The World Patent To the Editor of SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN: Your article in the issue of September 9th, 1911, on “The World Patent” is very interesting, and should pave the way to the realization of said object. A universal patent would be a great benefit to the industrial world, which you so cleverly photograph, and you as a leading scientific journal of this country should take up this subject and follow it with the same ardor and energy with which you are following the naval, aeronautical, and other important fields. Your devotion to this subject should influence activity in other quarters, resulting in the realization of said universal patent. The obstacles to the realization of said universal patent may appear great, but they can be easily removed by the concentrated efforts of the inventive or patent world and the countries forming the International Union. To this end I take the liberty to humbly offer a few suggestions. The effectiveness of a universal patent depends very much upon the support given to the matter by all the countries of the International Union as well as by many of the other countries not yet members of the union. To further make a universal patent effective, it must be issued at one predetermined place to the subjects of all the countries favoring such patent rights union. As most of the countries would desire to have some control over their patent business, the most effective plan may be to have universal patents issued by an international patent office, and working patents issued independently by each country, as will be seen hereafter. To insure the validity of a universal patent, a system of examination and record must be instituted at one predetermined place, whereby all the patents issued heretofore or to be issued by the countries of the union could be thoroughly traced and examined when necessary. For the above purposes an international patent Ofce should be established at a predetermined place, where all patent applications are to be filed, examined, issued, contested, or adjudicated. Said international patent office can have within its system a judiciary board for the consideration of lawsuits connected with said patents. Said international patent office constituting a centralized industrial bureau, should have in every important branch of its service attaches from every country a party to the union. Within a predetermined length of time, each country forming a part of the union could have filed with said international patent office complete records of all the patent transactions of said country. The international patent office should issue a universal patent, representing certification of examination, for any invention found after due searching and examination to be entitled to same. Said universal patent in turn shall command the issue of a working patent (without any further examinations or objections of any kind) in each of the countries of the union in which application there for be made, the two patents constituting the complete patent in each respective country. To defray the working expenses of said international patent office, a predetermined fee should be paid for each patent application. Such universal patents could be issued for twenty years, and could be made renewable for an additional number of years after the payment of additional taxes. A suitable tax should be paid to the country of which the applicant is a citizen, upon the issue of a working patent, and only half of such tax should be levied by each other country in which a working patent is secured. The validity, as to priority and patent rights, of a universal patent shall be absolute in all the union countries and subject to formulated laws, rules, regulations, and decisions of the patent office, but the working of a patent in any one country shall not be allowed before securing a working patent. For efficiency and uniformity, a language to be used for the international patent office transactions should be determined upon. Universal patent cases may be judged in any country of the union in which the case arose, but the decisions rendered should be subject to ratification by the board of justices of the international patent office, for which express purpose such board should be created. The above plan could be placed in working order within five years from its adoption, without interfering with the operations of the various existing patent off;ces. Since the United States issues the greatest number of patents, it is entitled to be designated as the home of the In terna tional Patent Office, second in choice being Great Britain or Germany. For a central location England or France may be preferred. An alternate plan would give the International Patent Office the power to issue a universal patent valid in all countries of the union without the additional working patent. Such plan, however, would be more difficult to realize at the present time, since it would centralize in the International Patent Office all the powers and authorities of record, examination, and guarantee also absolute justice, instead of having this International Patent Office as an examining department for all the union countries and as a composite board of record-based justice, as it is essentially intended to be. H. B. T. Philadelphia, Pa. Music a Palliative and Restorative in Cases of Nervous Prostration To the Editor of SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN: The readers of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN would doubtless be interested in a few incidents illustrative of the effect of music on the mentally sick. The Georgia Sanitarium for the Insane has been making experiments along this line of thought. Whilj the results thus far collated are not demonstrative nor conclusive, they are suggestive. An instance of the palliative influence of music came under the writer's immediate observation. A patient with acute nostalgia (home sickness) on hearing a Stella grand piano music box, that was presented to the sanitarium for research work, immediately wrote home: “The nostalgia is gone. It is no longer acute home sickness with me. There is a Stella music box here that is health, happiness, heaven.” A clergyman with chronic aphasia (inability to command words) on hearing the same instrument, summoning his will power in one supreme effort to speak, exclaimed, “That Stella is a star when .it comes to music! I have been praying to die that I might go to Heaven, but Heaven is in that Stella music. Bless you, friends! What am I doing? I have lost my aphasia, the music of Heaven has given me my tongue again.” A lawyer whose melancholia was complicated with acute nostalgia attended a series of musical entertainments that diverted his thoughts into new channels, and gave surcease to his imaginary troubles. Within thirty days he retrieved his former standing and was appointed a superior court judge. The rationale or explanation of these marvelous results is apparent: The resuscitation or resurrection 0, the will power by means of the emotions, or the addressing thj will through the media of the emotions that make their appeal through music. The language par eminence of the emotions is music. Good music conduces to the restoration of the nervously prostrated by diverting the mind from brooding over imaginary troubles. By a soothing influence exerted upon the nerves, it calms the perturbed brain tissue, and acts as a stimulus, vivifying partially atrophied faculties, and inspiring hope, the hope that the melancholiac may yet accomplish some great achievement. Owing to the fact that the State has all it can do to provide the absolute necessities of life for its three thousand insane, there is no appropriation for musical instruments. We are therefore under the necessity of laying these facts before the philanthropic with an invitation to cooperate with us in further research work. The State will pay express charges on small boxes marked “Georgia State Sanitarium Library.” Large boxes containing orchestrions, phonographs, player-pianos, or other automatic musical instruments should have express prepaid and be addressed to the writer at the musical department of the State sanitarium. A large cathedral organ would facilitate the work of research. We are not averse to second-hand material. REV. JOI- E. AMOS. Milledgeville, Ga. Winter Cruises Arranged by the Hamburg-American Line Under Perfect Conditions To South America Take a Delightful Cruise to South America, by the S. S. Bluecher (12,500 tons), the largest cruising steamer sailing from one America to the other. Offers every luxury and comfort. Leaving New York, January 20, 1912. Ports of call: PORT OF SPAIN, PERNAMBUCO, SANTOS, BUENOS AIRES (across the Andes), PUNTA ARENAS (through the Straits of Magellan), VALPARAISO, RIO DE JANEIRO, BAHIA, PARA, BRIDGETOWN, and ST. THOMAS. Optional side trips everywhere. 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Will leave New York, February 14, 1912, for Madeira, Gibraltar, Algiers, Villefranche (Nice), Genoa, Naples and Port Said, Time for sigbt-seeing at eacb port, To or from Port Said, $165 and up. To or from all otber ports, $115 and up. Grand Annual Event < few accommodations available on S. S. Cleveland,from SanFrancisco,Feb.6,1912 AROUND THE WORLD November, 1912, and February, 1913, by tbe Large Cruising Steamsbip, "VICTORIA LUISE” (16,500 tons). Your comfort and pleasure assured. 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