LIMEKILNS—George Atkins, Sharon, Pa.—Thisinvention has for its ob. ject to furnish an improved lime kiln, simple in construction, easily and conveniently operated, and which will burn the lime thoroughly with a comparatively small amount of fuel. ANIMAL TKAP.—W. Bronson Jarvis, Washington, N. C—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, reliable, and self-setting animal trap, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to be not at all liable to get out of order. EOCK DEILLIN& MACHINES.—S. Gable, Millerstown, Pa.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple and effective machine for drilling rocks. MEASUEINU INSTRUMENT.—Thomas Bisbing, Buckstown, Pa.—This invention relates to a new and improved device for measuring cloth and giving lineal measurements generally; and the invention consists in operating a revolving dial plate by a sliding pawl and ratchet wheel. MACHINE FOE MAKING PAPEP. PULP.—Frederick Burghardt, Curtisville, Mass.—This invention relates to a new and important improvement in producing paper pulp from wood, and consists in pulverizing. the wood by bringing it in contact with a revolving cylinder provided with a grating filing or scraping surface, and in vibrating the scraper longitudinally for changing the cutting or scraping surface of the cylinder on the wood, and also in a revolving cleaning cylinder. FEATHEE EENOTATOE.—Enoch Colvin, Paulet, Vt.—Thisinvention relates to an improved apparatus for renovating feathers, and consists in subjecting them to the action of steam and heated air. CAEEIA&E TIBES.—William Williams, New York city.—This invention relates to a new andusefulimprovementin carriage tires, whereby they are made much more useful than they have heretofore been, and it consists in providing the tire with a flange for keeping the tire in place on the wheel, and also for protecting and strengthening the wheel. SAFETY HAT.—James J. Giltenan, Cincinnati, Ohio.—The object of this invention is to so construct a hat that the wearer may be protected from danger from the suns rays, and from excessive heating of the head; and it consists in making the hat with a double crown, and in inserting a sponge or other absorbant between the crowns for retaining moisture. LOCK.—A. F. Pf eifer, Newark, N. J.—This invention has for its object to furnish a cheap, simple, and effective lock, designed especially f or piano locks, sewing machine cases, and similar uses; and it consists in the com-bination of one or more hook or catch bolts, with the straight or sliding bolt of the lock. BINDING ATTACHMENT TO HAEVESTEKS.—Wm. w. Snell.Brushford, Minn. —This invention relates to a new binding attachment, which is more particularly intended to be applied to the Marsh Harvester, but which may as well be used on any of the other harvesters now in use. It is arranged to operate entirely automatic, and will adjust itself to suitable size of bundles asi they may be desired. AUTOMATICBOBBINBUILDEE FOE SPINNING JACK.—Oliver. Brothers, Nau-gatuck, Cpnn.—Thisinvention relates to a new machine for automatically winding the yarn around the bobbins of wool-spinning machines; its object being to do away with the necessity of imparting oscillating motion by hand to the follower or thread guide. PEOCESS OF MAKING SHEET-METAL PANS.—C. Hodgetts, Brooklyn, N. Y.— The object of thisinvention is to avoid the weakening of the bottoms of sheet-metal pans; and the invention consists in forming a circular depression in the sheet metal plate from which the pan is to be struck, and in then bending up the sides of the pan, the depression remaining in the bottom at the junction of the same with the sides. EOD COUPLING.—G. Thompson, Shamburg.Pa.—The object of thisinvention is to produce a device for connecting two rods, which are used as pump rods in oil wells, salt works, or for any other suitable purpose. It consists in the use of two clamps in which the ends of the rods are respectively held, the clamps being provided with male and female screWj threads, or equivalent means, to enable their being connected; each clamp is constructed by cutting a wedge-shaped long recess into the lower end of a somewhat conical metallic block, and in forming lugs on the sides of such recess. PROCESS OF MANUFACTUEING PYKOLIGNEOUS OE ACETIC ACID.—C. C. Parsons, New York city.—This invention relates to a new process of making acetic acid, and more particularly to a new manner of agitating and purifying the same, also to the application of electricity to the process. VELOCIPEDE.—John A. Topliff and George H. Ely, Elyria, Ohio.—The object of this invention is to so construct a velocipede that it may be instantaneously transformed into a two or three-wheeled vehicle, as the rider may desire, and while in motion. It consists in providing a rear axle, which is bent, so as to be somewhat V-shaped, and in loosely hanging a wheel on each one of itsinclined ends. When the axle is turned by suitable leverage provided for that purpose, so that its middle part is higher than its ends, the wheels will be both in the middle, and tlie tires will come together, so that the two rear wheels will constitute but one single wheel, making the velocipede a two-wheeled one, or, at least, one that possesses all the advantages of a two-wheeled velocipede. CAE COUPLING.—W. J. Blackman, Columbus, Miss.—This invention relates to improvements in car couplings, by which it is designed to provide an arrangement by which the several cars of a train maybe uncoupled by the engineer.while at his post on the engine,by means of hand levers and suitable connections, or by the brakemen on the several cars by a foot-pressing apparatus; and also certain improvements in the coupling apparatus. CHUES.—W.D. McFadden, Senatobia, Miss.—This invention relates to an improved method of operating a vertically reciprocating churn dasher from a rotary driving mechanism. FUENACES AND TOOLS TO BE USED FOE METALLUEGIO PURPOSES.—Wm. Yates, Westminster, England.—This invention relates to improvements in the furnaces and rods to be used in metallurgic operations, and more partic ularly to puddling, converting, and reheating furnaces, in which iron and steel are operated upon, and consists in constructing such furnaces, or pro tecting their inner surfaces by a lining.so that they will tfe betterable to re sist the great heat to which such furnaces are exposed in metallurgic oper tions.. CAE BEAKE.—J. W. W. Smith, Canton, Mo.—This invention relates to im provements in car brakes, whereby it is designed, by the employment of a cylinder having a tapered hole through it longitudinally and fitted to an axle having a corresponding taper ,to provide a simple and effective brake, the said cylinder being provided with means for sliding on the said tapered shaft sp-as to cause it to adhere by the frictional contact therewith, and rotate with it, thereby winding up cords or chains attached to the brakes, or to free it from the said frictional contact. CAE COUPLING.—T. Caldwell and L. C. Wilcox, Buffalo, N. Y.—This inyen-tionrelates to a new and improved car coupling of that class which aro commonly termed self-coupling, and it consist in a peculiar construction and arrangement of parts. GATE.—E. B. Scattergood.St.Johns.Mich.—This invention relates to a ne.w improved method of constructing and hanging farm gates, whereby they are rendered much more useful and convenient than gates of ordinary construction SELF EAKE FOE REAPING MACHINES.—Edwin H. Smith, Westminster, Md.—The object of this invention is so to provide a simple and effective self rake attachment for reaping machines, which, deriving its motion from th main drive wheel of the reaper, will obviate the necessity of employing an extra hand to rake off the grain as it falls on to the reaper platform. VELpciPEDE.—Isaac Samuels, Marysville, Kansas.—This invention relates to a new velocipede, which is set in motion by turning cranks by hand, and which is steered by the lower extremities of the occupant. The invention consists in the general construction and arrangement of parts, whefeby the desired result—namely.causing the instrument to move rapidly with the application of but very little exertion, is obtained in a simple and efficient manner. CULTITATOE.—William Day, Morristown, N. J.—This invention relates to a new instrument for tilling the ground between rows of corn, potatoes, strawberries, onions, or any other similar plants, and consists in so arranging the draft above the wheels that a great leverage is obtained whereby the teeth or shovels of the instrument can be forced into the ground to any desired depth. The cultivators heretofore in use could not be made to do more thanbarely scratch the ground, a thorough overturning of the soil not being possible by their use, while this instrument will turn the soil to any desired depth in the most thorough manner. SOFA BED.—B.L.Southack, New York city.—The object of thisinvention is to construct a sofa bed, in which the back of the sofa is used to form part of the bed bottom, in order to convert the sofa into a bedstead; the whole article has not to be moved off the wall near whichit stands. This is a great inconvenience in the sofa beds now in use, and to overcome it is the chief object of this invention.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 20, 11, 172 (March 1869)