The annexed engraving represents a ma chine for packing flour in barrels, the inven tion of Samuel Taggart, who has taken mea sures to secure a patent. Fig. 1 is a vertical section of the machine, and fig. 2 shows the pulley, Z, drawn to a, larger scale. A is an iron box in which revolves the up per end of the shaft, V, and having the auger, T, attached to the lower end. B is a catch to hold the box, A, to its required height, when the machine is not at work, and is acted on j by the spring, C. D and G are pulleys on which run the chain, E, and rope, I, these are connected by the bar, H. e is an adjustable stop lor regulating the chain, E, which is slack when the machine is not in operation. F is an iron strap, having a recess at one end to receive the upper part of the catch, B, the other end is turned down at a right angle with a hole for the square rod, H, to move through. q q is a flange attached to the cast-iron tube, ft ft, and is so constructed as to regulate tLe re quisite height for the barrel, S, to rise, and likewise to prevent the flour from being forced out by the pressure of the atmosphere when the auger is lowered into the barrel. R is an iron plate for the barrel to stand on, and is at tached to the slide, P, which latter works in the guide, Q. 0 is a cam connected with the lever, M, for raising the barrel, the lever be ing held down, when this has been done by the hand ,or stop, N. f is a hollow shaft with vertical slots at opposite points and equal distances apart, in which the clutch driver, X, passes up and down. W is a clutch collar made movable in the recess of the shait, ff, and having ribs on its periphery, which serve both as guides and to keep it to its place. U is a coupling to connect the packing shaft, Vi and Z, is a pulley over which can be passed a rope to regulate the action of the auger. The machine is worked in the following manner: the barrel, S, being placed on the stand plate, R, is raised up to the flange, q q, by the lever, M, and the flour chest, d d, be ing filled, the operator places his foot on the pad, K, and his hand upon the pin, m, and forcing down the rod, J, springs the catch, B, throwing it out from the box, A,%when the auger, T, is carried down to the bottom of the barrel. The auger being now in motion ad vances upward towards the top of the barrel, packing the flour in its progress, the driver, X, being gradually forced upward at the same time, on arriving at the collar, W, it comes in contact with the ribs on the inside of the same, and carries it up to the stops, n n. The driver, X, continues to advance until it leaves the ribs on the inside of the collar, W, when the shaft, V, suddenly stops, at the same time the collar drops down to its place, as shown in the engraving. The operation of packing the barrel with flour is now completed, and the catch, B, hav ing taken effect when the driver, X, was with in about half an inch of its required height holds the auger up within the tube, 6 b, which prevents the flour falling from the chest on the mill floor until the barrel has been repla ced by another. This machine is more sim ple, economical, and durable than any of the kind now in use, and is capable of packing from SO to 100 barrels per hour. Applications for machines can be made and further particulars may be known by address ing the investor, S. Taggart, Indianapolis, Ind.
This article was originally published with the title "Flour Packer" in Scientific American 8, 33, 264 (April 1853)