Reported Officially for the Scientific American Iisued from the United States Patent Office FOR TUB WEEK NDINQ MAT 3, 1863, REVOLVING TIRE-ARMS—By Robert Adams, of London, Eng. Patented in England Feb. 24,1851 : I claim combining with the frame and the hammer, the spring, for holding the hammer back, as stated. 1 also claim the sear attached to the trigger, by a swivel joint, and acting on the hammer, substantial ]y as described. I also claim the stop or projection on the trigger, for holding the chambers in position, when firing, a3 described. EXBKOISINO MACHINES—By Eichaid L. Hinsdale, of New York Oity : 1 claim the bows on their hubs, and the strings and handles, either alone or in combination with the spring and vibrating platform, as described. 1 also claim the elafltio reciprocators made and operating as describe. , ' _ Also the bows on the 1r*fefeir equivalents, either alone or in fpriog plat form, for the purpose ??m Wf scribed, ggflHHHPlfgyi 1',, ri.l- C'VijM.K ArfflBffiS*l i'Vi' of i?rosU1ence, ti. I. JljB*r i 185-3 : t claim, c""* WBBMnBB iraosfmred IVoni pl**HHRNjl' in the process of casting tnpplln ?" " oven for heating tMBHRBPMf Pot Pr6' pare the fat for nMHHPP***** foe drawing the candles from tits fflWSiirKs ** forth. Second, in combinntSou with ri r oTing atandsof monM-s I claim the counterpoised hooks or the equivalent thereof, arranged and operating as Bet forth to aid in drawing the candles and centering the wick ia such manner as to dispense with much of the care and skill heretofore required for the performance of this operation. Third, I claim an elastic er a yielding cap for Ba lawer end or tip of the moulds which performs toe two functions of stopper, and the friction brake to stretch the wick,,as set forth. Fourth, I claini'the wick clamp, constructed and operating as set forth. MANURE CARTS—By Daniel Reid, of Washington, N. 0. : I claim the measuring valve apparatus beneath the lower hoppera, in combination with the said hopper for discharging manure in hills, as set forth CORN SHELLERS—By G. W. Reid, of Bvansville, Ind. : I claim the combination and arrangement of the sloping longitudinal slat screen, and the trans verse elat screen, for the rapid and thorough t,epa-ration of the corn from the cobs, as they *re thrown from the concave by the shelling cylinder upon the said combined screens, aa set forth. SAWING BAKKEL HEADS—By P. 3. Steere, of Cheshire, Mass. : I claim the linger, in combination with the movable shaft, for the purpose of converting the curvilinear motion of the saw into a rectilinear motion, as described. MACHINES FOR SHRINKING HAT BODIES—By J. S Tajlor, of Danbury, Ot. : I claim the process of shrinking or sizing hat bodies by passing them longitudinally into or through a chamber, formed by pla.ciDg several cylinders or rollers (having concave or other denomination of surfaces) in such a proximity as to form the said chamber, as set forth. RBPJSATINO FIRE ARMS—By C. N. Tyler, of Worcester, Ma?s : I claim, ttnt, arranging the cook in such a manner that it may b railed and will stand up, jrithout being held by a sr or.-snteh, and may then be gradually lowered &gaias without tripping to flre the charge, or may be tripped to Ire toe charge at the option of the opera*-, whether the devices employed ba such as ar$ described, or the equivalent thereof for prasluelag thews salt. Second, the ms?#sld slop, operated apoa hj stud or button, prratrtidiiiMjtBroTSgb to tkeuslde of the stock, in onnibiaairaKitltli & tad rest, and the jack, a? described, fo? tMWWil vf presenting the jack being thrown far enatem back to dearths tongue, through which the trigfrtaotn ypon It, werabj- the esc ipe of the driver or 'nimber, 18 tendered Impossible while the top m i M#iia Third, I claim the OMg*(B""rtrtti;t*d with self acting; dcWer, wnish phases ttfeartridge# is sac-cession in front of the df.isfearger, and with & discharger that will draw itself baek as& Ka6 *f pulling rod in the proper position for tpsflferrliig the cartridges into the breech, so tat th$f may ba transferred, as required, by simply prssiaft witb t finger upon the pulling rod. APPARATUS FOR DRAWING "WATER FROM WELLS — ByS. R. Wilmot, of New Haven, Ct. (assignor to Joseph Kent, of Baltimore Co., Md : I claim the projecting Btud, in combination with the spring, and grooved pulleys, for the purpose of contracting the spring, by the weight of the bucket, and causing the pulleys to grasp firmly the way in the manner set forth BAILS FOR RAILROADS—By Patrick O'Reily, of ReaiiiDg, Pa Ante-dated Nov. 3, 1852: I claim the divided or double plate rail, as described, which ia composed of a flanged arch or bridged rail, of the usual form, and about half the usnal thickness and weight, with another rail of similar external form, thickness, and weight, on which it rides, the under side of the arch of the upper rail or rider forming a groove to fit over and rest upon the arch or tongue of the lower rail, the flanges of the upper rail resting upon and fitting those of the under rail, and the spike holes of the two corresponding, so that the same bolts or spikes will secure them firmly together, aad to the foundation, the compound rail thus formed and proportioned having a double bridge and a double bass, the two portions of which reciprocally support and strengthen each other Also, the method described of strengthening the joints of the ordinary bridge or rail, while leaving its middle of adequate strength, by moving a longitudinal section of its inside equal to about half the weight of the rails, half its length endwise, so as to break joint with the outside, or constructing the rail in two parts, to correspond in form and position with the two parts of the inner half, where divided from the outer, and moved as aforesaid, whereby the joints of the upper rail are rendered as capable of V ,uppo ting the load at its middle, and the whole made stronger, with a given quantity of material than by any mode of construction hnretof ore known. RAILS FOR RAILROADS—By J. D. Steele, of Potts-town, Pa. (assignor to C. E. Smith, of Philadelphia, Pa ) Ante dated Nov. 3, 1852 : I claim the construction of a rail in two parts, which is composed of a flanged n or bridge rail of the usual form, with another rail or splice plate, of Bilnilar external form, on which it rides, the under sides of the arch of the upper rail forming a groove, to fit over the arch or tongue of the lower rail or splice plate, and the flanges of the one overlaying aid resting upon thA flanges of the other, and the flanges may be rivetted together, the spikes or bolts fastening the rails at large to their bearings, may be made to pass through the flanges, and thus perform the double office of fastening them together and to their beariDgs, and the interior rail may have a solid or hollow tongue or rib, and it may have a length sufficient to give it a bearing on three sills or cross-ties directly under and adjacent to the joint, or it may be equal in length to the upper or main rail and break joints with it, as may hereafter be found most desirable. DESI0N3. GRATE FRAMES—By James L. Jackson, of New York City : three designs. GRATE FRAME AND SUMMER PIECE—By James L. Jackson, of New York City.