Lock foe Sewing Machine Cases E. F. French, New York city. This invention has for its object to furnished an improved lock, designed especially for locking piano and sewing machine cases, but which shall be equally applicable for other uses, and which shall at the same time be simple in construction and effective in operation. Combined Plantee and Cttltivatoe. W. C. Switzer, Nelsonville, Texas. This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine, combin-ng in itself most of the instruments required for preparing the ground, planting the seed, and cultivating the plants, and which may be easily adjusted for the various uses for which it may be required, doing the work in all cases thoroughly and well. Coen Plantee. W. H. Cox, Virden, 111. This invention has for its object to improve the construction of the improved corn planter, patented by the same inventor October 23,1866, and numbered 58,988, so as to make it more convenient and effective in operation. Cae Coupling. Thomas B. Smith and Acanthus Hinchman, Pleasant Hill, Mo. This invention has for its object to furnish an improved car coupling, which shall be simple in construction, reliable and safe in operation, and which shall, at the same time, be self-coupling, so that the cars may be coupled without danger of injury to those making up the train. Process of Extracting Saccharine Juices feom Canes. Horatio S. Lewis, Chicago,111. This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective means by which the saccharine juices may be conveniently, effectually, and thoroughly extracted from sugar canes, sorghum canes, etc., in such a way as to remove all the sugar from said canes, whether it may b e in the form of sap or juice, or whether it may have become crystallized in said canes. Attaching Tugs to Whiffletkees. Chas. H. Nye, Elizabethport, N. J. This invention has for its object to furnish an improved device for attach-i ng tugs to whiffletrees, which shall be strong, simple in construction, easily attached and detached, and not liable to become accidentally detached. Harrow. George Heffner, Homer, Iowa. This invention has for its object to furnish an improved harrow,which shall be so constructed that each part may be lifted to clear it of rubbish without stopping the team, and which will adapt itself to the form of the ground to be harrowed, so that no part of the ground may be left unharrowed. Threshing Machine . George M. Ehoades, Hamilton, N. Y., andGeo. B. Hamlin, Willimantic, Conn. This invention has for its object to improve the construction of threshing machines, so as to make them more efficient in use and less liable to get out of order, or to be broken than the machines constructed in the ordinary manner. Sail Cringle. Charles Lucas, Brooklyn, N. Y. This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the article known as the " cringle " used on the sails of sea-going vessels and other water craft, for attaching the sail to the yards, and for other purposes. Aie-Tight Cans. W. J. Gordon, Philadelphia, Pa. This invention relates to a'new and useful improvement in cans for preserving fruit and other articles, and for containing lye, paint, andiall substances of a similar nature. Harness Connection for Looms. J. T. Holden, Elmwood, E. I. This invention relates to a new and improved means for connecting the harness of looms to the treadles of the same, and is designed to supersede the ordinary strap connections now used. Hand Dumping Caet William Farmer, New York city. This invention relate^to a new and improved wheeled vehicle for moving various commodities or articles; and it consists in the novel construction and arrangement of parts. Device for Pulling Hop Poles. O. B. Hale, Malone, N. Y. This invention relates to a new and improved device for the purpose of pulling hop poles. Car Heater and Ventilatob. Edward Himrod , Dunmore, Pa. This nyention consists in generating the heat in a separate and fireproof cham- ber, and discharging the heated air into the car through registers,;the same pipes and registers being used for ventilation in warm weather. Apparatus for Bobih Hubs. F. Jonas, Freeport, 111. This invention relates to a useful improvement in apparatus for boring hubs of carriage and wagon wheels, and for other purposes of a similar nature. Self-rake Attachment for Harvesters. Ezra Ames, Austin, Minn. The object of this invention is to provide a simple and effective self-rake attachment for harvesting machines, and it consists in a novel combination of devices. Sheet-metal Koofing. J. H. Shimmons, Lawrence, Kansas. This invention relates to an improved arrangement of the form of the sheets for making sheet-metal roofs, whereby the seams will admit of being bent in the required form without cracking the metal. Harrow. A. Hamilton Ballagh,Wesport, Mo. The object of this invention is to provide a simple and effective harrow. It consists of a frame braced by a stay rod, and provided with a number of oscillating cross beams which bear the harrow teeth. Attaching Carriage Wheels. Levi Adams, Amherst, Mass. The object of this invention is to provide a simple and effective means for securing wheels on their axles, and to provide a means of excluding the dust from the axle box of vehicle wheels. Molding Sash Weights. Wm. Ferguson and James Anderson, New York city. This invention relates to an improved method of molding for casting sash weights, and molds for the same, whereby it is designed to provide a more simple and expeditious mode of molding, and to produce smoother and better weights, especially in the formation of the eyes of the same. Truck for Plows, etc. John G. Moore, Kingston, Ohio. This invention relates to improvements in trucks, such as are employed in connection with plows or cultivators, to afford a means for the operator to ride while guiding them, whereby it is designed to provide a simple and cheap truck, more especially adapted for the purpose than those now in use, which may be readily attached to or detached from the plows or trucks. Compound for Destroying Insects on Trees. Joseph ingaman, Jersey Shore, Pa. The object of this invention is to provide a liquid, which will when applied to the roots of trees, destroy, any pernicious and other insects which may) infest it. The ingredients are all cheap and easily obtained throughout the countrygenerally,and the compound has been proved by repeated and careful experiments, to operate in exterminating all insects which infest trees and shrubbery, and inflict damage thereto by stinging and boring the same. Bridle bit. J. Hout Minnich, Tuscarawas, Ohio. This invention has for its object to construct a bridle bit, which can be used to readily manage and control even the wildest horse, and by which the habit of kicking can be readily broken. The invention consists in fitting the ends of the bridle bit through slotted plates, and in so connecting the bit with the reins, that it can readily be drawn up against the roof of the horse's mouth, and at the same time backward. Horses are thereby successfully prevented from holding the bit with their teeth, and can consequently be readily controlled. Skate Sharpener. John F. Cameron, Brooklyn, N. Y. This invention relates to a new instrument for re-sharpening or re-shaping the running edges of skate irons, and consists of a grooved instrument which retains the grinding tool at the bottom of the grooye, so that the iron is guided between the two flanges, to have the edge perfectly straight. The invention also consists in pivoting one plate of the holder to make the sharpening tool removable and reversible at will. * Spinning Frame. Albert L. Sayles, Pascoag,E. I.----This invention relates to improvements in spinning: frames, whereby it is designed to provide a means for lowering the ring rail previously to dofflng the bobbins, and raising it again afterwards, so that the yarn may be wound on to the spindle to hold it and cause it to run up again on to the new bobbins, thereby saving the time and labor of threading the yarn through the travelers, and securing it to the spindles after doffing. Gaiter Boots. Emile Nougaret, Newark, N. J. This invention relates to a new manner of arranging the elastics on gaiter boots, with a view of preventing their wearing out, and of facilitating their attachment. The invention consists in setting the elastics in front of the boot close together, so that a narrow strip of leather is lef tbetween them. Mosaic Floor. J. George Kappes, New York city. This invention relates to a new manner of arranging the lower soft wood layer, of that kind of mosaic floors in which the ornaments are produced from very thin pieces of hard wood; and the invention consists in constructing the said soft wood layer ofnarrow pieces of bars, which are grouped together in such manner that the separate plates composed of such groups will not b e able to shrink, so as not to displace the hard wood covering which is glued upon them. That class of mosaic floors herein referred to, and which is preferred on account of its cheapness, is as heretofore made, very apt to be destroyed by shrinking, the plates which constitute the lower layers being made of single pieces of wood. To prevent this, without materially increasing the cost, is the object of the invention. Eailroad Eails. Perry Prettyman, Paradise Spring Farm, Oregon. This invention relates to improvements in railroad rails, the object of which is to provide rails, whereby the cars may be secured against the liability of running off from the track, and to provide more durable rails. Eivet Machine. Joel Miller, Swedesboro, N.J. This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for heading rivets by hand, and consists of a riveting die provided with a handle shank and discharger. Machine For Making Seamless Tubing. J. McCloskey, New York city. This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for making seamless tubing, from molten metal, of copper, brass, lead, or other soft substance, that will fuse at a low heat, but is more especially intended for making lead pipe either tin lined or not. Stone and Stump lifter. B. and M.L. Oliver, Brooklyn, N. Y. This invention relates to improvements in machines for raising heavy stones for loading, pulling stumps, andfor other like purposes, and has for its object to provide an arrangement where great power may be applied by hand, in a convenient manner, and the weight may be readily lowered after having been raised. Lock for Wagon Brakes. J. Hoke, Cordova, 111. This invention consists of an eccentric dog, connected to the brake lever and to which the brake is connected, working in a circular groove in a metallic sector plate by the side of the lever, so arranged that it will move freely with the lever, when drawn back to " brake up," but will bite in the groove and resist the strain of the brakes when the lever ceases its action on the dog,rand also arranged to be disconnected from the said adhesion to the walls of the groove by a backward movement of the lever. Milk Cooling Apparatus. Ira Houghtling, Houghton, Mich. This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for forcing air through milk and other ^liquids for cooling them ; and it consists of a fan blowing attachment for vessels arranged to distribute the air throughout the liquid.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 20, 14, 220 (April 1869)