Some very excellent information on the above subject, by Robert L. Pell, President of the American Institute, has been published in the New York Evening Post for the benefit of farmers. The following are a few extracts:__ Fish eggs may be transported to great distances, without fear of failure, particularly the salmon and brook trout, which require from sixty to ninety days to mature. When two black specks are seen through the membraneous cuticle that covers the egg, they may be pagked for exportation. The best plan is to place them between wet woolen cloths, about fourteen inches square, and pack in alternate layers in boxes, perforated at the top and bottom, so that the water used to moisten them at stated periods, may pass off, after having saturated them sufficiently. If intended to be sent to a very great distance, you may pi See a layer of coarse sand, partially wet, in the bottom of a box four inches in depth ; on this lay the prepared eggs separately, and cover them with an inch of sand—then eggs and sand alternately until the box is full; before the cover is screwed on, place the whole for two hours in water and ship it. I once transported twelve hundred trout, of all sizes, to one of my ponds with perfect safety, from a distant brook, without changing the water, making four journeys, thus :— A large tierce was put upon a spring cart, and filled with pure spring water, into which an abundance of ice was placed. As the trout were caught by treading the brook, and thus driving them into a net, they were imprisoned in the tierce without handling, and arrived at the pond in safety; without ice, they would have perished in half an hour. You may carry young salmon or trout in glass jars by railroad any distance without changing the water, by placing a few aquatic plants in with them. I am convinced that with judicious care, and ponds suited to the purpose, a branch of industry might be formed that would increase the wealth of the party attending to it unparalleled by any other business. Let me, then, recommend all gentlemen living near the coast on- Long Island and in New Jersey, wherever facilities offer, to make salt water ponds, by calling to their aid a portion of the sea, which may be carried inland by means of a short canal, and therein place fish to fat, besides breeding oysters. It is possible to stock every stream in the state of New York with all the desirable varie- | ties of fish in.a single season, and all the S waters in the United States in a single year. Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEES ENDING MAY 25, 1858. [Reported officially for the Scientific American.] VALVB COCK—Seth Adams, of Boston^ Mass. : I do not claim any of the stop cocks to which I have had occasion to refer in the explanation of the difference between them and my improved disk valve cock. But X claim my improved disk valve cock, made sub-stantiallyas described, viz., with one coupling pipe, a valve seat, disk valve, and valve chamber, arranged and applied together essentially as specified, so that when the valve may be raised above the bore of the coupling pipe, and a column of fluid may be passing through the said pipe, such column shall flow through the pipe and valve chamber, in a line with the axis of the pipe, or in a straight line, and enterthe valve chamber at oneside, and pass out of its bottom, or enter at its bottom and past out of its side and through an opening of the valve seat, whose sectional area shall be equal to, or greater than, that of the bore of the coupling pipe. BBEEOH-LOADING RIFLE—C. W. Alexander, of Moore-field, Va. : I claim the replaceable rifled cylinder, with its dovetail for cap, and notch for holding it in its place, in combination with the revolving chamber that bears it, and holds it to its place. FURNACE GRATES—A. J. Allen and W. S. Hudson, of Paterson, N. J.: We claim the combination together of the vertically moving furnace bars, C, furnished with projections, 1, when arranged and operating substantially as shown and described. A notice of this invention will be found on another page. DRIVING WHEELS FOR PORTABLE STKAM ENGINES, AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, c—George W. Baraett, of Springfield, Ohio : I claim providing a wheel with one or more series of radial elastic feet, in the manner and for the purposes substantially as set forth. STBAM BOILERS—George W. Barnett, of Springfield, Ohio: I claim, in combination with a furnace arranged centrally within the boiler, the smoke flues and exhaust pipes, when BO arranged that the smoke and waste lie! or e furnace, as also the exhaust steam, shall be conducted together downward through the water in the boiler in the same pipes, for the purposes set forth. COMPOSITION FOR VAENXSHING LEATHER—O. S. Boy-don and M. C. Fredericks, of Newark, N. J.: Weclaim the employment in the compounds used in the mann-facture of glazed, japanned, or painted leather, cloth, silk, and paper—either wholly or in part as a substitute for camphene or spirits of turpentine—of a paste made of the glutinous properties of flax seed, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [A notice of this improvement will be found in another column.] SOUNDING APPARATUS—Richard F. Bridewell, of Si Louis, Mo. : I do not claim* broadly, the application of aleverto the bow of a vessel to indicate the depth of water beneath the bottom. But I claim the tiae of a lever applied to the bow of a vessel, so constructed, combined, or arranged as to vibrate in either direction, substantially in the manner described, for the purpose specified. MACHINE FOR HOISTING ICE—William G. Brower, of Stoutsburgh, N. Y. : I claim the receptacle or box, D, connected with the drum or windlass, H, by the chain or rope, G, the drum or windlass being fitted loosely on the driving shaft, I, and connvcted with and detached from it at the proper time by means of the clutch, J, actuated through the medium of the sliding bars, K N, spring, L, and lever eatc es, O O, the whole being arranged substantially as shown, so that the several parts ?will operate automatically by a continuous motion of the driving shaft and for the purpose set forth. liATHUS—Jared T. Bance, of East Haddara, Conn. : I do not claim the screw, I-1, and a nut, E, nor the pinion g, and rack, i, for moving or feeding the slide rest, for these are well-known devices, and in common use for such purpose. But I claim constructing the slide rest of two parts, C I, arranged as shown, so that the part, C, may have a movementindependantof the other, in combination with the nut, E, formed of the parts, j k, operated as shown* and used in connection with the worm wheel, a, ?which IB actuated simultaneously with the parts j k, of the nut, substantially as described. [This invention consists in having the slide rest formed of two parts, so connected that one part is allowed a movement independent of the other, and the whole so arrangedthat the tool may be easily adjusted to its work, the nut readily thrown in and out of gear with tne driving screw; and the wear of the seat is compensated for, so as to ensure the perfect operation of the device.] VAPOR LAMP BURNERS—Daniel H. Carpenter, of New YorkCitv: I claim the device set forth of regulating the quantity of air to be mixed wfth hydro-carbon vapor, consisting of the screw stop placed in the tube at such distance below the exit aperture as shall leave the requisite space for the mixing of the gasesbefore reaching said aperture. I also claim the described improvement in the construction of the valve for the vapor passage, whereby the said passage is kept ree at all times, without in-Greasing the size thereof, substantially as set forth. HARROWS—Vasco M. Chafee, of Grayville. HI.: I claim the combination of the side pieces, DD', cross bar* C, or their equivalents, with therotuy harrowing wheels, the parts neiiiiE so arranged in connection with each other, substantially as described, to produce the result stated. DEYICHS FOB ACTUATING THE INDEX OF HYGROMETERS —Charles L, Clarke, of Rochester, N. Y. : I do not claim to have invented the employment of a twisted cord operating on the principle described, toindicate the hygrometrie condition of the atmosphere. But I claim the combination of the slotted weight, D, with the shaft, E, as shown and described, whereby shaft B is actuated by the horizontal rotation of weight I, without obstructing the vertical movement of the latter. [A notice of this invention, will be found in another column.] Wuomm Mrt,w—3mm ICOterk, of Lancaster, Pa. t Firafe, I claim the arrangement of the apertures* T and i in the conveyor case, M, with the slide valve, 0, constructed ana operated as set forth. Second, I claim the combination of the movable or stationary conveyor with, and formed on the shaft of, the bolting reel, for the purpose of conveying the material into the bolt te any required distance, to effect ~# the object fully specified, 2 BSOJ3*800ATXHG PADDLE—Peter C. Clark, of Reading, f 1 Fa.; I claim the arrangement of the lever, e, having tf. an adjustable paddle, with the radius bar, d, and crank yy# arm, b, in their relation to each other and to the crank Wk shall, as and for the purpose set torth. FLOCBIN MILLS—Edwin Clark, of Lancaster, Pa. Ante-dated February 2,1858 : I am aware a series of valve3 and a circular division has been used in bolting machines; these I do not claim. But I claim the valve orseries of valves, b, with their perforations, c, in combination with the apertures, d e, ra the bolting chamber, so as to make said valves common to the three different transits of the ground material, substantially as described. I also claim in combination with the circular division, F, the inclined jlanes, i, for properly conducting conducting that portion of the material that falls upon the space between them, into its proper channel, as set forth. MACHINE FOR RINDING SAWS.—William Clemson, of East WoTjurn, Mass. : I claim the employment of a revolving friction clamp, applied to the saw in the manner substantially as described, to receive rotary motion from the saw, and. to control the revolution of the saw by the momentum it acquires by such rotary motion, as fully explained. [See notice of this improvement on another page.] LUBRICATING CAR AXLES—John W. Cochran, of New York City: I claim the arrangement of the rollers upon the coil, e, said coil having within it a shaft or rod of metal or wood with the rods, d, attached to studs, e, in their relation to each other and to the box and axle, as and for the purposes set forth. VALVE PBOPBLUBE—Aaron Colton, of Le Roy, N. Y.: I claim the connection of the paddles Mth the sliding frames, C C, and the flat plates, E, in combination with the stops, i, constructed and operated substantially as described. [This invention relates to paddles placed in horizontally sliding frames, and it consists in attaching the same by means of pivots between their centers and their upper edges, to these frames; the upper edges being guides by loops, which are attached to horizontal plates that are placed on the top of the sliding frame in such a manner that they assume a sliding motion, independent from the motion of the frames, whereby the paddles are inclined either one way or the other; and it further consists in a peculiar arrangement of stops, so constructed that by placing the same either on one side of the paddles or on the other, the latter are made to propel the vessel forward or backwards, and that by releasing the stops altogether, the paddles move both ways with the sliding frames, and have "ho propelling effect.] BURGLAK'S ALAKM LOCKS—Adison Corey, of Cass-town, Ohio : I claim the application to door locks of the insulated knob, these extra bolts, levers, and springs in this arrangement with any lock, and these several galvanic attachments in combination with the_ lock, as described, or any others substantially the same, and wliich will produce the intended efleet. HARVESTERS—J. H. Conklin, of Rockford, HI. : 1 claim, flrst, The vibrating divider, G, in combination with the cutting apparatus, substantially as described, whereby the grain is gathered into the cutters, in order that the parts of the machine following after may perfectly clear the standing grain, as described. Second, The curved or turned up and slotted ends of the fiager bar, e, as set forth, in combination with a vibrating lever, S, as and for the purpose specified. CASPET FASTEOTEB—Warren Filkins, of Lancaster. N. Y. : I claim the arrangement of the horizontal swinging slotted cap, a, with the plate, e, and the spur, b, in the manner specified, and for the purpose set forth. WATER WHEELS—John. CuBter, of Finley, Ohio : I do not claim, broadly, so forming the buckets of horizontal water wheels that the percussive force of the water, as well as that caused by gravity, are obtained, for buckets have been devised and arranged in various ways to accomplish this purpose. But I claim, first, Placing the plate, I loosely on the shaft, B, and rendering the same adjustable thereon by means of set screws, b, or their equivalents, in connection with the adjustable mouth, Fj in the sluice, B, the parts being arranged substantially aa shown and described, for the purpose set forth. Second, The buckets, C, constructed of the form shown and described, so that the percussive force of the water is obtained, and also the force produced by its weight, as it passes from the buckets, and the water at the same time allowed to pass in a very direct and uninterrupted manner through the buckets, so as not to occasion much loss of power by friction. [The wheel and shute of this wheel are arranged in such a manner that the wheel is capable of being raised and lowered as circumstances may require* and thj water properly directed into the buckets at any point or portion of the wheel within the range of its adjustment. The buckets are constructed so that a large percentage of power is obtained, ad the wheel is rendered simple and economical.] WIND WHEELS—William H. Derrick, of Stockton, Cal. : I claim the movable or traversing vane, G-, with weight, H, attached in combination with the permanent or stationary vane, F, arranged as shown, or in an equivalent way to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [The object of this invention is to render the wind wheel, by a very simple means, self-regulating and self-adjusting, so that the wheel will rotate with equal, or nearly equal speed, during variable degrees of velocity of the wind, or made to veer in accordance with it.] LEVELING DEVICE ATTACHED TO HAND SAWS—Henry Disston and Thomas L. Morss, of Philadelphia, Pa. : We claim placing the two spirit tubes, or levels, a a, in thehandle,B,of the saw, relatively with each, other, and the back edge, c, of the saw, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [On one side of the handle of a saw two spirit levels are placed at right angles to each other, and in such a position relatively with the back of the saw, that the same may be used as a plumb and level indicator as well as a saw, and used in either capacity equally as well aa separate tools for the respective purposeaj WINDOW SPRING—Edward Doen, of New Britain, Conn. : I do not claim any of the parts described, separately considered. But I claim the combination of the independent obtuse-angled lever and direct-acting spring bolt, arranged for action together relatively to each other and the face plate of the casting, which carries both, and for connection with the window casing as a fastener t o the sash, as set forth. RAILROAD CAR BRAKES—C. H. Eisenbrandt,- of Baltimore, Md,: Being well aware that rubber devices and friction rollers nave been applied to the partial surface of axles, I do not claim such devices. But I claim the manner or mode of direct application to the axles of the wheels, of the lever, and screw, L m m d2 b2, witli the clasping boxes, f f, griping collars, y z, and the pivot and socket axles, g h, the pendant bearings, c c c, with the box seats, e e e, the connecting yoke eye rods, c2 d2 o o o, the ear guides, X X, the whole arranged, combined and operated with the other devices described, and substantially in the manner set forth. KNIFE POUSHEE—Horace T. Field, of NewBaintree, Mass. : I claim the combination of the annular buffers withthe disks, when arranged on the adjacent faces of both disks, as described, for the purpose et forth. GANG FLOWS—Jesse Frye, of Mendota, HL Anfce-ited March 18, 18S8: I claim the attachment of the mguestotheforward and rearward plow-stocks, and le connections between the various plow-stocks, so lat when the team is turned, the plow shall he turned as to point towards a common center, substantially l the manner and for the purpose described. I also claim the connection of the forward furrow heel with the tongue by means of the curved slotted rm, R, and bolt, 1, in combination with the cranks, ad connecting rods between the wheel shafts, so that hen the team is turned, the forward wheels shall be irned in the same direction, and the rear furrow wheel lall be made to track the forward wheels, substantially l the manner and for the purpose set forth. I also claim hanging the hinged coulter, t, to the rear fthefront furrow wheel by means of a chain, which, rhen the team is turned will raise said coulter out of le furrow, substantially in the manner and for the urpose set forth. APPARATUS FOR CATCHING FISH—Jacob Garl, of uffield, Ohio: I claim the sliding trigger, E, the notch, t, key, F,nut, g, as applied to a machine for catching sh, and described in my specification tor that purpose. MACHINE FOR TUBNSKG IBBEGULAR FOEMS—Newton . Glover, of Waveland, Ind. : I claim two traversing nd vibrating cutters arranged to work on the opi-osite ides of the piece of wood turned in the way and man-er described. I claim arranging the nuts or racks of teeth (upon rhich the screw, E, acts to traverse the cutters) upon he cutter bars in such a way and manner that when he cutters are brought into action, the racks will be rought to the screw so as to traverse the cutters, and rhen the cutters are thrown out of action the racks rhich traverse them are released from the screw, as escribed. CUTTER HEAD AJO TABLE REST FOR CUTTING la-:BGULAR FOKMS—J. P. Grosvenor, of Lowell, Mass. : claim, first, The rest, H,. in combihation with a cuter head, operating in the manner set forth for the (urpose specified. Second, I claim securing the cutters to the head by aeans of grooves ia the collars, as set forth, when the utters are set in planes forming angles with each other ,s described, CHEESE PRESSES—Jacob Hibbard, of Weathersfield, L Y. : I am aware that progressive power presses have teen previously used for compressing hay, cotton and ither substances, and I do not claim therefore, broad-y, such operation. But I claim the combination, as described and shown f the levers, IG, connecting rods, F H, weight, L, and bllower, D, for the purpose set forth. [This invention consists in operating the follower of he press by a system of levers, and a weight arranged .H shown, whereby a progressive power is obtained, md the cheese or curd so acted upon or subjected to uch a pressure that all the whey and useless sub-tanceswill be expelled or expressed from it, and all he cream or oily and essential substances retained.] MANUFACTURE OF DEXTRIN AND SUGAR—T. A Hoff-nann, of Beardstown,Ill. : I disclaim the separate ac-ion of steam and acids for converting starch, corn, or ther grain into dextrin, or sugar, and alcohol there-rom by the usual boiling point oi one atmospherical jressure. Bat I claim the combination of steam and acids for jonverting starch, core, or other cereals into dextrin pim, or sugar, when said grain issubjected to the action f diluted acids, and the temperature of the mass ia slevated to 236 or 300 Fah. THEEMOSTAT—Simeon Holton, Jr., of Middlebury, Vt,: I claim no part of the instrument, bnt the means f adjusting the movement of the pointer relatively to ;he expansion and contraction of the compound bar. But I claim the slotted plates, 1 and j, carrying the pin, K, and the notch in which it works applied m the rompound bar, and the lever, G, substantially as de-jcribed, to vary the effective length of one arm of said lever, imd yet preserve its proper relation to the compound bar, ana operating as set forth. [See a description in another Portion of this paper.] OMNIBCS REGISTER—R. E, House, of Biaghampton, N. Y. : I elaim the combination of a step protected mbstantiallyas described resting on a yielding BUPPOI$, mch a spring or its equivalent with recording mechanism to be operated by the step, substantially as and for the purpose described. WIND WHEELS—J. B. Johnson, of Baa Francisco, Cal.: I do not claim operating the adjustable sails, i, by means of the sliding head or plate, I, actuated by a governor through the medium of the levers, as shown, for this has been previously used. Nor do I claim the manner of attaching the rotating plate. C.to the framing, A, for this has also been previously done. ? ? ? But I claim constructing the wind wheel. G, with stationary and adjustable sails, h i, substantially as and for the purpose as set forth. [This invention consists in a peculiar means employed for giving a uniform speed to the wheel, during variable degrees of velocity of the wind, and also in a peculiar means employed for stripping the wheel when desired. APPARATUS FOR SBPAEATTNG THE COMBUSTIBLE FROM THE INCOMBUSTIBLE GASES OR PRODUCTS OF COMBUSTION IN FURNACES, a—Win, D. Jones, of Hajgaman's Mills, N. Y. : I do not claim the returning of the combustible portion of the volatile or gaseous produta of combustion to the fire. Nor do I claim, broadly, the separation of the combustible trom the incombustible products ty the difference in their specific gravity. But I ciaim the box, A^with its inlet, a, separating diaphragm, b, chambers, B, and C, pipe or passage,f, and two fan blowers, D and F, arranged in the mannei substantially as described and operating as set forth. [See description of this invention on another page.] IRON GATE OR FENCE POST—F. E., Alex, and Edwin King, of Cherry Valley, Ohio : We claim afenct post composed of the parts, G and K, provided witt toothed or serrated edges, a a, arms, B, and keys, C, and in combination therewith the wings, i i, and stud, o, when constructed and arranged substantially in th( manner and for the purpose specified. We also claim the manner of securing the gatt hinges, D,by means of the lugs, c c. and notches, a a, the same to be held in place by the keys, C, as described. PBODUCXION OF ELT3GTSOTYPE PLATES—S. P . Knight of New York City : I do not cl im the deposit of a thin metallic coat or film upon the molds previous to immersing them in the battery. But what I claim is the treatment of the plumbagc coated molds with a solution of the sulphate of coppei and the dust of iron, by which a metallic film is produced as described. MARINE ALASM AND FOG SIGNAL—Leon Lewenberg of New York City; I do not claim a spring or springi acted on by a ratchet wheel forproducing sound, as thii has before been made use of. But I claim the hollow cylinder or drum, f, open ai the ends and fitted with the ribs or plates, 1, when ar ranged to act on and within the circular ranges of me tallic springs, h, attached to the rings, g, for the pur poses aad as specified. PROTRACTOR—Josiah Lyman, of Lenox, Mass. I claim the arrangement of the several verniers limbBCaleB and rule in one instrument in themanne: described for the purposes set forth. I also claim the peculiar arrangement of the slidini vernier scale, by which it can be applied with equa readiness and facility to either side of the rule, so aa t read the given angle and its complement. PREPARING PAPBE PULP FROM REEDS—Henry Lowe of Baltimore, Md. : I claim the described process o making paper pulp from reeds by first disintegrating the reeds by boiling in a solution of caustic soda, accompanied by agitation, and then reducing them directly to pulp withost reducing to half stuff by the machine tceltuiieally called the old rag engine.' SEEDING MACHINES—Joseph McCammon, of Dayton, Ohio i I do not claim separately the adjustable slides, F G- H, having apertures made through them and attached to the underside of the hopper, for the purpose of varying the size of the discharge apertures for they have been proviousty used. But I claim the blades, b, attached to the rotating shaft, D, which ia placed within the hopper or seed box, A, and arranged flobatantially as set forth, in combination with the adjustable slides, FG H, and concave bottom, E, the whole being arranged to operate as and for the purpose setforth. [A peculiar means is employed for distributing the seed in this invention, whereby the seed is prevented from "arching" in the hopper or Bfled box, and presented in a proper manner to the dissharge apertures, the size of which may be graduated so as to sow a greater or lesa quantity of seed in a given area or space.] . SEEDING MACHINES—G. M. L. McMillen, of Dayton, Ohio: I claim the employment or use of the shaker, G, placed between the rotating flanches, E E, and operated S-the curved rod, F, and cam, C, the sliding plates, J , gage, K, and cylinders, D D, the whole being combined and arranged to operate as and for the purpose set iorth. [This invention consists in the employment of regulating slides, a gage, and a shaker, arranged and operated so that the discharge of the seed may be regulated as desired, and the device effectually prevented from being choked or clogged,] FOOT CLEANER—Allan McKeachnie, of New York City: I am aware that brushes have been previously combined with scrapers for the purpose of cleaning the feet, but so far as I am aware stationery brushes have been only used and arranged in a very inefficient manner. I therefore do not claim, broadly, a scraper combined wi h brushes irrespective of the construction and arrangement shown and described. ButI claim the scraper, B, in combination with the rotary brushes, D, and elastic rotary brushes, E E, with or withovt the cleaners, h f f, the above parts being placed within a suitable shell or basin, A, and arranged as and for the purpose set forth, [By means of a scraper, rotary brushes and brush cleaners, placea in a proper frame or basin, a very convenient device is obtainedto scrape and brush the shoes or boots quite clean before entering a house.] COEN HUSKERS—B. B. Meacham, of Kidlyville, Fla.: I claim the wheel, E, grooved circumferentially and. provided with the knife or cutter, g, forked plate, h, and oblique partition or ledge, c, and arranged relatively witli the spouts, C G, so as to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [In this invention a cutting device is attached to a wheel which is placed below a trough or spout, the cutting device and wheel being so constructed that as the ears of corn are ted down to it, the butts will be cut off from the ears at their junction with them and the husks stripped off, and the husked ear will be discharged by another spout.] STRAW COTTKBS—O. Moses, of Malone, H. Y,: I am aware that a toothed vibrating feeding roller has been used in straw cutters in conjunction with a rigid cleaning comb, and therefore I claim the arrangement of the bridle pieces or connecting plates, e e, attached to cleaning comb, d, with driving shaft, a, and journals, c c, of feeding roller. F, the whole Deing constructed for operation conjointly with feed-box, A, rest 1, shaft, b, disk, T, and knives, 1, in the manner and tor the purposes set forth, BED BOTTOM—J. M. Noble, of Delhi, Iowa: I am aware that pulleys have been placed on pins attached to the rails of bedsteads to serve merelv as friction rollers or pulleys to ease and facilitate the adjusting of sacking bottoms to bedsteads, but lam not aware that rollers have been attached to bedstead rails as shown, and a rope passed around said pulleys as described, so as to form a flexible and yielding Bed bottom. I d not claim broadly, therefore, the employment or use of friction rollers. But I cl imthepulleys, B, attached to two opposite sides or ends of the bedstead by cords, straps, or equivalent means, so asto admit of the free turning of the pulleys and the twisting of the same in planes at right angles with their plane of rotation,incombination with the rope, which is strained around the pullers, the whole being arranged as and forthe purpose set forth. I also claim, in combination with the pulleys, B, and rope, C, the elastic bands, e, for the purpose specified. [A series of pulleys are attached to the head and foot rails of the bedstead by means of straps or other flexible material, and a rope passes through a pulley on the head rail, and then around one on the foot rail from side to side of the bed, so that the rope forms a flexible but secure bottom. The parallel lines of rope are connected by elastic bands, and by this means a very cheap and comfortable bed bottom is obtained.] JoxsRNAL BOXES—J. A. Norris, of Philadelphia. Pa.: I claim, first, The combination of the glands, DD.c, with a box, A, having stuffing boxes formed in each end, substantially as and for the purposes described. Second, Arranging a packing, O, between the adjacent sides of the box, as described, whereby the entrance of any dust between said sides is rendered impossible. CLOTHES' PIN—Dexter Pierce, of Sunapee, N. H-: I claim as a new article of manufacture, to wit;, a clothes pin, all the parts of which are constructed substantially as set forth. WASHING MACHINE—T. B. Pratt and F. Tyler, of Cleveland, Ohio : We do not claim the parts named as new, separately considered. ?' But we claim the fluted brake, F, when attached to yielding bearings, c c, parallel with fluted roller, E. in combination with the united open flapped and endless aprons, L K, and when arranged and operating in the manner and for the purpose set forth. SEEDING MACHINES—A. M. Pratt, of Lowell. N. Y. : I do not claim the seed distributing device, for that is in common use and well known. But I claim attaching the furrow and covering shares, F D, respectively to shafts, E C, which are allowed to turn in their bearings, and are connected by the rods, k 1, to the lever, J, when said parts thus arranged axe used in connection with the shaft, i, attached to the lever, J, crank, h, and lever. I, which support one end of the seed distributing shaft, H, the whole being arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [This is a novel arrangement of the furrow and covering shares with the saed distributing shait, in order that the seed distributing device may be thrown out of gear simultaneously with the elevating of the furrow and covering shares, and by the movement of a single lever, so that the machine maybe rendered inoperative instantaneously when required, as in passing over barren or Waste spots of ground^ c] i RAILROAD SWITCH—N; Pullman, of New Oregon, ( Iowa: I claim, first, The combination of the bent | 307 switch rail with the shoe when arranged in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Second, The combination of the curved blocks with the shoe and the switch, rail for the purpose of regulating in inclination of the Bwitch rail to the track and also its angle of divergence from the track, substantially as described. GOVEENOE FOB HOESE POWEB—Lea Pusey, of Wilmington, Del. : I claim the loaded levers,D TV, or sliding weights, provided with brakes," h, connected by a spring and rods attached to an independent rotating disk, or rotating arms, or to the flywheel of the machine to which the device is applied, in combination with a stationary or revolving rim. K, the whole being arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [In this invention there are attached to the arms which are secured to, or project from, the fly wheel shaft, or to the fly wheel itself, loaded lever*, provided with friction blocks connected by a spring rod, and fitted within a stationary rim, whereby the speed of the horse power, or other machine to which the governor is applied, may be regulated as desired, by a simple mechanical arrangement.] WASHINC! MACHINE— Abraham Quimly, of Terre Haute, Ind.: I claim the combination of the approximating plungers E E, with the revolving tub, A, whereby the clothes are subjected to a continuous rotary action, and at intervals to a squeezing or expressing action, and thereby thoroughly washed, substantially as set forth. FLOPBINO Mn.t—C ristopher Rands, of Peoria, 111. : I claim, first, The combined arrangement of tne upper and lower stories, O O, reduced from their center outward to mere rim-grinding surfaces comparatively, two annular non-grinding plates F F , one or both concave, placed over the enlarged eye of the stones, and the horizontally revolving fan or blower, G, arranged intermediate between the stones, and crossing vertically the space existing between the same, so as to force the grain, with a direct action, out to the grinding surface, and to give a direct blast, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second, I claim the fan when constructed with its blades radial, and situated in the specified relation to thespaceexisting between the stones, so as to give a direct blast, for the purposes set forth. Third, In combination with the above, the arrangement for suspending the stones, O C, consisting of rings, D, each having four axes, ceddoreeff, and one being arranged on the spindle of the stones, and the other between the standards of the frame, substantially aa and for the purposes set forth. Fourth, The combination of thespirally flanched revolving and sliding cylinder, friction wheels, M N, ana spindle, B, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. APPABATUS FOB DISTILLING SPIEITS OF TURPENTINE —Daniel Reid, of Washington. N. O. : I do not claim the melting and straining of the crude turpentine before its introduction to the retort. But I claim the employment, in connection with the still, of a steam box, C, constructed with strainers, a b, of such form and capacity as to receive the barrels of crude turpentine, all substantially as and for the purposes described. [See description in another column.] LIFTING JACKS—Albert C. Richard, of Newtown, Conn. : I claim the standard, A, provided with screws and pinions, in combination with the traverse bar, D, and the adjustable friction rollers, M, the whole being constructed substantially as set forth. LAMPS FOB BuENma COAL OIL, a—George Rim-mington. of South Brooklyn, N. Y. : I claim the cap, B, formed of two parts, a b, perforated as shown, am used in connection with the two tubes, e e, the severa parts being arranged relatively with each other, and applied to thelamp, so as to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [A perforated cap formed in two parts, and used in connection with too flat wi k tubes pla ed at a suitable distance apart is used in this lamp, in order that the flame may be supplied with a sufficient quantity of oxygen to support proper combustion without the aid of a chimney. It is especially applicable to lamps in whieh coal oil is burned.] LIFB BOAT—Albert L. Shears, of Omro, Wis.: I claim the arrangement of the sides, L L, as onstructed with the hull proper of the boat formed the air chambers, a' a', and being open below, and these sides and air chambers, combined and arranged with the scuppers and valves, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. GAB RETOBTS—I. T. Sloan, Volney Smith, Manuel Hoover, and It M. Briggs, of Jackson, Cal. : We claim the employment, in the manufacture of gas from wood, of a cylindrical retort placed horizontally, and having a door to close the opening for the reception of materia swinging upon hinges, and shutting with a staple and eye to receive a wedge, the other end being closed with a clamp and wedge. ROOKING CHAIB AND CBADLE—Austin "S. Smith, of Lawrence, Mass. : I do not claim, separately, the adjustable back, nor the adjustable foot rest, for they nave been nsed and arranged in various ways. But I claim the adjustable back, B, and foot rest, F, connected by the levers, G, and arranged relatively with the seat, C, as shown, and used in connection with the rockers, H H, connected to the legs, a, by the swivel sockets, j, the whole being constructed and arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This chair is provided with rockers, attached in such a way that they can be turned from one leg to another, and this, combined with a movable back and foot rest, forms a very convenient cradle from therockingchair.] SEED DEILLB—John C. Stevens, of Lee, Mass., I do not claim, broadly, the perforated and reciprocating seed slides, h, for they have been used in various machines. But I claim connecting the bars or beams, H, to the frame of the machine by means of joints, I J, arrange! as shown, to prevent the front and converging ends of the boxes from coming in contact with each other when raised, and using in connection with the bars or beams thus hinged a distributing mechanism, arranged substantially as shown, so that the distributing device will be thrown out of gear with the wheels, G, simultaneously with the elevating of the bars or beams, H, and consequently the teeth, N. [This invention consists in having two seed boxes hinged or jointed obliquely to a frame in such a way that they may, when necessary, be raised or turned upward without interfering with one another, so that their teeth will be free from the ground; the seed boxes being also arranged relatively with the seed distributing device, so that they will be thrown in and out of gear with the driving wheels by the same movement.] RAXING ATTACHMENT TO HAEVESTEES—J. A. St. John, of JanesviUe, Wto. : I claim the particular means employed for operating the rakes, viz., the reciprocating slide, I, arm, J, crank, K, shaft, M, with the rakes attached, in connection with the lever, h, puuoa, N, and segment, O,|the whole being arranged as shown and described. ~* [This Invention consists in the employment of a ^ double vibrating rake, so arranged as to traverse over 7^1 tn platform of the harvester, and open and close atthe IV defired potato, s o that the cut grain will be raked from r/ the platform and deposited In proper gavels npon the ground.] WEENOH—George C. Taft, of Worcester, Mass.: I do not claim a wrench having its movable jaw operated by two reversed male screws extending in opposite directions eitherfrom one another or from a rosette. Nor do I claim a wrench in which the sliding iaw is operated by a single male sc w rosette working in a rack applied to the stationary jaw. Nor do I claim a wrench having its sliding jaw operated by a single male screw, whose milled head enters a recess or notch made in the shank, and has a pivot extending from it and working in a step made in a projection from the handle, such being the construction of the wrench of Doring Coes, as patented April 16th. 1841. From this latter my improved wrench differs materially, inasmuch as it has two reversed male screws and its rosette, instead of being stationary in other respects than being capable of being revolved, will move endwise with the screws when they revolve. Furthermore, my improved wrench has the cylindrical slider. K, so made as not only to revolve with the male screws, but move endwise with them, and perform the function of maintaining the male screwrosette in connection with its screw rack at whatever distance the rosette may be from the projection O. No such slider is found in Coes1 wrench, because it is not necessary there, for in such there is no endwise movement of the screw, and no worm rosette and rack to be maintained in connection. Coes uses a pivot working in a cup or step, and both are so formed that no endwise motion of the pivot can take place. But I claim a wrench provided with two reversed male screws for operating its movable jaw, arranging the lowermost screw, G, towork in a screw rack, H, on the shank, A, of me wrench, and providing the said screw with a cylind cal slider, K, extending below it, and operating so as not only to tarn around, but move longitudinally with the screw, and in a socket-piece, O, connected with the handle, the whole being.^iib.itan-tially as described. FEED REBDLATOE FOB STEAM BOILEBS—Leonard Thorn, of New York City : I do not claim to have invented the combination of a cock and float to regulate the supply of water to a boiler. But I claim making the stem or arm of ahollowfloat, which is applied to the cock in the manner described, with a passage through it. onnecting with a passage leading through one end of the plug of the cock, and thereby forming a commu nication from the interior of the float to the atmosphere, for the purpose set forth. [A full description of this invention is given in another column.] ATTACHMENT FOE OPENING AND CLOSING DOOES, c.—A. W. Webster, of Waterbury, Conn. : I claim the levers, D D, pivoted to the lintel, d, of the casing or sill thereof, the inner ends of the leve gearing into each other, and the outer ends connected by the arms, C, to the doors or shutters, A A, the whole being arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [To the inner side of a blind or shutter a projection is attached, to which a pin is secured; this pin is fitted in the outer end of a slotted lever, the inner end of which is of semicircular form, provided with teeth which gear into a corresponding lever and pin on another blind or shutter, so that by moving one blind or shutter, the other will be operated simultaneously in the same direction.] POETABLE SODA WATEE APPAEATCS—E. D. Wheeler, of Murfreesboro', Tenn. : I laim inclosing the charge in a long fibrous case or bag. A, when said case or bag Is used in combination with a soda water apparatus constructed and operating as described. COMPOSITION FOE AETIFIOIAI, LEATHEB—Samuel Whitmarsh, of Northampton, Mass.: I do not claim, broadly, the saturation of cloth and other fabrics in linseed oil containing umber or other substances. But what I claim is the fabric specified, composed of cotton or other fibrous substance in a woven or unwoven condition saturated or coated with a compounc of linseed oil and burnt umber that has been prepared as described. [See notice on page 310.] CHANGING ROTATING INTO RECIPROCATING MOTION— S. L. Wiegand, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim, first, The oblique wheel adjustable in an axis transverse to the revolving shaft. Second, G-iving a permanent lead to the motion by a permanent inclination of the wheel, A, in combination with a variable inclination. Third, Conveying the vibratory motion to the rods by means of ball and socket or universal joints, when said joints are usedin combination with the frame. . POWER AND HAND DEILLS—Horace Woodman, of Biddeford, Me..: I claim, first, Constructing an eye or box in theu pper end of the poBt A, in combination with thehollow shaft, B, and spindle frame, D, arranged substantially as described, whereby the spindle carried by the frame, D, may be set and operated at any required distance from an angle to the said post, A, as set forth. Second, The combined arrangement of the hollow shaft, B, frame, D, gears, F P', and epindles, C, and G, with theirprojecting ends substantially as described, whereby the drill spindle may be driven either directly or through the medium of shaft, C, and bevel gears, as and for the purposes set forth. Third, The arrangement of the movable platen or faceplate, V, with the sliding clamp jaws, W, collar, V, and set screw, X, as specified. VAPOE LAMPS—Horatio Bateman, of Boston, Mass.,-assignorto Wm. F. Bateman, of Harvard, Mass.:! claim constructing the spur or tongue, e, with a suitable eye for the insertion and retention of the wick, as set forth. MACHINE FOB CuTTiNa PIPE—Mic ael Bowes as-Bignor to himself and Geo. B. Waterhouse), of Charlotte, N. C. : I claim, in combination with the cutter, the two revolving disks with the series of holes, the holes of one dish being furnished with loose sleeves or rings,forthe purpose of adapting the machine to the cutting off of pipes of various sizes, as set forth. STEAM TEAP VALVE—J. W. Hoard (assignor to himself and G. B. Wiggin), of Providence, K. I.: I claim the construction of the valve, substantially as described with a metal stem, part of which is hollow and communicates with the hollow interior of the valve, and is fitted with a hollow cap, G, which also serves as a nut to secu the valve against longitudinal expansion, whereby provision is made for filling it with liquid and confining such liquid therein. [This invention consists in a hollow valve of india-rubber of spheri al or sphereoidal form filled with alcohol, mercury or other liquid, so applied in a cylindrical chamber at the extremity of the coil or train of steam pipe that when surrounded by a temperatu of 212 Fah. a space will be left between it and its chamber for the escape of the water of condensation from the pipe, but that when surrounded by a temperature above 2120, it will be caused by the expansion of its contained liquid by the heat, to expand laterally and close the chamber, and thus prevent the escape of the steam.] STOVES—Charles Hoofistatter (assignor to Joseph Firman), of Rome, N. Y.: I claim the flues, H H' and H 2, and partition, J J', in connection with the ovens, I and I', when the whole are arranged in relation to each other in the manner as and for the purposes set forth. EXTBAOTING TEETH—J. B. Francis, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Wm. Harper, Jr., assignor to J. B. Francis, aforesaid, assignor to Jas. J. Clark, of said Philadelphia, Pa.: I claim the combination of the electro-magnetic machine, or its equivalent, with the forceps for removing teeth without pain, arranged and operating substantially in the manner described. KNIFE CLEANERS—Wm. Miller, of Waltham, Mass., isnignorto himself andD. S. French, of Wadham's Hills, N. Y.: I am aware that knifecleaners have been ;onstructed, in which a box is employed to hold the po-ishing material and deliver it to the rubbing'Burf aces, ; therefore lay claim to no such invention. But what I claim as an improvement in knife cleaners s the shelves, B, operating in the manner substantially is set forth. RAILEOAD CAB COUPLINGS—Allen Lapham and Danl. H. Bufns, of Brooklyn, N. Y., assignors to themselves nd C H. Durgin, of New York City : We are aware ;hat automatic car couplings have been used, examples af which may be seen in the patents of D. R. Pratt, Dec. 12,1848, and A. G. Safford, Dec. 11, 1849, and we therefore lay no claim to such. But we claim a tilting hook and lever acting in eom-lination, constructed substantially as described, yhere-by the coupling mechanism is rendered automatic and 3apable of being disconnected instantaneously irre-jpective of the tension or draft of oars, substantially as set forth and specified. ROTAEY LAST HOLDER—David Philbrick, of Manchester, N. H., (assignor to himself and Elmer Town-iend, of Boston, Mass.): I do not claim a cylindrical journal and a circumscribing socket held together not only by a groove running around the journal, but a pin or screw extending from the socket into the groove. Nor do I claim attaching the radial arm to a revolving plate held to the circular face of a support or standard by a clamp. But what I claim is, my improved support piece of the radial arm, viz., as made of a standard and plate, K, recessed as specified, and a circular plate, I, formed to enter the recess of the plate, K, and to make with such a dove-tailed groove or its equivalent for receiving the head of the clamp screw. L, the two plates being confined together by a screw and nut constructed and operating as and for the purpose set forth. I also claim the improved last holder, hinge, and clamp as made essentially as above described, viz., with its clamping and hinge pin, constructed with a head to bear against one end of the male part of the hinge and to turn and be supported in one of the prongs Of the fork of the hinge as explained. HAEVESTEES—Wm. H. Seymour and Henry Pease, (assignors to Wm. H. Seymour and Dayton S. Morgan,) of Brockfort, N. Y.: We do not claim hinging the ongue to the frame of the machine, nor supporting it between guides, nor raising and lowering the cutter by elevating and depressing the rear end of the tongue when the latter is combined with a lever, screw, windlass, or other similar contrivance to aid the attendent of the machine in raising and lowering the end of the tongue. But we claim the arrangement of the tongue on a pivot in advance of the cutter, and in a guide, provided with a detent, in rear of the cutter, the whole being arranged as described, so that the attendant can conveniently and readily by means of the link raise the cu tter by lifting directly the rear end of the tongue as set forth. CASTING FAUCETS—Oliver F. Wooa, of Pittsburgh, (assignor to Thomas E. Wood, of Philadelphia,) Pa.: I do not claim as novel the faucets in themselves considered, or as new articles of manufacture. But I claim constructing the faucets by placing the spigots within a mold formedfor the tubes of the faucets and casting the tubes around the spigots substantially as shown and described. [This invention consists in placing the spigot of the faucet within a mold which is formed for casting the body or tube of the faucet, so that the body or tube of the faucet may be cast around the spigot, and the latter thereby fitted accurately in place without any after-work or finishing whatever, the spigot being properly finished before being placed in the mold.] RAILROAD BEAKEB—Joseph Harris of Alleghany, Pa.: I claim, first, the combination of the cross arms, on each of several cars, with a chain shaft on one car connected as described by chains, rods, or ropes for the purpose of adjusting and operating the brakes in the manner substantially as set forth. Second, The combination of the tumbler, h, with the extension shafts, f f, the purchase rods, m m, and springs, s s, to act automatically as a railroad brake— substantially in the manner described. BK-ISSUEB. '^"- CUTTING DEVICE FOB HABVESTEBS—Henry Green, o* Ottawa, 111. Patent March 21,1861. Ante-dated Sept. 21,1868: I claim placing the blade or the cutting teeth of a harvesting machine on the vibrating bar to whic] they are secured so that the said blade or cutting teeth may extend back and behind such bar substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. MOWING MACHINES—Henry Green, of Ottawa, 111. Patented March 21,1864. Ante-dated Sept. 21, 1858 : I claim, first, a cutting apparatus behind the driving wheel of a machine adapted to mowing when this is combined with a tongue or pole hinged substantially as described and with proper means substantially such as described, for causing the cutting apparatus to run in close proximity with the ground, the whole combination being substantially such as and for the purposes set forth. I also claim arranging and combining the finger beam with the rear end of the main frame of the gearing in such manner that while the portion of the finger beam to which the cutting apparatus is secured, extends below the frame, and may run close to the ground, the rear end of the frame will be car ed above the stubble, and this relative position of the rear end of the frame, of the finger beam, and of the ground, will not be dis. turbed by the rising and falling of the finger beam, or of the driving wheel to follow inequalities in the surface of the ground in their respective paths. And third, I claim the combination and arrangement of a metallic shoe substantially such as described, the finger beam, and gearing frame, substantially as set forth. REEL SUPPORTS IN MOWING MACHINES—Henry Green, of Ottawa, 111. Patented March 21, 1864. Ante-dated Sept. 21,1853: I claim in machines adapted to mowing the method of supporting the reel upon the end of the finger beam without, obstructing the action of the divider, by means of inclined arms, substantially as described. CUTTING DEVIOK FOE HABVESTEBS—Henry Green, of Ottawa, 111. Patented March 21, 1864. Ante-dated Sept. 21,1853. I claim, first, a vibrating cutter having aproperformof cutting edte in front and notched or indented in the rear thereof in combination with guard fingers across which it vibrates, substantially as set forth. Second, The combination of a cutting edge at the front of a vibrating cutter, for severing the stocks of grass or grain, with a cutting edge at the rear for cutting up and facilitating the discharge of obstructing matter substantially as set forth. DE0I9N8. SET OF FEINTING TVPE—George Bruce, of New York City. TOWEL STANDS—Nathaniel Waterman, of Boston, Mass.
This article was originally published with the title "Culture of Fish" in Scientific American 13, 39, 305-307 (June 1858)