Issued from Che United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING JUNE 15, 1858. [Reported officially for the Scientific American.] APPARATUS FOE MANUFACTURING GAS—John Abater-dam, of Boston, Mass. : I do not claim the naphtha-lizing boxea or contrivancee made as described on pagea 145 and 146 of Parnell's Applied Chemistry, or any other contrivance almilar to them, my invention being different from such contrivanceal as I employ for the pasaage of gae, apiral oraerpentine unobatructed passages made of cloth, or any other fibrous or porous material, connected with shallow chambera or reaervoirs, or their equivalents. la carrying out my invention 1 do not employ a capillary material, which shall so fill the channel or gas passage aa to materially obatruct theflowof gas through the same. And furthermore, by my arrangement of the gaa passage with reference to each chamber and ita leading pipes, I effect such an extended circuit of gaa in contact with the vaporizing surfaces aa to enable me to bring the whole apparatus into a very email compass, in comparison with others in use, and having the same amount of naphthalizing power. I do not claim the apparatus made of metal or other suitable material merely, as such solid apparatus is merely the skeleton, to auatain the paaaagee or tubea made of cloth, which line auch solid chambera, accurately forming a tubular paaaage of cloth through which the gaa, air, or aaturated vapor ia driven. But I claim the arranging of tubular passages made of cloth, or other aimilar poroua fabric, which elevate by capillary action the fluid in the chamber, allowing space sufficient for the pasaage of the eeriform fluid, and allowing complete saturation of the latter, in the manner and for the purpoae apecified. DISCONNECTING CAR AXLE BOXES FROM PEDESTALS —William D. Arnett, of Chicago, 111. : I claim the lugs, receaaea, and grooves, arranged with the pedeatala and box cases, for disconnecting the box cases from the sidea of the padestate, as set forth in the specifications, and for purposes deacribed. BEIOK MACHINES—Gerard Bancker, of New York City : First. I claim the use of the flanges, Y and Y2, la combination with the feed box, X, and rotating molding plate, C, or equivalents, substantially as described, and for the purposes set forth. Second, I alao claim the use of the air expeller piston Z, in combination with the rotating molding plate, C, and the flange. Y2, or equivalents, actuated simultaneously with the feed box, for the purpose substantially as described. Third, I also claim in combination with the rotating plate, C, the reciprocating feed box, X, having the flanges, Y and Y2, attached thereto, the bell crank, f 2, pin, K2, on the cam, a2, when these several parts ate constructed and operated in the manner and for the purposes set forth. HOUSE BELL-----Jason Barton, of East Hampton, Conn. : I am aware that springs and levers have been previously used and arranged in various ways, to force a tongue or hammer from one point to another, and back, again, BO as to strike a bell, and hammers also have been forced across the mouth of a bell against two opposite points thereof. I therefore do not claim such devices. Nor do I claim broadly such operation of the tongue or hammer. I claim the arrangement of the parts in a house bell, as specified, for the purposes set forth. [This invention consists in the peculiar arrangement of a spring,, lever, tongue or hammer, and handle or rod, placed relatively with each other, and with a bell, whereby the tongue or hammer, as the handleor rod is actuated, is made to move gradually about half the distance of its stroke, and then move the remaining space with an accelerated speed, so as to strike the bell forcibly, the hammer striking the bell at one or at two opposite points, and having the same movement in either direction. There is also a peculiar means tor graduating the strength of the spring, and also a peculiar stop, by which the hammer maybe made to strike a single or double blow, as desired.] MACHINE FOR CUTTING GLAZIER'S TINS—John G. Baker, of New Brunswick, N. J. : I claim the rotating drum, M, provided with the cutters, Q R, two or more, in combination with the stationary die or bolster, S, provided with the recesses, f g, and the feed rollers, o, arranged to operate substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [A notice of this invention will be found on another page.] MACHINE FOR GATHERING THE TOLL m GRIST MILLS —Joseph Bartholomew, of Dundee, N. Y. : I do not confine myself to the precise arrangement of the parts as shown and described, for a modification of the same may be used and made to answer a good purpose ; the valves, for instance, may be operate^ by a different arrangement of parts, c.—the machine, however, would be substantially the same as regards its principle of operation. What I claim is the employment or use of a rotating cylinder provided with chambers, and having valves or movable bottoms so arranged and operated that as the cylinder rotates the grist will be conveyed to the hopper of the stones, or any proper receptacle, and the toll gathered or taken from the grist, substantially as described. [A notice of thiS improvement will be found in another column. ] APPARATUS FOE MANTTFAOTURINO GAS — William Beaumont, of Paterson, N. J. : I claim, in combination, with the retort, the series of longitudinal flues, H J K, and their communicating passages, g m n, whenar. ranged substantially deacribed. MACHINES FOB CRUSHING STONES—Eli W. Blake, of New Haven, Conn. : I claim the combination of the following features in the construction, arrangement and movement of the jaws, to wit: First, Making the acting faces of the jaws upright, or so nearly so that stones will descend by their own gravity between them. Second, Making the acting faces of the jaws convergent in such manner that while the space between them at the top is sufficient to receive the stones that are to be broken, that at the bottom shall be only sufficient to allow the fragments to pass when broken to the required size. Third, Giving a short vibratory movement to the movable jaw. I disclaim the above three features severally, and limit my claim to their joint co-operation, as described, in a machine for breaking atones, or other hard substances. ATTACHMENT OF PIPES TO WATER-CLOSET BASINB^-William S. arr, of New York City : I claim the aock-et, d, rod, e, and nut, f, connecting the pipe, c, and arm b, substantially as and for the purposes specified. QUILTIHG FRAME—Alanson Brown, of Rochester, N. Y. : I claim the construction of the frame, A A B B B C, and its combination with the standards, S S, said frame consisting essentially of the revolving bars. B B, the end pieces, A A, and the rigid bar, C, which bar, C, revolves in the standards, S S, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described. I also claim my method of converting the whole into a cradle by means of the reversible feet, F F. It being understood that I disclaim the mere substitution of rockers for feet in any form of bed or cradle, that being a common practice, but claim the feet or rockers, F F, reversible, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth. SASH HOLDER—Stephen R. Brown, of East, Kingston, N. H. : I do not claim a lever bearer and a spring for holding a sash in its frame, or to operate as a sash holder. But I claim applying the spring so as to be capable of being slid or adjusted lengthwise on its abutment, and so as to bear against the lever bearer in whatever position the spring may be set, the same being for the object or purposes as specified. OPERATING CHURNS—Addis on G. Brush, of Great Bend, Pa. : I claim the arrangement of the revolving platform, D, having short arms or tappets, ccc. attached and operating the churn dasher, in connection with arms, A A and F, and shaft, B, the whole constructed as specified. MODE OF HEATING ROTARY BOILERS—C. S. Buchanan, of Ballston. N. Y. : I claim combining and sur-roundin/? a cylindrical boiler made to revolve upon its axis, with one or more stationary envelopes, made of fire brick, or any other equivalent material, arranged at such distance from said boiler, as to allow the fire and other products of combustion to pass around the boiler, in the manner and for the purposes specified. I also claim arranging the stationary envelopes around a rotary boiler, in such a manner as to leave both the ends and the middle of the said boiler uncovered, for the respective purposes of protecting the journals at the ends of the boiler from heating, and of allowing access to the man-hole, as specified. Also in combination with a boiler constructed and operating in the manner described,*! claim two furnaces arranged as described symmetrically in relation to the boiler, whereby the heating of said boiler can be effected in a more economical and uniform manner. SEEDING MACHINES—Samuel Burnside, of Reading, Ohio : I do-not claim separately the reciprocating seed slides, D, for they are in common use. Nor do I claim the hoes, J, separately. But I claim the movable conveying tubes, K, with hoes, J, attached, in combination with the seed slides, D, the above parts being operated as and for the purpose set forth. [In this machine the seed slide, conveying tube, and hoe, are so arranged that the seed is depoaited in hilla, covered, and the hilla marked, the several parts acting automatically as the machine is drawn along. The machine is designed for planting seed in check rows, and to facilitate sowing in this way.] POCKET SUPPORTER FOR BILLIARD TABLES—John E.' Came and Simeon Havens, of Boston, Mass. : We are aware that it is not new to apply a cushion to a surface, to protect such from injury; therefore we do not claim such. Nor do we claim the application of elastic cushions to the guards of a billiard table. But we claim the arrangement of a strip of vulcanized rubber, or its equivalent, along the inner edge of the Pocket supporter, and betweenthe same and its leather covering, the same being for the object and purposes as set forth. LIME KILNS—George W. Calkins and Henry White, of Cleveland, Ohio : We do not claim any of the parts separately. But we claim the arrangement of a limekiln, orparts of a lime kiln, as described, that is to say, the arrangement nf the furnaces, F1 and F, provided with the diagonal mouths, G G' G2, in combination with the dampers, H H' and K, the ash pits, O, the cold blast aperture, P, the flue, J, and a hinge chute draw, D, when the several parts are constructed and arranged wi^i relation to each other, as described, and operating in the manner and for the purpose set forth. HAY ANT COTTON PRESSES. a—Lincoln L. Cum-mings, of Munnsville, N. Y.: 1 do not claim the screws, 1, and nuts, J, for the purpose of operating the follower, B, for they have been previously used. But I claim the caps, D, sliding plates, E E, and the bar. C, in combination with the screws, I I, and nuts, J, the whole being arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [The object of this invention is to overcome the difficulty attending the free or perfect operation of the press, in case the follower in its descent assumes an inclined position. This object is attained by having the screws, which, in connection with rotating nuts, form the device by which the follower is operated, fitted in movable plates, so that the screws and nuts may, when necessary, be shifted or adjusted, for the purpose of regulating, during the operation of pressing, the position of the follower.] MACHTNEB FOR HULLING "RIOK—Philip Dickenhof, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the combination with the compensating delivery spout, i?, of a revolving clearer, C, interposed between the said spout and the hulling mechanism or surfaces, essentially as set forth. I likewise claim the revolving clearer, C, constructed as described, with its opposite acting sides or edges shaped to produce similar action in opposite directions of travel, and the outer ends of said edges formed to counteract the centrifugal throw of the clearer, as specified. DEVICE IN FEED MOTION OF SHINGLE MACHINES— Elbridge Drake, of Gardiner, Me. : I claim the application to shingle machines of the knee, G, combined with the slide, C, in such manner as will produce the desired effect, aa deacribed. WATOH CASKS—James M. Durand, of Newark, N. J.: I claim connecting the inner caae of a watch to the outer one by a hinge and pivot, ao that said inner case maybe raiaed up and turned over, to make a hunting or open-faced w?tch without opening but one of the bizzlps, cs^dt forth. WINDLASSES—John Harvery, of Carmel, Me.: I claim my mode of obtaining power by a windlass and ropes, constructed and arranged substantially as specified; and I particularly claim making the windlass with the conical or taperinc parts, I, in conjunction with the cylindrical parts, D E, or either, as described. HAND PRINTING PRESSES—Charles A. Haskins, of New York City : I claim the application of the ink reservoir with the plunger or gate of gutta percha, or its equivalent, for letting down the ink, in combination with the spring bed plate and the inking roller, which is accommodated to the face of the type in the process of inking, by means of slots in the arm and spiral springs attached to the same, substantially as described. SEWING MACHINES—Abial C. Herron, of Remson, N. Y. : I claim the arrangement of the mechanism by which the feeding surfaces upon both sides of the cloth are moved as stated, and by which the motions produced are combined and applied at the same time to the feeding surfaces upon both sides of the cloth, viz., the arrangement of the rocker shafts above and below the table, with the connecting and intermittent pres-Btire mechanism, or its equivalent, whereby I am enabled to feed the article to be sewed between two smooth surfaces, both having a positive, uniform, independent and intermitting motion, substantially as above described. I also claim the arrangement of the mechanism, or its equivalent, for interweaving two threads upon the uppersurface of the cloth, substantially as described. MANUFACTURE OF BURNING FLUIDS—Levi L. Hill, of Greenpert, N. Y. : I do not claim the mere mixture of tar and crude turpentine, nor the above method of making caoutchoueine, nor any peculiarity in the form of my apparatus. Neither do I claim the use of benzole or naphtha for carbonizing air or gas, for benzole alone, and benzole mixed with alcohol, has been used for air, and naphtha for gas. But I claim, first, the use of caoutchousine forimpart-ing greater volatility, as well as greater stability, to my compounds. I wish to be distinctly understood as claiming the use of caoutchousine only in combination with the liquids described. Second, I claim the liquids described as newbian oils, A B C D, having the composition and properties set forth, to be used singly or in such relative proportions and admixtures as may appear necessary to accomplish the purposes set forth. ^-- " REDUCING WHEEL TIRES—Iris Hobson, of Stout's Grove, 111. : I claim the sliding curved anvil formed of one straight and two semi-elliptic spring bars, K L M, and furnished with two holding jaws, O O, in combination with two toothed stationary jaws, o1 o\ and a vise screw, I, substantially as and tor the purposes set forth. FIELD FENCE—Thomas Hoge, of Waynesburgh, Pa. : I do not claim forming a hinge ^oint as being new, as that has been done before, though different from mine. Neither doOtclaim the use of the brace, or any other part, in any form in which it has been known or used. But I claim the round hole or mortise through the sill or chair, f, with the projecting ends of the boards, y b\ passing through said hole or mortise, and the adjustable brace, d, with a hole or series of holes in its upper end, and the battens, c', arranged as described, for the purposes set forth. SKFRT HOOPS—David Holmes, of Westfield, Mass.: I claim, first, The connection of the hoops, Dy interlacing hoops in the manner substantially as described. Second, The attachment of the loops to the hoops by two lipped clasps, E E, applied in the manner substantially as described. Third, The formation of eyes, e e, in the braiding at the extremeties of the hoops, to serve as slides, substantially as specified. [The hoops in this skirt are connected together by a series of interlacing loops. A peculiar kind of clasp is employed for connecting the loops to the hoops, and eyes are formed at the extremity of the hoops, which act as slides.] APPARATUS FOR DISTILLING OILS—John Howarth, of Salem, Mass. : I claim, first, In combination with the still, the reservoir placed above the level at which the oil is to be kept in the still, and the worm heated as described, or in any other manner whereby heated oil under pressure is fed into the still in such a manner as to keep the oil therein always at one and the same level, as set forth. Second, The use of a pipe communicating with the several vapor spaces within the still, as described, whereby thecondenseris relieved from the incondensable gases that are generated in the still, and which prav.ent the effective condensation of the vapor. Third, A cutter formed in the neck of the still, for the purpose specified. POST AND PILE DsivER-^Oliver Hyde, of Benicia, Cal. : I claim the suspending of the gin from the top by any of the mechanical appliances known to accomplish that end, thereby enabling a post-driving machine to accommodate itself to any unevenness of the ground over which it may be moving. I also claim the sextant-formed frame to keep the gin in position. MANUFACTURE OF ROUND BELTING—Marshall Jewell, of Hartford, Conn. : I .claim a new manufacture of round leather belting, composed of two or more thicknesses, stitched and twisted as shown, in the manner and for the purpose set forth and described. TANNING LEATHER—Horace G.Johnson, of Cleveland, Ohio : I claim the use of the Anthemis Cotula.or any other species of Maruta, either separately or mixed with Terra Japonica in any proportion, or combined with alum and common salt, or their chemical equivalents, in the manner and for the purpose set fortn, not intending, however, to confine myself to the exact proportions named. ADJUSTABLE HANGER FOR SHAFTING—Wm. Johnson, of Lambertville, N. J. : What I claim is not the employment of a box with trunnions or pivots solidly attached thereto, nor a box movable by means of a ball and socket, nor the adjusting of the box in position, eithervertically or laterally, by means of screws, or screws and nuts, with or without a vertical stem, carrying the box with it, nor in a particular proportion, size or shape (except in the particulars mentioned of any of the parts). But it is the cylindrical instead oi the globular form of the curved surfaces of the box, the axis of each cylinder (of which the opposite surfaces are parts) being at right angles to the other, and the axes of both being at right angles to the axis of the box or tube itself, so as to allow either pair of opposite plugs or blocks to serve as trunnions, or pivots, or centers, upon which the box or tube may turn or revolve longitudinally, and so that the action or pressure, or strain of, or upon, the box, in whatever direction or from whatsoever cause, shall always be perpendicular to the several surfaces of the box and of the plugs or blocks pressing against the same, and so that the plugs or blocks become so many perfect abutments, always acting perpendicularly and never obliquely against the point of resistance, thereby securing a greater degree of compactness, simplicity, and strength relatively to the weight of material and coats of construction, than by other methods. What I claim ia the two pairs of cylindrical surfaces at right angles to each other and to the axis of the box, in connection with the four plugs or blocks, each with a cylindrical curvature fitting to that of the box, and secured and adjusted by the four icrews, the whole constructed and operating substantially as described and set forth. v RETORTS FOR GENERATING GAS—Wm. H. Lauback, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim, first, The construction of the retort with a convolute passage made in two parts, fitting together in the manner substantially as described, whereby a great amount of heating surface is obtained for the conversion of the vapor into permanent gas, and provision is made for cleaning out the passage. Second, Combining the movable cover, G, with the valve, E, of the charged by means of a T-shaped head on the valve stem and pfna, g g, inside the said cover, or their equivalent, to regulate the supply of fluid material to the retort while in operation by turning the said cover. [A notice of this improvement will be found on another page.] CORN HUSKERS—Lucius Leavenworth, of Trumans-bur^h, N. Y. : I claim attaching to the arm or other part of the chair, the two rollers, or their equivalents, in the relative position, and for the purpose described. I also claim the combination of the hinged lever, d, curved chisel, g, and rollers, c c. with a seat or chair, in the manner and for the purpose described. IVORY FRAME COMPOSITION—J. M. Legare', of Aiken, S. C. : I claim the employment of any saponified material, in combination with a neutral clay, as a basis of my composition, substantially as set forth in the specification. SEEDING MACHINES—D. B. Neal, of Mount Gilead, Ohio : I claim the peculiar arrangement of the gage slide, e, the screen, d, and the pin. p, with the bottom, g, and seea slide, G, for the purpose of-regulating the quantity of seed to be discharged, and at the same preventing straws or chaff from choking the slides as is fully set forth. FASTENING FOR DOUBLE DOORS—George II. Lindner, of Hoboken, N. J.: I claim the catches, D D, having cams, b, attached to their inner ends and arranged with the slides, E, having springs, c, placed on them, in connection with the plate, f, and springs, e, the whole being applied to the door, B, eo as to be used in connection with the fellow door, C, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [By this invention the hand bolts or fastenings which tiave hitherto been employed are dispensed with, and an automatic catch which will secure a folding door by merely closing it, is substituted the security or fastening being complete when the door to which the catch or lock is attached is closed, and secured to the other door.] DOOR LOOKS—John R. Marston, of New York City : I do not claim separately any of the parts, as they are well-known. I am aware of the patent of William Moore, September 14,1852, and I therefore make no claim to any device patented to him. But I claim the sliding key-hole cover, I, constructed and operating substantially as described, and acting in combination with the bolt, C, for the purpose of making a door-lock proof against any outside communication when locked from the inside without requiring any adjustment, substantially as set forth ana specified. COTTON SEED PLANTERS—Arnold McDonald, of Salem, Miss. : I claim the combination of shaft, T, its grooved seed distributing wheel, D, and eterrers, B b b b, with hopper. E, the whole being constructed, arranged and operating in the manner and for the purpose described. LAMPS FOR LIGHTING GAS—Charles Mclntosh, of Jersey City, N. J. : I am aware that openings have been formed in the lower portions of lamps for producing draft and supplying air to the flame, and therefore I lay no claim to this device. What I claim is constructing the lamp with a vertical or nearly vertical passage, H, through it, when used in connection with a lantern, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [The nature of this invention and improvement con si3ts in forming a flared opening in the base or reservoir of the lantern, in such a manner and in such relation to the flame as to enable the flame to draw a stream of gas from the burner, and ignite the same by simply passing the lantern over the burner.] WASHING MACHINE—B. D. Morrell, of Windham, Me. : I do not claim holding the rubber down by a spring aud adjusting collar, nor do I claim a socket arranged below the bottom oi the tub. But I claim the fitting and adjusting up and down of the rubber, D', over and within a hollow detachable metallic socket, C, projecting up from the bottom of the tub means of a central hole, b, a revolving spindle, D, and sliding collar, G. H, arranged precisely as specified and ahown. [By this improvement in tub washing machines, the rubbing board can be adjusted or raised or lowered more or less, so aa to auit the qnantity and quality or texture of the clothea to be washed, and thua either a direct action of the rubber upon the clothes, or aimply the motion given to the water by the circular vibration of aaid rubber, can be employed for removing the dirt from the clothea. The aocket and all the* attachments of the machine can alao be removed from the tub, and the tub uaedaa a common wash tub.] METALLIC WINDOW BLINDS—Chas. Neer, of Troy, N. Y. : I claim, first, Connecting the slats of metallic blinda by meana of ataplea inaerted into a folded metallic atrip, when bent up and secured, aubstantially ga specified. Second, I claim the circular spring tenon formed on the ends of aheet metal, blind slata, substantially in the manner apecified to be inserted into the hole in the atilea, and cauae the necesaary friction, but prevent the tenon bending, as aet iorth. Third, In combination with aaid aheet metal blind alats, I claim the metallic frames formed of the detachable raila and tapering atilea in the manner and for the purpoaea apecified. Fourth, I claim beveling the atiles each way from the line of holea receiying the enda of aaid metallic blind alata, for the purpoae of giving freedom to the alats when opened, but,forming a tight joint when closed, as set forth. CRACKER MACHINE—Charlea Neer, of Troy, N. Y. : I claim, first, The grating, i, perforated with conical holea, in combination with the dough box, h, and follower, k, aubstantially aa and for the purposes specified. Second, I claim t'e worker, r, having the eccentric motion specified, and provided with the cavities, 11, substantially as and for the purposes specified. Third, I claim the plate, 7, formed with the convex parts, 15, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. APPARATUS FOR RAISING SUNKEN VESSELS—Milo Osborn, of Oabornville, Ohio : I claim the sinker arranged with the rod, I, adjustable hooks, J and K, and bail, J\ and in combination wiin the buoy, F and clasp, G, substantially as described, the same operating in connection with the cables, A and D, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. CLOTHES' FRAME—Enos Page, of Streetsborough, O.: I am aware that folding clothes' racks and frames nave been known and used. But I claim the combined sections, UK,, composed of the vertical jointed and folding standards, in combination with the adjustable crossbars, when arranged as set forthfor the purpose described. INVALID BEDSTEAD—Joseph Parker, of Liverpool, England. Patented in England Dec. 14,1857 : I am aware that bedsteads have heretofore been made, in which parts of the frame have been made movable, so that the whole or part of the body of the patient or persons reclining thereon may he raised into various positions as may be required. I do not therefore mean or intend to^laim the exclusive right to use or ai-ply movable frames to bedsteads for such purposes except when such object is effected in the manner and by the means of the mechanical appliances and arrangements above described, or any analogous contrivances. In conclusion, I claim, first, the mode ehown and described of constructing and operating the movable parta of invalid bedsteads. I claim, particularly, the combination of the movable head-board, c, with the movable frame, l, and also the attachment of the bolster to the head so as to prevent it from slipping behind the patient. Second, I claim the use and application for the purposes mentioned, or for analogous purposes of the movable foot board, and the mode of constructing and operating the same. b v MACHINES FOR CLEANING GRAIN—Wm. Partridge and G. W. Shaw, of Ellicotfs Mills, Md. : We claim the combination of the spike-studded beaters. G, upon drum, D, with the notched and grooved dress of the outer casing, constructed as described, the whole arranged and operating together substantially aa and for the purposes set forth. We also claim the combination of the pan, W, chamber, C, channels, 1, and blast trunk, T, adjustable by means of the vertically moving spout, R, attached to sliding breast piece, f, arranged ana operating substantially as set forth. STRAW CUTTERS—C. P. Perry, of Norristown, Pa. : I do not claim the upward cut or the knives, neither do I claim, broadly, allowing the feed roller, d, to yield more or less from the roller, e, and at the same time to continue its rotary motion. But I claim the shaft, E, with its pinions, J, the shaft Z ,with its wheel, R ,and the spindle, P, with ita pinion j 331 K, when the said shafts are linked together, and the said wheels and pinions are arranged with respect to each other, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. CAR WHEELS—John Pugh, of Franklin, Tenn. : I claim the employment of the hollow or tubular spoke. B. combined \vith the solid spoke, A, for the purpose of respectively receiving the strain arising from the unequal contraction in cooling bf the different volumes of metal in the inner and outer sections, ED, or portions of the rim independent of each other, in the manncr described. [This inven ion consists in employing solid wrought iron Lpokes surrounded by and enclosed within hollow wrought iron spokes of a sborter length, in such a manner as to enable the outer segments or rim of the wheel ar _ the inner sections of the inner portion of the samel to be cast around the ends of said spokes and to shrink in cooling independent of each other, and the hub to be subsequently cast within and around the inner ends of the spokes after the rim has been cast.] GAS BURNERS—A. H. Ray, of Boston, Mass. : 1 claim the described gas burner, consisting essentially of the the chamber, F, heating tube, G, and the cone, D, or its equivalent, operating in the manner substantially as set forth. DEVIOE FOR HOLDING SHEEP WHILE BEING SHEARED: D. R. Beed and J. E. Chapman, of Castile, N. Y. : We claim the adjusting wheels, E E, and bed, GI fitted to a suitable base, A, and arranged substantialy as and for the purpose set forth. [A full description of this invention is given in another column.] METALLIO HUBS FOE CAREIAGE WHEELS—S. J. Russell, of Chicago, Ill. : I claim the wedge-shaped projections, E and F, when employed in connection with the spaces, e e, and hooks, S S, for receiving the spokes, and locking the two parts of the hub firmly together, substantially as set forrtb. I also claim the use of india-rubber to protect the woedy fiber of the spokes, as set forth. RETORTS FOR DISTILLING OILS FROM COAL—T. D. Sargent, of Wasbington, D. C.: I claim the use of the cylinder retort made of clay, and 80 arranged as to revolve upon its axis, during the process of distillation, or in place of a whole revolution, making only three-fourths of a revolution and turning back again, thus producing an oscillating motion for a clay retort, in the manner aniiorthe purposes set forth. CONSTRUCTION OF HARNESS PADS—R. M. Selleck. of New York City : I claim, first, The cast-iron frame, having the depressions, E E, in combination with the recesses, 0 O. cast on each eide, for the side straps, D, to fit in, Bubstantially as and for the purposes de8cribed. Second, The under plates or clamps to secure the pads, provided with hooks, F F, fitting into the depressions and recesses, S S. on the frame, the ends of the pad being secured by sarew8, Bubstantially as Rnd for the purposes set forth. I^IGRT REFLECTOR—Wm. F. Shaw, of Boston, Mass. : I claim a luminous reflector or lamp shade made of cORdueting or slowly conducting material. constructed BUbstantiallY in manner and so 8S to operate as described, both as to the reflection of light and the dis-perdion of heIt and light. WEATHER STRIPS FOR DOORS—M. M. Shellaberger, of Joliet, 111. : I do not claim, broadly, a hinged door, or weather strip, ao arranged as to be actuated by the opening and closing of the door, for many sueh devices hnve been used. But I claim the plate or strip, C, provided with end pieces, E F, pivoted to the cMing, A, aa shown, namely, by pivots or screws, b, passing through oblong slots, a, in the end pieces, and naving one of the plates connected to a slide, G, as shown, and provided with a catch, f, which, when the door is closed, passes within a recess, H, in the door, and over a plate, It the above parts being used in connection with the plate, J, or its equivalent, and the whole being arranged to operate as and for the purpose set forth. [A metal plate bent upwards at its ends, and pivoted to the casing or frame of the door, forms the weather strip ; the horizontal portion of the plate extends the whole length of the door sill, and a sUde is connected with one of the end pieces of the strip, and so arranged that as the door is closed, the plate will be Inclined or tilted, so that its upper edge will pass underneath a plate attached permanently to the door, the whole heing arranged so as to obtain a perfect weather proof strlp.] FURNACES FOR BURNING BAGASSE, C.—EvanSkelly. of Plaquemine, La. : I claim the angular internal projections a a, central cone, b, and air passages, cd.d'e f g, combined and arranged substantially "s deSCribed to operate as set forth. (An engraving and description of this furnace ap. peared on page 308 of the present volume of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.] LEE PITCHER—Geo. W. Smith, of Hartford, Conn. : I am aware that vessels have been constructed with a double wall, for the purpose of preserving their contents from the exterior heat, and I therefore do not claim tbis device. But i claim surrounding double wall pitchers with an additional concentric surroundingshell.double E, and their double bottoms and covers with corresponding additional disks, G C , for the purpose of protecting the same from being battered through carelessness in handling and other cause, and preserving them from the direct contact of external heat, and thus keeping a colder body of air in contact with them, of such temperature as shall not only more thoroughly preserve the cold temperature of the ice and water contained in the said pitchers, but also prevent the condensation of air on the exterior surfaces of the same, and the consequent dripping of the water thus accumulated therefrom, substantially in the manner set forth. [See description of this invention on another page.] HARVESTERS—S. F. Smith. of Magnolia. Ill. : I do not claim any of the parts separately. But I claim the application of the rake to the reel of a reaping machine by means of the slides, C, guides, c, rollers, d, longitudinal planes, i, and rod spiral spring, k, when these several parts are constructed and arranged as set forth for the puoposes specified. BRICK KILNS—G. L. Smull, of Meadville, Pa. : I claim, first. The molding wheel, C, in combination with the press, V, toggle joint, P, and the incline plane, O, for operating the followers, U U, when these several are constructed, arranged and operated as described and for the purposes set forth. Secondforthe I claim the hooks, S, constructed as described, and operated by the crank, J, for operating through the rod, R, the toggle-joint, F, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Thirdforthe I claim the half wheel, I, in combination with the pinions. H and G, cranks n and m, and connecting rod, 11, forgiving intermittent motion to the molding wheel. C, when the several parts are constructed, arranged and operated as and for the pnrposes described. CLASP FOR SKIRT HOOPS—Thomas Wallace, Jr., of Ansonia, Conn. : I claim the clasp formed WIth lips, b b at each side of each end, and with teeth, c c, at Its edges, to operate in the manner set forth. [This is a convenient and simple clasp for attaching i the tapes to the hoops of ladies' skeleton skirts, and from its very simplicity will, we have no doubt. recom-? mend itself to all who manufacture these articles.] PIANOFORTE ACTIONS—Henry Steinway, of New York City : I claim the spring, e, attached to an arm. j at the back of the jack, and arranged relatively to the hammer substantIally as de8crihed for the purpose setforth, and in combination with the spring thus arranged and applied, I claim the hooked screw, k, applied to the arm, j, as described, to adjust the spring relatively to the hammer, and confine It laterally in a proper position. [The object of this invention is to provide for the instantaneous return of the jack to its notch in the hammer butt after the hammer has struck the string, for the purpose of enabling a quick repetition of the blow to be given by a more simple contrivance than that for which a patent was granted to this inventor, May 5,1857. The invention is chiefly in the application of a spring to the jack in a peculiar way.] LOCOMOTIVESIGSALS—A. E. Turnbull. of Springfield, Ohio: I am aware that a combination of levers, or other devices, have been arranged on locomotives in such a manner aa to cause obstructions or cams on the track to operate upon them as the locomotive passes the same and ring a bellt and thus give a Signal. I do not therefore lay claim to the parts for accomplishing this object. But I claim the combination of the additional lever, F, upon which the second stake or obstruction, H', operates, with the lever, E, for sounding the whistle, whereby the duration of the blowing of the whistle can be continued to any required extent, and stopped substantially in the manner set forth. [See a description in another portion of this paper.] GUN CARRIAGE—G. J. Van Brunt. of Dedham, Mass.: Ido no not claim a friction apparatus and a tapering bed or tongue appliedtoagun carriage, so as to arrest the rearward motion of the gun and carriage after a discharge of the piece, although I believe myself to have been the original and first inventor of the same. But I claim the application of frictIOn apparatus, substantially as described, to the gun carriage and tongue in such manner that when the carriage is being retracted or under recoih it ahall be elevated in a manner to raise its wheels off the deck or floor under it, and cause the whole weight of the gun and carriage, or that of the latter tp be borne by the7 tongue or friction apparatus, and in A manner to increase the friction and pressure of the friction bearers or the tongue on their suppolting surface, substantially as described. I also claim the arrangement of the shaft, E, the friction bearers, c c, and their eccentriCBt D D, and straps, E' E', or equivalents, with reference to the gun carriage, A, and the tongue, B, thereof. I also olaim the combination of the tripper, H, with the tongue and friction apparatuB, the Bame being for the purpose and to operate as specified. I also claim the combination of the adJuotable spring stop, K, with the gas carriage, A, and the lever, F, jrf the friction apparatus. FIELD FENEE—H. S. Wentwor h, of Norvell, Mich.: 1 am aware that the tapered or pyramidal posts are not new. I am also aware that the panels have been secured to these posts by various devices, among which notches in crossban are included. I claim none of these de vices. The particular improvement which constitutes my said invention, and which I claim as having been originally and first invented bymeis, the combination with tapered movable PQats of movable panels attached alternately upon opposite sides as shown and described. HARVESTERS—S. Wiliiams. of Stockton. Cal. : I claim first, The combination of the draught piece, D, side piece, f of frame standard, E, lever, L, and rod connecting the same with the frame arranged for joint operation, substantially as described. Second, The short axles, A A' depending arms thereof. suspension pieces, P, finger bar, B, and wheels. W W\ connected together, substantially as described, in combination with the aforesaid arrangement for elevating the finger bar, the whole be ing constructed and arranged and operating substantially as and for the purposes set forth. HULLING STONE DRESS—John A. Wilson of Dover. N. J. : I claim the manner of generating and constructing furrows in hulUng stones for the purpose of equaliz4 ing the distribution of the grain over the surface of the stones, so as to prevent clogging at the eye, and retaining the grain on the periphery of the stone until perfectly hulled, as is substantiaflysetforth and described. MACHINES FOR SIZING HAT BODIES—S. W. Wood, of Washington, D. C. : I claim sizing or planking hat bodies by rolling the bat continuously forward, that ia tosay,in one direction between endless belts running in opposite directions, and at different or variable velo. cities, as specified. SEED DEILLS— M. C. Younglove,of Cleveland, Ohio : I claim the connected series of compound pocketed seed cylinders, I, in combination with the sliding sleeve journal, a, and the adjusting screw, c, the whole being arranged and operated substantially 8S set fortb, ARGUAND GAS BUHNERS—Wm. W. Batchelder (assignor to Wm. L Townsend), of New York City: I claim surrounding the cylindrical flame of an argand burner with supplemental jets, placed at such distances from each other, and from the centrai flame that they shall neither intermingle with each other, nor with said flame, and of such number as will produce the effects described. ROTARY CULTIVATORS—E. T. Bussell of Shelbyville, Ind., assignor to Wombangb, Bros., of Cincinnati, 0 : In making theBe plows for the various purposes for which they will be used, as well as their adaptation to th^varied soils in the country, many modifications will be necessary. It will be distinctly understood, Ihereforel that I do not confine myself to any particular style, 00 ong as I maintain substantially the features set forth. What I claim is the arrangement of machinery sub. stantially as set forth for breaking up and disintegrat. ing the earth for purposes of agriculture. PBOPELLEE-^C. F. Gardiner (assignor to himself and H. D. Gardiner), of East Boston, Mass.: I claim the arrangement of the wheels, W w, on the heads of the shafts, 8, with the rack, r, and Wheel, W, geared therewith, operatlug to reverse the paddles suhstantially as described, in combination with the wings, a, and tf orth. b, of the ahafta, S, at and for the purpose set forth. REVOLVING FIREARM—F. H. Harrington of Springfield, Ma.s. assignor to Horace Smith, and D. B. Wes. son : I claim the combination of the stop bolt, D, the jointed thumb piece, C, of the hammer, with the reo volving cylinder, substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. BEEECH LOADING CANKON—J. H. Murrill (asBi^norto himself, Jamea Flynn and Peter Emrich) of Baltimore, Md. : I claim the employment of the slot, G, serving as a pocket for the reception of the charge in a proper position for entering the bore, J. when arranged in combination with a packing a, operated in the manner and tor th e purposes as set forth. I claim the employment of the ocrew, B, in combination with the packing, a, operating in the manner as described for the purpose of closing the chamber and ramming the charge at the same operation, substantially as set forth. SPRING BED BOTTOM—Geo. E. Safford, of New York City, assignor to himoelf, F. G. Ward, and F. T. Ward, of Buffalo, N. Y. : I do not claim the elliptic springs. thumbscrews, or frame, E, separately considered, as my invention, neither do I claim hinges or a hinged frame, as such. What I claim is the jointed frame, hinged beneath and supported above, in combination with the sPrings, sub.tantlally as and for the purpose described. CAR WHEELS, o—WebsterWilloughby (aesignorto W. H. Wlzeman), of Markwell, Mbs. : I claim the combination of the slotted bars or spokes, A, and oscll. lating hub, E, and disk, B, for suspending the axle of the wheel in advance of the center of the tread portion of the wheel, with the additional disk or wheel, H, for keeping the tread portion of the wheel and diek,B, fn a vertical position during its revolution, as described. [This invention consists in suspending and supporting the axles on which the weight of railroad cars and other vehicles rest, by means of slotted bars attached to the main body or tread por ion of the wheels, and securing an additional wheel to the axle for steadying the same laterally, in such a manner as to enable the axles to oscillate to either of the centers of said tread portions and to be slightly in advance of and eccentric with the Same during the forward progress of the car or other vehicle supported by the same.] BE-1SSUE8. SEWING MACHINES—Charles. A. Durgan.of New York City. Patented May 22, 1855: I claim, first, The vibrating hook or its mechanical equivalent for holding down tno thread during the partial passage of the shuttle through the loop when arranged and operating subetantially as set forth. Second, I also claim, in combination with the vibrating nook, or its equivalent, the employment of two continuous rotary motions, one working the needle, the other the shuttle, and this for the purpOle of producing sewing without any rest on either the shuttle or needle in their movements, thereby rendering a sewing machine capable of rapid actiont simple fn construction, and noiseless in its operation, Bubstantiallyas set forth. SEWING MAENINES—Wm. O. Grover and Wm. E. Baker (assignor to the Grover and Baker Sewing Machine Company), of Boston. Mass. Patented Feb. 11. 1851 : We claim aa our invention only the combination of these three elements, namely :— First, a mechanism for making a stitch substantially such as is described. and consisting. of an eye-pointed perforating instrument and a non-perforating eye-pointed instrument, substantially as specified. Second, A stationary table or support for the material to be sewed, substantially such as specified, and performing the duties substantiallyas Set forth. Third, A feed in which the cloth is grasped between two surtaC6s without being attached to either of them, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth, meaning to claim as of our invention none of ihese elements severally or apart from the 0 thers, but only the three in combination. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENT. SHINGLE MACHINE—Elbridge Webber, of Gardiner, Me. Patent dated July 28, 1857—Improvement dated June 16, 1868:I claim the levers, L and L', as described, and the detent,. D and E. In combination with notched piece, O, trip, R, andlaterally adjustable trip piece, H, arranged and. operating substantially as and for the purposes set forih. DESIGNS. PRINTEB* TYPES—George Bruce, of New York City.
This article was originally published with the title "Patent Claims" in Scientific American 13, 42, 330-331 (June 1858)