Handbuch fur Heer und Flotte. En-zyklopadie der Kriegswissenschaften und verwandter Gebiete, herausgege-ben von Georg von Alten, Generalleut-nant z. D., unter Mitwirkung von mehr als 200 der bedeutendsten Fachautori-taten. Vollstandig in 108 Lieferun-gen reichillustrierten Textes mit far-bigen Beilagen, Karten, Planen, Gefechtsskizzen usw. Deutsches Ver-lagshaus Bong&Co. The financial aspects of modern warfare are considered in the present instalments, Nos. 34 and 35, of the Handbuch. Excellent tables are published, which show the rise and fall in military expenditures during the last few decades. It is particularly interesting to study the influence which actual warfare has had upon the expenditures. The whole article is a warning against thoughtless comparisons; inasmuch as all statistics based upon different facts. In the article on the French army, a very complete and accurate description will be found of the geography of France in its relation to French military affairs, French railways and fortresses, French cable and telegraph lines, and the history of the French army. The discussion of the army itself begins with an excellent review of its development from the time of Charles V, and concludes with an exhaustive description of its present status. It enumerates the difficulties that beset the commanding officers, and shows on the basis of numerous bles, the composition of the peace and war footings; the organization of the naval arm of the service ; the military budget and character of the uniforms. French naval and colonial affairs are treated in the same manner. Flying machines also find a place in these two instalments, treated, of course, from a military standpoint. Seeing Europe by Automobile. By Lee Meriwether. New York: The Baker&Taylor Company, 1910. 12mo.; 415 pp. Price, $2 net. The author once wrote a book on how to see Europe on fifty cents a day, but he has evidently been blessed with a change of fortune in the last quarter century, for now he travels in a two-seated, 28 horse- power roadster, but the passion for traveling cheaply has been far from being quenched by comparative The author details with great precision the distances traveled and the things seen. It is an instructive book for all those who are thinking of taking the trip. There is an excellent map in the back. It is well illustrated. Characteristics of Existing Glaciers. By William Herbert Hobbs, Professor of Geology in the University of Michigan. New York : The Macmillan Company, 1911. 8vo.; 301 pp.; illustrated. Price, $3.25 net. Prof. Hobbs discusses his subject under three heads, mountain glaciers, Arctic glaciers. and Antarctic glaciers. It is his contention that a mistake is made in treating of glaciers as if all were governed by the same laws. lie prefers rather to emphasize the fact that the laws governing their nourishment and depletion are far from identical. The division is broadly made between those glaciers which cover completely a large portion of rock surface, having the form of a shield or flat dome, and the remaining types which may be designated as mountain glaciers. Small ice-caps occupy an intermediate and transitional position between these two types. The language and treatment is rather technical, but will well repay the slight study necessary for the layman to understand its terms. Since, as we are reminded by Sir Charles Lyell, “The present the key to the past,” the study of glacial conditions never fails to create enthusiasm and broaden the understanding. The Science of Currency and Centralized Banking. By Herbert D. Miles. New York: Rand-McNally Press, 1911. 16mo. ; 47 pp. The author is an ardent champion of the Aldrich plan, which he designates as a work of genius, profound, far-reaching, yet simple and sincere. He reviews the banking systems of the world, compares and contrasts the European credit instruments and discounts with those of the United States, and proceeds to an examination of American methods, their relation to gold reserves and their efficiency in crises. The treatise exhibits some clear thinking and much ability for condensation. It aims to give the gist of what has recently been issued by the National Monetary Commission through its various published papers. Concrete Monuments, Mausoleums, and Burial Vaults. By A. A. Houghton. New York : The Norman W. Henley Publishing Company, 1911. 65 pp. Price, 50 cents. Among the new industries opened up by concrete, that of monumental work offers a large and profitable field. No. 6 of the “Concrete Worker's” series goes at length into the construction of monuments, mausoleums, and burial vaults, citing their points of advantage and giving the plainest directions for their construction. The Illustrations include a variety of artistic designs.