The amended postage law, as enacted by the last Congress, having gone into effect on the 1st inst., we take occasion to make an extract from one of the sections, from which our mail patrons will see that the item of postage on the Scientific American will in future be less bjr one-half than formerly. "Any periodical or newspaper, under three ounces in weight, can be sent to any part of the United States for one cent, and if paid quarterly or yearly in advance, either at the office of mailing or delivery, will be transmitted by the mails for half a cent each number; that is, for a daily paper, the postage will be only thirty nine cents a quarter, or one dollar and fifty cents a year; a weekly paper or periodical will be charged only six and a half cents a quarter, or twenty-six cents a year. If the weight does not exceed an ounce and a half, it may be circulated in the State where published at half of the above rates." According to the above extract, subscribers to the Scientific American, residing in the State of New York will receive their papers by mail at thirteen cents per annum, instead of thirteen cents per quarter as formerly, thus reducing the cost of the Scientific American thirty-nine cents per annum to mail subscribers—an item worth saving. Subscribers in the most remote part of the country will be required to pay but six and a half cents per quarter in future for the Scientific American, and although some postmasters may insist upon higher rates, our patrons should resist the attempt to extort money from them by any pretended construction of the more obscure points in the statute which tends to such an end.