Old linseed oil, if mixed with protoborate of manganese in the proportions of an ounce to the gallon of oil, and kept in a close vessel for two days exposed to a heat of 212 Fah. in a steam bath, and frequently stirred during that time, makes a beautiful drying oil for paints. Dr. J. Hoffman, the eminent German chemist, says, " it becomes by this treatment of a clear greenish yellow color ; remains thin even when cold, and zinc white paint mixed with it dries in twenty-four hours." STEEL PENS.—The number of steel pens manufactured annually at the works of Joseph Gillott, Birmingham, England, exceeds 150 millions. With an experience of ten years in the use of these pens, we can say that they are unquestionably the best now in use. Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent omce FOB THE WEEK ENDING JANTJABT12, 1863. [Reported officially lor the Scientific American] STAVE MACHINE—Leon.rd B. Averill. of Barre, Vt. : I claim the arrangement and combination of the different parts of the machine, in the manner and for the purpose specified. CARRIAGE TOPS—Newton Benedict, or Aurelius, N. Y, : I do not claim the extension front, FiiEiijj and g g, which part is connected aa a sliding part with the daah of the carriage. But I claim the arrangement tor operating the carriage bows, as described. I claim the arms, C, connected with the main bow and with the shaft, A, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. I also claim connecting the spring. D. with the carriage body, and causing it to act upon the shaft, A, in the manner and for the purpose act forth. I also claim the combination and arrangement of the detention piece, d, with the catch lever, L, and its Bpring, S, whereby the shaft, A, ia held at the proper point from rotating, as Bet forth. I ntalso claim the combined uses of the hinges. h, nnd looys, N, in the manner and for the purposes substantially as set fortb. CONNECTING THE BEVELING KNIVES IN CIRCULAR CUTTING BABRKL-HHAD MACHINERY—William Bevard, of Muscatine, Iowa : I claim the described method of connecting the two bit-holders, M and N, so as to cause them to act as Bet forth. REEFING SULB— Joseph F. Boyd, of Charlestown, Mass. : 1 do not claim extending both the reef tackles and the reef band suspension lines of a top3ail upward from the reef band to and through leading blocks or sheaves applied to the topsail yard. Nor do I claim extending both the reef tackles and the reef band suspension lines of a topsail upward from the reef band to and through leading blocks or sheaves applied to the topsail yard, thence toward the topmast, and through other lending blocks or sheaves applied to the topsail yard, thence upward to and through leading blocks suspended from the topmast at or near its head and from thence to the deck of the vessel, as I am aware that such an arrangement and application of reef tackles and reefing Unci is exhibited in the patent granted to William H. Foster, Sept. 5,1854 I claim nry im proved arrangement or application of the two reef tackles, B B, and the aeries of intermedi ate reefing linee, G G G, to the sail, the mast, and 1the topsaH yard, the same consistitotheng in cariyiagthe two reef tackles of the outer edges of the sail upward through blocks at the topmast head, and thence downward to to the top or deck, without, in the meantime, leading them through any blocks, or their equivalents, by which, when said lines are pulled, they shalltendto lift the yard. in connection with arranging the intermediate reefing lines, so that they may extend npward from the reef baad to and around sheaves in the topsail yard. and thence down to the top or deck, in manner specified, without, in the meantime, leading them up to and through a block or blocks appended to the topmast head. NFJIDIJ! GUNS — WlIIiam Burghart, of Lawrenee, Mass. : I am aware that dartin? needles with coiled springs, casings and carrier* have been used before, for the purpose of loading and firing of guns. I am alBo nware that breech-loading puns have been constructed, in which the drawing back and the] elevating of the chambers iseffected bv means of lever and cam attachment. I therefore do "not claim either of thrse devices as my invention. Neither do I claim the operation of the spring, E, on the chamber, Dor the construction of the llrincipal casing, nor the construction of the darting-needle. But I claim first, levaHng the chnmber. drawing back the darting needle, and pressing back the collcd spring simultaneously, by one and the same movement of the lever, asdescribed. Secondl The chain. S, with ih pin, N. and also their combination with the cam, pivot and carrier, as described. Third, Connecting the tubular casing, P, with the Chamber, D, as described. Fourth, The pecnliar construction of the carrier in combination with the chain, the trigger, and the coiled spring casing, as described. CONSTRUCTION OF BUREAUS AND WASNSTANDE—J. D. Burton. of BoetoD, Mass. : I claim ANDWASnSthe combinaUonTANDe-J.D. of the dovetail grooves and tenons, by means of which a bureau or washstand may be dismembered and again united or set up, in the particular ordcr or sequence of parts ae set forth, for the theparticulapurpooe specified. ? STUMP EXTRACTORS—S. P. Castlr, ot Urbana, Ohio : I do not claim, broadly, Rnd irrespective of construction and arrangement, the employment or use of a rack and pawls for extracting the stumps of trees, for this w b well-known mechanical device. and has been previously used for eimilar or analogous purposes. But I claim the annular rack, E) placed within the socket, D. the lower end of which ]8 fitted in the plate. C, on the cross-fcree, B, so as to form a ball and socket joint. or connection therewith. the above parts being used in connection with the lifting and retaining pawls. j J F F. and the whole arranged as and for the purpose set forth. [Full particulars of this invention will bo found in another column.] COTTON" PRESS—Nathan Chapman. or Mystic River, Conn.: I claim the bar, T', and groove, T, as described, in combination with the follower, for the purpose of holding it in position while the press box is turned up to be filled, and to guide it in the press box, while it is preS8ing the ball. SEWING MAOHINJCS—David W. Clark, of Bridgeport, Conn. : I claim, first. "eedingW.Clark, the cloth oforBridgeport, fabric in sewing machines by a movement of the table upon which the fabric is sustained, as described. Second, Placing the loop in the position to receivethe needle and thread by a movement of the table, as set forth. Third, The employment of a wiper, J, arranged and operating in combinatIon with the reciprocating table, substantially aa shown, for the purpose of placing and holding the loop inpositioa to receive tlie needlo and thread. LET'OFF MOTION OF POWER LOOMS—Stephen O. Col-vin, of Coventry, R. I. : I disclaim the let-off motion of the power loom of Jonathan Knowles, patented April 80, 1850. I claim the rolt, F, or its equivalent. the springs, a a. and the clever, G, combined and operating substantially as described, to turn the ratchet wheel. I, or ita equivalent, that move. the yarn beam, to iet off the yarn tonly as required by the tension of the cloth and the warp yarn. [This is a valuable improvement in looms, whereby a motion is given to the yarn beam exactly in accordance - with the tension on the warp, so that it will never be too Blaek, or have too much strain upon it.] CUSHIONS FOR BILLIARD TABLES—H. W. Collender, of New York City : I d o riot claimr in tbia application, the use of two rubbers of different densities, as this ia covered by a former patent of mine. Nor do I claim a steel strip, a whalehone strip, or any other snbstances which are lled ,vith a view of producing a cushion which Ras an elastic foundation and a comparatively solid face. But i claim uniting the parts employed in forming combination bHliard cushions, 11y placing the harder or more densc and less elastic substances in a mold, and allowing the melted rubbcr to flow against, around or into the harder or dense and less elastic substances, or causing the plastic rubber by pressure to unite with the 3ame, substantially as and tor the purposes Bet forth. [We have noticed this invention in another portion of this journal.] MAOMNE FOU BLACKING BOOTS, SNOES, &O.—James M. Coonel and John Connel, of Newark, Ohio : We do not claim rotary brushes as polishers, broadly considered, as such is not new. dnt we claim the arrangement upon a rota shaft of cleaning, blacking and polishing brushe8, W W' 'V", a8 described, when combined with the vertically adjustable blacking box, E, under the brush, W',as and for the purposes sct forth. HINGE EYE FOR SHUTTLES—John B. Cornell, of New York City : I am aware that hinge pivots have been cast into the winged portions of shutter hinges ; and I am also aware that the said pivots frequently work loose, and drop out of their places, when it ia very difficult, if not impossible, to replace them. I do not claim to be the inventor of the skeleton wing which forms a portion Gf my improved eye. Nor do I abstractly claim the chill-hardening of any portion of said hinge eye. nut I claim as anew manufacture tho described improved hinge eye, the said hinge eye consisting of a chill-hardened eyehole projection, cast in one piece, withawingofsuitable shape for its being built into a wall, as set forth. GANG PLOWS—Myrtillus A. Cravatli, of Loda, Ill. : I claim aa new, and of my invention, first, The method substantially a3 described, of attaching the plows to the frame, whereby they are made capable of being thrown out of, and into, action, by partial rotation on their axes as exhibited. Second, In combination with the above, the described arrangement of the wheels, EFG, whereby the chief weight of the implement dcvolves upon the wheels, E F, which run on the level bottom of the furrow. Third, The described construction and arran?ement of the jointed land side beam, A A'. in combmation with the thelcver. t. and rack, n, or equivalent deviccs, operating substantially as set forth. HARNESS TRESS—Thomas Dempsey. of Newark, N. J. : I am aware of the application of springs of various kinds having been applied to dding saddles and harness Baddies?, and that pads have been madeuponplates that were hinged to the terrefc nut and other parta of the tree, and that these plates have been held to Atheir places by means of the terret and nut Spiral springs have been uaed b etween the pad plate an d nufc, for the llUrpose of ensing the hone. I disclaim either of the above applicatioDs. Neither do I claim to be the inventor of the individual parts of the described harness tres!. But I claim the plates, B B'. tongues, d and a', in combination with the nuts, k, and tree. A, in such a manner that I relieve the horse's back and. not his side, by menns substantiaUy as described and shown in tho drawings. KAIIJIOAD CAR SEATS—Jacob S. Denman, of Brooklyn, N, Y. : I claim attaching the back, C, at one end to the side. n, of the seat. by means of the arm, E. bari I'1, with roller, K, attached, arm. G, and ratchet, H. bara ranged substantIally as shown, and used in connection with the curved ledge, L, and pawls, , the opposite cnd of the back being connected to the SIde, B', and properly guided by the arm, E', roller, d, and guide, N, or tneir equivalents, for the purpose set forth. [These car sents have the back so connected with the sides that the back is not only rendered reversible, but DIaO capable of being adjusted at any angle, so that the seat may be equally nppiicable for a comfortable day or night seat.) SEWING MAOILINEE—Alexander Douglass, of New York CIty : I am aware that the application oC eonical chucks and springs adjusted by a set screw, bave been before llsed for regulating the tension of the thread in sewing machincs. I am also aware that the inner chuck has becn made movable upon the Rhaft, and a spring madc to press upon that, to control tlte tension of the threadinsteadof upon the part of the chuck, upon the outer r.nd of thc shaft, which arrangement avoided the neces3ity of removing the spring each time that a fresh Fpool was put on, at the expense, however, of a considerable multiplication of parts. I therefore make no claim- to the conicat chuck, or broadly to its combination with springsS and an adjusting screw for regulating the tcnBion of thsame thread. The particular improvement which constitutes my invention, and which I claim, is the combination of the part. dt of the chuck, the spring1 e, and the nut, f, when united aaoae piece, substantially aa described, and for the purposes set forth. PIANOFORTES—Spcncer B. Driggs, of Nmv York City: I do not claim generally the employment of two Boundboarus in n pianoforte, as I am aware that thcy have been employedin two different waya, viz., In one mode both ot them having been arranged within or above the bottom of the case, and in the other mode one having been employed in the usual position, and the other below the usual solid bottom of the instrument, and ronnected w ith the first-named one by a sound-post passing thro ugh a hole ia the solid bottom of the case. Dut I claim so applying a sccond sound-boarrl in addition to the ordinary sound-board upon which the strings rest, that such ndditional sound-board shall constitute a bottom, and the only bottom, to the ca3e, and produce results substantially asdescribed. [A description of this invention will be found on another page.] BELIIIANGING—Nevingson G. DuBois, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : I do not claim the invention of the bell crank or UlC dovetail. But I claim the improvement of bell cranks, by connecting the fiat crank plate with the pillar crank plate, by means of a dovetail. and thereby make one crank answer tor either, substantially as described. MOWING MACHINES—lIenry Fisher, of Canton. Ohio : I clnim the arrangement and combination of a ,vei"hted lever. G, with a finger-bar pivoted to tho frame of the machine, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. VENTILATING PUI.PRTB—James P. Herron, of Hunts-ville, Ohio : I am well aware that tubes, pipes and vents have been used for ventilating dwellings and other placcs, and such devices I do not claim. But I claim the manner or mode described, with the inspiratory aura-duct formed aa shown, and constructed of the mouth and jaw parts, cedceff, the receptacle, g g, the tongue valve, i i J J, in combination with the air-conducting tubes and pipes, aaabbb, or in any equivalent manner substantially the same. BENDING METAL PLATES—David Howell, of Ijouis-ville, Ky. : I claim thc uac of a pair or serics of rollers, RK', fitted to swinging frames of lever-like character, which are attached in an adjustable manner to a beam, K, or its equivalent, and o'perated by a double screw: S, or its equikalent, substantially as described, in combination with a rotating circular or annular bed or anvll, for the purpoBe set forth. [This invention consists in the employment of a series of rollers operating in combination with a circular rotating bed or anvil. It ia especially applicable to boiler heads and the like.] MARINE SAF—Josiah Foster, of Sandwich Mass. : I do not claim applying air chambers to a ve.sel to buoy the same up when lmmersed in water. Nor do I claim a marine safe or trunk madc with an air-tight chamber applied to a receiving chamber, provided with a mauth and closing cap-plate. Hilt I claim* in the construction of a marine enfe for preserving letters, money, or other articles, from shipwreck. the arrangement of the extra cap, F, with the air chambcrs, D and B, in connection wit the safe, 8, constructed and operating as and for the purpose described. RAKING ATTACHMENT FOB, HARVESTEBS—James L. Fountain, of Rockford. Ill. : I claim the automatic attachments as described, consisting of the double cam wheel, E, vibrating lever, f, crooked arm, it and loop. I, in combmatlOn wlth the cranks, 0 and H, pitman, G, and bent rock-shaft, g, the whole constructed and arranged as and for the purpose set forth. SI'RING GuNSAlbert Gemunder, of Springfield, Mass. : I claim first, The cylindrical cap, with its spira!bi wire forattaching the bait, and with its parts and adjustments substantially as described and shown. Second, The use of the cylindrical cap in combination with the other parts of the gun. for the purpose of sustaining the bait. and of discharging the gun by means of the discharging rod and lever, substantially as described, and aa aliown. HAY AND STRAW ELEVATOR—James H. Gill, of Mount Pleasant, Ohio : I do not confine myself to the precise method as described, of connecting the fender, aa many other equivalent ways can be used to accomplish the same object. I claim first, The combination of the inolined hoisting boom hinged to the supportint frame with the adjustable fender arrangcd as descried for the purpose set forth. Second. The combination of the hinged Corked feet. e, with rW: dlidlng section of the fender, for the purpose described. WILEEL VEHICLES—John Heiden, of New York Citv : I am aware that vehicles have previously been con. structed so that their front and back wheels could move or turn simultaneously, as shown. But I am nQt aware that the particular menns employed for effecting the purpose as shown, has ever been employed. "rhe deviccs hitherto employed for Buch purposes, so far as I am aware ,have been complicated, their operation attended with considerable friction, and the movement of the wheels comparatively restricted, cross levers being employed to connect tho two pairs of wheels. I do not claim, broadly, connecting tbe front nnd back wheels of vehicles, so that both pairs of wheels may be "cramped" or turned simultaneously, for the purpose specified. But I claim attaching the front and back wheels. J J G G, to thefcr respective levers, KKLLMHII and I which are voted respectively to the bars, A B, and connected by the rods, N N, substantially aa and for the purpose Bet forth. [This ia described on another page.] PLOTTIHG iNfl-EBCMENT—Charles R. Iliff, ofFalmouth, Ky. : I am, fully aware that quadrants, graduated scalcs and verniers hove been used for various purposee, consequently I do not claim t&e invention ofsucb dences. But I elO1m Ihe construction of a portable pocket p!otting instrument, embracing the rraduated &fC of a CIrcle, or quadrant, the pointed graduated lloite and the sliding scale verniers substantially as described and for the purposes aet forth. VELOCIPEDES—Louls Kellner, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : I claim the treddles, E E, connected by the strip, H, or its equivalent, and used in connection with the guides h, and board, Gt arranged to operate as and for the pur: pose set forth. I also claim the adjustable or yielding foot-pieces dw attached to tbe treddlesE E, sub.tantially as described''plumb, tor the purpo'C set forth. I further claim, in connection with the treddles E E the auxiliary propelling devices formed of the levers, j J o M N N, arranged as de,erlbed, and for the PUrpose set forth. [For description of this Invention, refer to anotber page.] GRINDING MILLS—Burton W. Leonard, of Bridgeport, Conn. : I clalm the arrangement for connecting the bail or carrier to the epindle; also the munner of hanging the bed-stone in the frame. by means of a universal joint or balance ; also the manner of constructing the step and oil cups, as set forth and described. CHAIN-MAKING MACDINE—William J. Lewis of Pittsburgh, Pa. : I claim the. arrangement of the fork, m1 witii lts groove, .n. nnd springs, 0 o. tlie levers, j j, with thmr notched dIes. t t, and the forked spring lever xb ,vhen operating in relation to each other and to 'the mandrel, E, substantially as described, whereby the b.ar composlDg the liuk is presented in an inclined poSItIOn to the mandnl, K, and closed or bent around thopose same spirally, and then discharged. RAIT.ROAD CAR BOXES—David Matthew of Phlladel-phiaj Pa. : I am w.cll aware that it is common to use a slot in journal bearmgs for pnrposes in connection with lubrication, but they have no such effect as mine and I do not Wldh to be mIstaken as using a mere modification of such s a or crease, or as claiming any such arrangement or device. B:lt I claim .the pecllliar constrnction of journal box havmg a longitudinal slot or opening so proportioned to the relative vertical and horizontal strains as to produce the results substantially as aet forth. STEAM VALVE—Wm. R. Michener of Marlboroughto Ohio: I do not claim providing a valve with severai ports to obtain a large area of opening by a small move. ment. Nor do I cl alm exhausting through the back of a side valve. But I claim the hollow circular or diaciform vnlve, With Its hollmv. stem and two series of ports' all arranged sub.tantlally aodescribed. rA description of tpis invention is on page 155.] COTTON GINS—D. G. Olmstcad, of Vicksburg, Miss. : I am aware that a mote brush has been used in the same relatIOn to a strlppmg brush and saws which my screen brush occnpies; therefore, I disclaim such a combination and arrangement irrespective of the kind of screen brush which I employ. But I claim the ribs, I I, constructed, arranged and operating d. connection with the saws, B B, substantially as described. I also claim, in combination with the ribs, I I and saws, B B, the revolving feeding screen, D. located beneath the feed box, G, and over the grate, Q, substantIally in the manner u.nd for the purposes specified. I also claim the combination of the revolving screen brush, .E. with the stripping brush) C, when said screen brush IS constructed, operated and arranged in rClscreen.ation to the brush, C, ana the saws, B. in the manner descrlbed and for the purpoae specified. VA!.VE A.RRANGEMENT FOR STEAM ENGINEO—N. S. C. Perkms, ot Norwalk, Ohio: I claim the arrangement of the reciprocating driving lever. F, to the lap valve. when permanently geared with the piston rod, c, of the engIne, 80 as to have a constant motion with it in a direct and positive manner as shown and deecribed, lap controlllUg yalve, q. permanently linked or geared thereto. for hkc_ contmuolts operation, and independent. intermIttent Plston or pressure-driven main valve or Yalves, R R', for operation together relatively to each other and the engine piston, as specified. METnOD OF LUBRIOATING JOURNALS &O., BY A PEN-DTTLIIM VALVE ARRANGEMENT—J. B. Tom and Stephen D. Tucker, of New York City : We do not claim any pec.uliar mechanism for moving the chambered plug or cylmder, as that may be done in various ways. but 'what we claim as novel and useful is the chambered plug or cylinder moved by mechanism for rendering it automatic or self-operating or any or all modifications of the same, or their equivalents, for Ihe pClrp08CB Biready set fortb, sub'tantlally as described. RORAR POWER MACHINE FOR CROSS-COT SAWING_ E. and J. Z. Perin, of Connordvillo, Ind. : \Ve claim the combinntion of the saw frame, aud slide piece, C, with I ?? combination of devices communicating the mo= tion of the borse-power, arranged and operating as described. We alao claim making the head shaft of tlip power movable vertically, and combining,the same with roller m, d e- lever and lifting piece, for the purposl set forth. ROTARY STEAM ENGINES—Lewis Peter. of Gnaden-hntten, Ohio: I claim the movable inclines, N, and springs, or their equivalents, to open-ate upon tLe sliding I, of the engine, aa described, and for thc purpose set forth. CUSHIONS FOR BILLIARD TABLES—Michael Phelanl (assignor to H: W. Collender,) of New York PhelanlCit,y : . claim, first. Giving the side and corner pocket iron o1 biUiard tables the form of a semi-circle or regular concave as shown, instead of a form wJJieh is partly convex and partly concave, or similar to a cyma reverse ogee, as shown in Fig. 3, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second, Having the cushions extended with a flat or rectilinear surface along their whole length, or of au equal thIckness from pocket to pocket, and terminate at or slightly beyond the corner pockets in flat beveled ends, and at the side pocltefc3 in similar flat beveled ends, substantially aa and for the purpoae3 aet forth. [This ia described on another pagc.] EQUALIZING CARRIAGE SPRINGS—D. G. Rollin. of New York City : I do not therefor limit myselt to the precisearraugement and construction set forth. But I claim the equa.lizing app:ratu8 for equalizing he !strain upon the springs of carrin.ges consisting of toggle joints cOllnecting rods. and equalizing lever. or theu eqUlvalents. constructed and operating substantially as set forth. BUTTEB WORKER—Justin M. Smith, of Lyme, Conn. : I do not claim, broadly, a rotnting shalt Jjlaced within a case. and provided wItn arms irrespective of the construction and arrangement of the arms and dependent parts as shown, for such devices are ill common use nnd may be secn in various churns and clothes washing machines. But I claim the shaft, C. provided with arms or blades, g, g i, i, arranged as shown and pJaced within the inverted conical case, A, suspended within a proper frmlllDg, and having a perforated plate, D. fitted in its bottom, b, the whole being arranged substantially as and for the purpoe set forth. [For a further description of this, sao another eolumn.] EXCAVATORS—J. D. Smith, of Panton,VI. : I claim the employ.ment of a flat circular platform, A, having one of Its BIdes supported by vertlCal traveling wheels, 0, placed below the platform and running upon tho ground. I also claim tho employment of an adjustable diB-charging strip, G, wlum arranged and operating as shown. [This is " combination of n plmv and rotating platform, so arranged that the plow throws the earth into the platform, and it discharges on the side of the road simultaneously.] CARPENTERS* RULES—L. C. Stephens, of Pine Meadow, 90nn. : I do not claim any of the parts composing this instrument when receIved separately. But I claim a measuring rule made as set forth. viz., having a movable blade and spirit level attached tbereto as uescrlbed, the whole constituting an instrument which mas be usedeitheras a rule, square, level, level plumb, indicator, &c. [This is a useful rule, having all tl:e parts named in the claim and capable of being applied to the many uses there set forth, noue of whieh "will in any way interfere with the other.] SCISSORS SIIARIENKR—Andrcw Steveley. of New Haven, Conn. : I claim an instrument or tool formed by securing a file or other cntting edge or edges at a propcr angle variable or otherwisetothe side of a plane surface so as to form a chcnp and efficient eharpener for nU sizcs40f shears and scisaora for family usc when com-binedand fitted!'or use substantially as set' forth. CLOTURS' RACK—Chester Stone, of Ravenna, Ohio : Iam aware that various kin:ls of folding frames or clothes' horses have been invented, and also hanging frames with jointed connection bars and tcnsion racks, but these all differ widely from my inveution, and I do not claim any of them. But I claim the adjustable standards, A and A', in combination with the pin-jointed bars, D D, f orthe purpose hof supporting clothes and rendering the clothee-horse capable ot adjustment and of folding and unfolding, substantially in the manner and for the purposes Bet forth. CREEPER—Leonliardt Wittln7, of Philadelpbio, Pa. : I claim the spiked socket, B. with its spring lips, d, in combination with the spring catch, E. the whole btiug arranged substantially as set forth and for the purpose specified. DEVICE FOR RETAINING TN PNOPLM POSITION THE SPLITTING KNIFE IN RATAN MACHINES—G. S. Colbarn, (as8ignor to Cyrus Wakefieldj) of South Reading, Mass. : I 40 not claim connectmg n yielding feed roll to the spl(ttmg kIllte, 80 as to maintain midway between the feed rolls as in the patent of James Sawyer of April 7, 1857. But I claim connecting the 1'011 with the kuife that it shall always remain parallel with the stationary roll, asset forth. MATCH SAFE—J. B, Crccmer, (assignor to himself and S. Dwight Humphrey,) of New York City : I claim the grooved cylinder, b,*in combination with the hopper, C, and inclined slide, 3, to deliver one match at a time, substantially as specified. WAGON BRAKESS. A. Hough, of Oxford, Ga., assignor to himself and A. S. Hough, of Mudison, Ga. : I do not claIm applymg t.he brake rubh3l"s by the gravity of the lond broadly considered, as such is not ncw. But I claim as an improved construction of running gear for rendering thegravity of the Joad thus available. The secondary frame, H I, secured to tlie front axle, in combination with the plates, n e, connecting the same with the main framet the rolleI'd, c l\ between the frames. and the notches, m m, related to the connection of plates and frnme8, as described when used with a slotted connection of coupling bur aild rear axlc. ATTACHING SHAFTS AND POT.EB TO CARRIAGES—V. N. Mitchell .(a8signor to himself, H. A. Area, and C- N. White,) ot Concord, N. himselfC.: I claim attaching the shaft?, E E, to the vedIcle, substanhally as shown, or in nny equivulent way, so thut r.:-tid shafts may be turned, . moved or folded towards and from each other and secured in either position, so aa to form either shafts or a draught pole or tongue, and the vehicle thereby readily converted from a single to a two horse one and vies versa. [A notice of this will be found on another pnge.] GAS STO\YES—P9trick Mihan (assigllor to himself aUf Gilman Davis,) of Boston, Ma?a. : I am aware of the gas stove of Price, as patented in Great Britain in the yeRr 1852. I am also aware of the gaa stove of Kimbcrley, as patonted in Great Britain in the year LS53. My stove dhTerp essentially from these, for in each of the said stoves of Price and'Kimberly, ordinary argand gas burners are used, whereas my stove is constructed to burn air and gas in mixture, and when they burn together on a wire gauze or perforated cap or dissemi- ' nator,the volatile products of combustion differ tiio n ally from those resulting from tlie combustion of ordin- ary gaa alonain air ; aldchye and formic acid and other [ disagreeable vapors result from the combustion of the air and gas when mixed preparatory to being burned. My stove combines with these vapors a penumed vapor, in order to render them agreeable or to overcome their disagreeable effluvia. I claim the combination of the perfuminl chamber and apparatus with the air and gas burner an the chamber of combustion. CHUTE FOR WATEB Wnraxs—C. B. Whitney, (as-signor to Phillip Case) of Ithaca, N. Y. ; I claim the double helixor scroll or' curved funnel-shaped flame or waterchest, when combined with the described bucket in the said water wheel. RE-t8SUES. SEWING MAOHINES_I. M. Singer and Edward Clark, of New York City, assignees of Charles Morey and Joseph B. Johnson, of Boston, Mass. Patent dated Feb. 6, 1.849. Re-issued June 27,1854. Divided and again re-ISsued on two amended specifications Jan. 12,1858 : We claim the arrangement of the bed, eye-pointed needle, and hook, or equivalent looping apparatus, substantially as described, so that the bed shall be interposed between the hook or equivalent looping a-pparatus, and the. material to be sewed to resist the puncturmg operatIOn of the needle to hold such material against the pull of the book when drawing the thread to tighten the stitch, and to prevent the varying thickness of the material trom producing any variation in the length of thread which is carried through by the needle as set forth. And we also claim, in combination with the eye-pointed needle and hook, or equivalent looping apparatus, with the bed interposed between the material to be sewed and the hook, or its equivalent. a plate to make a self-adapting pressure on the material to be 8ewecl in close proximity to the needle to hold it against the bedduringthe reciprocating motions of the needle, but WhICh. while it so h lIds the material, shall be free to yield to the inequalities of such material, as it is drawn forward under it by any feeding apparatus, substantially as set forth. SEWING MACHINES— Tsaac M. Singer and Edward ClarkJ of New York City, assignees of Charles Morey and JoJseph B. Johnson, of Boston, Mass. Patent dated February 6, 1849. Re-issned June 27, 1854-Divided and again re-issued on two amended specifications, Jnnnary 12, 1858: 'Ve claim, in combination with an eye-pointed needle and a feeding apparatus for moving the cloth or other material to space the stitches, the employment of a plate or cquivaJent therefor, to make a self-adapting pressure on the material to be sewed in close proximity with the needle and in such relation to the needle and the bed or other surface which resists the puncturing operation of the needle, that the said yidding pressure shall act against the said material in the same direction as the needle in its puncturiug operation, and shall hold such material smooth and steady while the needle is being withdrawIl, and while the stitch is being drawn tight, the said yielding pressure being free to yield and adapt itself to the inequalities of such materiai as it is moved along by the feeding apparatus to space the-stitches, substantially as described. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENT. MACHINE FOE SMOOTHING PLANED WOODEN SCE-FAoaa—B D. Whitney, of Winchendon, Mass. Patent dated Aug. 11,1857 : I claim substituting the plane-iron a 3, for the scraper, n, in the block, U, in the manner and for the pnrp038 substantially as set forth. [See an engraving of this invention on page 65, present volume.] FN.E CUTTING MACHINE—I. H. Collier, of Pough. keep=iie, N. Y. Patont dated Feb. 24,1857 : I claim the application of a convex bed face or its equivalent, to the upper Bide of the cutting bed of file machines. DESIGNS. STOVN9—David Hathow"l (assignor to Faller, Warren & Morrison), of (l'OY, N. Y. Four Patents. STOVES—Peter A. Palmer, of Troy, N. Y. TEA SEBVIOI!—H. G. Heed (assignor to himself and C. E. Burton), of Taunton, M3SS. STOVEB—N. S. Vedder and Ezra Ripley (assignors to L. Potter & Co.), of Troy, N. Y. STOVES—No S. Vedder and Wm. L. Sanderson (as. signor, toL. Potter & Co.), of Troy, N. Y. STOVES—N. S. Vedder and Wm. L. Sanderson. of Troy, N. Y. i\ssignora to George Warren, oS Mechanica-ville.N. Y.
This article was originally published with the title "Drying Oil" in Scientific American 13, 20, 153-155 (January 1858)