Electric Lighters and Starters for Autocars. By Harold H. U. Cross. New York: D. Appleton&Co., 1915. 12mo.; 282 pp.; illustrated. The wide and increasing interest, manifested in electric lighting and starting has inspired the author to offer a handbook frankly intended for the everyday motorist, in which the whole subject is handled in a manner “calculated to avoid scaring him by taking him out of his technical depth .' ' The requirements of car lighting are plainly set forth, and typical generators and ac-cessories are displayed by illustration. Engine starters and gear shi&s are then taken up; here again the are lucid and the cuts and diagrams clear. That the needs of the technical reader might not be entirely overlooked, several more advanced types of automobile dynamos are dealt with in a more detailed manner. The American Manual of Presswork. New York: Oswald Publishing Company, 1911. 4to.; 156 pp.; illustrated. In this attractive work we have a manual avowedly planned for the men of the press-room in contradistinction to the type designer and the compositor. Each phase of the subject is handled by a specialist in that particular branch. The development of the printing press, from its In-vention up to and Including the present compli-cated anU higrrtfy^efllcient förms, ' isentertaiiiingly discussed, as are also such subjects as Inks. color mixing, and register. There are hints for platen press apprentices, a review of the system in a large press-room, and chapters on electrical equipment and gas engine drive. Information of the most diverse kind, but all having in common the quality of usefulness, is simply imparted. and is Interspersed with admirable color pro-ductions from various processes. The old hand. as well as the apprentice, may find in the volume a new inspiration and increased efficiency. European Police Systems. By Raymond B. Fosdick, former Commissioner of Accounts, City of New York. New York: The Century Company, 1915. This excellent study of European police systems, made by Mr. Fosdick for the Bureau of Social Hygiene, serves the useful purpose of clarifying our ideas of what police organization ought to be. We all know that politics play far too great a part in the police affairs of American cities, but after reading Mr. Fosdick's monograph , one is also impressed with the idea that there are other phases which deserve considera-tion. It becomes ' immediately apparent. for example, that the heads of our American police departments are as a class not comparable with similar officials abroad. In every large European city the prefect or commissioner of police, whatever his title may be, enjoys a prestige and occu-pies a social position comparable with that of a cabinet minister. Even the officers who are in direct command of the police may well be com-pared in dignity with our own army officers; in-deed. they have themselves often been army officers and are very frequently university grad-uates. One leaves Mr. Fosdick's book with the impression that the general tone of a European police system is better than ours. On the other hand, it owes what success It has to the Intimate relationship of the state with the police system, something quite lacking in the United States. After we have swept away the incubus of the politician from our police force, there can be no doubt that the revelations which Mr. Fosdick makes must be of the greatest help in placing our police organizations upon a proper footing. The Home of the Blizzard. Being the Story of the Australasian Expedition, 1911-14; by Sir Douglas Mawson, D.Sc., B.E. Illustrated in color and black and white; also with maps. London: William Heinemann, 1915. 2 vols., 8vo: Price $9 net. We do not intend to “review” the story of Sir Douglas Mawson's antarctic expedition, which, In two sumptuous volumes, has recently issued from the press. Such a task. properly executed, would almost amount to publishing a special Mawson number of the Scientific American. Moreover, we should be loth to supply to those persons who are in the habit of getting their knowledge of current literature and the factitious reputation of being well-read from the perusal of book-reviews a short-cut acqüaintance with Mawson's work, thus saving them the necessity of buying the book itself. Every copy sold helps to lighten the load of debt—amounting to some forty-four hundred pounds sterling—with which the expedition found itself saddled when the explorers finally emerged from the Antarctic, where their stay had been protracted a year longer than the original plan—and budget—provided for. Not only the royalties on the sale of the book, but also, it is understood, the proceeds of Mawson's lecture tour, are to be devoted to the object of making up this deficit. The task of collecting funds for Publishing the scientific results of the expedition, estimated at £8,000, has not even been begun. Big books of polar adventure, entertainingly written, admirably printed. and replete with fine photographic illustrations, are not uncommon. The Shackleton. Amundsen, and Scott expeditions all brought forth such fruit. and in each case the record contained features of unique interest. What, then, is the special claim , of Mawson's “Home of the Blizzard” upon our i attention'.' The title of the book suggests an ,answer. The Australian explorers carried out i their work in the severest climate known to pre-i vail anywhere on the globe. Amundsen's party ! “romped” to the pole (if we may be pardoned this , race-track expression) in delightfully tranquil ' weather. Poor Scott, it is true, perished in a blizzard , but at least half his explorations were : carried out under favorable atmospheric conditions. Broadly speaking. the interior of the antarctic continent is a land of calms and gentle breezes. while its periphery is swept by almost Incessant gales of astonishing violence. Mawson's field of operations lay wholly within this blizzard-swept region. He and his comrades became used to having their goods and chattels blown helter-skelter out to sea, and soon acquired the novel art of “hurricane walking,” which involves lean-ing on the wind at an angle of about 45 degrees to the vertical. Indeed, they were lucky when they were not obliged to advance on all-fours. All this in temperatures ranging down to 35 degrees below zero, and in an atmosphere charged with blinding snow. Such were the conditions under which these intrepid men carried out explorations through 60 degrees of longitude and made a larger addition to the map of Antarctica than had been made by any previous expedition. In his book, as in his lectures, Mawson is the impresario of the penguin par excellence. Thanks to him this droll bird has become as familiar to Americans as the Teddy bear. A minor novelty of his book Is the introduction of colored plates produced by the Paget process of color photo-graphy. On previous occasions we have protested at the liberties Mawson took with the name “Wilkes Land.” If, however, this long strip of coast south of Australia must have a new name, we should like best to see it called “Mawson Land." Eve-uyman's- Library. - Cloth, -35 cents; leather, 70 cents. Twenty-one new volumes have just appeared in Everyman's Library. They are: 701. The Life of Robert, Browning. By Edward Dowden. 702. Caesars Gallic War and Other Commen-taries. Translated by W. A. McDevitte. With an Introduction by Thomas De Quincey. 703-4. Carlyles Essays. With a Note by James Russell Lowell. In two volumes. 705. Short Studies. By James Anthony Froude. In two volumes. 706-7. The Störy of a Peasant. By Erckmann-Chatrian. Translated by C. J. Hogarth. In two volumes. 708. The Subaltern. By Rev. George Robert Gleig. 709. Windsor Castle. By Harrison Ainsworth. 710. Tom Cringles Log. By Michael Scott. 711. Poor Folk and the Gambler. By Feodor Mikhailovich Dostoie/Isky. 712. Josephus's Wars of the Jews. With an Introduction by Dr. Jacob Hart. 713. History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1814. By F. A. M. Mignet. 714. British Historical Speeches and Orations. Compiled by Ernest Rhys. 715. Poems by Ralph Waldo Emerson. With an Introduction by Charles M. Bakewell. 71(5. Brand: A Dramatic Poem. By Henrik Ibsen. Translated by F. E. Garrett. With an Introduction by Philip H. Wicksteed. 717. Heimskringla. The Olaf Sagas. By Snorre Sturlason. Translated by Samuel Laing. With an Introduction and a Foreword by Jno. Beveridge. 718. Rights of Man. Being an Answer to Mr. Burke's Attack on the French Revolution. By Thomas Paine. With a Preface by the Author and an Introduction by George Jacob Holyoake. 719. Bacon's The Advancement of Learning. With an Introduction by G. W. Kitchin, M. A. 720. Travels in France and Italy During the Years 1787, 1788 and 1789. By Arthur Young. With an Introduction by Thomas Okey. 721. Tales of Ancient Greece. By Sir George Cox. Bart. There is nothing in the publishing annals of America or England which can quite compare with this enterprise. The whole project of pre-senting in cheap, readable and attractive form the classics which have had an influence upon the world's thinking is one that must surely commend itself to everyone in these days of cheap and shoddy literature. "Var's New Weapons. An Expert Anal-^ ysis in Plain Language of the Weapons i and Methods Used in the Present Great War.' By Baron Hrolf von Dewitz. With Introductory Preface by Hudson Maxim. New York: Dodd, Mead&Co., 1915. 12mo.; 295 pp. Price, $1.50 net. Baron Hrolf von Dewitz, a subject of Den-mark. very naturally views the present European conflict with the eyes of a neutral. He has en-deavored to present facts as he has found them, and without partiality, and his handling of the spe-cialized branches of modern warfare and weapons is that of a military expert. He has the masterful knowledge of military tactics and the philosophy of warfare. Triers are chapters dealing with “Aircraft,” “Artillery,” “Automobile Artillery,” “The Submarine,” “The Capital Ship,” “The Turret Fort,” “The Wireless Signal,” “The Super-Commissariat,'' and “ Super-Strategy.” He also has a chapter entitled “The Fountain Pen,” which is hardly worthy of serious attention in a book of this kind. This book separates from a mass of rumor and misinformation the facts about the various subjects mentioned. It will go a long way toward answering the questions which occur to any intelligent person. The book is a model of clarity and practical value and interest. The author possesses the secret of im-parting technical information to a noii-technical reader in a clear and interesting iuanner. Cream Toasts. By Fred Emerson Brooks. Chicago: Forbes&Co., 1915. l6mo.; 94 pp. Price, 50 cents. The author of “Old Ace” here presents us with a book of original toasts, anti-alcoholic, but by no means insipid. In spite of their deficiency in alcoholic content. most of them possess that “punch” which the literary bias of the hour dernands. LEGAL NOTICES w. T OVER 65 YEARS* EXPER1ENCE Trade Marks Designs Copyrights &c. INVENTORS are invited to eommunicate with Munn &. Co., 233 Broadway, New York, or 625 F Street, Washington, D. C, i n regard to fecuring valid patent protection for their Inventions. Trade-Marks and Copyrights registered. Design Patents and Foreign Patents secured. A Free Opinion as to the probable patent- • ability of an invention will be reartily given to any inventor furnishing us with a model or sketch and a brief description of the device in question. All Communications are strictly confidential. Our Hand-Book on Patents wi11 be sent free on request. Ours is the Oldest agency for seeuring patents; it was established over sixty-five years ago. All patents secured throiigh us are described without cost to pate n tee in t'ie Scientific American. munn &- CO. 233 Broadway Woolworth Building New York £ranch Office; 625 F Street, Washington, D. C. Classified Advertisements Advertlslng In this column Is 75 cents a line. No less than four nor more than I2!1nes accepted. Oount seven words to the Une. A II nrders must be accom-panled by a remittance. BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY INVENTION WANTED. Simple article of ap-proved usefulness for South-American market. For further information address L. Turk. 11 Broadway. New York City. MANAGER WANTED For metal rolling mills, press work and engineers' shop. Must be used to controlling labor and experi-enced in modern methods of factory organization. State technical qualiflcations, experience, salary. etc., in confidence to"K.L.M". care of J. W. Vickers&Co., Ltd.. 5 Nicholas Lane. London, E. 0., England. PATENTS FOR SALE POWER attachment for automobiles, Patent No. 1,148,174. Garment hanger. Patent No. 1.132,190. For further information about above patents ad-dres E. G. K ., Box 773. New York City. INQUIRY COLUMN READ THIS COLUMN CAREFULLY. You will find inquiries for certain classes of articles numbered in consecutive order. If you manufac-ture these goods write us at once and we will send you the name and address of the party desiring the information. There is no charge for tbis service. In every case it is necessary to give the number of the inquiry. Where manufacturers do not re-spond promptly tbe inquiry mau be repeated. Munn&Co .. Inc. Inquiry No. 91,38. Wanted the name and address of a manufacturer of light aluminium sheets, small tubing. rods and wire, also aluminium solder. Inquiry No. 9439. Wanted the name and address of a manufacturer of a knitting machine which was on the market some years ago. The name of the machine was the Bickford Machine. It. was a hand knitting machine, weighing about 15 pounds. Inquiry No. 941.0. Wanted the name and address of a concern selling Dr. Young's E-Z Sanitary Belt. Inquiry No. 91.42. Wanted the name and address of a manufacturer of a. machine for cutting skeins of cotton and wrapping each bundle around the middle with wire. A machine of some such kind is used in the brush trade for wiring and cutting to length the bundles of bristles for paint brushes. Inquiry No. 91.1.3. anted the name nnd address of manufacturers of' fuel oil burners and fire wall equipment, suitable for a maximum quantity of water evaporatiort in a locomotive firebox of the following dimensions: 2Y2' between door and riue sheet, 3' between grate leve! and crown sheet. 3' between side walls. Inquiry No. 91.1.1.. Wanted the name and address of a manufacturer or patentee ofa glass preserving jar made for use with air pumps for creating a v acuum. Inquiry No. 9JJ,fj. Wanted the name and address of a manufacturer who can niake a combination pencil holder and point protector. Inquiry No. 91.1.6. Wanted the name and address of a manufacturer who can supply machinery for auto-matically wrapping cigars in thin imported tissue paper having the ends tightly wound and curled. Would considerpurchase ofin achines or p?,tent rights. Inquiry No. 91.1.7. Wanted to buy patented article, which is needed in every home, with a possible view to manufacturing and distributing. Inquiry No. 91.1.8. Wanted fco get in touch with manufacturers who can make sma 11 gasoline motors and parts thereof. Must be able to handle considerable orders with expedition. Inquiry No. 01.1.9. Wanted the name and address of a manufacturer who is prepared to build a new and very simple stationary engine with or without gas producer. Inquiry No. 9//Ö0. Wanted the name and address of a. manufacturer who can build a light simple motor for light automobiles and for portable farm work. Inquiry No. 94öj. Wanted the name and address of a manufacturer of machinery for making e.gg albumen. Do .Business by Mail Start with accurate lists of names we furaisli—lmild solidly. Clioose from the following' or any others desired. Apron Mfrs, Wealtliy Men CheeseBox Mfrs. lee Mfrs. Shoe Retailers Doctors Tin Can Mfrs. Axle Giease Mfrs. III Druggists Railroad Employees III A uto Owners Contractors III Our eomple-.te book of all mailing statistics on 7000 mmm classes of prospertive III customers for tlie asldng. mmm Ross-Gould, 806-K Olive Street, St. Louis Mm\ Ross-Gould Mailing ListS St. Louis A STATEMENT from THE WHITE COMPANY to MOTOR CAR BUYERS IN view of the confusing market which confronts motor car pur-chasers, many are looking to this Company for an expression of its attitude toward the innovations in mechanical design and new price levels now being announced. We therefore take this occasion to state our beliefs and purposes, which are based on fourteen successful years of experience. We believe the four-cylinder motor is to be the standard and ultimate type. We therefore consider it wiser to continue perfecting this type of motor, which we have already spent years in developing, than to step abruptly into a field of design that is new to the entire automobile industry, and thus impose an experiment upon our customers. With reference to price, the White policy will be as it always has been—to build cars to the White 'standard rather than to a standard that would make a cheap price possible. Materials and labor cost more now than ever before—consequently, lower prices must and do indicate com-promised quality. We hold it as a first. principle of our duty to purchasers of White Cars to make a product that will give maximum service with the least amount of attention and of expense for operation and maintenance; a product of such quality and approved construction that it will command high value at any time the owner may wish to dispose of it; in all, to build motor cars which the owners can truly regard as investments. White policy will always be governed by consideration for the ultimate service-value of White Cars. We will not take part in the spec-tacular methods, adopted solely for sales stimulation, which prevail in the motor car market at the present. time. In short, the stability of policy which has always meant security to White owners will continue. We neither consider it good business nor do we find it necessary to repudiate the design- nor to depreciate, un-naturally, the value of cars which have been purchased from us, by making frequent radical changes in design and'price. THE WHITE COMPANY CLEVELAND -and the Cadillac “Eight" Stands all alone Do you wish to know how good a car this new Cadillac is ? Follow your own thoughtf. You will find that you are thinking what the nation is thinking. Look back a little bit. A few years ago the storm raged around the Cadillac. A dozen or more cars sold at approximately the same price. All claimed equality with the Cadillac. The Cadillac field was the' coveted field—because it was a quality field. These dozen or more cars struggled to find a place in it, because they were eager to share in Cadillac success. And, now, how do things stand ? A limited market above the Cadillac m pnce— and a large market below. And in the center, as solid as a rock, the great Cadillac clientele—greater, and stronger, and more solid than ever. When you search for a car to compare with the Cadillac do you look downward ? I t is not likely. And yet many a man in past years has thought that he was buying a car as good as the Cadillac, because he was paying an approximate price. He cannot think that now, because these cars have removed themselves from the Cadillac field. The storm that once raged around the Cadillac still rages, — but it is in another zone. The Cadillac is out of it, and above it. In its own great quality class the Cadillac stands alone — all alone. The Cadillac owner does not believe that its equal exists. And if you are looking for its equal — where will you look ? You must first find a car of equally fine construction. Styles and Prices Standard S.. ven passenger car, Five passenger Salon and Roadster, $2080. Three passenger Victoria, $2400. Five passenger Brougham, $2950. Seven passenger Limousine, $3450. Berlin, $3600. Prices include Standard equipment, F. O. B. Detroit. If you search for equality with the Cadillac, where else will you find such workmanship? Again — in your search for a car equal to the “Cadillac, you must find a car of equal experi-ence in V-type engine construction. The Cadillac has brought the V-type principle to a state of comparative perfection in the building of 13,000 V-type eight cylinder cars. Where will you look for a like experiencf! — for equal certainty — for such positive insurance? What is the utmost you desire in a car? Your friend who owns a Cadillac already has it. He cannot think of any respect in which its effi-ciency could be improved. In freedom from gear shifting, in ease of control, in swift acceleration, in hill climbing ability, in comfort and luxury, in all the things which con-tribute to ideal motoring, the Cadillac owner will tell you that he has them in superlative degree. In his mind—in your mind — in the mind of the nation—is not the standing of the Cadillac absolutely fixed ? In all the things which constitute quality— the highest known quality — is it not universally accepted as a standard ? Your choice, therefore, is rendered simpler than ever before. You are freed from the distraction of many claims of equality which may once have confused you. You know what the Cadillac offers: —engmeenng pre-eminence, —and social pre-eminence, —unequaled V-type experience, —the enthusiastic endorsement of 13,000 owners, —mechanical construction representing the highest type of fine manufacturing extant, —and an established record of luxury", long life and endurance. We repeat — you know that you get these qual-ities in the Cadillac. Where else could you get them ?