The New York State Engineer and Surveyor, McAlpine, in his report to the Legislature of New York, in 1852, says:—An important fact is also established, which up to this time had been doubted by most men conversant with railroad transports, which is, that passengers can be transported at an expense of less than one cent per mile. This result is obtained as a rule, when the average loads are 90 passengers each mile run.