These nuts are produced underground by various plants, chiefly shrubs and umbelliferous plants, while in China they come from the common vetch. Issued from the United Stated Patent Office FOE IE WEEK ENDING "JUEOEMBES 22, 1857. [Reported olciaUy for the Scientific American-] Preparing Fiococs Substances foe Spinning— James Aperlv and William (JlidsoH, of Drwlridire, Eng. Patented in England December 4,ISfj : We claim tlse means described for conducting tlie roping or sliver from one preparing machine to the other, and laying the roping or sliver in papillul lines on the feed bands, aprons or tables of preparing machines, "Washing Maciene—-Henry L. Bridwell, of New Albany, Ind. : I claim thn combination of the corrugated cylinder, A, with tho single oscillating, self-adjusting knuckle, B, when arranged in the manner setfurthand tor the purpose deeciifced. CLOCKe—Robert P. Cunningham, of Eastford, Conn.: I claim first, Looped or slotted spring pallets acting tonsivelyfrom the laces of the swing wheel tcetli, S. Second, I claim the combination of the tensive prlets and swing wlieel tenth, either with or without the stops, d d, or with the stops, i i\ for the purposes shown in manner as set forth, or substantially their equivalents. Extension Tables—Edwin A. Curley, of West port. Conn. : I claim constructing the slides, C D, of sheet metal, corrugated and bent by any proper means, so as to iorin tu'iK provided witli longitudinal dovetail tongues and grooves by which tSsc tubes are connected and allowed to slide longitudinally, as and for the purpose set forth. [For a farther description of tills, see another col- umij.] Nut Mache—J, . Day, of Jersey City. N. T. : 1 chxtn the arrangement and use of the cutting die, a. the compressing' dies, g h, the punches, c d, and the; iin-isliing and discharging die, b, when constructed in thu nwnnflr and operated iu tlsc order set f oth. I nho claim the arranjrrinemt of the. project ins uner side or bottom, f, of tlic iie box, In combination with tli IVsdm standard, ..', slien-edged dis tup, n, mid dieu a b, in such r- manner that th3 nut b'.ir is fed into the machine, the nvM cut t\ior:iYom, inrtinaiy discharged irom the machine viLIioui; tlse sji.ipluyment of any other meaus cseepfc the ordinary or otherwises necessary motions of the two cues, a b. substantially ;ts described. I also claim tlse arrangement of tliu bearing, k k, with sliding wedges, i i, which are adjusts! by screws, jj, or their equivalents, for thi> pun.'os of aceimitaly adjusting tba movements of the toggle levtxs and links, as deistTibef*. also ehnmthn anamrement and combination of the sectors, It S, and e.ii, L, in the manner and for the puriH.K-DKpcded. Tusnna the Band Portions oi' Caebeacvk Hubs— Zina. Dooittle, of Perry, Ga. : I do not claim the exclusive de of any of the parts taken s parti* of the machine described and shown, but only in so far*v* the sam? is used in combination, for tho purpose of iuy invention. But I claim tlie exclusive use and combination of the strap wr*.iich, "D, fUe fc'uiill. A, nud the slWinff rest, C, with the caltuj*, H, the whole urrnnyftd ui>.'\ siiown for tho lnu-poac sut forth. Soovet, Flows—David Kb:;r]y, of Way at-s ville-, O. : I claim securing the eliais, E B, to thb beam. A, ley h.-ivins the upper ends of their bar,-?, D. fitted in the bars, .,% tse bars, D, also passing thruufili the loops or eyes, F, of the bars, G, and secured therein by ki-.ya, V, the barrf, G-, being secured to the beam. A, us shown, and Use whole arranged as and for ths pn;-pose set forth. [These plows can be adjusted at a greater or legs depth in tSse groond, and may l\Is b arrane to throw the soil either ou or on tho hills.] Wine and Cidbe PRESS—John Kiberweiser, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I claim the peculiar const ruction and arrangement of the plutf 01 m, und the dou >la box on a wine and cider preass, constructed in suieh a manner as described. (.,'a.stis IlrsfiBLi—ichoar A. Feimer, ufProvi-.lence, II. I. : I do not ckiim gi-ncuilly the eustips' of n wire into the & niter of tho joitit of a Hinge, a,* wires exLcnd-UK rl;Jht through thtj joint havu been inserted in the prouv of molding and costing. Neither do I claim the casting of Hvot or teats on CL-rUin of the knuckle pieces, to be received into recesses in others of the said pieces. But I claim tSse employment of a separate pin for each cor, when the cores are molded upon tko i;iu.a, and tse latter inclosed within the hine uf iliu casting, a.3 dc-Bcribed. nVe have noticed thid invention in another portion of tSsis journal.] Ae T''s of Fmi;-noxi-;s iit Sitam BOitTES—Benjamin Jj. Griffith, of Hazelton, P.: claim thei'Oacing of air tubes within the water tables or series of v/uter tubes, as described. Washing Machine—Georgre Hall and John Fordyce, of Morgaatown, Va. : We are aware that aprons iliuve been used for carry in;;; up tlse clothes to the washing apparatus, and thtit cloHiCd Juive been washed between aprons. Thcau wu do not claim. Ijut we claim, in combinitio with the rubber, IC, tse apron, h, iittahcd to tse spring, N, at one ofi ende, and to Haiti rubber by its otiier end, and passing under-nr-nts tlse roller, m, for tse purpose of turning the clothes over and over at each operation of the rubber, as set forth. Potato Diggers-—Jacob E. Hardenbcrgh, of Fulton-ville, N. Y. : I am aware that shares ami gratings or riddles hive huen employed for digging or piovng ni* potatoes, and separating them from the earth, und I do not clauasueh varfs separately comidered, and irrespective oi the* rotntiaa virin. But I claim tse combiuatiou of tlse share, P, grating, Y, rotating arms, A', arranged as shown, or in an equivalent way, to operate as and for tSse purpose set forth. [This is described oa another page] Cclthators—\. W. Haivley, of MiLin, Ohio : I claim the movable fender, K, adjustable arm, J, and movable brace, B, with the peculiar shaped share, E, when anvmgert us Br4 forth, and for tse purpose of protecting thf! plant from injury, as specified, and for changing tse share and fonder to tse right or left of the frame, in tse maimcr and for the purpose substantially as specified. Tkbati:;o Photographs akd otiiee ]>ec;tcees— Ezekiel C Haivkins, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I claim giving the front urf ace of the glass tablet which has an image or picture finished on its back surface, a semi-opaque and granular appearance, and consequently proattctog as aDoapheric relief and additional painting surface, by tse application of varnish, wax or other similar substance t o tbaf ront eurface of the glass tablet, as described. Bedstead Slats—Samuel Hickok, of Buffalo, N. Y. : I claim two laths, A and B, placed parallel with>each other, aad one above the other, and connected or fastened together at or near tse center, constructed and used with or without tse spiral springs, substantially as described. RAn.EOAB Sw\v Vt.qw—Andrew lutclikijt-, of Sharon Valley, Coim. : cl-.iim firt, Tito (smploymnt of ft plangcr, composed subatfintially oi' a. frausp, I), and share, u, whifiii id moved back out of the way, wOicn 'tSse machine la driven into the snow to receive a load, but which may bo pushed forward to force out tse snow when unloading, tne whole consisting a snow plow and excavator capable of being directly loaded and unloaded by tse fores of thu locomotive. Second, The combination of the cutting frame, H, with the frame, B* as described, so that after tse machine has been run into the drift and lied, the cutting frame, H, maybe swung over in f ont.and made to cut down through tSse sho*w, Usus completely detacSsing that portion contained in Use machine irom the main body of tse drift [Full particulars of tlsia invention will bfi found in anothercolumn.] Skwing M,vciikes—George W. Hubbard, of West Meridcm, Conn. : claim tse forked needle constructed and operating as described, to enchain tse loops on the opposite ide of tse cloth or other material to that on v.-hicSs H entere. [This improvement consists in tse use of a forked needle, which pushes Use cotton through tse cloth, instead of pulling it tsrougs, as is tlse case with all other single-thread mncliiu.es.] Cottin aki> Grinding Cobwstai.ks—William G. Ilnycitt, of WiLliomsburgh, Pa. : I claim combining an inclined grinding concave, G. wits a cutting wheel, D, and cik, es in tse manner and for the purposes aa described. [By a simple combination of mechanism, consisting of a cutting wheel, toothed cone, and concave and semicircular disk, operating together, tSse cornstalks are ground into a fit state for louder.] Machine foe Roxing Coenioe—Asa Johnson, of Cairo, N. Y. : claim tse arrangement of the series of rollers, a J a and K a, guide, n, and rollers, li and Ss', and die, n', for tse purpose of forming sheet metul into cornice and gutters Tor buildings wliie hot, and passing fr through the machine in boiling oil as described, and l'or tse purpose set forth. Hand Peiktin Press— J. M. Jone?, of P Imyra, 3NL Y. : J ehibn fiiv.fc, Tse arrangement of tse various parts, so that tse lever, K, cjin l:e operated at right angles to tse curved bar, 13, and inking bar,i>, aaspended on tiio shaft, I, in tse manner and for tse purposes set forth. Second, I claim, suspending the bed, J, on the lover bar, 1% in thcinaiiiici'audforthe purposes set orth. DrsAMOiETEK—George Jnongst, of New York City : I chum tse connection of Hie loose pulley, B, wits belt, Iit the support, O, with th spring, g, sliding i'mme, D, with ring, K, and ih ironnr'ction of F wits disk, L, by lever and nipping prtwl, a:id wits a counting apparatus, or their several equivalent's, by which arrangement tSse nmomitof working Dov/er U registered for the whole, time of it* action, substantially in lis manner as set, iosts, ScEF;iv-itTTT3Kti Machine—William Kcnyon, of Steu-Ijenville, Ohio : I claim first, The combination of dies wtsich have an angular cutting extension or shonlrler, e. o:i their front face, wits the eye screw bolts, f Is. and a chuck, which has straight radial grooves in its face, s and for the purposes set forth. Second, claim providing the peculiar oil reservoirs in the front of the chuck, between the cutting dies, ia tse manner and for the purposes set forth. Third, T claim the face plate, consisting of a short hollow cylinder, with openings in its periphery, as and for t he purposes set forth, Refisino kox—William Kelly, of Lyon County, Ky. : claim first, Conducting tse blast down through tse liquid iron to near tSse bottom of the hearth by tse tuyere pipe, C, substantially as and forthepur losea act forfch. Second, I claim rciining and decarbonizing crude iron simultaneously in tse hearth of a blast furnace, and in an adjoining chamber having communication therewith when the blast entera directly into but one of either of the chambers, its aad for the pufpose set fortSs, 1-.A8S KnoiiS i.-ok Doous—Charles P. Kellogg ud WilHain L. Ooan, of lioston, Mass. : What we claim consists in arranging on the bottom of the cavity, e, a plate er disk of foil, in combination with arranging an annulus oi' foil around tse mouth of tse cavity, and against tse gassknob, as specified. Hydraulic; Valve-Alonsso R. Ketcliam, of Buffalo, N. Y, : I do not claim tlie combination of the screw, D, geared sector, C, and valve, B, wlsen broadly considered. But! claim the arrangement of the chamber, F, on the pipe or cylinder, A* for the purpose of protecting tse sector and valve, and to allow of a proper movement thereof, tse same being operated by tse screw, D, or equivalent, as described. Cotton Seed Plantes—Lorenzo D. Law, of Hen-dereon, Ua. : I claim tse employment of tse vibrating agitator, 0 C C, each Isaving their radiating arms arranged witSs respect to each other, as set forth, in combination with the longitudinal Blot, E, at right angles to the axis of the radiators, as set fortli. Furnace foe Tempeeing Scythes— John E. Layton, of Pittsburgh, Pa, : do not claim the arrangement of tse body Si the furnace, nor of tSse introducing of a current of air under the grate, as these are not novel, and have been used before. But I claim, first, Constructing tse top of a furnace in such a manner that the same, or a portion, b b, of tse same, is curved or shaped e.o as to conform wits tse curve or shape of the edge oftSse article to be hardened, and providing in tse top (thus shaped) an opening, C (J, or a number of such openings, as and for tse purpose set i'orth. Second, claim providing in tse top of tlse aid furnace, an opening, f f, or a number of such openings, of such a sSsape as to conform wits tse curve or shape of tlie article to be tempered, substantially asandiorthe purposes described. Third, claim providing on the top plate of the said furnace, two blocks, g g, with tse openings, i i, as and for tbe purpose set forth. Sewing Machines—William IL Laselle, of New .York City : do not claim tse use of the revolving lsook, to form the loop, that being found in tse patent of James E. A. Gibbs, June 2. 1857, to which this is an addition und improvement. But I claim the addition to, or conjunction with) the revolving hook of the point or piece, A, attached to tlie feeder, which meets the point of the hook after it has caught tlse loop, and prevents tse loop which is formed from interfering with the next loop, or from being lost, the whole made and operated as described. Implement foe Cutting Metal Tubes—Thomas J. Lloyd, of Pottsville, Pa, : I claim the collar, A. having tse stock, B. fitted loosely thereon, and secured in proper position by tse nancls, a, and ring, C, tse stock, 13, having a socket, c, attached, in which a cutter, d, and screw, e, are fitted, and tSse whole arranged as shown, for the purpose specified. [For description of this invention, refer to another page.] Artificial Fuel—Eugene Miannay, of New York City : I claim tlse composition of a new coal or artificial fuel, by the said several ingredients mixed together In dnrent proportions, called ligno-bituminous coal, and manufactured as described, for tse intended given purpose. Pumps—Hoaea Lindsey, of Ashville, N. C. : I do not claim in this application the operating of the pistons of a pump arranger! at tse bottom of a well, by means of a double inclined plane, aa tse same was shown in my patent of 1855. But claim the attaching of tlie axis, X(\ of the puml> cylinder, A, eccentrically to a stationary circle plate, K, in combination with tie attaching of the pistons, C C, ol'said cylinder, to said circle plate, by moans of a Ions ring or coliar, G, connecting rod or strap, II, lid sliding frame, D D, substantially as and for the purposes set fortli. Carving Wood—Isaac Lindsley, of Providence, R. L: I do not claim tlse use of a revolving cutter arsd accompanying tracer, as tSsese have long been known and used. But I claim first, Tlse use in carving machines of tlse lift and fail motion oi tse tracer, for the purpose of enabling tse same to trace out any design, however sharp or difficult tse same may be, as set forth. Second, I claim tlse bar, m, lever, II, and cord, S, M combination wits tse cross bar, D, in tlse manner ami ibr tlse purposes set iorts. Saw Set—Edward MaiIsali, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : I claim a saw set made as described. [A description of tlsis will be found on page 131, J Coex HirsKEES—David M. Mcfford, of Penysbuijr, Olsio : I ahum first, Tlse feed drum, A, provided wits ear pockets, M N 0, when used in the described combination with tse knife, D, and husking peg, 10, for tlse purposes set forth. Second, Tse hnsking rollers, P G, contracted aa described, in combination with tse lunged and roughened apron, l, in tse manner and for ths purposes st forth. Grinding Mnx—John li Morrison, of East Springfield, Ohio : Firsts I claim hanging tse bed stones, V V, on cleats or pins, r r, and operating said etones by means of said piaa in a lota or grooves in the frame, for tse purpose of adjusting tse stones, as set iorts und described. Second, I claim tse combination and arrangement of the lever, G, screw, h, and seeve, n', iviti the stonc-s, C C, when arranged and operated as set forth, and for tlie purpose described. Third, I claim tse arrangement of tse runner, C, between two bed stones, C C, when said runner hus a flouring dress on one side and a chop dress on the other, for the purpose of grinding different kinds of grain and feed at the same time, as set forth. Casting Cae Wheels—A. A. Needham, of Rockf ord, 111. : I do no claim, broady, a rotating moid for cast-in?, for this has been previously used for casting pipes. But claim casting the wheel from two different kinds of iron—hard ana soft—tlse Isard iron to form tse tread, and the soft to form tse hub and center of the wheel, and properly disposing the two kinds of iron within the mold, fis desired, hf givioy tlss same a rotating motion, as shawa and aeserilied. [This is described on another page.] Fehd Wai'EK Attachments to SmA&i Exines— Lewis Martin, oi'New York City : I claim tlio within described arraiiAompnt of tse oscillating cylinders, D, and plunger,*, d, witln a wheel, A. wlsereby the plungei's ivhen moving outward are ubjee,*-! to th;'. full boiler procure in ever>' ctireciioU or held lu perfect equilibrium, in the manner a"bove described arsd for tlse purpow set forth. G.y;"-;g whon io Va.yks of Stea.i Mikes-II, O. IVny, or Buffalo, N. Y. : -X claim, firaf, Pfte yimve described method utViiUbtin? a rolling or pn-itiaJiy ro* , tating valve by pulling rut n link ao attached t at its effect iu rotating tho vulve d'.r.?ases as the valve ae-gnines its most desirable shut position, and tends to revolve it in the reverse direction, when the valve revolves by momentum Past such position, when operated substjtntially as and for tse purpose set i'orth. Second, ako ci;iimtse ubove described method of operating said link by tlse pressure of the nteans, o that the whole amount of power available in shutting shall be always pifoiortional or very nearly proportional to the resistance for the purpose of enabling tse valve to stop in tke proper position under all pressures of 8team, a* set forth. Casting Gab Ektoets—Abiei Pcvw, of Lowell, Maes. : disclaim the general principle of the formation of a mold, without patterns, by weeping, or without fiasks, as such is well known and forms no part oi' my claim. Neither Oo I cluim hanging cores in tse cope or settins t!tem i'r casting kettles in the ordinary man-lier, as that also forms no part whatever of ray invention or claim. But I claim my dcscriljatl flask, comijojjed of tho several pai*te, A li'C, tmd formes-, H und I, consti'iicted and relatively arranged ana opcaute-ti for molding tse retort, and for self-centralizing and setting tse core, essentially in the manner as set forth and described. Governors fok Maouineev—George M, Phelps, of Troy, N. Y. : I claim causing tse described centrifugal governor, or its equivalent, to regulate tse rotary motion of a shaft with which tise governoris positively driven by making tse governor control by means of a valve tse motive action of a current of air or other gaseous fluid upon a piston, or an analogous device, sir-ranged to work tSse mechanical contrivance by which tse speed of the said shaft tobe regulated is immediately changed, substantially as set forth. CLTiVATOES—John liighter. of Clarksburg, Ga. : claim tse employment uf the pinions, e and f, when in combination with tse screw shaft b, and teetSs or plows, a a, substantially in tlse banner and for tse purposes set fortli. Machine foe Bekbin Hoese-Shqes—Elbridge Wheeler, of Marlboro1, Maas. : I claimi the described macSsine for bending horse-shoes, consisting essentially of tse following elements in combination, or their substantial equivalents. The traveling carriage, C, the bending levers, M, and tse regulating cam, o, operating in the manner substantially aa set forth for the purpose speeified. approach Opening Farm Gate—C. W*. Smart, of Water-town. N. Y. : 1 do not claim, broadly, the actuating o a bolt orcatch, and the opening ana closing of a gate automatically by tse passing of the wheels of vehicle over levers or projections to actuate mechanism arrangedfor tse purpose, for various plans have been devised for effecting tlsis object. Nor do claim tse arrangement of levers and cords for withdrawing and then pulling open tlse gate, as in J. K. Webber's patent, 1855. But I claim the combination of the elide bolt, F, and spring, E, arranged and actuated aa shown, or m any equivalent way, so that fey the witSsdrawal uf the slide bolt, the spring will be wound up or contracted, and have sufficient strength to throw open and close the gate hy the time tlse bolt is fully withdrawn, and the gate released. [This invention consists in combining tlse catch or bolt whichseoures tlse gate, in an open and closed state,, with aspring which actuates tlse gate, the parts being so arranged tsatas tse catcsbolt is withdrawn, and tlie gate released, tse spring will, by tse same mechanism, be wound up, and receive sufficient strength to actuate the gate.] OsciixATiNa Ekojkes and Pumps—Gambvill Sprenkel and Thoa. W. Basford, of Harrispnburg, Va. : We claim the arrangement of the pump, in such relation to tlse nan cylinder and crank of an agine, that its pistons and valves sSsali be operated simultaneously with tlse piston and valves of the cylinder, and by tse same means that actuates them. Second, Tse peculiar arrangement consisting of boxes with inlet and outlet passages, C 5f C 5, hollow trunnion with two chambers, da formed by diagonal partition, Cj, and with two sets iof ports ci, c 2, c S, c 4, substantially as and for the pm&oaes setforth. Clothes' Haoke—3. J. Russell, of Chicago, III : I am aware that fuijnstt'.hlu rotating arma forming a clothes1 dryer are not new, and I do not broacly claim them. An example in seen in & Woodv/javl1 a patent, 154, and in J, riiggins1 rejected application, 1855. Nor do I claim f ho SsoHow posi; or tmy pcrlion of either of the a bo vf* mentioned, ds'yico.-;. nor do I claim indk-criminatcK' tho QLiiturpolsing of y 11 escrptioas of ot-jeets. Bui I clnim the sp'iin'uiift r/itlnn tl;y hmlow base, B, of sx couBtei'poi.in:,' wenrht, d, coriectod by a coi'tl with tho ri;-sinj* i!* falling ro;l, D, for the piuvosu of balaseing or n-c-nrly halaT3R-!i;f the hub, K, tmd arms, k, and.t-hud prevfciitinjf tlie lenfail and bruakuc of the parts, as well a renlanmrthcm easy of operation. I also clani na nuw in ccthfcti' i'yei' the employment of a syrinir. Is, atburhed to tho bimc, Ik and acting iigjuHt the liuf't, A, ttil in t-.w m:\tvAci'&w for the pm'poacsset fortb, and not otiienvue. [Tliis invention has for its object tho adjustment of tlse rotating"ftume, so that the clothes can bu taken of/ and put on vrlth east1. Apfasatus y ob, iLAja'&.vnTsa Oanic Sotions aki> TUE LNjB Gif 'Hit; WlBIv—FuIM'CSj sSlUjpUfrd, of New Ifaven, CJoi. : I claim the combination of the globe, with an extended horizon or jurlacc as thcbane or convex surface of the uoiio, or auy otlusr extsadt-'d surface on which iiifiy be written any gcogrfifiiiciil or other exercise wits tho ylbc, au:i be easily wiped or rubbed off, wlsen constructed, >rran;.-cd and combined substantially as described. iilso claiii tlio cn:iiHiifi0n of tSse globe wits tse cone when tsc ou?, is uuilU- in Uiree or more segments, and tse upper sugn.eut p cut ad to illustrate tse conic sections, and tue wLonii consstmcteH, sirran.aec, and ren-iered sitsepptible of tin1 various u.-jls as dwc;ribed and set fortli. Poetabli; Field Fk'-sOH—II. T. Jiunavd, of Wsyne, Mich. : I lim a teaching ov at: curing tse fence to tse ground snljesUiut'ciliy ;is ahowa and described, to wit, by means &f the inciiiiii bars or braces, 1) P. attached to tho po-*1'?, urrA enp'tite:' sid by eross-tie,-?, K E, isi connection with the ftitki, !', provided wits mortises and tlie Tvedges, G. [Uy means of inclined braces ors nrpcfrt s cnCi cvczs-tien secured to, stakes driven in the eroun'l a very portable fence Is obtained.] MyOKE FOU TClKTSG TRT. LEATTR OF ROOKS—F. Suter, of Irooklvn, N. Y. : I claim, fiiv.t, Tso arrangement of tse h'ver, H, with Use described mechanism operating in Use ma.nncr specied, for the purpose of taking hold eft he music, leaf, turning tse same over, and aiterwfti'd letting said leaf loose af*iin, iir*d dropping down so as to pa?s under Use saine, iu tJie manner substantially as described. SeeiiTi 1,1 claim tse nr'nji\mT'A A 'y"*-*" in tse man; t ajid Lot tbe imrpose.HHMMp'* Cihjjik—Win. H. Truesdol], Oi Elgin, 111. : Tonnt c!a;i tlie introduction oi atmoephtric air into (Is;- body OJMiiapiS of ci'Chpi while being agitated or churned, iu order to expedite tse formation of butter, for this has been previously done, and in various ways Nor do I claim broadly ths iiya of adjusting the dashers in cVtuvn. But I claim fisc employment of tse peculiarly formed dashers, D, having ir tubes, j, atttiched, sai U;sbei\4 being so madsi s. to churn and introduce the air wlsen turned in Oiie clirecrion, and presautiog chamber's for tse collection of tlie batter, wsen tse directiu:; U reversed. [Tsis iHveution ia designed to collect th small particles of butter which usually escape when a horizontal dasher ig employed. TSsis dasher is caused to slide uuon its axle, arul by a gsnllo rotation tse buttor is collected-j Cnvifs—James Vaudolah and Elias Curry, of Dills-borough, Iafi,: AVc claim the construction f the diisher. wilii the rim. r, v/uigs, d cl, p:iiphml skips, f f, and horizontal plates, g g, arranged and operating snbs:in-*tbHy in the manner tmd fo the purposes fipeciiied. We sIho claim the arrangement of the ribs, 11, with retaining hoops, k k,or their quivalente, so aa to render them afljustable ana removable, subs tan tifiiy aa aud ior the purposes ai'edfistl. Hakvkti'kes—".Visi. Wehbgr, Jr., and John Yfebbsr, of Rockton, III. : Wo claim communicating motion from tse main rhaft, a, of the driving wheel to the cnt-ti;rl)ladp,l)ynicaD?oi the intermediate uhaf Es, c d. arranged parallel with eaci other on opposite sides of tlse bearing wheel, A, m such a manner that pulleys c?i the after ends of said shafts may be banded to c/ich other, and a regulating Hy wheel 63 combined wii the shaft d, tse yrhole being constructed and arranged for joint operation, substimtialiy in tse manner and for tse pur- PSO SC f ulth. CtnTivATOiis—Loi'in Wetherrfl, ofWorcester, Mass, : I claim, in combination with a plow, II, tse pair of revolving hoe or scrapers, baying ft \ ertici ajju"*tmeist ia addition to the a;ljustment cf the ed'-es thereof, eo that tse capacity oi tlse machine may bo noiviiHed witii the increasing sigst of tlse plants to b3 cultivated by it, substantially as set forth. Mode of Beltuu—lenj. Chester, of New York City asoignor to W, Liurnsp, of Ijowell, Mass. : I do not claim an intermediate pulley, between a driving pulley and a pulloy to be driven by an enrlleaa belt, wsen such intermediate pulley is merely a gido pulley. Nor do I chum broitdly tSse wining of belU several times around the peripheries of windlasses for tse purpose of obfiaing additional friction. Kxumples of ropes andchainsthus arrannd may be'sfou in Dingle's Pclytecimic Juurmvl, vol. l, pa;-re 4: IL O. Nicsolis' dvies rejected, 1645, and tSsat of Richards & Wiisor, 1854. But I chum tse arrangement and combination 01 a pulley, C, wits tse nullcye, A B, wsen tse driving belt, after passing around the small pulley, B, is led therefrom to and around tse pulley, C- thoncj around pulley, B, to and around pulley. A, as and for tSse purposes described. [A description of tlsis invention will be found on another page.] Method of G-qveening t&e Cut of Cikct.ae Saw-in Maciiineby—A. (i Martin and Malshxn M. F/om-haugli (assignor to A. C. Martin and R. Ashcraft), q? Cincinnati, Olsio. : We claim tse mandrel, J when working in governable circular joint, swivel boxes, B B, in combmation wits angular guide, F', and lever, E, wsen arranged substantially in tse manner set forth for Use purposes specified. We also claim the siide end or lateral sr>vmgig movement of pliunmr blocks, li B, when arranged substantially as set forth. [In another part of our paper a description of this will bo found.] Ccoss-Cct Sawing Maclkke—G. E. Moore (assignor to himself and C. G. Sargent), of Westford, Mass : I elainis first, Tse peculiar method of liangiag the inverted eaw within its gate by means of the guide wheels, S, and block, i\ as set forth. Second, I ciaiin the depressing tse middle section of the horse. In tSse manner and for the purpose described. Third, I claim driving the sawby means of the segment, O, and straps, N, in tse manner and for tse purpose Hpeciiicd. Fourth, I claim uniting the ratchet wheel, y, to its shaft, by means of a friction clutch, in the manner and for tlse purpose set forth. Cutting the Zig-zag Gkooves iw tue Stiles of Wakboaris—Q. L. Reynolds (assignor to H. F. Snow) of Dover, N- H. : I do not claim zig-zag cutting wheels as my invention, for am well aware that they are old But I claim the method described of cutting or forming tse grooves in tse stiles or side pieces of washboards, in which corrugated metallic rubbing surfaces are employed. [A nofcicG of tills will be found on another page. Lighting GtAS by Electeioity—San. Gardiner, of New York City : I do not conflue myself to the particn-larmethod described of accomplishing my object. But I claim, broadly, turning on or shutting off inflammable gas by degrees or gradually through the agency of electricity, for such purposes aa before alluded to. [T.ih iiuvov-j mnt will be found described in another column.! Vegetable Cutters—Wm. Robinson, of Highgate, Vt. : I claim the employment of hooked cutters, running at different velocities on parallel cylinders, the whole being arranged and combined in the manner and for the purposes set forth. I1E-ISSE. Automatic G-emn Weigiu:: Machine—Rufua Porter, of Washington, D. C. Patent dated May 5, 1857 : I claim, first, The combination of the tripping rods, S, with the valve plate, N, and knuckle braces, i andi, whereby the movement of the valve gate, L (which is operated by means o* scale beams, FJ causes the contents of the buckets, E, to be discharged alternately, as set forth. Secoud, The knuckle braces, i and j, in combination with the trap doors, m, whereby the latter are spontaneously closed and fastened immediately after the grain is discharged, as set forth. Third, The balance beams, F, with horns, I, in combination with valve plute, N, and catch levers. T, so arranged that the weight of grain in oue "bucket changes the position of the vulve gate, go as to turn a pai-tion of the current of the grain into the other bucket before the first bucket receives the quantity the second horn trips the catch, and thereby turns the balance of the current of the grain into the other bucket as set forth. ADDITKraATj IMPROVEMENT. Skates—Ferdinand Klein, of Newark, N. J. Patent dated Api-il 1, 1850 : I claim casting in one piece the bar, A, heel plate, 13, and loop, e', having a point, g, which assists to support the bar, A. Secondly, I claim forming the obtuse angles, abc, and a' 1/ c', of the bar, A, to prevent the sto ck or wood of the skate l'rora separating, substantially as described and shown in the drawings. .DESIGNS. Teade Masks cm Plow Springs, &c.—James D. Willoughby, of Plaisant Hall, Pa. Clock Fronts—Elias Ingraham, of Bristol, Conn. Cooking Stove—Jacob Steffe, James Ilorton, and John Currie, of Philadelphia, Pa., assignors to M. W. Jacksonand W. H. Woodon, of Bervrick, Pa. Note.—The above List of Claims indicates that the times have not materially affected inventive genius, and why should they ? On the contrary, we have noticed in yaar3 gone by, that when trade generally was most depressed, and mechanics wcrQ out of employment, and consequently had the smallest incomes, thon it was tliat the business of the Patent Office was the greatest, thus proving the oTd adage that "Necessity ia the mother of Invention." No man knows what he can accomplish until placed in some emergency, out of which he is obliged to work his way. It is so with many wh hive recently secured patents. They did not know they had the talent foi1 inventing until necessity compelled them to do something fora livelihood, and as they were out of employment, they fortunately took the advice they had often read in our columns, and made an invention, got it patented, sold rights, and are now in a position to snap their fingers at the hard times. In the foregoing list, we recognize the names of twenty-tubee—more than one-third of the entire number—whose patents were secured through the Scientific American Patent Agency.
This article was originally published with the title "Ground Nuts" in Scientific American 13, 17, 129-131 (January 1858)