Boston, MaaV): I claim the auxiliary chamber or casing, 5, in combination with the tube, 4, constructed and arranged in the manuer and for the purpose set forth. WASHING MACHINE—David Elliot, of Pembroke, N. H., (assignor to himself and Isaac White, of Merri-inack Co., N. H.) : I claim a tube or vat, with corrugated parallal sides, and a semi-circular or curved bottom, in combination with semi-circular rubbers, corrugated on their sides, and arranged to travrse on the axle, or on a traversing axle, provided with a spring, to draw the rubbers one towards the other, and both towards one side of the vat, in the manner described, for the purpose of washing and squeezing clothes. MACHINE FOK FEEDING FLOUB, MIXING MATERIALS, AND KNEADING DOUGH—John Hecker and William Uotiue, (assignors to John Hecker,) of New York City : We claim the employment of the rotating disk, with its slot and cutter or scraper, one or more, as described, in combination with, and forming the movable bottom of, a vessel containing a supply of Hour, to deliver the ilour in regular given quantities, as set forth. We also claim, in combination with the rotating disk or bottom, substantially as described, the making of the feeder or vessel, containing the supply of ilour, conical, and with the lower end largest, as described, to prevent the packing of the flour, as described. We also claim, in combination with the feeder, or its equivalent, and the mixing trough, the inclined revolving plate for scattering and distributing the ilour at or near the periphery of the mixing trough, as and for the purpose specified. We also claim, in combination with the mixing trough and the ilour distributor, the revolving channel-way along the under side of the distributor, for distributing the water or other fluid, and the water at or near the periphery of the mixing trough, as described, to ensure the proper admixture of the ingredients, as set forth. We also claim, in combination with the flour and water feeders, or their equivalents, the apparatus, or any equivalent therefor, for feeding and supplying the sponge, or other leaven, at or near the periphery of the mixlaa trough, as specified. And finally, we claim the revolving blades and stationary pins or blades, substantially as described, in combination with a mixing trough, having a discharge tiPkirturL1. at or near the center, and the means described or their equivalents, for feeding the flour and mixing fluid at or near the periphery of the trough as described, for mixing the ingredients as they are received, and gradually working and kneading them, and forcing them towards the center, where the dough ia delivered, as described. PREPARING GLUE STOCK—Obadiah Rich, of Cambridge, Mass., (assignor to Peter Cooper, of New York City) : I claim the cleansing of glue stock-pieces, and preparing them for the manufacture of glue, by the use of soda or potash, as set forth. I also claim, in combination with the above, the use of a mineral acid, for the purpose of effectually removing and neutralizing the alkali in the stock so prepared, as set forth. ARRANGEMENT OP CYLINDERS AND TIIEIK CONNECTIONS FOR LOCOMOTIVE ENGKSES—Aaron Smithurst, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the arrangement of the two double piston cylinders described, with their connecting means, in relation to the frame of the engine, as set forth. WASHING MACHINE—Thomas A. Dugdale, (assignor to himself and George Taylor,) of Richmond, Ind.: I am aware that vibrating tubs, with stationary lids or disks, are now in use—such parts, therefore, of themselves, I do not claim. But I claim the combination of the floating disk, F, cords, ffff, and vibrating tub, C, with the stationary-disk,'E, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. ROTAEY CnAiES—Jordan L. Mott, of Mott Haven, N. Y., and William Tabele, of New York City, (assignors to The J. L. Mott Iron Works, of Mott Haven, N. Y.): We do not claim the special form of the parts, as these can be variously modified and still retain the mode of operation which we have invented. Nor do we wish to be understood as limiting ourselves to the use of our said invention in a rotating chair of the construction specified, as it will be obvious that it is equally applicable to all rotary chairs. We do not claim as our invention any of the separate parts above described, such as the pivot attached to the chair seat, and fitted to turn in the socket in the upper part of the pedestal. But we claim the combination of the securing ring substantially as described, with the flanch projecting from the spindle of the pivot, which is fitted to turn in the socket on the upper end of the pedestal, as and for the purpose specified. EE-ISSUE. WATCUISB—Gco. P. Read, of Waltham, Mass. Patented April 14th, 1857 : What I claim is the arrangement of the barrel in respect to the pillar plate, so that it shall extend through the plate and be fastened to the dial side of it. I also claim arranging the main gear wheel with the retaining power and barrel arbor, so that the said wheel shall serve the purpose of a barrel head or cover to the barrel. . . I also claim the application of the retaining power directly to the fixed barrel, as specified.