This cotton press belongs to that class 1 wherein the power is obtained by a system of "X levers called " toggles" It is intended for ,(, horse or hand power ; and the inventor states Hjthat with the one which was tried at Madison, Ind, he put twentyseven pounds of hay into a space of one cubic foot, and that he has a power of 300 tuns It is equally applicable for hay or cotton, and the chief improvement is, that the horse only travels in one directionone round in the same direction that pressed the bale rendering the press ready for the next In our engravings, Fig 1 is a perspective view of the press, and Fig 2 a section of its working parts The same letters refer to similar parts in each A is a base or platform, qnite level, and A' is the casing or frame B is a door, there being a similar one on the opposite side C is ; an upper door or shutter, which is held down by a catch when the bale is being pressed, and D is a bar, connected with the opposite door to B, having a catch on it, which fastens into a slit in a cross bar on B, and so fastens them both E is the bale, and F is a bar that has a pendant from its end, which, when the follower has pressed the bale to its full extent, releases D, and allows it to be bound and removed G is an axle, having an arm, ff, with a screw through it, that operates F by pushing it out, and being also connected with the toggle, H, which is hinged at i to the lever, I, which is hinged to the follower and carriage, I', by a pivot, i' The rope that pul'' the lever down, and so moves the follower, is fastened at i", then passing round a pulley, a, goes over another pulley, i"'t on I, and passing under the pul ley, a', is wound round J This pulley is so arranged on an axle that by raising or lowering it, it can be thrown in or out of gear with the axis, so that the lever, K, will either turn it or allow it to rest, and instead, turn the lower pulley that contains the rope, M, which draws back the follower carriage, I' The operation is simple; the follower being drawn back, A' is filled with hay or cotton, and the ropes adjusted; the doors, B and C, are shut and secured, and the lever, K is rotated ; this pulls down I, and consequently forces in the follower, and when the cotton or hay is fully compressed, the screw stop on g, pushes F, the pendant on which releases the catch, D, the doors open, and the bale can be be bound and drawn out; the top wheel of J in the frame, L, is then slightly raised, another turn given to the handle, K, and the follower drawn back, ready to repeat the process This press was patented December 1, 1857, by the inventor, G W Penniston, North Vernon, Jennings co, Ind, from whom all further particulars can be obtained