Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING JANUARY 19, 1858 Reported officially for the Scientific American.'] .CONSTRUCTION, OF TELEGRAPHIC CABLES—John Ab-sterdam, of Boston, Mass. : I claim as a new or improved manufacture, an electric telegraph cable (or one constructed in part of metallic wire) as made, so aa to be elastic lengthwise, or with such corrugations or bends in the circuit wire or wires, and its or their external covering, or simply in the circuit wire or wires, or in the circuit or other wires, as will ensure elasticity of the cable in a longitudinal direction, as specified. CHURN&Michael L. Bauder, of Elyria, Ohio : I am aware that shafts, armed with beaters, have been employed in circular churns, but this arrangement does not enable the beaters to control the masses of cream, and drive them through each other, as in my machine ; and I also know that such beatera have been employed with a reciprocating motion of the shafts. These I do not claim. But we claim the aiTangoment of the elongated vessel F, provided with shafts, D D, armed with beaters, in connection with the case, A, constructed and operated substantially as set forth. HANK REAPERS—J. W. Baltzly and Wm. Hobson, of Paua, 111.: We do not claim the sickle, L, nor the manner of operating or driving it. Nor do we claim a rake working through a slotted platform. But I claim the semi-circular bars, C, connected with the frame, A, and having the axis, a a, of the wheels, B B', attached and provided with pins, f, in connection with the rod or bar, M, attached to the frame, A, and arranged relatively with the above-named parts, aa described, so that th*5 sickle may be adjusted at the required night with facility, and a proper handle or device obtained, for the ready propulsion of the machine by hand. [This reaper has a novel arrangement f orraking the cut grain from the platform; the sickles are also placed so as tfo cut the grain at any desired hight, the whole being constructed for operation by hand.] ARRANGEMENT OF VAT.VEG AND PASSAGES IN TUB CYLINDERS OF STEAM ENGINES—Ed v/ard D. Barrett, of Cincinnati, Ohio: I claim the arrangement of check val ves, 11', and passage a, E E', in relation to the passages, D D', and the main valve, substantially as set forth. BUTTONS—Jean Felix Bapterosses, of Paris, France. Patented in France, January 7th, 1S57 : I claim, as a new article of manufacture, the button composed of porcelain, enamel, or of any material puscpptible of being cast, wherein the neck or shank is fixed, by means of fusible metal, melted into tapped or conical holus or recesses made during the process of casting of said button, by means of the mechanism described, or its equivalent, substantially as specified. LOCK OF DOUBLE-BARRELED GUNS—Henry Barnes, of Wilson, N. C. : I clnim the placing a projection upon the trigger-plate, a corresponding one on the trigger, and fly lever with a projection of a similar kind, and a concave groove, substantially arranged so as to form a permanent hinge, for the uses and p-.irpoaes eet forth in the specification. SEEP PIANTERB—Samuel Baker, of Mount Pulayki, 111. : I do not claim, broadly, and irrespective of the arrangement shown, the reciprocating bar,TV, provided with the recess, k, and working vertically through the seed box, X, for distributing the seed, for this is a well-known device, and is common to many seeding machines. But I claim the reciprocating bar, W, provided with the recess, k, when operated by means ol the working beam, F, link, a, rod, b, and crank, c, on the adjustable shaft, G, connected with the lever, L, substantially as shown, for the purposes specified. [This macMne is simple and efficient, and is under the perfect control of the driver.] COVERING THE HEADS OF TMUNK NAILS—James P. Blake, of Waterbury, Conn.: I would here remark that I distinctly disclaim the invention of a rotating bed for carrying the dies, as this is seen and claimed in J. Q, Davy's patent rivet machine, of July 3,1849. Nor do I claim any of the parts shown in Daniel Dodge's nail machine, patented June 22,1852. Bnt I claim the sockets, e, provided with the arbors, f, in combination with the dies or plungers, F G, constructed and arranged so as to operate conjointly aa and for the purpose set forth. [A description of this invention will be found on another page.] RAILROAD CHAIR—James Bishop, of Owego, N, Y. : J claim a railroad chair or joint-coupling composed of two parts, E F, furnished with jaws, c b, and projections d e, fitting to each other, and to the ends of the rails, A It, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. PLOWS—Samuel K. Borum and William McClean, of Norfolk, Va. : We do not claim the invention of double mold-boards, for we know they are old. But to the best of our knowledge and belief, it is new to make the standard transversely of V-shaped form, gradually expanding from the upper to the lower part, the said peculiarly-shaped standard being combined with the horn or projection, b, of the landside, C, in the manner set forth. We claim the arrangement of the peculiarly-formed V-shaped standard, D, with the horn or projection, b, of the landside, C", and its wings, B', as shown and described. [This plow has a peculiarly -arranged double mold-board and landside, by which the breaking of the share and the loosening of the mold-boards are obviated.] SEED PLASTERS—John A. Brown, of Richmond, Ind.: I am aware that corn planters are i n use, i n which the seed-boxes are attached directly, either to the spokes or hubs of the wheels. My invention, however, is quite distinct from these, inasmuch as in mine the boxes arc attached to the axle, from which one wheel may be loose, and free to move within the seed boxes, as shown. But I claim the arrangement of seed boxes, B W, upon axle, a, in combination with the distributing and discharging devices shown, said devices being operated by the arms, E E, as set forth. CONSTRUCTION OF FURNITURE—A. D. Brown, of Glasgow, North Britain : I claim connecting together the several parts of chairs, and of other articles of furniture, by the employment of metallic differently-slotted dovetail pieces, when the said dovetail pieces are secured into recesses in the -wood, or material of the furniture, by means of screws passing through the bottom of said slots, and the center, or thereabouts, of the parts, in combination with wedge dovetailed projections, secured also by means of screws, when said screws pass through ? the central line thereof, substantially in the manner as 5 described. ADJUSTING TWO CIRCULAR SAWS TO THE SAME PL,ANE —Edwin P. Cav-ett, of St. Louis, Mo. : I lay no claim to the 4' end play." But one of my improvements is for the government of the end play automatically. Neither do I lay any claim to the springs, or their arrangement. Neither do I claim the compound lever, D, as such. But I claim the .iiiplic.ition of the compound lever, D, to the two saw arbors, substantially in the manner tie-scribed, whereby the lateral motion of one saw will automatically govern the lateral motion of the other, as set forth. I also claim the combination of the saw arbor with the hollow mandrel, and the air funnel, Gv whereby a current of air is made to pass through the arbor, against the sides of the saw, substantially in the manner set forth. SEWING MACHINES—D. W. Clark, of Bridgeport, Conn.: I claim placing and holding the loop in position to receive the needle by means oi a slotj x, iv'iic i runs or extends at right angl s to the direction of t:ie t'eed, and is notched at its center, for the passage of the needle, suliftatit'ialfy Us described. CHOKING PLANE—~S. G. Orane, of Rochester, N. Y. : I claim the construction iind arrangement of ths adjustable plates,- P, and the arrangement of the knife, V, as and for the purposes specified. CHAIN-CABLE STOPPERS—John E. Crane, of.Lowell, Mass. : I do not claim, separately, the pawl, E', nor the grooved bed plate, B, for they have been previously used. But I claim the combination of the pawl, E', eccentric segment ledges or projections, d d, on the inner sides of the cheek plates, A A, and the grooved bed plate, B, arranged substantially as shown, for the purpose specified. APPLICATION OF ELECTRO-MAGNETIC BATTERIES TO CAR BRAKES—S. D. Carpenter, of Madison, Wis. : I do not claim, broadly, and irrespective of the arrangement shown, the application of electro-magnets to car brakes for operating the same. I claim the employment or use of electro-magnets, one or more, attached directly to the bars, C, and springs, G G, for the purpose set forth. I further claim the particular manner of attaching the magnets to the shoe bars, viz., by means of the links, b. and screw bolts, c, substantially as shown, whereby the magnets may be adjusted, for the purpose of graduating the pressure of the shoes upon the wheels when the circuit is closed. [Full particulars of this invention will bo found in another column.] ROPE MACHINES—William Coutie, of Troy, N. Y. : I claim arranging the strand-flyers apart from the strand spindles, with their axes in the same planes as the axis of the laying spindle, but intersecting the latter axis at right angles, and with their journals in bearings in the sides of a frame, constituting part of the laying spindle, and gearing said ilyers with the strand spin dies, the planetary arrangement of which is retained, by miter gears or their equivalents, by which the said flyers are caused to rotate with the laying spindles, so as to cause no twist but what is produced by the planetary strand spindles, in the same manner as in the ordinary "sun and planet" machine, substantially as described. [For description of this invention, refer to another page.] VARIABLK CUT-OFF FOR STEAM ENGINES—Addison Crosby, of Fredonia, N. Y. : I am aware that hollow valves have been before employed upon the back of a sliding valve, and therefore I do not claim, broadly, the employment of hollow valves, except as described. I claim the arrangement of the two hollow plug cut-off valves in a double chambered valve box, D D, which has a sliding movement on the back of the main valve, for the purpose of opening and closing the said valves to admit and cut off the steam, by means of toe pieces, i i, or their equivalents attached to the latter, coming in contact with suitable pieces within tile steam chest, substantially aa described. [This is described on another page.] SEWING MACHINES—Martial Dimock and Nathan Rix-ford, of Mansfield Center, Conn. : We do not claim the looping apparatus patented by W. Lage, June 30, 1857. But we claim the looper, s r, in combination with the sliding plate, K, and the loop guide, f o, when arranged in the manner substantially as set forth, and for the purpose specified. SHINGLE MACHINE—George Darby and James E. Young, of Augusta, Maine : We claim first, Effecting a continuous reciprocation of the shingle carriage, by means of a pinion wheel, H, and the toothed bar, F, which has only a single line of teeth, c, c, and is arranged loosely in grooves on the under side of the carriage, so as to be compelled to move with it longitudinally, and yet to be capable of moving laterally to the right and lett independently of it, and at the completion of each stroke of the carriage, of alternately assuming positions which are opposed to one another, and which are oblique or diagonal to the path in which the carriage is moving, and which will allow the pinion to take hold of the opposite side of the teeth, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second, The head block, N, when furnished with a yoke, O, which has ears, h h, and a set screw, g, in combination with the grooved shingle carriage, B, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [A full description of this appears on page 163. ] HARVESTERS—Ezra Emmert, of Franklin Grove, 111. : I claim the peculiarly constructed apron, F, and retaining hooks, J J, in combination with the binding hooks, L, and platform, M, the whole being constructed and arranged for joint operation in the manner and for the purposes set forth. [This harvester has an arrangement on the platform, by means of which the wheat or grain and stalks are collected, until there are enough to form a sheaf, and they are then discharged in bundles, for binding.] FORMING BRIMS OF FELT HATS—William A. Fenn, of Brookfield, Conn. : I do not claim, in the abstract, the employment or uae of conical pressure rollers, for they are used in various ways for similar or analogous purposes. But I claim the employment or use of the two pairs of rollers, O F N G, arranged as shown, to wit, the upper rollers, O N, of each pair being fitted or placed in an adjustable frame, K, and the two pairs of rollers rotated with varying speed, whereby the ha t brim is stretched, and at the same time subjected to the necessary pressure, as described. I further claim giving the rollers, G, a curtain degree of elasticity, or allowingit to yield or give vertically, to a certain extent, by any proper arrangement;, when said roller, G, thus arranged, is used in combination with the other described parts, whereby the pressure of the feed rollers, N G, is rendered constant, and at the same time the pressure of the rollers, O Y, allowed to be regulated as desired, for the purpose of forming an even and perfect brim, as set forth. [For a further description of this, see another" column.] PORTABLE RAILROAD SWITCH—John C. Mather, of New York City : I claim a portable switch, constructed in the manner substantially as and for the purpose set forth. I also claim the arm, d, as arranged, for the purposes set forth. Ion CRT-UM FREEZERS—H, B. Mas3er, of Sunbury, Pa.: I claim the beveled pivoted stop, E, arranged on the top of the ice vessel, and the beveled stop, G, on tne bottom of the cream cylinder, for operation in combination with the off-set, F. on the upper edge of the cream cylinder, and the off-set, G, on the lower edge of the agitator and scraper, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. TABLE RACK FOR STEAMERS , Snips, John Franz, of Boston, Mass. : I do not claim a fixed rack, for that has been used before in stewards' panties, for holding ship a' crockery and table furniture. Neither do I claim a perforated metallic plate, used to covor a hot water bath, nor a perforated false bottom for butlers' trays. But I claim the adjustable, removable, perforated wooden rack for vessels' tables, before described, constructed anrl used substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. GRAIN SEPARATORS—Ashman Hall, of Dansville, N. Y. : I do not claim any of the parts when separately considered. Nor do I claim, broadly, the employment of two shoes in separating machines. But I claim the relative arrangement of the two shoes D G, in respect to each other, and to the fan, C, the upper shoe, D, swinging laterally, and communicating a horizontal motion to the lower shoe, G, by means of the lever, H, and all the parts being arranged as set forth, for the purposes specified. [This invention consists in the employment of one or two shoes, provided with screws, and arranged relatively with eacli other and a fan, so that the grain is conducted directly to the receptacle prepared to receive it, and is perfectly separated from all foreign substances.] THRESHING MACHINES—P. W. Mills, of Conneaut, Ohio : I claim the ribbed cylinder, D, having one end of greater diameter.than the other, with the corresponding concave, E, when employed in connection with the winnower, provided with the screen, N, for the purpose of threshing and winnowing grain,- and delivering the straw at the tail end of the machine, in regular order for binding, as set forth; SEWING MACHINES—Daniel Harris, of Boston, Masa : I clai m the specific dev ice described for applyin g tension to the thread during its passage from the bobbin or spool to the needle, that is, causing it to run through the eye of the spindle and between two disks of parchment, when said disks are placed upon the spindle between two india rubber tubes or cylinders, which are liable to be compressed in the direction of the axis of the spindle to any degree of intensity required, substantially as set forth. CORN HTTSKER—J. D. Heaton and W. A. Clark, of Dixon, 111, : We claim the hammer.?, H and N, the bolsters, K D, in combination with knives, J J and E K, and double prong fork, P2, when the whole is constructed and arranged for joint operation in the manner and for the purposes set forth. FILE—Joseph W. Houston, of West Meriden, Conn. : I do not claim making a file of separate plate of steel, held together on a rod or bar by means of a screw, or its equivalent. Nor do I claim making the cutter plates of the file either round or with an angular periphery. But I claim an improved file, or an improvement on a file so made, my improvement consisting in making each of the plates with a concavo-convex bend or angle, as described, and so that one plate shall extend into another, and be supported by it, and the whole be arranged to better advantage for being sharpened than is the case when the plates are plane or unbent pieces of metal. SEEDING MACHINES—John Huston, of Ottawa, 111, : I do not claim, broadly, and irrespective of the arrangement shown, the employment or use of two slides for distributing seeds. But I claim the arrangement of the shaft, G, levers, J g H. spring, I', bar, D, and slide, I, substantially as and for the purposes shown, whereby, when lever, J, is moved forward, the lever, g, operates the bar, D, lever, H, operates slide, I, and spring, I', acts to restore or throw the said parts to their first position. [This is an improvement in the distributing device, whereby the seed is equally measured at each discharge, and the tube is prevented from becoming clogged; this is effected by the use of vertical and horizontal slides. ] SAWING MACHINE—John Mays,-of Yazoo City, Miss. : I claim the arrangement of the angular frame, C, diagonally to the vertical plane, BO that when the saw swings horizontally it shall serve to cut the logs into blocks or firewood, and when it swings vertically it shall serve to cut the logs into boards orplanks, without any other alteration of the mechanism of mill but a change of the saw and frame trom a horizontal to a vertical position, all substantially as shwn and described. [Full particulars of this invention will be found on another page. ] PRESSES FOR PACKING THE PULP OF LINSEED, OR OTHER SEEDS, BEFORE EXTRACTING THE OIL—Charles Moore, of Trenton, N. Y.: I claim, in combination with the described mold and hinged hopper, a follower fitted to work through the said hopper into the mold and operated substantially as described, for the purposes set fortli. GAS TUBE JOINT—Charles Monson, of New Haven, Conn. : I claim the arrangement of the semi-circular tubes, g h, in connection with the ring, C, and central chamber, i, constructed and operated substantially as set forth. CRANBERRY SEPARATORS—David Perham, of Tyngs-borough, Mass. : I claim the inclined plane, J, and bounder, L and L2, constructed and relatively arranged and operated as described, for bounding cranberries, to separate the good from the bad, essentially as fully set forth. I also claim the relative arrangement of the hopper B, withit.f adjustable gate, H. and rack, C, in such manner as to properly deliver the cranberries to the apron, D, and allow dirt and foreign matter to fall from them through this rack during their delivery, essentially in the manner and for the purposes fully set forth. I also claim the arrangement of the guides, I and P5, constructed with and forming part of the feed apron, D, as described, so that the cranberries will not be allowed to fall on each other when delivered to the bounder, essentially in the manner and for the purposes fully set forth. I also claim the movable and adjustable flexible strick, G, so placed above, and relatively arranged with, the apron, D, as to govern the quantity of cranberries on the apron itself, which may be passing over or upon it, essentially in the manner and for the purposes fully set forth. I also claim the cushion, T, relatively arranged with the bounder, L and L2, as to receive momentarily, and prevent bruising the imperfect cranberries, essentially in the manner and tor the purposes fully set forth. I also claim the flap, F2, so arranged with the bounder, L and L9, as to receive the force of the good or perfect cranberries, and prevent bruising them, as they are separated by, and bounded from, the bounder, essentially in the manner and for the purposes fully set forth. I also claim the double adjustable divider, Y and Z, so arranged relatively with the bounder, V and M2, as to sub-divide thepoorcr quality of cranberries, essentially in the manner and for the purposes fully set forth. DOUBLE-SEAMING MACHINE—Luther E. Porter, of Lake Mills, Wis.: I do not claim, broadly, the employment or use of adjustable rollers for seaming or closing the joints of sheet metal ware, forrollers variously arranged are in common uae for such purpose. But I claim the frames, I K O, provided respectively with the rollers, JNQ, in-connection with the segment C, the whole being arranged as shown, so thjit the rollers may be readily adjusted, and tlie manipulation of the machine generally rendered comparatively easy. TA description of this invention is on page 163.] SEWING MACHINES—J. and A. W. Sangster.of Buffalo, N. Y. : We claim the looper, A', in combination with the plate, D, and cross piece, Z, substantially as described, for the purpose of catching the loop, and causing it to be formed round tile looper, A', and held open hi the aperture, v, tor the reception of the needle. FEIVDING MILLSTONES—WInsor Smith, of Princeton, Iowa : I do not claim the employment of a tube for conducting the grain through the eye of the rotating stone. Bat I claim giving a jarring or shaking motion to the tube, D, as described, for the purpose of preventing the clogging of the grain. [For further information concerning this invention, see another page.] COMPOUND PENDULUM—Charles W. Rice, of Worcester, Mass., and John E. Harrington, of Millbury, Mass. : We claim first, The adjustable connection, B, or its equivalent. Second, The strap, D, by altering the angles of which we are enabled to increase or decrease the effect of the expansion and contraction of the connection, B, in raising or lowering the weight, R, of the pendulum, all substantially as described. CUT-OFFS FOR STEAM ENGINES— Augustin P. Samuel, of New York City : I claim the adjustable bars, q t, making, with the helical slot in the rock shaft plate, y, an uniform curve, arranged substantially as described, within, or in connection with, such helical curve or slot in such rock shaft, y, for varying the cut-off, as above set forth. RAILROAD CAR BRAKES—Thomas W. Smith, of Alexandria, Va. : I do not claim the use of a bumper, or other equivalent sliding-piece, for regulating, by its motion, the tensionof a brake chain, except under the construction and combination which I here set forth as of my invention. I claim, first, The employment of the rods, A A', at each end of the car, united by flexible connections passing round compensating pulleys, substantially as set forth, said rod transmitting the braking power by mutual contact of their outer ends or heads, as set forth. Second, I claim the compensating apparatus, substantially as eet forth, the same consisting of the pulley levers, E E', with one end attached to the car, and the other to the bumpers, and the pulleys, C C, hung at the centers of these levers, for tightening or slacking the chains, B B', so.as to vary the distances of the ends of the rods, A A', directly with the variations of the bumpers, or the distance between the cars. LAMP OR CANDLESTICK AND MATCH-BOX COMBINED— Thomas Shanks, of Baltimore, Md. : I am well aware that match-boxes, or safes, and tinder receptacle?, have been applied, connected to, and arranged with; illuminating apparatus; and also that candlesticks have been formed with depressed receptacles, consequently such attachments and formations I do not claim. But I claim the construction of, and providing lamps or candlesticks with, a hollow base or pedestal part, a a a a, said hollow base being combined and provided with a sliding self-closing drawer-like arrangement or receptacle, b b bb, having compartments, cccddd, enclosing chamber, e e e, constructed, arranged and operated by the springs, kkkk, and catch rod, h h, substantially for the purposes set forth, and as described. CONNECTING THE PANELS OF FIELD FENCES—Wm. D. Sheldon, of Huron, N. Y. : I wish it to be understood that I distinctly disclaim the uae of notched shoulders on the rails in connection with coupliug pins or their equivalents, nor do I claim tlie employment of the pickets in other combinations to assist in locking the fence. But I claim the combination of the end pickets oi the sections of the fence with coupling pins or spikes, substantially as described, so that the fence may be put together or taken apart by simply hooking on or lilting ofi' the alternate lengths or sections, for the purposes specified. CORN SHELLER—Jeremiah P. Smith, of Hummels-town, Pa. : I claim the ribs, E E, arranged and operating in combination with the concave, I, substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. SPINNING MACIHNE—Wm. W. Spafibrd, of Peters-borough, N. H. : I claim the construction of spinning machines, having series of bush-gear wheels, n o, n o, n o, and twisting thimbles, P P P Q, combined and working on the circumference of a mam central driving gear wheel, 1111, said central driving gear wheel combined with the annular plates, J J J K K K, and the adjustable graduating segmental plates, 1111, the whole arranged and operated substantially as described. RATCHET MOVEMENT FOR SCREW DKIVEKS—G. II. Talbot, of Boston, Mass.: I claim the combination with sliding rag wheels, c c', of a sliding piece, i, having claws, h h, substantially as and for the purposes described. [This is a combination of two pairs of rag wheels or flat circular ratchets, with reversing gear to engage either pair and disengage the other, so that a rotary motion can be given to the tool by turning the handle back and forth in opposite directions.] PLOWS—Thos. Thompsoo, of Tliompsonville, N. C. : I make no claim to the curved beam, nor do I claim an adjustment of handles for regulating the depth of plow-But I claim the curved beam, B, and land-side, L, having the depending ear, e, and upright standard, f, secured to the beam as described in combination with the opposite curved adjustable handles, H H, as constituting an improved construction of plow. CARPET FASTENER—C. A. Wakefield,of Dalton, Masa: I claim a carpet fastener composed ol metal plates bent so as to form parallel sides or plates, a b, provided with teeth, c, and each perforated with a hole, d, the plates being fitted and secured on the edge of carpet, and used in connection with the tacks, e, or their equivalents driven in the floor, substantially as shown for the purpose set fortli. [The claim explains the invention, which is designed to save the great wear and tear ofcarpetsresulting from taking them up and putting them down when the tacks are driven through them.] RAILROAD TRACKS—C. A. Wakefield, of New Haven, Conn. : I do not claim, broadly, the employment of splice-piece3 for the purpose of uniting the ends of rails, nor do I claim the invention of chaira, one portion whereof is so fastened as to form a false rail fitting into corresponding notches, cut out of the ends of the true rails, as in Hawley & Forbush's rejected device, 1854. But I claim forming cavities of unequal length in the opposite si'les of the heads ot the two lengths of rail at the joint, and fitting to the eides of the neck of the rail two plates with upward projections to fill the said cavities, and form a continuation of the heads of the rail, substantially as andforthe purpose set forth. [This invention provides a joint so made by having pieces of unequal size cut out from opposite sides of the heads of the rail, so that when pieces of iron are bolted in, there is in no part a break of more than one-third the diameter of the rail, and consequently the wheel al-waya haa a bearing on two-thirds of any part of the joint,] CONSTRUCTION OF MARQUETRY FLOORS—B. H. Shed-daker (assignor to Edwin Bender), of Philadelphia, Pa.: Ido notclaim theappHcationof niarquetiy to floors, nor the securing of one piece of wood in and across the one side of another by means of a dove-tail, half dowel, or otherwise. But I claim constructing marquetry floorp, substan- tially in the manner and for the purpose set forth and described, namely. I claim constructing marquetry \ floors by first inlaying or inserting the required differ- ( ently colored pieces of wood or other material, across m, the upper sides of the proper flooring boards (whether g 163 these are of like or different colors) prepared with tongues and grooves in the usual manner required for common flooring, so that the aaid boards so prepared, as set forth, may afterwards belaid down and secured directly upon the joists in the usual manner, and so produce a marquetry floor of any surface, pattern, or design, which maybe adapted to such mode of construction without the use of the sub-floor required by other modes. SAWING MACHINES—Hiram Wells, of Florence, Mass.: I am aware that various devices have been employed for feeding the carriage to the saw, and gigging back the aanje by means ot friction, and friction and gearing combined, and I therefore do not claim, broadly such device, irrespective of the arrangement and particular means employed for the purpose as shown. I claim the arrangement of the rack, V, piaion, S, rack-bar, P, lever, Q, roller, I, slot, e, pin, D, androller D', as set forth, whereby the shalt, K, willbe rotated in either direction at pleasure according as the lever, X, is moved. [We have noticed this invention in another portion of this journal.] METHOD OF BUTTING AND POINTING THE BOLT TO BE SAWED INTO SHINGLES—Moses D. and Alpheus Wells, of Morgantown, Va. : We make no claim to regulating the position of the bolt by an oscillating table. But we claim the vertical knife-edge slides, B B', and horizontal double inclined slide, D, in combination with each other anil the carriage and saw, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. SCROLL SAWING MACHINE—U. B. Vidal, of Philadelphia : I am aware that a cam similar to the one, F, described has been previously used for operating reciprocating saws, but I am not aware that said cam has ever been used in connection with springs applied to the saw, so as to strain the saw, and at the same time prevent re-action or "back lash," which would otherwise attend the operation of the same by means of the cam. But I claim the arrangement of the slotted slide, H? with a cam, F, embraced by the friction rollers, g, and operated in connection with the springs, f f, c c, all as setforth. [This is described on another page, ] COMBINED HORSE COLLAR AND HAMES—Gr. W. N. Yost, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I claim the adjusting breast yoke, E, iu combination with the hame bows, A A, for the purpose of making the names press directly "backward and upon the fleshy portions of the shoulders in order to enable the horse to draw with greater ease, and also for more accurately fitting different horses, and thus preventing the chafing, galling, and stiffening of the shoulders, substantially s set forth. WINDOW BLIND FIXTURES—A. G. Batchelder (assignor to H. E. Pearson and A. M. Butterfield), of Lowell, Mas3.: I claim the application ot a stand clasping the rail, in combination with the spring and guide rod, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. SEWING MACHINES—A. H. Boyd (assignor to O. D. Boyd),of Saco, Me. : I claim the combination of the lever, M, with the shoe, and spring, 4, for giving the shoe a vertical reciprocating movement Also, in combination therewith, the slide, T, for giving the horizontal reciprocating movement to the shoe, (when the shoe is to be operated in the manner described), arranged as set forth. RESTORING WASTE VULCANIZED RUBBER—H. L. Hall, of Beverly, Mass., assignor to lhe Beverly Bubber Company : I claim the process above described, namely, boiling waste vulcanized rubber in water, after it has been reduced to a finely divided state by grinding, for the purpose of utilizing the same, by restoring it to a plastic state, fit to be again used in the manufacture of india rubber fabrics, as set forth. PUMP BUCKET—W. F. Horton, of Lockport, N. Y., assignor to W. K. Marvin, of New York City : I do not claim any single member of this bucket as new, either shaft, flanges, washer or packing. But I claim the peculiar arrangement of the flange, D and B, with the ooiTugated washer, d, and packing C, when all are operated and secured in the manner described, and for the purpose set forth. COAL SCREENS—Geo. E. Hoyfc and F. Neshwitz, (assignors to G. E. Hoyt,) of Brooklyn, N. Y. : We do not claim any form of rotating coal screen. Neither do we claim any arrangement which requires the dust to pass through a succession of screens Before being finally separated from the coal. But we claim preventing the dust and dirt which have.been once separated from the coal from again mingling with it by means of the arrangement before described of the inclined screens, CDEF, in combination with the dust sieves, b, the whole constructed, arranged and operating substantially in the manner set forth, and applied to the purposes specified. REGISTERING TnE SPEED BACK OR FORWARD AND DISTANCES PASSED OVER BY RAILROAD TRAINS BY MEANS OF ELEORO-GALVANIC BATTERIES—Lewis Troost (assignor to John M. Battle) of Mobile, Ala. Patented in England, June 15, 1857—in France, June 18,1857 : I wish it to be particularly understood that I do not confine myself to the use of any of the particular mechanical devices described, nor to the use of any particular marks or characters in the several registrations, as such may be varied and modified without departing from the principle of my invention. But I claim, first, The method described of recording the performance of a railway train on its journey, by the combination of a registration of time, and one or more registrations of distance, such registrationsbeing made in lines parallel with or contiguous to each other, to show by comparison with each other the speed, movements, and stoppages of the train, substantially as specified. Second, The indication of the backward movements of the train by a registration of a different character to that of the forward movements, but in the same relation to the registration of time, so as to show the time oceupiedandthe distance passed over in backing and to enable such distance to be deducted from the distance run forward, and the distance run from the starting point to be correctly ascertained. [A notice of this will be found on another page.] SPRING PRESSURE GAGES—M. Y. Young, (assignor to himself, H. F. Litchfield and J. G. Hamblin,) of East Boston, Mass. : I claim supporting the piston entirely by an elliptic spring, sustained in position by a crossbar or partition or the equivalent thereof applied in the case, and making the piston to rest in other respects only against the elastic diaphragm, and have no connection with the sides of the space within which such piston may move, the whole being productive of an advantage, as above stated. RE-ISSUES. PRINTING PRESSES—Stephen P. Ruggles, of Boston, Mass. Patented Jan. 1,1851—Re-ieaued Jan. 19,1858. I claim the gage bar for cards above referred to, m com-binatiou with the vibrating platen, and stop-finger and cranlffwhich operates the same, in the manner and for the purpose described. I also claim the use of a segment of a cylinder in combination with thestationary form bed, so that the rotary inking apparatus may move over the form, and then af tertaking ink from the fountain, distribute it on said cylinder as above set forth. I also claim, in combination with the stationary form bed, the revolving cheek plates, I I, for carrying the rolls over the form," as set forth and described. I also claim the movable bearers on the side of the form bed, arranged and operated substantially as above described, so as to be moved outwards when the inking rollers are passing over the form and drawn inwards when the sheet or tympanis moved up to saidform. I also claim regulating the delivery of the ink, by ,,-gwnMning with the delivery roller, a grooved ratchet wheel and weighted pawl band operating with the lever stud, cam roller, and stop lever, substantially as speci- fied. I also claim supporting the journals of one of the ink- ing rollers on sliding bearers, so that it may be moved up against the delivering roll by means of studs on said bearers and cams, operating the same as set forth. VAULT COVEES—George R. Jackson, of New York City. Patented April 21,18.57—Re-issued Jan. IP, 1858 : I claim combining glasses of an inverted pyramid, poly-gonalt or conical form with the sash or metallic portion of an illuminating vaultcover or its equivalent, for the purpose of producing a wide spread and perfect diffusion of the rays of light which may pass through said cover into the apartment beneath, substantially as set forth. ECCENTRIC EXPLOSIVE SHELLS—Win. W- Hubbell, of Philadelphia, Fa. Patented Jan. 22, 1856—Re-issued Jan. 19,1858 : I claim the combination of the head or segment of the solid sphere with flat base uniformly aronnd the fuze hole, with the segment of the hollow part forming a spherical shell with flat-based head and externally smooth, as described. AIR TIGHT STOVE—Zephaniah Boaworth, of Harcner, Ohio, assignor to J. M. McKinlay, of Dubuque, Iowa. Patented April 6,1842—Extended: for the term of seven years from April 6, 1856—Re-issued Jan. 19, 1858 : I claim a fire-pot, a combustion chamber, and descending ' flues leading from the bottom thereof and between the fire-pot and outer easing to a ehimney, all arranged in the interior of a box, enclosure, or easing of suitable'ma-terials with proper provision for admission of air or fuel, all substantially such aa are described, in combination with a properly governed aperture for admitting air into the chimney without passing through the fire-substantially in the manner set forth, the whole constituting a. stove substantially sucli as ia specified, and this combination is claimed whether the oven be used or not. The sliding door, L, the drop door, C, and the other parts of this stove do not differ from such as has been previously known and used; no claim is therefore made to them, or in fact any part of the stove taken individually, but the claims are limited to the combination, substantially as set forth and made known. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENT. Cn Elt Milts—Benjamin Mackerley, of New Petersburg, Ohio. Patent dated Nov. 4,1858—Additional improvement, Jan. 19,1858 : I claim preventing the apples from passing in an uncrushed state from the hopper into the grinding chamber by means of the joint action of the comb, S, and the division plate, t, arranged in relation to the stationary teeth, f, in the concave, A, and the double series of rotating teeth, d and e, of the cylinder, g, substantially aa set forth. I also claim extending the length of the grinding chamber beyond the series of teeth, f, in said chamber and then combining a clearing cam, r, with the correspondingly elongated end of the cylinder, g, substantially as set forth. EXTENSION. BOOT CRIMPS—Jovian Copeland, of Weymouth, Mass., assignor to Jonah M. Read\ of Boston, Mass., assignor to Josiah Copeland, aforesaid. Patented Jannary 20, 1844—Re-issued August 11—Extended January 11,1858 : I do not claim strictly the combination with a pyramidal frustrum or IJlock, A, of another piece of metal forced down upon or over it, by a screw or other contrivance, separate from the main straining screw, and for the purpose of confining the corners or edges of the leatherbetween the said pieces of metal. Nor do I claim the forcing of the two jaws or pieces of metal together by a screw or other contrivance separate from the main straining screw. But that which I claim consists in the manner described of arranging the blocks, A, and clasps, C, so that the turning up of the strainingecrew shall at the same time perform the dmible operation of confining the ends of the leather between the block and clasp and of stretching the leather over the boot form, the whole being substantially as above specified. DESIGNS. TYPES—George Bruce, of New York City. STOVES—A. C. Barstow, of Providence, R. I.
This article was originally published with the title "Patent Claims" in Scientific American 13, 21, 162-163 (January 1858)