C. G. Russell, of Birmingham, Conn., has invented a machine for making leathered carpet tacks, which feeds the tacks and leather automatically—the feeding of the leather or other material being performed by the tack itself after it is driven into the leather, thereby saving the leather that would otherwise be cut if the leather were fed by an arbitrary feeding device. The construction of the machine is simple, the operation perfect, and well adapted to the economical manufacture of carpet tacks. At Birmingham, England, eight tuns of ( wire per week are made into hooka and eyes, Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent office FOR THE WEEK ENDING AUGUST 3, 1858. Reported officially "or the Scientific American. ] V Circulars giving full particulars of the mode of applying for patents, size of model required, and much other information useful to inventors, may be had gratis by addressing MUNN & COo. Publishers of the SCIENTIFIC AMEBIOAN, New York. CDLTTVATOBBWilliam Adams. of Detroit, Mich_ : I claim the arrangement of the loop at the juncture of the cross and side bars in combination with the binding pin and the double looped yoke extending transversely from one side bar to the other, for holding the handles, In the manner and for Ihe pnrposes specified. GOVEKNOB "OR STBAM ENGINBSAlban Anderson, of Lancaster, Ohio : I disavow all claim to the invention of any .ingle or isolated part of the machinery used in the combination described. each and all of .uch parts, taken separately, being in common use. But I claim the combination of machinery described, and the production thereby, or by its equivalent, of the resultant force defined, and the application of such resultant force to the regulation of the movement of machines or engines. WHEAT SKPABATOBSW. H. Angel and M. Coffeen, of Watertown, N. Y. : We claim, first, The arrangement of the three perforated plates, having holes of the same diameter or area. and placed at the Bame inclination with the fourth perforated plate, having holes of a less diameter or area than the other plates, and at a greater inclination, as set forth. Second, We claim the spring bar or rod, P, and yoke, E, in connection with the plates, Z,.and hars, N, at the other endof the jtfate box, for grving to the plate box the compvbnd motion, as described. KNIFE SHABPENEEJohn J. and Austin T. Armstrong, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : We claim the combination and arrangement of parts describedh tbat is to sav, securing the file by its edges between the inclines, c and d, by which the advantages stated are Becured, as set forth, STEAM ENGINESHenry and F. J. L. Blandy. of Zanesville, Ohio : We claim the application to portable steam engines of a hollow continuous bed plate, in the manner substantially as described, for the support and attachment of the operative parts of the engine, whereby the latter in working is rendered independent ot the contraction and expansion of the former, and the boiler relieved from the direct strain of the engine, as .et forth. METHOD OF REMOVING SUBMABINE DEPOSITSEli Brazelton, of St. Louis, Mo. : I claim removing sand, mud or gravel from within sunken wrecks, orfrom submerged articles, with a view of raising the same, by means of a current of water forced by any proper means through a tube or spout, by which the current is directed and made to act at the desired spots, substantially as described. [A full deseriptlon of this improvement appears on page 387.] SUBSTITUTE FOBTHECEANKAaronBrooks, of Crawford countv, Ind. : I claim a perpendicular pitm'an and the dispenslUg with a crank by means of the wheel B B. attached to tbe shaft. A, and the slide or rollers, E F, attached to the pitman, C C, and moving in the groove, D D', the said pitman always moving perpendicular. FLOUBING MILLSRobert J. Brown, of Perry, Pa.: I claim, first, The combination of cups without backs, with a perforated strap, for the purpose of elevating and discharging meal in the manner set forth. Second. The combination of a ribbed pulley with a conveyor on the bolting shatt, in the manner and for the purpose specified. Third, The arrangement of two, three, or more bolts within and concentric with each other, and upon the same reel shaft, in the manner and for the purpose set forth, GBAIN AND GRASS HABVESTKERobert Bryson, of Schenectady, N. Y. : I am aware that cam. similar to D have been previously used. And I also am aware that the doublecrank connection Is an old and well-known device. I do not claim, therefore. any of the parts separately. or in the abstract, irrespective of the arrangement as shown and described. But I claim placing the cami D. in front of the driving wheel, c, and operating i therefrom by means of the double crank, i, and the roas, h h, when these several parts are constructed and arranged relatively with respect to each other and to the bar, E. in the manner and for the purpose set forth. [This invention relates to an improved arrangement of parts for operating or driving the sickle, whereby the proper speed is given the .ickle from the driving wheel by the employment of a very few parts, with but little lrictIon, and capable of beIng so disposed as to favor, to a very considerable extent lightness of draft, with a tendency to prevent or counteract what is known as " side draft."] METALLIC FENCEWilliam Bush, of Harrisburgh, Pa. : I claim the construction of the base rail, B, with a continuous dovetail groove. Into which are slipped the panels, A, with a corresponding tenon, and the top rail with continuous groove, fitting on the top of l the panels as described, the whole constructed and operating a. described. and for the purpose. set forth. CONVERTING RBOIPBOOATTNG INTO ROTARY MOTION Isaac Chapman, of New York City : I do not claim the separate or individual parts of the descnbed apparatus. But I claim the ratchet wheel or wheels. F F. In combination with the pawls, 1 2 3, c. arranged and operate by means of a parallel motion, In the manner substantially as described and shown. I alao claim the manner of throwing the pawls, 12 3, c.t in and out of gear with the ratchet, while the pow. er is in motion, by means of the levers. D d. and the parallel spring slIde, e e', in the manner and for the purpose set lorth and .hown. AFPABATUS FOR MAKING COFFEEJohn Denley and Thomas H. Heberling. of Warsaw, Ill. : We do not claim the process of scalding coffee and boiling It afterward. by additional heat. or forcing water through ground coffee resting in a strainer, Neither do we clira the application of a heater to a vessel containing coffee. But we claim. first. The apparatus substantially as described, for the forcible expulsion of the water through the bed of the coffee, resting on the Btrainer, i, in the mouth of the inverted vessel, a, by the pressure of steam In the npper part thereof, produced when the red-hot hea\er, e, Is inserted in the central tube. d. Second, We claim the CUP. I. for retaining a part of the water around the foot of the heater tubeh d. and the tin I arch, m, for the purpose of preventing the joint at the . end of the heater tuoe from becoming unsoldered when V the rest of the water ia driven from toe Interior of the a ve88el. as described. Railboad FEOOfl—James M. Dick, of Buffalo, N. Y.: I daim, first, The construction of the chairs and arrangement of Jshe parts of the frog upon them, in the manner described, by which I am enabled to remove any part of the frog without disturbing the other parts, as set forth. I Second, The combination of the underhanging jaw I upon the rail, E, with the rebated chair, K, as de-? scribed, for the purpose set forth. Third, Arranging the frog upon chairs in such a manner as to leave open space below the rails at the point where the rail, E, comes up to the rail B and C, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. Cop Tubes fob Shuttles—James Eaton, of Town-send Harbor, Mass. : I do not claim the use of a cop tube of entire length of the spindle, when used alone and unconnected with the button, or its equivalent, to guide the yam over the point of the spindfe. But I claim the employment of a button upon the end of the spindle or of the cop tube, for the purposes specified. Second, In combination with the above, I claim a cop tube of a length sufficient to bold the entire cop, as set forth. Third, I claim a removable spindle in combination with the button and long cop tube, operating in the manner substantially as set forth. Lamps—William Fulton, of C'ranbeiTv, N. J. : I aim the register formed of the perforations, e, in the top, A. and the perforated plate, f, plated within the top, in combination with the perforated or air-distributing plate, A, the whole being arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth, [This invention relates to an improvement in lamps for burning coal oil, and other substances that are rich in carbon, aod which require a considerable amount of oxygen to support a itroper combustion for illuminating purposes. The object of the invention is to adapt a lamp for burning equally well all the different substances used for illuminating purposes, however much they may vary in the quantity of carbon they contain. This object is attained by applying a register to the cap of the lamp, and using in connection therewith a perforated plate or air distributor, the parts being so arranged that a greater or less amount of oxygen is admitted to the flame according to the amount of carbon the burning material possesses; a complete combustion of its elements is thereby effected, and a flame of the greatest illuminating power attained.] Sleeping Cab fob Raileoapb—Charles L. Harrington, ol Buffalo, N. Y. : I claim the single rods, v v, in relation to the berths or couches, Nos. 1 and 2, the said rodsbeing without collars or projections, and attached at each end to the side of the car, in combination with the ehifting seat? with slotted arms, A B, and reversible and convertible backs, a a, the rail, o, and bead, t, witli the partitiona, a a, the wliole constructed, arranged and operated in the manner and for the purposes set forth. Tube fob Conveyanob of Souni—R, G. Hatfield, of Mount Vernon, N. Y. : I am aware that implements such as speaking trumpets and musical wind instruments, have been provided with flaring mouths or ends, for the purpose of projecting the vibratory lines of sound parallelly and the paraboloid and approximate forms have been given the mouths of such implements. I therefore do not claim, separately, the mouth,.B, for that has been previously used. But I claim the mouth, B, in combination with the reflector, E, the mouth and reflector being of parabolo-idal or approximate form, and arranged relatively with each other, sn as to operate substantially as and for the purpose set forth. I further claim the plate, P. placed in the elbow, b, as described, for the purpose speclfled, and also the combination of the mouth, B, reflector, E.and plate, F. when arranged to act conjointly as described, for the purpose set forth. [A full description of this Invention will be found on another page.] Appabatus fob Condkhsing and Pubipting Gab— August Hendrickx, (assignor to Victoria Hendrickx), of New York City : I claim, first, A gas condenser which has the junction between its upper and lower chambers. B C, accomplished by means of a waterchan-nel, G, formed round the upper edge of the lower chamber, c, and a flanch, f, formed round the bottom of the upper chamber, B. in combination with stationary rods D D, which sustain the upper section and adjusting suspension screws, E E, or their equivalents, weights, cords, and pulleys, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second, The speclfled arrangement of condenser and purifier on the same level and within the same chamber, substantially as and tor the purposes set forth. [This is the third patent secured by Mr. Hendrickx through our Agency, on his gas generating cooking range. The present arrangement consists of a peculiar construction of gas condenser, whereby the condenser and purifier are brought together within the same chamber and yet kept separated, and whereby increased facilities for inspecting and cleaning the interior of the condensing and purifying chambers are afforded. With this improvement and the two others which have pre-ceeded it, it is believed Mr. Hendricks has produced a very simpl.e, cheap, and safe portable gas generating cooking range.] Field Fence—David M. Heikes, of Franklin Township. York county, Pa.; I claim the construction of the fence into separate panels by fralhing the posts uprights and rails together by means of beveled tenons and mortises, and the application of the circular braces, by the application of which the fence can readily be raised or lowered at one end from a borira)ntal to any angular position, and the posts and uprights will In every case stand perpendicular to the ground. Field Fenob—Comeliua Hortbn, of Phelpa, N, Y.: I claim the combination of the staple with the two panels, the braces, and the key or pin, all being arranged and operated substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Gab SToyES—Moses W, Kidder, of Lowell. Mass,: I claim the condensing chamber, 6. with its trap, I, and pipe, D, in combination with a combustion chamber, operating in the manner substantially as set forth. Gas Buenees—Frederick C. Krause, of New York City : I do not claim to be the first inventor of a porous gas burner, as I am aware that they have been constructed of wire ganxe, and by making beds of such material covered with broken pumice stone, and of some other substance. But I claim the manufacture of gas burners, or those parts of them from which the gas Is to be emitted, of the porous composition produced by the union of the substances specified, in the manner set forth. [We have seen this gas burner In operation, and believe It to be the best gas burner for Jieating purposes yet produced.] Mode of Sepauatins Fibeb—Azel Storrs Lyman, of New York City: I claim the mode of separating the fibers of wood, flax, or other fibrous substances, for paper, cloth or other purposes, by charging the mass with hot water, steam, compressed air. or other elastic fluid, while hi a cylinder or other suitable receptacle, and then causing it to be projected from said receptacle into the atmosphere, or any space where it is subjected to a sufficiently less pressure to cause its disruption by the sudden expansion of the fluid within it, substantially as specified. PsKSEBVE Cans—Emmons Manley,of Marion, N. Y.: I do not claim, broadly, the formation of a wax space between the lip and the stopper. But I claim the combination of the depression around the mouth of the can, and the cup-formed stopper, constructed and operating substantially as described. [This Invention consists in forming a depression around the edge of the mouth of the can, and fitting the mouth with a stopper of the form of a cup, whose exterior combines with the depression round the mouth, to form a channel to receive the sealing composition or cement, and whose interior serves to receive cold water, to cool and cause the setting of the cement after the closingandsealing of the can, and to receive the hot water to melt or soften the cement, for the purpose of enabling the stopper to be removed when It is desired to open the can ] Mode of Opebatino Pbbssbb—David L. Miller, of Madison, N. J. : I do not pretend to claim the individual or separate parts of the described apparatus for operating presses, as my patent on * lilting jacks" covers both the gearings, outer cylinder, B, and inner cylinder. C. But I claim the application of two distinct actions by means of the bevel gearing, D. endless screw gear. G, barrel, B, cylindric nut, c, arranged and operated substantially as described and shown. Feinting Presses—Frederick B. Nichols, of Morria-ania. N. Y. : I claim, first. The employment of the polished metallic roller, K, arranged immediately in firout of the inking roller, H, and made adjustable by set screws, so as to enable its smooth periphery to be pressed against the periphery of the printing cylinder on a line parallel with the axid of both, and with such force as to prevent any ink on the engraved surface of the printing cylinder from passing between the two, and thereby removing the excess of ink from the smooth portions or the electrotype or thin plate, and causing the same to descend over the rising side of the said polished roller, K, Into the ink trough, M, as described. Second, I claim arranging the rollers, P P'j and endless band, R, over the same, in front of, and in such relation to the periphery of the printing cylinder, C, as to cause the descending portion of the endless band, R, to extend from the same, tangential to a circle smaller than It In diameter, and to bear upon a jortion of the periphery with an eqiial degree of tension over every part which it ches and giving to the said part of the endless band a zig-zag movement by means of the zigzag grooved drum, Y, and lug or arm, b, in the manner and tor the purpose set forth. [Anoticeof this improvement will be found on another page.] Safety Whiffletbee—George F. Oulten, of Norfolk county, Va. : I claim the hooks, D, constructed with two different angles, and which allow the traces to commence detaching aa soon as they commence revolving, and are released entirely at one-fourth of a revolution operating oa and for the purposes set forth. Money Table—William Painter, of Wilmington, Del. : I claim the combination of the dish or seat, A, with its levers, D D, and slotted guide, (J, seated and arranged as set forth and shown, composed of wood, or of a metallic substance, or composed of both wood and metal, for the pui-pose of a money-changer or money-receiver; not limiting myself to the exact form of the dish or seat. A, so that the construction \a substantially the same as to guide the money without any possibility of its falling elsewhere than into the palm of the hand. Hubs fob Caebiage WnsKi-a—Norman Piatt, of Jackson, Miss. : I know that metallic hubs are not new, nor are clips to secure the spokes, perhaps, a novelty; nor Is cast boxing, as such, the subject nf a patent, while the peculiar construction and the mode of securing the one I have deecribed may be, still, I claim the combination of a flanged metallic hub for carriage, wagon, and buggy wheels, with clips to stay and aferengthea the apokcft together with a metallic boxing for said hub, secured by a swelled head screw and tap, substantially ad described. Stoves—Andrew Ralston, of West Middletown, Pa. : I claim, first. The arrangement of the side chambers, l,the center chamber, B, and the regulating valves, e, of the fan on the collar of the atove, where the pipe is usually attached, as described and set forth. Second, The arrangement of thecurvated bearing, w, the opening, 4, the cam ratcliet, g, the ratchet pawl, f, the damper, p, with Its three jouruala, and the division plate, o', as described, and for the purpose sst foith. Third, The arrangement of the plates, m'and m* with their division pieces, x, and the openings, 5, and the large openings for the cooking vessels, as described and for the purpose set forth. COUBINED BBOrLING fubnaob aIiD CoOKING RaNOE —William Resor, of Cincinnati Ohio : I claim the described arrangement of the grates, A and B, passages, CFG, and damper, c, or their equivalents, operating as set forth, to temporarily connect the charcoal grate with the main fire so as to ignite its contents and after-Tvards disconnect them so as to burn independently. Beams fob Railboad CARs-ohn W. Rice, of Springfield, Mass.: I claim, firat. The nut, H, and screw, I, and Its arrangement when used for brakine railroad cars, substantiaUy as described. Second, I claim my new combination, viz., the bar, N N, extending from one brake to the other, the double fulcrum lever, M, and the rods, S R, playing through and against the double fulcrum lever, M, and the arrangement of the chain, J, and pulley, P, when used in combinaUon with each other, and operating substantially as described. Ox Yokes—Joseph H. Riggs, of Gloucester, Mass. : I claim the racks, a and b, arranged and operating in the manner substantially as set forth, for the purpose specified. Chucks fob Cknteeinq, &a—Daniel N. Smith, of BostoUj Mass. : I claim the described centering tool, consisting of the chuck, C D, constructed and operating as set forth, in combination with the shafts, G and I, arranged and operating as described. Sbvinq Maohinbs—E. Harry Smith, of New York City: I claim forming the stitch by means of the detached looper specified, operating in combination with the needle, and passing entirely through the loop, in substantially the manner and for the purposes described. I claim the spreader, 10, on the side of the looper, for the purposes specified. I also claim the revolving and oscillating lever, h, when constrncted and arranged in the manner described to drive the liper, g, substantially as specified. Abgand Gas Bubners—Joseph E. Stanwood, of Maiden, Mass.: I do not claim the argand burner as constructed with two ehambers connected by tubes so arranged as to allow the air to flow between them into the space surrounded by the upper or annular cham- But I claim the Improved argand burner, as made with its several supporting tubes of its annular chamber extended down within the lower or receiving chamber and around its entrance hole or passage, substantially In manner as described, and for the purpose of preventing noise or singing of the flame when the burner IS in operation. I also claim the combination and arrangement of the described perforated partition, with the annular or upper chamber of the burner, and having its perforations or spaces between the same- disposed with respect to the mouths of the inlet tubes, substantially as specified. Appabatus fob Ptjbijting Gas—Andrew Walker, of Claroraont, N. H. : I claim the construction of the cover of the horizontal washer, A. with teeth, Los described and for the purpose set forth. Pegging Machines—Edgar M. Stevens, of Boston, Mass. : I claim, first, A peg wood box or receptacle, s, which is vibrated or reciprocated so as to bring the peg wood, sss, upon the knife, r, for the purpose of split ting a peg from the peg wood, and wliich is so located and arranged as to present the peg to or directly over the hole in the sole into which it is to be driven. But I do not claim, broadly, any moving peg wood box which is arranged remotely from the awl hole, made in the sole, and there delivers the peg wood or pegs, which ultimately are fed to the awl hole into which they are to be driven. Second,"In combination with the vibrating or reciprocating peg wood box B, a stop, which is adjustable to the length of the peg wood, s s a, and is located in the mouth of s, near the peg tube in f, and within less distance of the plane of the edge face of the knife, r, than the bigness of o"e peg, and whose function is to hold the peg wood against the action of the knite in splitting off the peg, and this I claim whether such stop forma a part of the cover of the peg wood box, S, or is separate therefrom. Third, I am aware that it is not new to use a feed instrument having a compound movement like that described for m, that, therefore, I disclaim. But I daim the mechanical means, or their equivalents, for producing said compound movement of m, the same consisting of the bell crank lever, u, hinged to ra, Hod the friction block, w, which ia arranged to glide in the slot in ii, both u and w being arranged to pivot upon X. Fourth, The use of a spring (the spring on v), or its equiva ent, in combination with a peg wood feeder, m, having a range of feed movement, when unobstructed, greater than the bigness of a peg, for the purpose of rendering the movement of the feeder, m, self-regulating, as set forth. Ca Shoe Bbush—Charles D. Thura, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I do not claim to be the inventor of any of the parts taken separately. But I claim the combination of the brushes and case, as shown, the same being made of suitable material, such as wood, metal, India rubber, or its equivalents, and of any desirable shape, the whole being arranged and combined as set forth and shown, for the purposes specified. Habvebtees—J. V. Trump, of SummervlUe, N. J.: I do not claim any of the devices separately. But I claim the combination of the knife guards, D, with the press plate. A, the finger beam, C. and the reciprocating cutters, E, when these several parts are constructed and relatively arranged as described, to operate conjointly in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Fieb Places—Wm. R. Warden, of Boston, Mass. : I claim the combination and arrangement of the ornamental metallicframe and vertical slide F. containing smokepipe opening within the fireplace in the manner and for the purpose described. [The nature of this invention and improvement consists in inserting and securing in fire places a metallic frame within which is placed a vertical plate perforated for the reception of a stovepipe, and capable of being raised and lowered to accommodate the opening to the stove pipe, in such a manner as to form an ornamental front which shall entirely close the fire place, and be capable of easy attachment and detachment.;] Appabatus fob Pubifying Gas—John Waterhouse, of Little Falls, N. Y. : I claim introducing the gas into the purifier underneath a table, or its equivalent, near the surface of the lime water, so that it (the gas) shall pass horizontally through the lime water a sufficient distance to effect its purification, before it can rise to the chamber above as set forth, by which means I obviate much of the pressure heretofore encountered in lime water purifiers, and get abetteryield, at a great saving of retorts, as stated. Railboad Rails—M. J. Waldron, of Dunkirk, N. Y.: I claim, first. Placing the ends of the rails in a suitably constructed chair betwee two ties- both of the ties being used as a bearing jr supporting surface to the chair, eubetantially aa described. Second, I claim the bolt in the enlarged recess in the nds of the rails and the jaws or lapped part of the chairs as an arrangement of means for fonning an elastic or spring joint for the ends of the rails, as set forth. Looms—Joseph Welch, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I do not limit my claim to the described construction, arrangement, or mode of operating the lever, L', or its equivalent. But I claim reducing the normal capacity of the pattern wheel or its equivalent, so as to make it perform the functions described, suhstantialiy in the manner and for the purpose set forth and described. Sleeping Cabs fob Railboads—Eli Wheeler, of El-mira, N. Y. : I claim, in connection with a pair of car seats, BB,bb, which are enclosed within a compartment. A a, and placed at the proper distance apart, pivoting by fixed pivots, m m, the backs, c c, of said pair of seats at such points on the arms of the seat fiume, B B, b b, and in such relation to each other, that by turning the backs over in opposite directions, In the path of a vertical circle, they will both be brought and made to lie horizontally or on a level with the cushions of the seats within the space existing between the two seats, and upon a supporting cleat, F, and thus form a comfortable sleeping couch entirely enclosed within the compartment, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [This invention renders ordinary car seats capable of being converted into sleeping couches. The backs of the seats are so hinged that by simply turning them over in the path of a vertical circle, they will forma continuation of the bottom of each pair of seats and thus foni a comfortable night couch. In connection with the lower couches thus formed, an arrangement of upper couches is provided above the seats, and thus all the passengers can be accommodated. This is a very simple and perfect arrangement, and is capable of being managed by the most unskillful traveler.] Sewing Machines—Darius Wheeler and Lumon Carpenter, of Oswego, N. Y,: We are aware of Blod-get & Lerow's patent of Jan. 14, 1851, and do not intend to claim anything therein contained, and we are also familiar with the claims of E. Harry Smith, now under examination at the Patent Office, and make no claim to the broad principle claimed by him of a re-volvinglooper, having a continuous rotary movement, and passing entirely through a loop of the needle thread. But we claim the combination of the notched looper with the needle spring pins and cam plate, subatantial-ly as described, whereby one end of the looper takes the loop and the other end discharges it upon the needle, while the looper is moving continuously in a circle. We also claim the form of the looper, aubetantially as set forth, whereby as the looper progresses through the loop, the loop by the combined action of the needle and looper becomes shorter than when first taken, and is removed entirely out of the path of the point of the looper at and after its discharge, so that it cannot be taken again by the looper. Method oir Registeeing the Motion of Machin-eey.—S. LloydWiegand, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim first. Reversing the motion ot the zones or indicating dials by friction applied to them in the manner set torth. Second, The arrangement of the spring. L, to act as a detent in reversing, in the manner described. Seed Planters—James D. Willoughby, of Carlisle, Pa. I claim the arrangement of the rollers, F F, placed horizontally with the slide, H, as constructed, for regulating the discharge of seed, and the frame, J. for keeping said roller in place,and preventing the lateral discharge of seed, as la fully set mih. STOVES—J. H. Wilkinson, of Concord, N. H.: I do not claim a ventilating stove or a stove for burning the gases by admitting oxygen. What 1 claim is, first. The arrangement of pipe, K, wioflin pipe, E, and damper, L, constructed and operating as and for the purpose described. Second, I claim inserting the air chambers, J J, constructed as described, in the linings of the fire-pot, for the purpose set forth. Third, I claim the holes, m m, in connection with the bed plate, O, provided with the area piece, S, or their equivalents, for the purposes substantially as set forth. MACHINE FOE MANUFACTURING SHOE PEGS—I. G. Worth, of Vassalboro', Maine : I do not claim the combination of a reciprocating knife, a flutedfeedingroller and a mechanism for so operating both as to feed a peg block along with an intermittent motion, and cut pegs from it, as I am aware that such is the principle of the well-known Baldwin peg cutting machine. But I claim an improved machine, consisting of a combination and arrangement essentially as specified, of a vibrating knife, or its eqnivalent, a bench or table, two fluted feed rollers and mechanism for imparting to such rollers intermittent feeding motions, in opposite directions, the same being productive of advantage in cutting blocks into pegs. ELEOTKO-MAGNETIO ENGINE—Frederick reiser, of Lexington, Ky. : I claim the employment of a series of balanced beams, F, with bars, G, arranged andcom-Dined with the magnets, C, frame, H, and rods, J, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [A notice of this improvement is given in another column.] BUTTEE WOEKEE—W. Bancroft (assignor to himself and H, M Proctor), of Burlington, Vt. : I claim the combination of the roller, P, with the roller, J, and snare, O, substantially as and for the purposes shown and described. I also claim the combination of double geared shell pinion, D, with the basin, A, adjustable shaft. II, socket, E I. and pinion, G, substantially as shown and described, so that by turning the screw, K, the shaft H may be raised or lowered, and the height of the roller, J, altered at pleasure. [This invention consists in the employment or use of a rotating basin and corrugated adjustable roller, in connection with a share and guide roller, the whole being arranged to operate so that the butter may be thoroughly and expeditiously worked, and with great facility.] MECHANICAL JACK—Amos Jones, (assignor to himself and S. M. Davis.) of Lebanon, N. H. : I claim constructing an improved jack, by combining a doubly toothed shank, with a suitable head-piece, A, when the teeth of said shank are arranged in such a manner as to furnish the necessary fulcrum and catches lor the operating lever, C, in the performance of 'its appropri-atefunctions, substantially as set fo rth. MACHINE FOE MAKING BEEF AND OTHEE STAKES TEN-DEE-----Thos. W. Moore, (assignor to Elliot & Moore,) of Plattsburg, N. Y. : I claim the combination of joint, g, lever, b, and the jaws, c and d, when the devices are so arranged that the jaws operate in relation to each other, substantially as and for the purpose specified. CENTEIFUGAI. GUN—C. B, Thayer, of Boston, Mass., assignor to himself and Charles Robinson, of Cam-bridgel'ort, Mass. : I claim the spiral groove, d, arranged substantially as specified. In combination with the spiral groove, d, I also claim the space, g, and heel.h, at the extremity of each arm or aperture of the thrower, arranged and operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. RE-ISSUES. CONTINUOUS SHEET METAL LATHING SUBFAOE—John B. Cornell, of New York City. Dated May 13,1858 : I claim a closely united plaster, supporting metallic surface of substantially the shape described, when used in the construction of partitions, &C., which are designed to be fireproof and burglar proof. OMNIBUS FAKE Box—I. S. Reeves, (assignor to J B. Slawson), ot New Orleans, La. Dated Feb. 23,185a I claim, first, The glass plates, i and f, as arranged in connection with the apron, m, in the manner substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second, Closing the passage to the drawer below from the chamber above by means of an apron operated by a spring, S, in the manner substantially as set forth. REAPING MACHINES—C. H. McCormick, of Chicago, 111. Dated Jan. 31,1845 : I claim the employment of the projecting ends of the reel ribs to effect the separation of the grain to be cut from that to be left standing in combination with a dividing apparatus, substantially as described, which effect a division of the grain to be cut from that to be left standing by forming an open space between the outer and inner grain for the ends of the ribs of the reel to act in, in which open space there is no reel post or other obstruction to prevent the free passage of the grain as it is brought back by the ends of the reel ribs to the platform of the machine, and by which means a separation of the inside grain to be cut from the outside grain to be left standing is maae complete by the action and power of the reel, substantially as described. REAPING MACHINES—C. H. McCormick, of Chicago, III. Dated Jan. 31,1845 : 1 claim the downward curve or bend, substantially as described, of the beams that support the cutting apparatus to facilitate the discharge of any clogging matter that may enter, as set forth. DESIGNS. CAN COVERS—John F. Bodine (assignor to himself and Wm. H. andj. Alfred Bodine). of Williamstown, N. J. COOKING STOVES—R. Ham (assignor to Smith, Sheldon & Co.), of Troy, N. Y. TOWEL STANDB—Nathaniel Waterman, of Boston. Mass.
This article was originally published with the title "Machine for Covering Tacks" in Scientific American 13, 49, 385-387 (August 1858)