We have on previous occasions expatiated on the capabilities of the Golden State as a wine-producing country, and we now transcribe from the Los Angelos Star a description of the method of manufacturing this beverage in that city from native grapes :— The first operation in the process of wine making, after .the grapes arrive at the mill, is to shell them off the stems ; six men are employed in this operation. The grapes, as they come from the vineyard, are thrown upon coarse wire sieves, which are firmly set at an angle of about forty degrees, above and around the mill. Wooden forks are used to shell the grapes, which, as they are detached and moved about on the sieves, fall through into a hopper, which conveys them to the mill. The stems remain upon the sieves, and are removed by hand. The mill is formed by two horizontal wooden cylinders, about three feet long, and ten inches or a foot in diameter. These are kept in motion by means of a crank, which is easily turned by one man. The mashed grapes fall from the cylinders into a large shallow tank, from which the juice rapidly flows off, and passing through a couple of sieves, tc separate any skins or seeds which flow along with it, is raised by a pump and conducted tc the fermenting tubs. These vessels hold from eight to fifteen hundred gallons each. The juice in this state, fermented without the skins or pulp, produces white wine. The skins and pulp, together with the seeds, are removed to other tubs, where, during the process ol fermentation, coloring matter is extracted, forming red wine. To give a high color to the wine, the pomace, as it rises to the surface during fermentation, is frequently broken up and stirred intc the wine. This is only practiced when the juice, pulp, and skins are fermented togethei in the same vessel. Six men are kept constantly employed in shelling th grapes from the stems, and such is the ease and rapidity with which they are ground, that the mill is kept waiting nearly one-half of the time. After the mash is sufficiently fermented, which occupies from ten to eighteen days, the wine is drawn off intc pipes, and the pomace is then taken to the press, where it is subjected to the pressure produced by a five-inch screw. Surrounding and attached to this screw is a drum of aboul ten feet in diameter; a rope is wound upoE this drum, and one end carried to a capstan, when the power of two or more men is applied to long bars, which produce a leverage of no insignificant amount. Five men are employed in this branch of the operation. The daily product of wine is two thousand gallons, and the estimated product of the present vintage is eighty thousand gallons. Notwithstanding the pressure which has been applied to force the bruised grape to yield its spirit, yet so endurable are the exhilirating qualities of this fruit that the pomace still contains enough to tempt the cupidity of man; so the pomace is sold to distillers, at the rate of five dollars for the pomace from which one thousand gallons of winehave been made. The pomace is mixed with water, and then subjected to distillation, and the result is a good distillation of pure grape brandy. Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING DECEMBER 1, 1857. [Reported officially for the Scientific American.] KNITTING MACHINES—Walter Aiken, of Franklin, N. H. : Idonot claim the plates, L, between the needles, when fastened to a movable bar, as shown and describe d in John Nesmith'a patent, of July 29,1856. Neither do I claim a rocker bar, when made and arranged as described in the patent of Nesmith, but only when constructed and arranged as hereafter claimed. I claim a set or series of traversing needle?, arranged to slide independent of each other, in combination with the stationary plates, K, between the needles, to hold the fabric knit, when the stitches are formed, constructed, and operating as described. I claim a vibrating traversing yam carrier, operated so as to hold the yarn over of near the selvage while the carrier is vibrated so as to change the latch opener, as described. I claim a double-edged latch opener, in combination with a vibrating yarn- carrier, eperated so as to change the latch oyL-no.r, as described. I cliiim the stationary rocker or supporting bar, F, so constructed and arranged as to support tho outer ends of the needles beyond the fabric and under the latch opener,as described. PLOWB—Joseph Banks, of Dadeville, Ala. : I cLiim the arrangement of the double branched colter, I, so that its rear branch rests on the point or share, and its forward branch supports the under sida of said point, in combination with the vertical and forward, and rear adjustments of the colter in the be,am, in the manner and for the purpose specified. SPEED INDICATOR—James M. Bcnckert, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I distinctly disclaim the employment of weighted arms, assisted by springs in governors or speed indicator* for 1 am well aware that they are old. But I claim the arrangement of the double-threaded cam, F, segments, K, and swivel arm, G, as and for the purposes set forth. [A description of this will be found on page 107.] SURVEYING LEVEL—Christopher Becker, of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; 1 claim first, The constructing of the telescope with square surfaces, a a , resting upon small points or surfaces upon the supports, and attached to the same in the manner and for the purposes described. Second, I claim the arrangement, construction, and manner of operating the spider threads by one screw only, as described. Third, I claim the arrangement of the sot screws, S, acting directly upon and square to the axis of the instrument, in the manner specified. Fourth, I claim the arrangement and construction of the micrometer, and tangent screws, so as to prevent any dead movement, in the manner described. COMPOSITION FUEL—Elizabeth Bellinger, of Mohawk, N. Y. : I do not confine myself to the precise proportions of the several ingredients specified. But I claim the inflammable composition formed by the union of kawri gum, rosf n and sawdust, in suitable proportions, to give it the character specified. [For description of this invention, refer to another page.] SEEDING MACHINES—Jarvis Case, of Springfield, 111. : 1 claim so combining with the drivers' seat, H, a marker, having in its arm a hinged brace, or its equivalent, as that said diwer mfcto from his seat, turn over or reverse said marker, suspend it to the machine whilst turning around, and drop it into its working position without leaving his seat on the machine, as set forth, andforthe purposes explained. HAY BAKES—L. A. C. Brown, of Sparta, 111. : I do not claim, broadly, a rake so arranged as to swing, and allow its teeth to ba elevated, that it may deliver its load, for rakes thus arranged have buen previously used. But I claim operating or raising the rake through the medium of the lever, I, provided with the pin, i, the wheel, B', and the curved bar, j, arranged substantially as described. [This invention consists in a novel arrangement of tho rake head, by which it may be elevated at proper intervals to discharge its load. It is operated by one of the wheels of the machine.] SEWING MACHINES—Joel Chase, of New York City: I claim the combination of the lever, G, when hunc on an axis in the rock shaft, with the lever, I, when' the motion thereof ia limited by the stops in the manner set forth, for the purpose of imparting the feed motion to the needle. EXTENSION TABLES—Charles B. Clark, of Mount Pleasant, Iowa : I do not claim, broadly, the employment or use of folding rails applied to extension tables, irrespective of the arrangement shown. Neither do I claim the employment or use of fixed side pieces, irrespective of the peculiar arrangement as shown and described, for said parts have been previously used. But I claim having the jointed or folding side rails, B B , made of unequal lengths, and applied to the end pieces, A A , as shown in the drawings, for the purpose set forth, [The object of this invention is to obtain a strong and firm extension table when in an extended or closed state, and one that may be closed or opened with facility.] REGULATING THE ACTION OP A FLY WIIEEL—Abram C. Frederick, of Clarendon, N. Y. : I claim attaching a fly wheel to the machinery upon which it is intended to concentrate its force by the medium of a friction brake, as and for the purpose set forth. SEEDING MACHINES—Jacob Geies and Jacob Brosius, of Belleville, 111. : We are aware that perforated slides, moving rectilinearly in opposite directions have been previously used for distributing seed; and Ave are also aware that slides to vary the orifices of seed receptacles or cells have been previonsly used. We therefore do not claim broadly, and irrespective of construction and arrangement, such devices. But we claim the employment or use of thetwosector plates, B C, constructed as shown, viz., one being provided with an opening, f, and the other with a recess or seed receptacle, g', and ledge, i, the plates being fitted on a common axis, b, and operated through the medium oi the eccentrics, d d, and the connecting rods, D D, attached to the arms, c c, at the desired points, as and for the purpose set forth. [This seed planter will not choke in its distributing device, nor will the seed drop through when the machine is not in operation.] CtaArN SEPABATORS-John R. Moflitt, of St. Louis, Mo- ". I claim the construction and arrangement, sub- , stantially as described of the rotary beater, A, within T-the apron,, in combinafcieaith tue falling sections, B', operating in the manner and for the purposes set forth. RAKE FOE HARVESTERS—C. P. Gronberg, of Geneva, 111. : I claim the guide rods, b and c, and swinging frame, d, carrying the stationary fork, F, in combination with the levers, 1 and n, and traveling fork II, the whole being constructed, operated and arranged in relation to each othsr, in the manner substantially as set forth. COOKING STOVES—Rensselaer D. Granger, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I do not desire to claim exclusively the d -vidintr of the lower flue to the products of combustion. But I claim as an improvement in the stove for which a patent was granted to me on the 1st of March, 1848, forming underneath the oven a chamber through which a current of cold air. entering at the rear of the stove, may pass into the space between the back of the fireplace, and front of the oven, when the said chamber serves the purpose of dividing and dispersing the products of combustion as they pass through the lower flue to the chimney. PILE FOB ROLLING BEAMS—John Griffen, of Phoenix-ville, Pa. : I claim the manufacture of wrought iron I or T girders and bars, by forming the pile of grooved pieces, in combination with the intermediate webbing, arranged and combined in the manner substantially as described. CULTIVATORS—Joshua Gibbs, of Newark, Ohio : I am aware that adjustable and reversible shares have been heretofore used. I do not claim, broadly, to be the inventor of them. I especially disclaim whatever there may be in my device which resembles any portion of J. L. Eastman's pat en t, June 30,1836, R. Ii. Sprin gstead' 8 pa tent, February 12, 1845, and A. Leland's patent, January 2,1849. But I claim a cultivator constructed as described, viz., having its frame, A, made of wrought iron in the form shown, with metallic lipped plates, j, made to slide longitudinally on the frame, the share, C, of the form shown, attached to the plates, j, by bolts m, and capable of being adjusted and reversed, all as specified. [This cultivator provides one which is extremely durable, easily kept in repair, and one that may be adapted to all purposes or modes of culture practiced for " hoed" crops.] REVOLVING BOTTLE CASTERS—Edward Gleason, oi Dorchester, Mass. : I do not claim, separately and broadly, the revolving doors, E, nor the revolving But Iclaim the combination of the pinions, h h h, each moving a caster door and cruet, and the wheel, F, with the piiiion, e', of the rod or arbor, f, the said pinion, e', gearing into a segment rack, d', in the wheel F, as set forth, so that when this combination is actuated through the knob, i, the castor, cruets and doors, to which they are attached, may be rotated independently of the rotation of the body, B, of the custor. [This i.s an improvement on a former patent, and is a very good castor.] BALANCE IRON FOR MILL STONES—Joseph II. Glover, of Skegg' s Creek, Ky. : I am aware that tho bails oi mill stones have been provided with blocks which were interposed between the point of the mill spindle and the interior surface of the bail. But to the best of my knowledge and belief it is new to render such blocks adjustable by means of screws, whereby the stone may at all times be readily balanced, and a better operation of the parts be thus secured, and the quality of the flour improved. In the patent of E. R. Benton, March 31,18-10, a block is interposed between the point of the spindle and the bail. I disclaim everything contained in the Patent oi said Benton which resembles my improvement. I claim the block, B, when made adjustable from the exterior oi the bail by means of screws, d, as and for the purposes set forth. [For a further description of this, see another column.] Loxa TitUNKS'FOR CLEANING COTTON—Isaac Hay-den, of Lawrence, Mass. : I claim covering the partitions of an elon-gated trunk or box for cleaning cotton and other fibrous substances, with woven wire, having the scores formed by the weft, crossing the warp of said wire screen filled with metal or cement, the whole combined in the manner and for the purposes set forth. DUMPING CAR—George W. Hart, of Aurora, Ind. : I claim in combination with the reel, J, the slatted folding floor, 12 3 4 5 6, supported and operated in the manner set forth. FINGES BA.ES FOB. HARVESTERS—J. M. Long, Peter Black and Kobert Allstattcr, of Hamilton, Ohio : We expressly disclaim the formation of finger bars of a single sheet of metal, rounded in front, and with the fingers passing through holes in the said rounded portion, as patented by Moore Patch, Nov. 25,1856. But we ckim the combination of the wrought metallic plates, P P', with the reciprocating cutter bar, A, cutters, (J, and square-shanked fingers B, said parts being constructed and arranged in relation to each other for joint operation, in the manner shown and described for the purposes set forth. CANB 'SSJUSTV—ITobias Marcus, of New York City : I claim the adjustable mold board, F, arranged and operated by means of the circular Blide, M,in combina-nation with the adjustable beam, A, and socket, B, secured by braces, C and N, in the manner and for the purpose as described and shown in the drawings and specifications. BEE HIVES—Henry M. McClellan, of York, Pa. : I claim the combination of the sections, A B C, connected as shown with the rotating doors, Dagitating and regulating wires, E, ventilating tubes, F, and tolling and feeding cups G.the said parts being constructed and arranged in relation to each other in the manner and for the purposes described. MACHINES FOR ROLLING DOUGH—John McCollum, oi New York City; I claim the combination with rollers, suitable for rolling dough, or similar substances, of an endless feeding band or platform, moving on pulleys or friction rollers, as required, the band not being geared to the rollers in any way, and being free to take its motion from the dough. EGG BEATERQ—Harvey Miller, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I do not claim the ratchet bar or revolving shaft and beaters. But I claim the frame, A B, having a ratchet bar, g, and revolving beater, c d, in combination with the jar or can, as described, for the purposes set forth. LIFTING JACKS—David L. Miller, of Madison, N. J. : I do not claim to be the inventor of the individual or separate parts of the described screw jack. But I claim the adjustable cylinder, B, shoe, C, inner cylinder or adjustable standard, D, in combination with the main or lifting screw, A, and gearing, IS and F, arranged and operated as described and shown in the drawings. MACHINE FOR THREADING BOLTS—Wm. Sellers, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the use of a die box and cams, substantially as described, when these are so arranged as to be capable of revolving about a common center at different velocities for the purpose of opening or closing the dies. I claim arranging the cams so as to leave open spaces between them, substantially as described, in combination with the die box and dies as described, to facilitate the changing of the dies. 1 also claim the mode of attaching the tap-holder to the revolving die-box, substantially as described. PLOWS—W. W. Skinner, of Davenport, Iowa : I do not claim the rolling; cutter, the use of the front wheels, the lever, beam, and plowshare, the rod mold board, or any of the described parts, except as shown and set forth. But I claim the mold board, B E, B E, B E, friction roller, M, rotary cutter, a, wheels, p, adjusting lever, T, and seat, Z, when combined and arranged and operated in tho manner and for the purpose set forth. CULTIVATORS—A. Q. Withers, of Redbanks, Miss. : I claim hanging the stock bars, G G, to the frame by hinge joints, so as to give them a vibratory play side-wise, substantially in the manner and for the pnrpose specified. GAS LIGHTING LANTERNS—Abel Wilson, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I wish it to be understood that although I prefer three corrugated cones, 1 do not desire to confine myself to that precise number or form of cones, as one cone only will serve the desired purpose, and as the cones may be made plain instead of corrugated. But what I claim is surmounting the body or casing of the lantern with its hollow perforated cone, C, in combination with the cone, D, when the same are arranged and constructed, substantially in the manner set forth, and for the purpose specified. CLOTHES WRINGEE—Riley Smith, of Towanda, Pa.: I am fully aware clothes have been wrung in a cloth, bag or net, by applying the power that twists said cloth, bag or net, at one or both of their ends. This I do not claim— But I claim, in combination with the cloth, bag, or net that contains the clothes that are to be wrung, a twisting or wringing device, composed of a cord, i, and the lever, Z, when said cord is united to or winds around the clothes receiver, and the lever can slide thereon, so as to apply the greatest pressure nearer the center of the clothes receptacle, and moved where most desired or required, and as set forth. SAUSAGE MACHINES—W. Sniff, of Fultonham, Ohio: I am aware that teeth or knives have been attached to a rotating drum or cylinder, and stationary knives or cutters have been iised in connection therewith, and placed within a suitable box, I therefore do not claim broadly and se parately the cutting device shown. Nor do I claim broadly the employment of a plunger working within a cylinder or trunk for stuffing cases wich sausage meat, forsuGh devices are in common use, although arranged differently from that shown and described. But I claim the stuffing device formed of the cylindrical trunk, H, provided with slots, k k', and the plunger, J, attached to the rod, K, as shown, when the above parts are arranged relatively with the box, B, for the cutting device, so that the within described parts may operate conjointly, as and for the purpose set forth. [The object of this invention is to make sausages direct from the meat at one operation. The machine is a combination of a cutting and stuffing device, both being operated conjointly.] CIASPS FOR METALLIC HOOPS—J. E. Spcer, of Pitta-burg, Pa. : I claim the use of a hollow clasp, or fastening for metallic bands, of the shape shown in the drawings, through which the ends of the hoop are passed in opposite directions, and the projecting extremeties bent over the clasp, and inserted into an aperture in the middle of the clasp, in the manner before described. PHOTOGRAPHIC PLATE HOLDER—John Stock, of New York City : I claiml 1st, A plate holder for photographic or otherpurposes, with movable pieces, F, to support the glass or plate, constructed in the manner specified, and for the purpose of accommodating different sizes of plates. Second, I claim the plates, H and TJ, acted upon by springs for the purpose of keeping the pieces, F F, in any desired position. PROPELLING CARS AND CARRIAGES UY HOUSE POWER —H. G. Vanderwerken, of Greenbush, N. Y. : I claim, first, So arranging the endless belt platform on a frame, independent ofthe truck, that the return part or underside of the belt may rest upon, and gear into pinions on one or hoth axles and thus cause them to rotate in the direction in which the horse is apparently walking without the use of any intermediate gearing, in the manner substantially as specified. Second, I claim supporting the endless belt platform on the axles ofthe truck, in such manner that when the horse is at work, it will assume an incliaed position, and when at rest a horizontal one, in the manner and for the purposes set forth. MACHINE FOR MOLDING SHELLS—W. H. Ward, of Auburn, N. Y. : I claim, first Adjusting the semi-flasks to the pattern, to the molding bed and each other, by means of a circular V-shaped guides, constructed unu arranged as described. Second, The combination of the V-guidcs, witli the ribs, g g', and the recesses, n o', in the base of the ilask, for adjusting the pouring tube to the gate pattern. Third, The combination of the adjusting screws, d, in the base of the pattern, with the adjustable eccentric rod, arranged as described, for adjusting and raising the pattern, so that its center will coincide with the plane ofthe molding plate. Fourth, The combination of the core pin and adjusting flange, c, with the core pin holder, and adjusting recess, the whole arranged in the manner and for the purpose set forth. PLOWS—R. B. Winston, of Richmond, Va. : I claim the construction ofthe beam, aa described, in combination with the land side, when the said beam is cast in one piece with the land side, ill the manner described, and for the purpose set forth. DRIVING BOX FOR LOCOMOTIVES—J. E. Wootten, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the adjusting plate, C, or its equivalent, in combination with the divided journal box, B B, as described, for the purpose and in the manner set forth. CLEANING THE TOP CARDS OV CARDING MACHINES— Horace Woodman, of Biddeiord, Me. : I do not claim the use of corrugated arches, affixed to the card frame, as a means of moving the cleanser frame, the same having been claimed by me in my former Letters Patent. Nor do I claim as new any device or machinery which is substantially described in my former Letters Patent. But I claim, first, The peculiar conatruction and arrangement of fixed corrugated arches. R and R', and traversing corrugated arches, G and G, with gears, L and L', operating in the manner and for the purposes specified. Second I claim the peculiar construction and arrangement of tangent pinion, J, with section of teeth, 0 o, and cavities, 9 and 10. at its ends, operating in combination with the plane face of gear, Y, in the manner and for the purposes specified. Third, I claim the said jointed lifters, constructed and operated as specified. MOWING MACHINES—Ephraim Ball, of Canton, O., assignor to himself and John Butter, of Buffalo, N. Y.; 1 claim the combination of the short curved brace rod, R,with the rigid and broad angle attachment ot the inclined bar, 2, to the finger bar, P, the whole arranged for joint operation, substantially as and for the purpose above set forth. GOLD AND SILVER ORES—Joseph A. Bertola, (assignor to himself and John Stagg) of New York City : I claim the use of pyroligneous or other vegetable acids having similar chemical action, in treating gold or silver ores or "tailings" preparatory to amalgamation, substantially as described. FASTENING HARNESS TRACES—Joseph W. Briggs, of Cleveland, O., assignor to J. A. Lazell, of Plainsville, O. : I d o not claim a s m y invention the eccentric which presses the trace against curvatures in the bed plate; neither do I lay anyclaim to a cam lever in any way. But I claim the raised or elevated parts of the trace, C C C C, when used in combination with a cam lever as set forth. MACHINE FOR SAWING BEVELED CURVES—John C. Hintz, of Cincinnati, O. : 1 claim, first, The cranes, D D', with the traversing and turning rests, E F, E' F', communicating by means substantially as described, with a winch, g, or its equivalent, convenient to the hand of the sawyer in the described combination with a scroll saw and feed roller for the purpose set Second, I claim in this connection the rest, J j, constructed and operated substantially as and for the purposes set forth. CLEANING GAS RETORTS—S. W. Carpenter (assignor to Wm. W. Woodworth) of Yonkers, N. Y. : I do not claim as my invention the principle of the use of stead or stame as a cleanser of gas apparatus. But I claim the method or process of the introduction of water directly into the heated retort (the charge being drawn or exhausted) there to be converted into steam or stame, free to unite with and remove the carbonaceous or other deposit contained in the retort or pipes, substantially in the manner set forth. PRINTING PRESS—John Henry, of Vevay, Ind.: I claim, first, The frisket carriage, M, attached to the frame, D, as shown and used in connection with the inclined bars or guides, j j, whereby said trisket carriage and its frisket is elevated at the termination of the outward stroke ofthe frame, so that a blank sheet may be readily and conveniently adjusted on the frisket or a printed sheet be discharged therefrom, as described. Second, I claim the frisket., N, when used for the purpose of discharging or delivering a printed sheet as set forth. Third, I claim the combination of the pressure cylinder, J, and frame, D, when said cylinder is operated automatically by the wedges, L L, and spring, Q, as shown so as to be depressed at the proper time, and give the necessary impression to the sheet, and also be thrown up free from the sheet after the impression has been given, as described. Fourth, I claim the arrangement of the feed board, B, and fly board, C, when arranged as shown, so that said boards are made adjustable and capable of being removed at one side, so as to render the working parts of the pres3 accessible, as described. [A description of this invention will be found on another page.] CORN HARVESTERS—Adam Ilumberger, of Somerset, O. : I am aware that shafts, with revolving arms and knives have been used in connection with guards for conducting cut stalks upon a platform or table. Therefore, I do not claim these devices as heretofore emicloyed, neither do I claim the carrying table, P, when moved with its supporting frame. But I claim, first, The large shafts, or rollers. E E, turning upon the fixed axle, I) D, and having radial arms, L L and H H, with knives, 11, in combination with the guards, M M, G G and F F, and knives, K K, for the purpose of cutting the stalks, and securely conducting them across the table, B, to the binding table, JP, as set forth. Second, I claim the table, P, when movable upon its supporting frame, in combination with lever, tJ, and clamps, 11 R, for binding and shacking the corn, as set forth. STANDARD FOR SEATS—John Irwin, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the combination of the screw and spring, forming an improvement in adjustable and elastic standards for seats, as set forth. GANG PLOWS—E. C. Jones, of Pittsburg, Pa, ; I claim, first, The arrangement of the hinged beairw, C C, and springs, D D', or any equivalent do vice therefor, when constructed and operating substantially as described. Second, The coupling of the plows to a front bar, G, and back bar, IT, as described, which bars can be roisea or lowered by means of the rack rods, 35 17, and segment levers, F F, or any equivalent means in their place, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. PLOWS—John Lane, of Lockport, 111. : I claim first. The rigid foundation or frame, when constructed with a taper point and inclined ilanch which projects nearly at right anglesfrom the Ian il side ofthe plow underneath the mold board and lay for use, in combination with a yielding mold board, a yielding steel lay which has a complete taper socket at its point, and with a steel landside facing substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This improvement will be found described in another column. ] PJEDAL BASE FOR MELODEONS, .—G. W. Lane and Wm. N. Manning, of Rockport, Mass. : We claim, first, The arrangement ofthe valves, the reeds and the air chamber of the pedal bass upon the pedal board, or otherwise in an equivalent manner arranging the same behind the pedals, so that tho whole ofthe pedal base is rendered portable, and pun be attached to any instrument by simply connecting its air chamber by a pipe with the bellowa of the instrument, substantially as described. Second, The arrangement of the valves, with their lever-like stems, inclined planes, and springs, substantially as described, for the purpose of combining the valves with the pedals to be operated thereby. [This pedal base ia portable, and can be applied to any melodeon already in use, or one constructed on purpose] . SEKD FL.VNTF.ES—TV.nipl B. Neal, of Mount Gilead, Ohio : I do not claim that any of the members of my machine are new. Nor do I claim to have been the first who has dropped the grain at pleasure ofthe operator in a power planter. But I claim the peculiar arrangement of handle, II, rod, J, bars, D M and C, slides, i i, and lever, Ci when used in the manner and for the purpose described. ROCK DRILLS—Joseph E. Nesen, of New York City : I am aware that rock drills have been previously mounted so as to be capable of being adjusted in one direction only, viz., in a vertical plane, longitudinal with the frame on which they are placed ; and I am also aware that means similar to that described, lias, been employed for effecting the purpose. The ratchet, Q, and pawls, R R, have also been used. I therefore do not claim the ratchet, Q, and pawls, Nor do I claim the slotted semi-circular plates, M M, and their connection with the frame N, as shown, when separately considered. Nor do I claim the wiper or tappet, L. But I claim attaching the semi-circular slotted plates, M M, and frame, N, to the adjustable frame, Jfi, fitted to the upright:5, c c, of the frame, A, as shown, and for the purpose set forth. [In another part of our paper a description of this will be found.] LIME KILNS—Jacob Newkirk, of Factory villr,N. Y. : I claim instead of taking the upper fire flues directly from the fire chamber into the interior of the kiln, the carrying a portion of the flame and heat up into the arch, and thence by the upper flues into the stack or interior of the kiln, by which means I economise tui'l make a better distribution of the pit, and lr,t. r.v -Iraft than when it is taken alone and mmediately fro the fire chamber, as set forth. SEEDING MACHINES—David O. Paige and John Cla-y, of Dayton, Ohio : We are aware that pins and flanches have been attached to rotating drums or cylinders, for the purpose of agitating the seed in the seed boxes of seeding machines, and prevent'ng the choking and clogging of the same. # But we are not aware that spiral flanches placed m reverse positions on drunks or cylinders, so as to give a reciprocating or vibratory movement to the seed, and thereby effecting a greater agitation than usual, naye been used. We do not claim, therefore, broadly, and irrespective of the arrangement shown, t he employment or uau of spiral fianches or pins placed in spiral rows on drums or cylinders, for they have been previously used. But we claim the spiral 'fhuiches, c d, placed in reverse positions on the rotating cylinders, D D, within the hopper, A, substantially as and for the purpose wet forth. [This is a very good seed planter, and its parts are well arranged.] COTTON AND HAY PRESSES—George W. Penniaton, of North Vernon, Ind. : I claim connecting each ot the ropes which operates the toggle to which the press anS draw back the plunger to separate, and independent capstan barrels, arranged to turn freely on the same 107 Bhaft, provided with a device to lock either of them to Baid shaft when desired, as described, so as to save three-fourths of the time heretofore required to retract the press, and the time and labor of reversing the horse twice for each bale pressed. RAILROAD CAR WIIEELS—Michael Phelan, of Bridge-water, Pa. : I claim the curved projections on the disk of four reversed sines, forming arms, in combination with braces and a series of arches, so arranged on the disk or front plate of four reversed sines, so as to give a uniform spring to all parts of the casting in cooling, relieving the wheel from all contingent strain, and giving the greatest possible strength for the weight of iron used, and for the application ot said curved projections and combination of arch s and braces, without a front plate in casting car wheels, as described. CORN PLANTERS—Bradley L. Prime, of Hamilton, Ohio : I claim the yielding partitions, c, of the hopper, constructed, arranged and operating as and for the purpose set forth, in combination with the secondary projections, n n' n", of the cam, E, the whole operating as described. CORN HARVESTERS—John H. Pvibbe, of Somerset, Ohio : I claim the combination af the bed, f, and arms, k 1, with the movable carriage, C, or its equivalent, so as to receive the cut product' and deposit the same, as described. I also claim the re-entrant reel, in combination with the receiving apparatus, as described. MACHINES FOR MAKING BROOMS—Spencer Howe, of Baltimore, Md. : I claim the employment of the double pawl, operating on the ratchet wheels, c c, and hollow shaft, B, the rock shaft, D, and rods if, all arranged as described, when in combination with the guide, E, and friction spools, G-, and bobbin, F, for the purpose of manufacturing corn brooms in a superior manner. RIDING SADDLES—Joseph Rudisill, of Natchez, Miss. : I do not claim a spring seat saddle, broadly. Neither do I claim having the foundation of the can-tel hinged to the tree, and rendered capable of yielding by a rubber spring, as in the patent of Seth Ward, 1857. Neither do I claim, bi-oadly, a spring arranged at the head of the tree for assisting in rendering' the seat elastic. But I claim the peculiar arrangement of a series of light flat springs, a a, in a circular line around the upper side of the cantel foundation, B, of the tree, A A, for use in combination with the coiled spring, G, as peculiarly arranged under the head, C, of the tree, said springs being actuated simultaneously by means of the seat, E, and webbing or foundation, D, as and for the purposes set forth. [This invention is designed to render horseback riding more comfortable and pleasant. It -provides a seat which yields to the descent of the weight of the rider upon it, and then instantly assumes its original form as soon as the weight rebounds, or rises off of it, ready for a second descent of the weight upon it, as in pacing and trotting.] SEED PLANTERS—John Robinson, of Eli, of Sharps, town, Md. : I claim, first, Regulating the quantity of earth deposited over and adjacent to the seed, by means of adjustable stops, d, when used in connection with the curved arms, G', lifting arms, E, and adjustable strap, I, in connection with the adjustable coverer, k, the whole constructed and operating as and for the purpose set forth. Second, The combined arrangement of the vibrating box, I, lifting arm, F, adjustable strap, k, and adjustable stop, d, the whole operating as and for the purpose set forth. WOEKBOXES—Charles C. Schmitt, of New York City : 1 do not claim separately or apart from the general construction of the box or escritoir, any of the parts described. But I claim a workbox and escritoir constructed as described, viz., the hinged or folding front side, n, provided with the flap, p, the recesses in the top to receive the writing and sewing implements, the secret drawers, z z and a, concealed by the sliding plate or bottom, t, the whole being arranged or disposed as shown and described, for the purpose of forming a combined work-box and escritoir. [For a description of this refer to page 107.] SPREADING LIME AND OTHER FERTILIZERS—Pierpont Seymour, of East Bloomfield, N. Y. : I do not claim the U3e of the levers, rods, or eccentric or zig-zag wheels whereby I communicate motion from the carriage wheel to the distributing works, as such devices art well known, and in use for various purposes. But I claim the combination and arrangement of a series of vibratory plates or distributors, d, attached tc and working upon the face of an inclined plane or distributing surface, C, by means of the rod, F, or an j equivalent connection that will give the required motion to one end of said plates, while another portion h stationary upon the board or plane, in the majmei'iand for the purposes described. MACHINE BANDING—Charles Lensmann, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : I do not claim the weborthe composition separately; neither do I claim broadly saturating WGMOS. Woven from fibrous materials with the composition above described. But I do claim as a new manufacture the machine banding, substantially as before described. RAILROAD CAR WHEELS—A. B. Latta, of Cincinnati. O. : I claim the wheel constructed, as represented, in its partst for the purpose of producing a tension stress on the dished wrought iron plates, B B, for binding the rima together, by drawing the plates, B B, apart in the center, and holding them by the ring, g, as represented, and substantially for purposes specified. KNITTING MACHINES—S. D. Fairbanks, (assignor to himself and C. H. Adam3,) of Cohoes, N. Y. : I do not claim a latch regulator, with a point to pass under the latches after they are closed, such as is described and represented in the patent granted to Jonas B. and Her-rick Aiken, May 22,1855; neither do I claim a yarn carrier, in combination with a latch regulator, as described in said patent. But what I do claim is a latch interceptor, consisting of a bar or arm, arranged in such a position over the needles as to intercept the latches after they are opened or thrown back by the stitches of the fabric knit, and hold them open until the yarn is supplied to form new stitches, and then allow them to be closed again, substantially as described. I also claim, in combination With the above described interceptor, the yarn carrier, f, for the purpose of delivering the yarn, substantially as set forth in the specification. SEWING MACHINES—Geo. Fetter,- (assignor to himself and Edward Jones,) of Philadelphia, Pa. ; I do not claim exclusively imparting to the pressure bar a lateral motion from the reciprocating motion of the needle bar. But I claim the needle bar, H, with its adjustable lever, L, in combination with the slide, I, and its projections, n and j, the whole being arranged for joint operation, substantially in the manner and tor tlie purpose set forth. CARD PRINTING MACHINE—J. S. Moody, (assignor to T. F. and J. F. Randolph,) of Cincinnati, O. : 1 claim the arrangement of the arm, c, when provided with the form, d, distributing plate, f, rods, yy feed plate, S, duct, i, guide plate, 12, spring, J, and lever, h, and these arranged with the levers, R R, and spring, K, when said levers are furnished with ink rolls, m m, and distributing rolls, o, and the whole arranged with the vertical oblong openings in the lower part of the frame, B B, In which the Bhaft, 10, works to admit of the arm, c, being raised vertically to make an impression by pressing down the end of the lever, h, on the fulcrum, 33, and thus elevating the ami, c, as before stated, the whole tlnu combined, arranged, constructed, and operated, as represented, in the manner and for the purposes of feeding blank cards to the machino, inking the form, making the impression, and discharging the card rfrom the machine after being printed as specified, and represented in the accompanying drawings. MACHINES FOR SHEAVING CLOTH—M. D. Whipple, of Charlestown, Mass., assignor to A. B. Ely, of Boston, Mass, : I claim removing the rest, E, away from beneath the sheaving knives, and holding the cloth against the ledger blade by tension, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set for:h. PAINT VEHICLE—Isaac Gattman. (assignor to himself and Jacob andD. E. Breinig,) of Philadelphia, Pa. ; I do not claim exclusively the use of watery solutions for mixing paints. But I claim the employment of the alkaline salts of the fatty acids, oleate, margarate, sterate of potash, soda, and like substances in combination with rosin and oil, as a thinner for paints instead of oil, substantially in the manner set forth and for the purpose specified. KE-I88UE. GRAIN AND GRASS HARVESTERS—Wm. H. Seymour (assignor to himself and D. S. Morgan), of Brockport, N. Y. Patent dated Dec. 14, 1852—Ante-dated Oct. 25, 1852 : I claim the combination of the platform, the driving gear, the space between the platform and driving gear for the discharge of gavel, the draught pole and the stand or rest on the plattorm for the forker, when the same are arranged substantially as described. GRAIN AND GRASS HARVESTERS—Wm. H. Seymour (assignor to himself and D. S. Morgan), of Brockport, N. Y. Patent dated Dec. 14,, 1852—Ante-dated Oct. 25, 1852 : I claim the combination with the stand or rest, W, upon the rear side of the platform, for the person who rakes olf the grain, and with the platform of a strong rail, r, firmly secured to the outer side of the main frame, and extending thence along the rear side of the platform to support it and the stand for the forker, substantially as set forth. GRAIN AND GRASS HARVESTERS—Wm. H. Seymour (assignor to himself and D. S. Morgan), of Brockport, N. Y. Patent dated Dec. 14, 1852—Ante-dated Oct 25, 1852 : I claim the method described of protecting he gearing from being injured by the working and twisting of the main frame by mounting the said gearing in an auxiliary metallic frame, constructed and firmly attached to the main frame, as described. DESIGN. COOKING STOVE—Elias Young (assignor to Chamberlain Co.), of Cincinnati. O.
This article was originally published with the title "How Wine is Made in California" in Scientific American 13, 14, 105-107 (December 1857)