Reported Officially far the Scientific American Issued from the United States Patent Office for THE WEEK ENDING JANUARY 4, 1853. HECKLING* FLAX AND HEMPmdash;By J. P Arnold, of Louisville, Ky. : I do not confine myself to any particular form or arrangement of the parts, so long as the machine is so constructed that it will operate as set forth, I claim the method of heckling hemp by subjecting it to the action of a series of mixed beaters and combs, the teeth of the latter beingof varyinglength mdash;some of them projecting so far, and others beyond the beaters, and the whole operating substantially as set forth. Also a rest, having a narrow slot open at one end in combination with a concave projecting beyond the end of the cylinder at the open end of the rest, as set forth. FOR SAWING STONEMDASH;Ey Jas. T Bruen Jas. G-Wilson, of Hastings, N. Y. : We claim lifting the eawa at or sufficiently near the middle of the stroke, to effect the specified purpose. Also interposing India rubber or its equivalent, between the ways, and the inclined projections which lift the saw frame, as specified. SSLF-WINDING TELEGRAPHIC REGISTERSmdash;By 3 J. Clark, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I do not claim the application of the click and ratchet whael, operated by an electro-magnet, vibrating a lever to cause rotation and obtain power ; but I claim regalatingthe eurr8nt,through the coil of the electro-magnet of the self- winding apparatus, by means of the relative motion of the spring shaft andspring box, so that when the spring has been wound up to1 a certain point, that current shall be cat off, and the self-winding apparatus ceass to act. Eoit PLANING MOULDINGSMDASH;By J.D, Dale, of Philadelphia, Pa.: I claim arranging a series of sets of moulding cutters or plane irons, side by side, along the length of a rotating stock, as specified, when this is combined with rotating saws or their equivalents, interposed and projecting beyond the periphery of the cutter for separating the several mouldings formed on one plank, as specified, whereby the operations of planing the several mouldings, and separating them, are performed at one and the same operation, and accuracy of work secured, as set forth. FOR PLANING MOULDINGSMDASH;By J. D. Dale, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I do not limit myself to the number of knives or rollers to be used, nor to the manner of operating the rollers, as these may be varied at pleasure, nor to the use of all my improvements in one machine. I claim attachingtheplaningirontoa plane stock, which is hinged to an adjustable sliding plate, as specified, by means of which combination the plane iron can be readily thrown up to be sharpened without the necessity of takiag it out of the machine, as set forth. Also the adjustable sliding plane, as described, when combined with the separate movable mouthpiece by the means as described, flo that in setting the plane iron, a differential motion is given to the mouth-piece, in order to vary to any desired thickness the shaving, that when the plane is set to cut a thick or thin shaving, the mouth-piece shall receive a corresponding set. as described, G-RAiN WASHERSmdash;ByGreorge George W. Feaga, of Fiederick, Md. : We claim the method, as described, of separating grain from smut, garlic, and other impurities by raC washing it in a trough or reservoir of water, where the separation takes place, and then conveying the washed grain to a drying apparatus, where it is thoroughly dried, the whole operation being performed as set forth. CRUTCHESMDASH;By J. S. Gallahar, Jr., of Washington, D. C : I ctim, first, the revolving, plain, or corrugated spring top, in combination with an air cushion as described. Second, in combination with the revolving spring top, the sliding joint applied to the staff of a crutch, in the manner described. Third, in combination with the sliding staff, the revolving handle, extension ferrule, and elatic bulb, as set forth. HILL SIDE PLOWSMDASH;By J. C. Bidwell J. Hall, of Pittaburgj Pa.- executors of Samuel Hall, dec : We claim the manner of arranging the mould boardsup-on the land side, to wit,placing theirhinges at such a distance from each other on ach side of thft centre of the land side, that each mould board may be supported by the edges, and projection, as far as practicable, from the hinges and rest upon the grooves near the middle of the land side3 as set forth. Hoss PIPESmdash;By Richard HolIingR, of Boston, Maas, : I claim hanging the spread to the hose-pipe, by means of pins passing through the collar (which allow it to vibrate) in combination with adjusting apparatus, for varying the position of the spread in the manner specified. LATHES FOR IKREGTTLAR FORMSMDASH;By B. P. Jenkins Luke L. Knight, of Barre, Mass. : We do not claim the vibrating cutter cylinder and vibrating work carriage ; bat we claim giving the necessary relative vibrations to the cutter cylinder and work carriage, by crank pins oreccentricsupon the axes of a pair of toothed wheels, of which one is toothed all round its periphery, and the other upon any auita-bleportion of its periphery, the latter wheel having a constant rotary motion applied, which gives an intermittent rotary motion to the former wheel, whereby the said cutter cylinder and work carriage receive, the one a constant vibratory motion, and the other an intermittent vibratory motion, as described. ORE WASHERSmdash;By Merritt, Peekham Lucius O Palmer, of Utica, N. Y. : We claim the interior cylinder with indented ends and wings, attached as described to operate as a discharging apparatus attached to the interior of an inclined revolving screen, as specified. POTATO DIGGERSMDASH;By F. C.Senaffer,of Brooklyn, N. Y. : I am aware that machines have been previously used for digging potatoes, but in these machines the potatoes are dug or scooped from the hilla by means of a concave or scoop formed of a single piece, the brush cylinder carrying the potatoes up the (MlnrMlVft a,rid intn thfi rHpert.i.fitfi. T tlir(fnrA Hn noi claim the above arrangement ; but I claim the arrangement and combination of the scoop and endless apron, by which, the potatoes are dug or scooped from the hills, and the dirt thoroughly separated therefrom, as they pass up the endless apron into the receptacle, TONGUING AND GROOVING MACHINESmdash;By Wm. Watson, of Chicago. 111. : I claim the method, substantially as described, of tonguing and grooving boards, by means of knives arranged in the plane of the aides of the tongues or grooves, with their cut-tiDg edjes inolined towards their rear extremities, so as to cut gradually deeper and deeper as the board passes them, when in combination with cutting instruments arranged between these side knives to reduce or remove the surplus wood which is severed by them, as specified. PRINTING PRESSESmdash;By Jeptha A. Wilkinson, of Fireplace, N. Y. : I am not aware that type have ever been formed with two parallel sides and two sides tapering on the radii of a circle, with a groove on one side and a projection on the other, so that on setting the parallel sides together, and the tapering sides together, and placing the projecting beads into the corresponding grooves, a cylinder is formed of firmly secured tvpe, with their faces equi-distant from the centre, by which means the printing is effected, the same as though the whole were solid in a perfect cylindrical form, this constitutes the essence of my invention, and the other parts claimed are the means to use, bo form, regulate, and work the main invention, and for parts growing out of or connected with the same. First, the application of notches or grooves and heads, or projections on the shafts of type, tapered to the radii of a circle, for the purpose of locking said type together, and securing it in place on a cylinder, as described. Second, the mode described, of forming column lines, rules, rings, and blocking, so that they are adapted to the cjlinder and to the type, with notches and projections, to lock iiit the type and cylinder, as described. Third, the mode described, of constructing the type cylinder, with heads, the one head having a bead or projection, the other with a notch or groove around in its face, near the edge, for the purpose of receiving and securing the type or other parts composed on the surface of said cylinders, such heads beic g fitted with means to compress and hold the type and parts in a cylindrical form, for the purpose of printing by a rotary movement, as described. Fourth, the mode of constructingthe compositor's stick in the form of the part of a cylinder, with flanches having beads or grooves, so as to hold the type in segments of a circle, while composing or setting up, preparatory to the placing of the same in the galley or proof cylinder, as described. Filth, the mode of constructing and applying the galley or proof cylinder, so that it shall receive and hold the type in circular form, from the composing stick, and retain the type and the needful parts in place, for correction and proof, and for transferring the same to the type cylinder, the parts being con structed and operating as destribed. Sixth, the mode of forming and constructing the type holder or grab, to enclose, take hold of, and securely lift a mass of type from the galley or proof cylinder, and transfer the mass, either to the type cylinder or to a stack, for future use, or to reverse or vary either of these operations as may be needed, the instrument being constructed and operating in the manner described. Seventh, the application*and arrangement of the pulleys, bands, and guide plates, so placed and moving, so as to carry the sheet of paper from the press, in lines diverging, vertically, and conveying horizontally, under, between, and over the guide piates, thereby presenting the paper in a folded form, to the compressing rollers, as described. Eighth, the application ot the pressrollers to compress the folded paper, and lead that out ot the folding apparatus- and the combination of tbff standing roller, revolving shear, standing shear, valve, and cam, to effect the cutting of the folded paper, as it issues from the rollers, and guide the fresh cut edge clear of the standing shear, the whole being as de* scribed. PIANOFORTE HAMMERSmdash;By Kudolph Kreter, of New York City (assignor to Robert Nunns John Clark) : I claim, first, the application of the felt or other covering material to the whole set of hammer heada at one operation, as described. Second, the clamp, bar, levers, pulleys, ad block, withthe sliding fr.ime, in combination, as deacri-bed, but without limiting myself to the precise shapes and proportions or positions of the said parts, provided the arrangement embrace the means of hold* ing the set of hammer heads, and of bringing them to bear upon a table containing the strips of ieltdescribed, and also holding and moving the whole together either horizontally or vertically to and from the jaws of the vise, as get forth. Third, the vise, in combination with and enclosing the barand block, as described. Fourth, the lip pieces, in combination with said vise, as described. Fifth, the levers anil springs in combination with the vise, for producing the pressure upon the sides of the felt during the passage of the hammer heads, between the jaws of the vise, as described. Sixth, the method of increasing or diminishing the pressure of the levers upon the viee, by means of the movable bridge, in combination withthe press, as described. BOTTLE STOPPERSmdash;By Walter Hunt (assignor to Charles T, Kipp), of New York City: I am aware that there have been other plans of self-acting stoppers, recently introduced, all of which have the saine objection of producing an uncertain scattering or over discharge, and are constructed upon principles widely different from my plan. I claim the combination of the circular cap and central shaft, viz , the swivel, pendulous and sliding motions, by means of which, without regard to which side of the stopper is upward, (when it is placed horizontally or nearly so) the under portion of the cap s wings off from the flange thereby producing a downward opening between the two for the requisite discharge of the liquids contained.