We have in our possession a photograph likeness of the Moon, painted by herself in the reflecting telescope at Cambridge, Mass. The artist was Mr. Whipple of Boston, whose fame is co-extensive with our country. He has lately made great improvements in taking lunar photograph pictures, by daguerreoty-ping them on glass prepared for that purpose. Alex. Humboldt has written a letter, in which he advocates the construction of an oceanic canal, without locks, across the Isthmus of Darien, having reference to points on the Gulf of San Miguel, and Cupica. Next week the "Scientific American" will be illustrated with a large interior and ground-Dlan view of the Crystal Palace. List of Patent Claims Reported Officially for the Scientific American Issued from the United States Patent Office for THE TTEEK ENDING JULY 19, 1853 PRESS MOULD CANDLETTOKS—By S. T. Barnes, of Columbia, Ohio : I claim the wick tube to guide and retain the wick in the center of the candle, in combination with the wick, so arrangft on a spool as to supply a continuous wick, as the taiw is forced out to form the candle, as described. PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING CHROMATKS—Uy J C. Booth, of Philadelphia, Pa. Patented in Jjug-Janrt Nov. 9, 1852 : I do not desire to claim separately such portion of the process described, as I have stated to be similar to that now in use for manufacturing chromate and bichromate of potash. But I claira; first, the reduction of chrome ore by the carbonaceous materials, aa described, as a stage in the manufacture of potash. Second, the art or process of manufacturing chromate and bichromate of potash from chromic iron ore by means of the reduction of the oxydo of iron and the removal of the reduced iron by the several substances and modes set forth Third, I claim the process of reduction and removal described, in connection with the process of redaction described, or in combination with the equivalent therefor, FEATHERING PADDLE WHEELS FOB PTEAMBRS — By A. II Brown, of Washington City, D. C. Patented in England March 5, 1853 : I claim the combination of the pinion, rack cam, and steering drum, with the eccentric, for the purpose of adjusting the paddles and converting them into a powerful steering apparatus. I also claim the combination of the curved paddle with any apparatus for adjusting and feathering the same. DRIVING SAWS—By Isaac Brown, of Baltimore, Md.: I claim the mode described of applying the power of the engine to the saw gate or frame, without being permanently connected therewith, so that the piston shall, in a gnAit measure, berelieved from any lateral motion Vhich the gate may have, which causes it to bind or mit in the cylinder?, as described. HANGING SAWS—By N. 1" Conin, of Knig-htscowa, lnd.; I claim the combination of the stirrup hung upon a knife edge, with the adjusting screws, for the purpose of regulating the rake of the saw in tlie manner described. LAMPS—By C. J. Conway, of New York City : I do not claim the peculiar property of small tubes preventing the passage of flame ; neither do Iclaim the malting the twso '.f +!'. 'A-~I* * '--,-;: - ? rp.iprvoirtv..' the fluid used. Nor do I claim the construction by which no part is made movable, but the cap of the feeding tube But I do claim that peculiar construction by which two chambers or reservoirs are combined in the same lamp, one containing the wicks and the fluid which saturates them, and the other forming the receptacle into which the fluid is poured, and the two chambers communicating by means of two pipes or tubes, the whole arranged and operating as described, by which means the wick chamber is filled, and may at any time be replenished from the larger reservoir by simply changing the position of the lump from a vertical to a horizontal direction; and the largerre-servoir may be supplied without bringing the can or filler near the burners. SPINNING JACKS—By John Jackson, of Lawrence, Mass.: I do not claim stripping the bobbins preparatory to winding on. Neither do I claim raising the " former " by a horizontal screw, giving motion to an inclined plane beneath it. But I claim the stop, in combination "with the tap pet or gear, for the purpose of arresting the motion of the latter at the instant the belt is shipped upon the pulley, that the gear may be left in the precise petition necessary for the performance of another duty, the instant it is again set in motion, without being carried past this position by momentum or otherwise, when the brake is soarranged in connection with the lever, or otherwise, that it shall be withdrawn by the mechanism which shifts the belt at the instant the gear is again set in motion, the operating the winding on mechanism, raising the stripping wire, and depressing the building wire, in tile proper order, and then shifting the belt on to the fast pulley at the close of these operations, by means of a single cogged gear in combination with the tappet placed upon its side, the whole arranged aa set forth EYES FOB MILL STONES—By Edmund Munson, of TJtica, N. Y.: I do not claim the conical form of a portion of the eje; nur do I claim a metallic eye ; but I claim the spiral wings arranged in such manner aa to perform the double office of feeding the grain and supporting the stone. MACHINES FOR DITCHING—By R. C. Pratt, of Ca-nandaigua. N. Y.: I claim the ditching machine,consisting of abeam and casing, or their equivalents, h: one or more parts, with a cutting and scraping point, hung on the shaft of a revolving wheel, with shovels attached to the outer circle of the wheel which self act by turning the wheel and forming a bucket in connection with the casing, so as to carry up the earth to the inclined slides, the whole being operated as described. LINING FOR FIRE-PROOF SAFES—By John ITarrel, of Philadelphia, Pa.: I claim the application and use of flour, grain, maize, starch, or other vegetable substance of a Hfee nature, either alone or in combination with lime, cement, or similar substances, in the construction of fire-proof chests or safes, as described. GRIPES *'OK HOLDING LEATHER—liy Bradford Rowe. of Albaay, N. Y.: I claim the construction of a gripe composed of a key within a socket or chamber, the key being a solid cylinder, with a portion of ita surface cut away, in two faces parallel with its axis, and at an angle with each other, one face be-icig grooved lengthwise, and the chamber being a hollow cylinder, with a portion of its space filled up parallel witb. its axis, and having a longitudinal slit through it for nearly its whole length, corresponding with the cut away part of the key, so that when the key is in the chambera strap of leather or other material can pass through the chamber and under the ey, as described. GRAIN WINNOWERS—By Geo. B. Salmon, of El-mira, N. Y. Ante-dat"d July 6,1853 : I do notclaim the blast head or the blast spout separately ; neither do I claim the screen nor the trough and spouts separately. But I claim, first, the expansion of the upper part of the blast spout, into the circular irregular enlarged head with an opening or mouth at the lower ex-tremity. partly covered with the sieve, for the purpose of allowing the force of the blast to be exhausted, the screenings immediately falling through the opening or mouth of the head while the blaat and dust escape through the screen, the blast being governed by a slide, as set forth. Second, Iclaim the arrangement and construction of the graduated sieve of unequal fineness, the portion being protected from the action of the fan blast, so that the small substances, such as cockle. &c, passing through and falling on the bottom board of the sieve, passing off at thetrough and spouts, and when the grain arrives at the coarser part of the sieve, it passes through and is acted upon by the fan blast, while larger substances than wheat pass over the end of the sieve, and fall on the floor, as set forth. [We maybe mistaken; but the first claim reads as if it were a similar improvement to that of Benj. D. Sanders, to whom a patent (No. 0,545) was granted in 1840] Ov —By Ephraim Treadweli, of New York City : I clai !ii fbe use of a perpetual oven having side doors in it, lui (:M?rjring and discharging it at intermediate points t."jT t-pn the ends of the oven, in combination with i1;'-1: and lower independent heating flues and furnac '! directing the entire heat from one .set of furm. through flues on the upper side of the article to b- *ked, and the entire heat from the other indepentl' I set of furnaces through Hues on the under side of ! article to be baked, as set forth COMPRESSERS FOR FLVERS By W"m. H. Thompson & Wm II Plummer, of Jliddeford, Me.: We claim the combination of the guurd rib. with the hole and the passage, and the opening, for the purpose specified. SPIKE MACHINES- By P. P. Trayser, of Baltimore, Md.: I claim the coD'bination wth the knife whiL severs the blank from the rod, of two stumps either or both moving, whereby, while one blank is being headed and pointed in the dies, the end of the rod for the next blank is cut off and bent preparatory to forming a head, as described. I also claim the method of heading spikes by bending the end of the rod preparatory to upsetting before placing it in contact with the heading dies, instead of giving it tho preparatory bending while in contact with the dies, whereby the heated rod is kept a shorter time in contact with the dies, and therefore heat them less, while at the same time it is not detained longer than usual out of the dies, so thatby this method the dies are better pro tected trora excessive heating, the rod from cooling, and the whole operation expedited and improved.as set forth. MOUNTING HPIRIT LEVELS—By S. J. Sherman, of New York Oity : I claim the spring catch to hold the level in place upon the square or ruler, in combination with the bearers, the latter being so formed Oi respect to the level, that when they are placed upon a horizontal !iue, the bubble will be in the middle of the glass, and thug a horizontal or a vertical line may ise ascertained from a ruler or from a aij.'."'-. isiii-i. ".,.. '. V'Ji io alUisbed aiiaelfuilh. MANUFACTURE OF WIOS—By T. C. Weildon, of ; Hartford, Conn.: I claim the method of fastening . and attaching the hair to wigs, toupees, or any other kind of hair work, by means of any kind of gluti- ; nous substance, as set forth. BRISTLES FOR BRUSHES—By Chas. Williams, of ( Philadelphia, Pa.: I claim, in the manufacture of ' that class of brushes known as " drove-work," pre- i paring the bristles by the application of heat to the roots, as set forth. GDTTA PEROHA STEREOTYPE COJIPOSITIONS—By : Leonardo Westbrook, of New York City: I claim an improvement on the patent of Josiah Warren, dated April 25,1846, first, the compound described, of shel- ! lac, plumbago or graphite, asphaltumand guttaper- -cha, treated by sulphate of copper and water, *.-. de scribed, as a substitute for tyi' metal. ! CALORIC AIR ENOINES—Hy A. 0. Wilcox, of Phi- ' ladelphia, Pa.: I claim th" interchanging circula- , tors situated within and orcupying one half of the capacity of each heat reversing vessel, and so arranged as to alternately transfer the air or other fluid to the heating and cooling 'divisions of said vessels in the same movement to ;tusetheair to pass through renovating plates or tlxjir equivalent, whether placed within the circulators and transmitting the air, or placed without th" circulators and the air forced through them, as d-'scribed. I also claim placug an inwardly pressing packing in the open end n! each working cylinder, and in combination thet-with the construction of the working pi'stn'i ('vi:i of the requisite length) of a little : less diameter than the interior of the cylinders, whereby the friction surface is confined to the periphery of the piston, in order to sufficiently exclude its lubricating tiuid from the contact of the hot-air within the cylinders, as set forth. I claim the barrel and stationary hollow piston, with its supply tube, aperture, valves, in combination with the working piston and its valves, for the purpose of supplying air or other fluid to the cylinders, when desired, as described. PAPER CUTTING MACHINE—By Frederik Hesse (assignor to H. J Oerter), of Bethlehem, Pa. : I do not claim a stock provided with a knife or cutter, working on a bed-piece, irrespective of the employment and arrangement of the rack bar and pinion, as that has been previously used But I claim cutting paper, pasteboard, or other articles, by means of a knife or cutter, attached to a rack bar, which meshes into a pinion, said pinion being hung or attached to a spindle or shaft, to the . ends of which the handles of the sliding stock are secured, the above parts being attached to the sliding stock, by which device the knife or cutter may be elevated or depressed, as desired, while working the sliding stock upon the bed piece, as set forth. DESIGN. COOK STOVK—By J. J. Dudley, of Troy; N. Y. (assignor to Johnson, Cox & Fuller.) COOKING STOVE—By John Mason (assignor to I, H. Holden, as Agent of the " HighStreetEurnaceCo.") of Providence, R. I.
This article was originally published with the title "Daguerreotypes of the Moon" in Scientific American 8, 46, 365-366 (July 1853)