At this summer’s Lindau Nobel Laureates meeting in Germany, participating laureates and young researchers came from all over the world to discuss chemistry. The Nature Video team filmed three discussions on issues that matter to the current generation of chemists, including the world's pressing problems and how chemistry can help us to solve them. 

Some of the dialogue focused on the role that science play in the developing world. In this second of the three filmed discussions, Nobel Peace Prize winner José Ramos-Horta and Israeli Nobel laureate Dan Shechtman discuss the issue with young researchers from South Africa, India and the U.S. Science and politics collide as the group grapple with funding problems, social responsibility and culture. The laureates emphasize that science alone is not enough; researchers must work with industry and government to solve the problems of the developing world.