To your correspondent from St. Paul's, Minnesota, who lives on the east bank of the Mississippi, on an elevation of about 100 feet above the river, I would just say, for his benefit and all others like situated, that I live at Ossipee Centre, N. H. , on the east bank of the Danhole river, on an elevation of 90 feet and distant 300 feet from it, and after spending some $150 in trying to get a well, but without success, and thus being driven, from the necessity of the case, to study out some plan for raising water from the river; after several e'JH' forts on a small scale, I put the plan which 1 deemed best in successful operation. For almost four years it has supplied all our village on the east side of the river with water, forcing up 120 gallons per hour. I will describe it in as few words as possible: first, I laid un der ground, from my house to the river, wrought-iron pipe of one inch bore (lead pipe of any reasonable thickness will not bear the pressure) ; I then' connected with the pipe a small copper force pump, 11 inches long and 2 3-4 inches bore, and in said coupling I set a piece of pipe upright, of two feet long, with an air chamber of cast- iron of about five gallons' capacity, in orcl1'lr to ease the force of the pump against the downward pressure of the water in the pipe. I then commenced a penstock on the bank of the river, several rods up, and thereby obtained a fall of 3 feet, to which attached a wheel 3 feet long by 3 feet diameter, with a 4 inch crank, which gives 8 inch stroke on the pump, and forces up the quantity of water above stated without further trouble.JOHN MOULTON.
This article was originally published with the title "How to Elevate Water from Rivers" in Scientific American 8, 13, 99 (December 1852)