ISSUED FROM THE UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FOR THE WEEK ENDING DECEMBER 4, 1860. [Reported Officially for the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.] V Pamphlets giving full particulars of the mode of applying for patents, size of model required, and much othrr information useful to inventors?, may be had gratis by addressing MUNN Si CO., Publishers of the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, New York. 30,791.S. H. Apple, B^nj. Lindheim, and H. Baer. of New York City, for an Improved Apparatus for Shaping Hats: We claim thfi sliding half rings, f g'. fitted and acting substantially as specified, in combination with the curved part, 1, of the die c, as and for the purposes specified. 30,792.R. C. Bailey, of Greensboro, N. C, for an Improvement in Machinas for Ramming Earth around Railroad Cross Ties: I claim combining with a movable truck fmme. A and D, the reciprocating Tiimnifii'S, E K,as st forth, whenthesanie are actuated bv the gearing, J J, and H H, and the springs, a a, substantially aa described. [The object of thisinvention a to combine with a machine which may be moved about on railroad rails, two reciprocating spring rams, which are operated by gearing, for the purpose of ramming earth about the crossties of railroad rails in a more rapid and efficient man^erthan can be done ! y the means hitherto employed for this purpose.] 30,793.Everett Bass, of Pachitta, Ga., for an Improvement in Plows: I claim the airan^emontof the forked and slotted adjustable bar, D, beam, A. band, E, and hinged serrated adjusting rod, d, with the guide bar, G, all as shown and described for the purposes set forth. [This invention relates to an improvement in that class of plows which are used in the cultivation of crops, and generally known as shovel and scooter plows. The invention consists in the employment or use of a horizontal guide bar attached to the lower end Of the foot, and a peculiar arrangement of means for adjusting the same for giving the plow a greater orlesa inclination, as may be desired.] 30,794Louis Bnnhnpfer, of Philadelphia, Pa., for an Improved Lif-Proserviner Mattress: I cli'm the airangoinont and combination of the oiitnr frame. A, innpr frama, C net work cw*vr, V. tho eovpr, d, of oiled canvis or othf1'* oqnivnlent. waterproof material, the pickin^of cork, cuttings or shavings, and the lnn-ntndinal and transverse rones, the whole being constructed aa set forth, forthe purpose specified. 30,795.M. L. Bander, of Cleveland, Ohio, for an Im- pi'ovement in fiotary Harrows: I daim the tiansnlar fceth, D B, frame. A, draneht beam, C, axle, B, and plates, HIK, when the whole is constructed and arranged for operation conjointly, as and for the purpose act forth. 30,796.H. M. Beiden, of Farmington, Ohio, for an Improvement in Cultivators: I claim the frame, A, composed of a single iron bar, bent in the form as and for the purpose set forth. [This invention relates to an improvement in the construction of that class of cultivators which are made of iron. Cultivators Of this kind are very durable, but those hitherto introduced have been quite heavy and expensive to construct, and the increased draft, together with the expense, have prevented them from being generally adopted. The object of this invention is to obviate these difficulties.] 30,797.John Blocher, of Williamsville, N. Y., for an proved Chain: I claim the combination of the knee, D D', of one knife-edged link, B B', with a slot, C, of another knife-edged link, A A', for the purpose of forming a chain, the links of which cannot detach themselves from each other, substantially aa set forth. 30,798.George Buchanan, of Hickory, Pa., for an Improved Compensating 1'endulnm: I claim the continuation of the pendulum wive to a point above the axis of oscillation, there forminga bow,thence descending through a fixed plate, or its equivalent, to a fixed block below on a lever with the pendulum ball, substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. 30,799.W. R. Center, of Athens, 111., for an Improvement in Corn Planters: I claim tho arrangement o f the guard, F, coverers, G, plow, E, and roller, H, with the seed box, D, Blide, b, beam, Alever, J, springs, J', rods, K g, bent lever, L, and handles, B, all aa .shown and described, for the purposes set forth. [This invention consists in the arrangement of a guard in front of the seed box, and between an opener and two coverers, for keeping the loosened earth from falling into the furrow before the seed is dropped. The invention further consists in the several combination seed arrangement of teeth for opening the earth, guard coverersi seed hopper, and a meana for operating the aeed elide which ia con. trolled by the driver. ] 30,800.S. S. Chandler, of Chelsea, Mass., for an Improvement in the Striking Mechanism for Gonps: I claim the arrangement of spring, k, the peculiarly shaped latch piece, n, slotted guide, j, and the g_uide, i, when combined and made to operate with the pall, m, spring, d, hammer, c, and stop, f, of a gong or bell striking apparatus, iu the manner substantially as described. 30,801.E. C. Cleveland, of Worcester, Mass., for an Improvement in Machines for Stretching Cloth: I claim the arrangement of the slotted sleeves, C C, and screws, g g, with the blocks, D, stretching rollers, B B, and shaft, A, as and or the purpose set forth and described. [This invention consists in certain novel means of providing for the adjustment of the stretching rollers, at; various angles to the axle or shaft which supports them, for the purpose of making them produce a greater or less degree of stretching action on the cloth.] 30,802.G. J. Colby, of Waterbury, Vt-, for an Improved Clothes' Wringer: I claim the construction of the clothes' wringer with tanks, EE, pivoted arma, 11, and rollers. JO. or their equivalents, arranged so tliat the act of parsing the clothes between the rollers will came the device to clamp itself firmly to the tuba or other article, substantially aa shown and described. [This invention relates to an improvement in that class of clnthesi wringing devices which are composed of pressure rollers. The object of the invention is to facilitate the application of the device washing machines, or to any tub or receptacle, by rendering the device self-clamping or holding. ] 30,803. C. M. Daboll, of New London, Conn., for an Improved Pressure Gage: I claim the combination of the rock shaft, 1, and its toes, p m, the lifter, i, and its guide rod, j, and spring, n, and the roil, h, connecting the said lifter with the sector, H, which gears with the pinion on the index shaft, the whole being applied and arranged in com-binatioh with the diaphragm and index, substantially as specified. [This invention consists in a certain improved combination and arrangement of parts for combining the diaphragm with the index, whereby advantages are obtained.] 30,804.Byron Densmore, of Brockport, N. Y., for an Improved Feathering Paddle Wheel: I claim the eccentric wheel with its radiating arms, and the attachment to the buckets sliding on the arms, substantially as and for the purposes described. Also, in combination with the above, the arrangement of the friction rollers with the eccentric wheel by which the wheel is supported, substantially as and for the purposes described. Alao, the connection of the buckets and paddle arms by the two seriesof bracketsand hinges, substantially as and for the purposes described, used in a feathering paddle wheel, substantially aa described. 30,805.C. H. Edwards, of Vergenues, Vt., for an Improved Tuyere: I claim the employment or use of the ball, E, attached to a suitable shaft, F, provided with openings or passages one or more, which extend entirely through it and placed in the relation with the bed or plate, B, and wind chamber, D, as shown, to operate at and for thR purpose set forth. I farther claim arranging the shaft, F. of the ball, E, in such a way that a weight, G, may be placed on said shaft to operate as and for the purpose specified. 30,806.Thomas Evans, of Watkns, N. Y., for an Improvement in Wiring Tin Cans: I claim the described method of strengthening and improving tin cans and other articles formed of sheet metal, by turning the wire uuon the inside of the top, whereby the outer surface is left on a, plane with the body or neck thereof, substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth. 30,807.Oscar Falke, of College Point, N. Y., and A. C. Richard, of Newtown, Conn., for an Improvement in Vulcanizing Caoutchouc: We claim the use of the combination of the sulphuret of antimony and sulphate of soda, for the purpose of vulcanizing caoutchouc, tmtta-percha and other vulcanizable gums, substantially in the manner described. 30,808.W. V. Gee, of New Haven, Conn., for an Improvement in Machinery for Turning Bags: T claim, first, A machine for turning baps, composed of or containing the fallowingt.lirep principal element, viz.1st A devico for onpning thp month of tho bae ; 2d. A device for extpndin? and keeping extended tlw mouth of the bas; 3d. A device forentering and seizin thp hofctnm while the mouth is extended, and drawing tho bottom through the entire length of the bnethe whole operating in combination with each other substantially as described. Second. The use of amootheners, applied and operating substantially as described, in combination with the devices for extending the month and the device for drawing the bottom through the interior of the bag, for the purpose of taking the wrinkle out of the bag as it is turned. i Third, The arrangement of the nipper frame, G, and the nippers, eded, iu combination with the rising table, B, and the plate, F, substantially as described. Fourth, Thu arrangementof the extender bar, N, and extenders, P P, to operate in combination with the nipper frame, G, and nippers, ede ii, substantially aa specified. Fifth, Tho arrangement of the turning gripers, lml m, to operate in combination with the extender bar, N, and extenders, P P, substantially as set forth. Sixth, The plate, E, applied in combination with the turning gripers, substantially as and for the purpose specified. Seventh, The wedges, V V, applied in combination with the wiring gripers, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. 30,809.John Gilleland, of Athens, Gae, for an Improved Mode of Blasting Rocks: I claim blasting roclts by having the hole which receives the charge of two different diameters, tlie smaller one, b, to receive the powder, and the larger one, a, to receive the wadding, and using in connection therewith a plate, C, and spindle, D, respectively applied and manipulated, substantially as ect forth. 30,810.N. A. H. Goddin, of Wilson, N. C, for an Improvement in Cotton Cultivators: I cloi, i i)w. combination of the curved triangular plate, E, or plate, F, .vitli the main citstnp, D, pieces, I J, and wings, G H, substantially s and for the purposes set forth. 30,811.Edmund Greenlee, of Summer Hill, Pa., for an Improved Machine for Finishing the Inside of Barrels: I claim having a mandrel so as to admit of a rest through the inside, with tools to liowcl, bevel, cut tlie croze, and turn the inside, in the manner described, or any other substantially the same, and which produces the same result. 30,812.Wm. D. Grimshaw, of New York City, for an Improved Mangle: I claim the combination of the rollers, P F and D, and table, E, when the parts are arranged and operate in the manner and for tho purposes specified. 30,813.J. S. Hall, of Manchester, Pa-, for an Improvement in Plow Clevises: I claim the mating of a clpvis by bending down and around tho piece of metal, so us to inclose and rigidly hold a strengthening plate in ita bends or folds, substantially as described. 30,8H.Origin Hall and G. Hall, of Wellington, Conn., for an Improvement in Machines for Dressing Thread: We claim, first, An automatic apparatus, substantially such as described, for traversing thread, in combination with rotating iiol-ishing felt clothed cylinder., or their equivalents, and with a size vat, when so arranged, substantially as specified, that each thread panes singly over the polishers, so that threads may be sized, traversed and polish,!, substantially in the manner described. Second, We claim, in combination with a size vat and with rotating polisher;, substantially such as described, an automatic apparatus, substantially euch as is specified, for imparting to thread combined traversing and rolling motion ; and, Third, "We claim, in combination ivith rotating polishers, substantially euch as described, a combined apparatus, substantially auch as is described, one part of which gives to the thread a traversing motion und the other part of which imparts to the thread a combined rolling and traversing motion, substantially in the manner specified. 30,815.John Hardick and C. B. Hardick, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for an Improvement in Valves: We claim the valve, f, provided with wings, 1 2 and 3, and" arranged relatively to tlie ports, cd d' and o, and operating substantially as and for the purposes specified. 30,81CR. E. Harte, of Marietta, Ohio, for an Improved Ellipsograph: I claim the construction and arrangement of a drawing instrument bavins the ruler or rulers, or parts designed for holding or directing t.hn pencil, attached by means of a universal joint, or joints or pivots equivalent thereto, to a bar which is movable around and along a rod or spindle held at any required angle to the plane surface upon which the drawing is to be made, and also the combination therewith of the joint or pivot, g, the adjustable stpm, F, the indices, g4 and Ii6, the graduated tangent bar, J, and protractor, L, constructed and operating substantially as described and for the purposes set forth. 30,817.G. W. Hathaway, of Tioga. Pa., for an Improvement in Feed Cutters: I claim, first, The combination, in the manner specified, of the roller, h, and adjustable arch, g, with the knives, k, arranged and operated tin set forth. Second, The combination of the rockshaft, f, its arm, d, head, m. spring, p, and pall, 1, with the cam, nthey all being constructed, arranged and operating in the manner and for the purpose specified. [This invention consists in the combination of a friction roller attached to an adjustable arch, and arranged above the throat piece, with the knives In feed cutters; andalso in the peculiar construction and arrangement of the feeding apparatus.] 30,818.John Haven, of Boston, Mass., for an Improvement in Insect Shields for the Head: I claim the described mosquito punvd, constructed to operate ai described and for the purposes explained. 30,819.J. P. Hayes, of Hennepin, 111., for an Improvement in Excavators: I claim the manner of suspending, adjusting, attaching and propelling plow, driven by steam, mid used in the bed of rivers, for the purpose of removing sandbars therefrom. 30,820.H. St. J. Hilsman, of Madison, Ga., for an Improved Peach Parer and Cutter: I claim, first, The double knife, Gthe game being constructed aDd operated substantially as and for the purpose set forth. Second, I claim the arrangement of a slide, a, serrated ppring, f, holders, d und e, and spring, g when all shall be used conjointly in the manner described. 30,821.S. F. Hodge, of Detroit, Mich., for an Improvement in Stamping Mills for Crushing Quartz: T claim the combination of the eccentric cams, H H, wedge or V-shaped frame, E, and stamper shaft, Dthe whole being constructed substantially us and for the purposes set forth. [This invention relates to a novel and improved means employed for elevating the plunger or pestle, and liberating the same at the desired point, whereby a rising and falling movement is given the plunger or pestle with a moderate application of power, and without any undue friction and consequent wear and tear of the working parts. Also, to an improvement in the screen arrangement connected with the mortar, whereby several advantages are obtained. ] 30,822.S. F. Hodpe, of Detroit, Mich., for an Improvement in Machines for Breaking Quartz Rock, &c: I claim, first. Operatingor elpvatins the pestle rod, D, Ibrottph the medium of the wheels or mile?, H H', thft former one (H) being on a stationary rotating shaft, E, and thg latter (H') en nn adjustable shaft, I, which is actuated by meatia of a lever, M, with nny convenient power npplied to it, in connection with the pfings, J J', or their equivalent. Second, Tlie construction of the mortar, R, with A central ox 397 eeiving hopper, a*, un vil, T, r.nd dnscndins discharge ports, c% in cjnibiuuion witli a pestle, S, working within the hopper, a*, and operating in connection with the anvil, T, und discharge ports, c*, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. tTlils invention relates to a novel and improved means for oiiera-ting the pestle or hammer, whereby the same may, at the will of the operator, be elevated to a greater or leas hight before being liberated and allowed to full, as circumstances may require ; nlso, to an improvement in the construction of the mortar and postle, whereby Hie breaking operation is greatly facilitated.] 30,823.George Hunzinger, of Brooklyn, N. Y., for an Improved Extension Table: 1 cTiiim, first, Constructing the leaves of an extension table so as to slide out horizontally from the center and stationary- part ot the table, as the euds of the said table are extended, substantially as specified. Second, I claim the arrangement of the cross screw, d, and arms, e', combined with the cross pieces, kk, whereby the net of extending the table elevates the leaves ready to be drawn off, as set forth. Third, I claim the arrangement of the center table top, 1, spying, m.and wedges, 12 12, in the manner and for the purpose* set forth. Fourth, I cluim the arrangement of the cross screw, d. nuts, e e, and cross bars, f f, in connection with the guide bars, g' g', that preserve the parallelism of the table in its extension or contraction, as aet forth. 30,824.Hezekiah Conant, of Willimantic, Conn., and L. C. Ives, of Hartford, Conn., for an Improvement in Machines for Dressing Thread: We claim, first, In combination with a size vat, swinging wipers for making tension and laying fiber, substantially such as described, and tis we also claim when the wipers are fitted with adjustable weights, substantially iis specified. Second, We cliiim, in combination with a size vat and a rapidly rotating brush and nippers, or any proper device for preventing the too rapid withdrawal of thread, a constant take-up motion, consisting of friction rollers,or their equivalent;, from whicli thread passes on to the bobbins, or their equivalents, substantially as specified. Third, We claim, in combination, when arranged in the order described:1st. A vat for size; 2d. Nipper or wipers, or their equivalents, for removing surplus size anil laying fiber; 8-1. A steam apparatus, or any equivalent thereof, for the purpose of drying size ; and, 4th. A rapidly revolving brushall acting in combination under a mode of operation substantially such as is described; and we also claim these four elements or parts of a whole apparatus, arranged in the order as described, in combination with a traverse ap-paratu and a constant take?up motion, or either of thorn. 30,825.J. B. Johnson, of Boston, Mass., assignor to John Sparrow, of Portland, Maine, for an Improvement in Pumps: I claim having the outside cylinder divided into three compartments, G Gr F, separated by the abutments, D D', which entirely surrounds the moving barrel, A, as shown and described, so that the aaid cylinder. A, will work in equilibrio. I also claim the extension of the moving barrel, A, beyond its outer cylinder, so that said cylinder may be operated br the application of proper force to Baid exterior endalias shown and described. I also claim the arrangement of the chamber, N, directly over the auction chamber, F, so as to conduct the water in a direct line to the Tacuum chamberall as shown and described. I also claim the combination of the barrel, A, with the valve rod, R, as shown and described, so that the same eccentric tint drives the slide valve will also operate the barrel, Aall as set forth. I also claim the employment, within the moving tni-rel, of the stationary piston head, J, when constructed and operating as and for the purpose shown and described. 30,826.L. W. Langdon, of Northampton, Mass., for an Improvement in Valves forOscillating Engines: I claim the combination of a valve, r, with passages, i i' and j .j'. arranged so as to operate interchangeably, simply by altering the position of r, to conduct either full or exhaust steam, substantially as described, for the purpose of changing the direction of the rotation of the crank. Also, the combination of the flange, 1, when it is made to oscillate with the cylinder, with the stationary chest, f, having ports, i i' j j', substantially as described, operating to relieve t\m cylinder and chest joints from lateral pressure. 30,827.Thos. Mahoney, of Knoxvillo, Tenu., for an Improvement in Slide Valves: I claim the screw threaded sleeve or elongated mit, F, operating in connection with the valve, B, valve rod, D, and stuffing box, G, substantially as and for the purpose set forth, 30,828. Ebenezer Mathers, of Fair-mount, Va., for an Improvement in Fountain Pens: I claim the use of a hair pencil brush, or other similar arrangement of hair, in contact with a metallic or other writing pen, for the purpose of securing a continous and spontaneous flow of ink to the pen while writing, arranged and operating in the manner as above, substantially as set forth. 30,829.A. D. Merritt and Cornelius Kemplen, of Woodstock, 111., for an Improvement in Supplying Locomotive Engines wrth Water: We claim the employment of the inverted truck, D, placed beneath the truck and made adjustable, as described, by means ot which truck the engine driver arc raised from the rails, as and for the purpose specified, substantially a3 described. 30,830.J. H. Morse, of Peoria, 111., for an Improved Combination Lock: I claim the balls, x, or their equivalent, in connection with the slotted wheel, K, and slide, B, working in the manner and for the purpose specified. 30,831.Andrew Murtaugh, of New York City, for an Improved Dumb Waiters: I claim the arrangement of the rope, a, and cord, d, in combination witli the dumb waiter, B, and tightening arbor, m', constructed and operating as and for the purpose described. I also claim the arrangement of the spring dosr, m, to operate in combination with the weight, G, and cord, d, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. And I further claim the arrangement of two or mn-e pulleys, f, on the top, and two or more pulleys, i, on the bottom of the dumb waiter, B, said pulleys being placed in a position at right angles to euch other, in the manner described, to operate in corn u: nation with the cord, d, and rope, a, substantially as and for the pn-pose specified. [The object ot this invention is to facilitate the mining and lowering of the dumb waiter, and to lessen the dnngrv arising from a breakage of the rope from which the dumb waiter U suspended.] 30,832.F. H. Naylov and Armstid* Ward, of Niles Township, Ind., for an Improvement in Seeding j- Machines: We claim the arrangement and combination of the above de-BcribRfl drill roller and planter, the whole being constructed and operating substantially as set forth. 30,833.T. L. Nckols, of Alexandrin, Va., for an Improvement in Constructing Railroad Car Frames with Metallic Joints: I claim connecting the sills, bolsters, joint?, and cross pieces of a locomotive car burly or truck frame by metallic joints and bearings, to savethe mortising and consequent weakening of said timbers, as described and represented, said bearings having, as their general characteristics, horizontal flanges on top to catch over the pieces with which they are to connect, horizontal ledges below to Bupport the vertical strain aud vertical pxoove? or gaina in their sides to prerent lateral movement, and for the purposes set forth. 30,834.J. G. Pepp-, of Vienna, Austria, for an Improvement in Medicated Lotions: I claim the employment or use oi the composition which I term "anatherin water," and which consists of the described ingredients mixed together in about the proportion and for the purpose specified. [This composition ia of peculiar value for cleaning the teeth; it serves in all cases where a tartareous deposit begins to form; it restores the teethto their primitive color ; it preserves artificial teeth ; It soothes and removes rheumatic pains, and, in short, it can be used with advantageforthe cure of all afflictions of the mouth and teeth.] 30,835.AdamPritz, of Dayton, Ohio, for an Improvement in Rakes for Harvesters: I claim, first, The peculiar manner desci-ibed of arranging the hinged independent reel arms, G, fa- operation in connection with the centrally pivoted rake arm, A A Ji, and undulating cam, II, substantially as and for the purposes pet forth. Second, By combining witfi the oi-dinaiy set screw, "W, and slotted brace, Y Y, an auxilliary adjustable slotted wing, U, and n net screw, X, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Third, The arrangement (with the centrally pivoted rake arm, A A B, center shaft, , cam, H, and flanged hub, I J, independent reel arms, G G, circular platform, K, pivoted reel bar, T, and rakes, o, and adjusting braces, Y) of the slotted wings, U, and set screws, X, substantially as and (or the purposes set forth. 30,836.J. H. Rankin, of Versailles, Mo., for an Improvement in Corn Planters: I cluim the valves, j k, spring, n, shaft, K, and arms, g g', when arranged and operating together, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. 30,837.J. G. Robinson, of Biddeford, Maine, for an Improvement in Plows: I claim the arrangement of the arm, b, slotted pendant, U, and axle, A, with the plow frame, G, adjustable bur, J, and adjustable lover, K, as and for the purposes shown and described. [This invention consists in a peculiar manner of attaching a plow frame to an axle tree, whereby the former may be adjusted so as to gage the depth of the furrows as may be required, and also admit of the plow frame having a self-adjusting movement, so that the plows may conform to the inequalities of the surface of the ground, and also be capable of being thrown out of the ground when required. The invention also consists in the employment or use of an adjustable axle, so arranged that the arms of the two wheels may be adjusted in different planes, and one wheel allowed to pass over the land and the other in the furrow, and still preserve the horizontality oi the machine or the proper position of the parts.] 30,838.D. G. Rollin, of New York City, for an Improvement in Spiral Hoop Skirts: I claim making a spiral hoop skirt in sections with any suitable number of successive hoops, each section placed light and left to the other, substantially in the manner and fur the purpose described. 30,839.C. A. Rose, of Columbia, Ala., for an Improvement in Cotton Seed Planters: I cluim the described arrangement of the share, E, bent arms, F, axle, G, wheels, H, bars,"b, hopper, I, hinged coverer, L M, and seed box, N, the said parts being constructed and combined in the manner and for the purposes set forth. [This invention consists in the employment or use of a bi-conical sped barrel, provided with a perforated strap, in connection with a swinging or rising and falling CDverer and a furrow share, all being attached to a suitable beam, to form a simple and efficient implement for the desired purpose.] 30,840.Anson Rowe, of Atallissa, Iowa, for an Im-Improvement in Grain Riddles: I claim the construction of the riddle with a reclining board, D, and rests, B, arranged longitudinally with the course ot theernin, andtlie wires sunk into the edges of said rests and into the face of the frame, and otherwise made as shown and described, for the purposes set forth. ^ 30,841.Robert Schone, of New York City, for an Improvement in Time Registers: I claim the arrangement of the lip, e', on the spout, c, in combination with the cavities, d e. notched movable disk, G, inclined circular channel, H, and drawer, I, constructed and operating as and for the purpose specified. 30,842.S. J. Shaw, of Marlborough, Mass., for an Improvement in Shirt Bosom Expanders: I claim a shirt bosom expander, constructed substantially as described, and its arrangement and combination with a shirt bosom, in manner and for the purpose specified. 30,843.Eben F. Starr, of New York City, for an Improvement in Revolvers: I claim, first, The construction of the upper piece. A, with the two cheeks, i i, to hook or lap over the back of the piece, B, on opposite sides of a tenon, e, provided on the latter, and to receive apin,g, passing also through said tenon, substantially as described. Second, I claim the arrangement of the ratchet wheel, H, with the cylinder, G, arbor, 1, and screw, k, as and for the purposes shown and described. Third, 1 claim the arrangement of a collar, m, with the arbor. ], barrel, C, and cylinder, G,as and for the purposes shown and described. Fourth, I claim applying the springs, 14 and 1(3, of the cocking anrl revolving dogs within a circular groove, 17, in one side of the h.immci-butt, substantially as described. Fifth, I claim constructing the cocking lever with two teeth or projections, 20 and 21, arranged substantially as described, the one to lock the cylinder while the firing is effected by the trigger, and the other to lock thccylinder while it is fired by the said lever, as described. Sixth, I claim making the channel guide with two distinct depressions or concaves, 25 26, one within the other, so as to guide the fingers in capping, all as set forth. [This invention relates to revolvers having their chambers or bores arranged parallel with each other and with the axis about which they revolve. It consists in an improved construction of the frame which contains the chambered cylinder, whereby provision is made for opening it for the purpose of removing and replacing the cylinder, and whereby, when it is closed, it is made very strong and rigid. It also consists in a certain construction and mode of applying the central shaft of the chambered cylinder for the purpose of preventing the said# cylinder from coming into contact with the rear end of the fixed barrel in its revolution, and of securing the eaid shaft in place. It also consists in an improved mode of combining the cocking lever with the hammer to effect the cocking only, or the cocking and firing, by means of the said lever. It also consists In applying the springs of the cocking and revolving dogs within a circular groove in one side of the hammer butt, where they occupy no other available room in the lock. It also consists 'in so constructing the cocking lever that the said lever maybe capable of locking the cylinder by its backward movement when filing is effected'by the said lever, and of looking it by ite forward movement when firing ia effected My the trigger. And it further consists in providing for the easy ap. plication of the percussion capa to the nipples by making, in tlio stationary recoil plate or shield on that side of the piece where the caps are to be applied, a double guide channel, that is to say, a wide channel to guide the forefinger, and a narrower one to guide the caps to the nipples.] 30,844. Enoch Thomas, of Beverly, Va., and W. K. Hall, of Fhillippn, Va., for an Improvement in Hydraulic Engines: We claim the arrangement of a swinging gate, A B, and concentric seat. D, in combination with a swinging valve, F K', and curved abutment faepp, FE' II 11', all being arranged and operated Bub-stantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth 30,845.Horace Tupper, of Buffalo, N. Y., for an Improvement in Railroad Switches: I claim the arrangement nf the puardp, D D, made reversible and with one point fitting in a V-groove in the rail with the pnells, H H, and the rails, A A', the several parts being constructed in the manner and for the purpose specified. 30,846.F. J. Vittum, of Chelsea, Mass., for an Improved Hand Machine for Pegging Boots and Shoes: I claim a movable "center," in combination with the awl and peg driver, operating as described, for the purpose specified. 30,847.A. J. Watts, of Utica, N. Y., for an Improvement in the Manufacture of Dentists' Crystalline Gold: I claim the crystal gold described, obtained by a process substantially as specified, 30,848.Luther Wentworth, of Burlington, Iowa, for an Improved Apparatus for Elevating Water: I claim purporting the verticalf=haft, E, of the wind wheel of said apparatus upon the dish-shaped turn tnble, D, when (lie said table is made to close an opening in the base plate, A, which is Eiirrounded by the annular trough, g, nnd when the endless series of connected buckets, s s, ara made to pass up find down through apertures in the said dish-shaped turn table, all substantially as set forth. I also claim combining the shaft, li, of the described wind wheel with the hinged vanes, v v, when the springs d d, and the weight, q, are combined with thesuid hinged vanes, and when the said wind wheel is made to operate the series of connected buckets, s s, substantially in the manner set forth. 30,849.Smithwick Whitley, of Tallahassee, Fla., for an Improvement in Plows: I claim the arrangement of the circular pivoted adjustable share foot, D, with the ber,ni. A, pivoted adjustable bar, F, and standard. Ci ii3 und for the purposes shown an d described. [This invention relates to an improvement in that class of plows which are used for the cultivation of crops grown in hills or drills, and are commonly termed shovel plows. The invention consists in attaching the share to a curved foot which is fitted in the beam, and has an adjustable bar attached to its lower end and to the standard of the beam, whereby the4* set1* of the share may be altered to penetrate the earth at a greater or les? depth, as may be desired.] 30,850.Simon Wing, of Watervillo, Maine, for an Improvement in Photographic Cameras: I claim a mechanism for moving the plate holder, H, in combination with an index for defining its position, operating substantially in the manner described. Second, I claim the mechanical, means described,'or Its substantial equivalent, for varying the position of the lens tubes, abed. 30,851.G. W. Woolley, of Philadelphia, Pa., for an Improvement in Fountain Pens: I claim an ink-holding and controlling reservoir, v', for writing pens, constructed and applied within the concave of the pen, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. 30,852.J. R. Byler, of Salisbury township, Pa., assignor to himself and H. W. Black, of Lancaster county, Pa., for an Improvement in Rakes for Reaping Machines: I cluim the arranscmentof the upright slide, B, with its lever arm, E,peg, M, and headed pins, b, in connection with the lever arm, R I, and turning shaft, H, and operated by Hit: rod, Or, and cam, N, in the manner described, for the purpose specified. 30,853.J. S. Gallaher, Jr., of Washington, D. C, assignor to Edwin Chambers and Cyrus Chambers, Jr., of Philadelphia, Pa., for an Improvement in Machines for Folding Paper: I claim, first, The construction and use of traversing gripes or their equivalents, connected with moving endless belts, fiirHhcpurpose described, irrespective of any special arrangement a- combination of the same or mode of operating them. Second, Iclamtheuse of the traversing camsortheir equivalents, in combination with moving endless tapes or bands, whether arranged as fixtures or as adjustable devices, for the purposes set forth. Third, I claim the vibrating pendent counterpoised folding blades or their equivalents, irrespective of any special manner of arranging or operating; the same, as described and shown. Fourth, I claim the creasing collars on the rollers or cylinders constructed and operating substantially as and for the purpose specified. Fifth, Iclaim the adjustable graduating fork device, W W X X X X, or its equivalent, for the purpose as set forth, constructed and operating substantially as described. Sixth, I also claim the invention of the automatic packing box or paper receptacle, b2, when constructed and operated substantially in the manner set forth and shown. 30,854.J. W. Hardie (assignor to J. H. Stevens), of New York City, for an Improvement in Sewing Machines: I claim the method of communicating th vibratory or swinging movement to the thread guide, G, by means of the bent elastic rod, E, in combination with the cam, f, on the driving shaft, substantial- I3* as set forth. 30,855.Edmund Maher (assignor to himself and M. M. Wilcox), of New York City, for an Improved Harness Trace: I claim the described new and improvod article of manufacture the same being an elastic harness trace formed of a textile fabric composed of the materials and substantially in the manner set forth. 30,856.J. J. Marcy (assignor to Edward Miller), of Meriden, Conn., for an Improved Device for Securing Lamp Chimnies: I claim the combination of the two simultaneously-acting hooked levers, C D, with ench other and with the lamp top, in the manner shown and described. [The object of this invention is to obtain a simple and efficient d evice for securing the chimney on the lamp top, so that the former cannot be casually detached from the latter, and at the same time be readily secured on the lamp top and removed therefrom. The invention consists in having two or more hooks formed nt the ends of levers secured to the under side of the upper part of the lamp top, and arranged in Buch relation to a spring a to effect the desired object.] 398 30,857.James Martin, of Toronto, Canada, assignor to himself and J. E. Thomson, of Buffalo, N. Y., for an Improvement for Superheating Steam for Locomotive Engines: I claim, first. The combination and arrangement of the flues, R, wMi the steam chambers, A, for the purposes and substantially as described. Seel, I claim the annalnr chamber, S, in combination with the Bfe:im chambers, A, Hue?, R, and pipes, B, for the purposes and ubstantially as set fortli. 30,853.H. T .Pratt, of Fitchburpr, Mass., assignor to himself, A. Davis and C. K. Pratt, of same place, and H. C .Oehore and C. T. Rogers, of New York City, for an Improved Folding Chair: 1 claim the legs. A A B B, find seat, D ; the latter being attached to the former by bin jjes or joints, bb cc, and the legs. A, prov ided with slots, ], to receive pins, e, of the legs, B B, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [The object of this invention is to obtain a chair that may be folded compactly and be provided with a cane or other stiff bottom-There are chairs constructed to fold quite compactly, but these chairs have n flexible seat composed of webbing, carpet, or other textile fabric. By this invention, a chair may be folded equally as compact as those provided with flexible bottoms, and they have all the advantage of an ordinary cane-seated chair or one upholstered in any of the known ways.] 30, B59.Henry Warren (assignor to Henry Beebe), o Hoboken, N. J., for an Improved Foot Scraper and Brush: (aini fcfae arrangement of the laterally-sliding, curved broahea, F F, and apringra, g *r, with the brackets, D, scrapiug binden, B B, and fixed brushes, G C, aa and for the purpoiea shown and described. [This invention consista in a novel form and arrangement ol brushes for the heel, tee, and both sides of the shoes, in combina, tion with ecraping blades for the soles of the shoes.] 30,860.John Wind (assignor to himself and T. I* S;ii Bottom), of Thomasville, Ga., for an Improve" ment in Machines foi* Huskinp; and Shelling Corn: I claim the arrangpment of the circular saw, a. auger saw, b, and spiral ruvolviug hunker, C, in combination with the conveyor band, C and sheLlw, E, substantially in the manner described and for the purposes specified. RE-ISSUES. H. A. Burr, of New York City, assignee, through mesne assignments, of H. A. Wells, deceased, for an Improvement in. Manufacturing Hat Bodies. Patented April 25, 184(1. Re-issued October 7, 1856. Extended toi' 7 years from and after April 25, I860, and again ra-isued December 4, 18G0: T claim the mode of operation, substantially as herein described, of forming bats of fur fibers of the required varying thickness from the bum to the tip, which mode or operation results from the combination of the rotating picking mechanism, or the equivalent thereof, the pervious former and its t'xliausinng mechanism, or the equivalent thereof, and the means for directing the fur-bearing current, or the equivalent thereof, as set forth. I also claim the combination of the rotating picking mechanism, or the equiv;Uwit thereof, the pervious formerwith its exhausting mechanism, and the lower deflector, substantially as described, to regulate the deposit of the fur fibers on the lower part of the former, as described. I also oluim the combination of the rotating picking mechanism, or the equivalent thereof, the pervious former, with its exhausting mediani;fm and the lower deflector, substantially as described, to regulate fane rlpposit of the fur fibers oil the tip of the pervious former, aa ttefe forth. Aatl, finally, I claim the combination of the rotating picking me-chauiara, tlio pervious former, with Us exhausting mechanism, and the nnviiw described, or the equivalent thereof,forinducing a current o'f-tiiv to aid in earrying and giving direction to the fur, and in-atiring its proper deposit on the surface of the pervious former, as required, aa set forth. H. A- Burr, of New York City, assignee, through mesoe assignments, of H. A. Wells, deceased, for an Improvement in Machinery for Making Hat Bodies. Patented April 25, 1846. He-issued September 30, 185G. Extended for 7 years from and after April 25, 1860, and again re-issued December 4, 18G0: I claim the combined process of forming furhatbodies\by depositing fur fiber a to a suitable thickness on the surface ofa pervious former ofthe required shape, and holding them thereon by the pressure of the surrounding air as they are deposited and then hardening or partially felting the bat so formed, and while it is held by suitable pressure oa to the surface of the former to pive it the required consistency to admitof removing it therefrom in a suitable condition for the after process of sizing by felting, as set forth. Joseph Jordan, Jr., and Henry Keney, of Hartford, Conn., and Grant, Warren & Co., of Boston, Mass., assignees of Joseph Jordan, Jr., and Thomas Eustice, of said Hartford, for an Improvement in Machines for Grinding and Sizing Paper Pulp. Patented May 18, 1858: What we claim a3 our improved machine for the manufacture and sizing of pulp, that is as constructed of a single conical grinder and outer shell, and with pipes for the introduction of the rags and the size, and the eduction of both, arranged with reference to the axis and ends ofthe si-indersubstantially in manner and PO as to operate to reduce the vags to pulp and mix the sizing therewith, as hereinbefore explained. We also claim the introduction of the sizing into the grinder case aad directly between the reducing surfaces when e.raployed as specified in the grinding of pulp or material used in making paper. Jesse Reed, of Marsh field, Mass., assignor to Catharine M. Hunt, of Boston, Mass., for an Improvement in Stering Apparatuses. Patented March 6, 1855: I claim Mie arrangement and combination ofthe adjustable guide, and gaurd rails, MM, with the screw shaftorits mechanical equivalent and its slides or two divisions of tho nut, I. I also claim the application of tlie pedestals to their stancheon by means substantially as described, for enabling the pedestals and P'irt supported by them to move either fore !ini aftwise or up and down under theactkm ol the rudder, as specified. ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS. William Sims, of Ne"\V York City, for an Improvement in Refrigerator;,."Patented February 8, 1859: I claim the induction pipe, B, iu combination with the escape pipe, C, and fan, E, when applied to a refrigerator, to operate essentially ai? mid for .the purpose set forth. CThe object of this invention is to augment or increase a circulation, of Tr through the refrigerator, and thereby render the same more efficient than hitherto.] Asbury Wilkinson, of Shclbyvillc, Ind., for an Im" proved Washing Machine. Patented September 20, 1859: I claim sliding bar, c, attaching thereto spiral Bprinsrs, b bb b and cord, D', circular board. B, suspended by ppiral springs, b b b; &c., with a rotary corrugated roller, in combination with pulleys, i J,&c, ketch, F, ratchet wheel, in, segment, H, cog wheel, N, as set forth and described. DESIGNS. Zebnlon Hunt, of Hudson, N. Y., for a Design for a Stove. C. J. Woolson, ef Cleveland, Ohio, for a Design for Doorof Cooking Stoves. C. J. Woolson, of Cleveland, Ohio, for a Design for a Stove Plate. Isaac De Zouche (assignor to Bridge, Beach & Co.), of St. Louis, Mo., fora Design for Stoves. C. T. Meyer, of Boston, Mass., assignor to Alden Sampson, of Manchester, Maine, for a Design for Floor Cloths.
This article was originally published with the title "Patent Claims" in Scientific American 3, 25new, 396-398 (December 1860)