The annexed engravings are v.ews of an improved harvesting machine—reaper,—invented by Charles Denton, ol'Peoria, 111., who has taken measures to secure a patent for the same. Figure I is a perspective view of the ma-ckiine; figure 2 is a plan or top view, showing how the sheaf hopper is acted on by the dog, spur, and wiper wheel, and fig. 3 is a perspective view of the "log spur and wiper wheel. The same letters i"ler to like parts. The nature of the improvements consist in having a rotary sheaf hopper attached to the machine, and operated by the machinery, so us to receivv. and deposit the cut ;;rain in shewss or bunches st the-side Ofthe machine; clutch, D (see ligs. f and 2), this clutch does not connect the wheel with the shaft when the wheel is turned backward. E (lis. 1 and 2) is a toothed wheel permanently attached to tha shaft, C. This toothed wheel gears into a pinion, F, on a shaft, G, on which is hung a bevel wheel, H. This bevel wheel gears into a bevel pinion, I, at the lower end or an . inclined shaft, J, on the upper end of which I there is a small bevel wheel, K (fig. f), which [ gears into a bevel wheel, L, on one end of a roller, M. This is the driving roller of an' endless apron. O is a bevel wheel on the shaft, C (fig. 2), said bevel wheel gears into another bevel wheel, P, on a shaft, Q.; one end of this shaft runs or has its bearing in a roller, R, which encompasses loosely the shaft, C. The opposite end of the shaft, Q, has its bearing at 6, on a portion of the frame A. The the grain, when cut, is received on a platform behind the reel and cutters, and deposited in the boxes of the hopper (there are four of them), which rotate with an intermittent motion to receive and deposit the cut bunches of grain at regular intervals as the machine is drawn forward. A represents the frame of the machine; B B' are the wheels on which the frame is suspended ; B' is the driving wheel, or the one from which motion is communicated to the working parts ; it has pins, a, on its periphery which penetrate the earth as it revolves, and prevent it slipping. This wheel is placed loosely on a shaft, C, and is connected to said snaic when it turns forward by a spring shaft. Q, is provided with a universal joint, S. T is a rotary hopper divided into four compartments, the partitions, t, which radiate from the shaft. (J, on which the hopper is hung. On one end of the shaft, U, there is a small bevel wheel, d, which gears into a bevel wheel, c, on the upper end of an inclined shaft, f; on the lower end of this shaft there is a wiper wheel, $ (fig. 2 and 3), against which a spur, k, on the outer end of the shaft, Q, operates. V is a dog, which fits over a square on the shaft, f, and adjoining the wiper wheel, g. The spur, h operates upon the dog as well as upon the wiper wheel. The endless apron, N, previously alluded to, passes over the roller, M, and downward to the platform, W, where it passes under clamps and then around a roller at one end of the platform. X is an endless apron placed pa- rallel, or nearly so, with the inclined portion of the endless apron, N, as shown in fig. 1. The upper and lower rollers, 11, of the apron, X, run in suitable bearings, m m, attached to the frame of the machine. Motion is commu- nicated to the apron, X, by means of a cross belt, ", which passes around pulleys, o o, at the ends of the rollers, M. Any suitable form of cutters may be used, and motion may be given them in any manner. The cutters of course would be placed in front of the platform, W, as in other harvesting machines. OPERATION—As the machine is drawn along the grain is cut by the cutters and falls upon the endless apron, N, on the platform, W. The two endless aprons, N and X, move in the direction indicated by the arrows in fig. 1. Motion being given the aprons by means of the bevel wheels, H I K L, previously described As the aprons move, the grain is carried upward between them and thrown into the compartments of the hopper, T. The arrows in fig. 1 indicate the direction ol the grain. The shaft, Q_, has a rotary motion given it by the bevel wheels, 0 P, and an intermittingly rotating motion is given the hopper, T, by the spur, A, operating against the wiper wheel.g. The spur A, once in every revolution, acts against a projection of the wiper wheel, and tin ns it one quarter of a revolution, owing to the actionof bevel wheels, e /, and as there are lour onnpartments in the hopper, an empty compartment is placed underneath the driving rollers, M, of the endless apron, N, at every movement of the hopper, the compartments that are filled being emptied or thrown out as the hopper rotates. Thus, it will be seen that the grain is thrown out of the hopper upon the ground in sheaves or bundles, ready for binding, and the grain is carried up and deposited in the hopper by means of the two endless aprons, N and X. The universal joint, S, in the shaft, Q, is for the purpose of compensating for the elevating or depressing of the machine. This machine, like most others, is raised or lowered, the shafts of the wheels being made, by any proper contrivance, adjustable. The object in raising and lowering the machine is to cut the grain alose to the ground or otherwise. The first experimental machine of this kin-' was constructed in the summer of 1851, and thoroughly tested in the field with great satisfaction. The advantages claimed for it are as follows:— Each end of the machine is supported by a wheel four feet high and three to six inches wide, to diminish the motive power necessary to propel it; the width and height of the wheels prevent their sinking into the soil, and also lessens the number of revolutions necessary to propel the machinery at the required speed. The width of the cutting part iseight and a half feet, being two and a half feet wider than most other reapers, consequent!v enabling it to cut more acres with less travel. The sickle can be adjusted to any required height in a few minutes. It requires but the attendance of one person, and can be guided with ease and precision. It deposits the grain in bundles of an appropriate size, ready to bind, thus saving the labor of an active man, whose constant attendance is required by other machines. This machine is on exhibition at the Crystal Palace, and agriculturists are invited to give it special attention. More inform"tion respecting this invention may be obtained by letter addressed to the inventor at Peoria, Illinois.
This article was originally published with the title "Denton's Reaper and Self-Raker" in Scientific American 8, 46, 361-362 (July 1853)