RURBER AND GUTTA-PERCHA HOSE—E.L.Perry and Ohas. Manheim, New York city.—The object of this invention is to provide rubber hose so protected at the ends as to prevent the canvas from exposure to water or iair, which, when so exposed, as they are now constructed, takes up the water by capillary attraction and retains it to such an extent that the ends of the hose soon become weak and rotten, and burst by the pressure of the water. ROCKING CHAIR.—Chas. Singer, South Bend, Ind.—This invention relates to improvements in the construction of rockingchairs with air blowing attachments, having for its object to provide a stand or base,;for the support of a bellows, with tracks or rails on which the rockers, which are fixed close to the seat, may work, instead of on the floor. CAR COUPLIIG.—J. C. Smith, Stoughstown, Pa.—This invention relates to improvements m car couplings having for its object to provide a simple and reliable self-coupling apparatus, which may be uncoupled by a simple movement of a hand lever, and attached so as to be readily changed from one end to the other of the cars. GRAIN CLEANER.—W. B. Smith, Clayton, 111.—This invention relates to improvements in grain cleaning machinery designed to combine a fanning and scouring apparatus in one machine, and consists in the arrangement of the bio wers, screens, and scouring apparatus relatively to each other. Also, in the arrangement of means for shaking the shoe which supports the screens. Also, in the arrangement of the air passages for distributing the air upon the screens, and for action upon the grain after leaving the screens. WATCHSAPE.—J.W.Durham, Ripley, Tenn.—The object of this invention is to provide match safes capable of being readily connected to the clothes of the carrier, for convenience in using. The invention consists in providing hinged pins and catches for the same on one side for securing the boxes to the clothes. MEDICINE SPOON.—Mrs. Susan C. Currie. New York city.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in spoons, whereby it is designed to provide a spoon-suitably adapted for administering medicine, having an attachment for connection to the cork of the medicine bottle, serving both ne a cork screw or drawer, and for supporting the spoon in a conspicuous position where it will be readily noticed when wanted, and be prevented from being misplaced. APPARATUS POR UNLOADING GRAIN.—John Beattie, Chicago, 111.—This invention relates to improvements in machinery for unloading grain in bulk from cars, and consists in an improved arrangement of means for gearing and ungearing the main winding drum with the driving shaft; also in a guiding arrangement for the main rope. STRAW CUTTER.—F. B. Newton, Bouckville, N. Y.—This invention relates to improvements in feed cutters, designed to provide an improved construction of the same, calculated to facilitate the removal of the cutters for grinding; also certain improvements in the arrangements of the feed mechanism and the pressing apparatus. CLOD FENDER POR PLOWS.—R. A. Kelley, Hope, lad.—The object of this invention is to provide an adjustable and yielding clod fender for plows, such as are used for plowing between the rows of young plants for cultivating, that will yield to the inequalities of the ground without jumping, and wliich may be readily adjusted to allow more or less earth to be turned up toward the rows of plants and turn the clods back into the furrow. INJECTOR.—C. Hughes, Niles, Ohio.—This invention relates to improvements in the injectors for feeding steam boilers, designed to simplify and cheapen the construction of the same, also to produce improvements in the operation thereof. The invention consists in an improved construction of the shell whereby common T-pipe joints may be used to form the same. It also consists in an improved arrangement of the water valve; also, in an improved arrangement of me etcani valve for imparting aspirai motion to the steam and the water, making the jet more compact and less liable to be broken and neutralized by jarrins; and forpacking the steam ports. THRASHING MACHINE.-H. K. Averlll, New Oregon, Iowa.—This invention relates to improvements in portable grain thrashing machines, designed to adapt them for the application of wind mechanism for operating them by hand power; also, toprovideastraw chaff and grain carrier,and separating apparatus of improved construction, adapted for c leaning the grain ready for market, without the employment of fans by the action of the wind; also, to adapt the machine for the application of either wind or horse power, or both. RAILROAD COUPLING.—R. F. Baughn, Lexington, Miss.—The object of this invention is to so construct a railroad coupling that it shall uncouple automatically, in case the car to which it is attached is thrown from the track or turned on a short angle with the next ca.r ahead. ELECTRO-MAGNETIC ALARM.—John G. Butler, New York city.—This invention relates to improvements in magnetic instruments for making signals or giving alarms, as, for instance, when connected with the doors and windows of a dwelling by the wires of a battery. STOVEDRUM.—MarshallTurley and J. D. Bayliss, Council Blaffs, Iowa.— This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in drums for radiating heat generated in stoves, and consists in the arrangement of radiating tubes, chambers, and jackets, and in placing in the tubes iron spirals for retarding the heated products of combustion. CULTIVATOR.—D. H. Paul, De Witt, Iowa.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in cultivators, and has for its object the prevention of the choking or clogging of the Implement by weeds, stalks,1 and similar trash. WATER GATES.—Vernon E. Smith, Lancaster, N. H.—This invention relates to a new and improved arrangement for operating water gates in discharging water on to water wheels, and for all other purposes for which v/ater gates are used. SECURING BUTTER JARS.-MOSCS H. Nichols, Hancock, N. Y.—This inyen-tion relates to a new and useful improvements in means for securing and protecting jars of butter, lard, preserved meats, fruits, desiccated vegetables, and other articles which are placed in glass or stone jars or pots for preservation from the air and for transportation. CHIMNEY TOP. —William Musbash and Chas. R. Smith, Middletown, N. Y. —This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in a fixture for topping-out chimneys. MOTION POR REAPERS AND MOWERS, AND OTHER PURPOSES.—George S. Ellard, Westerly, R. I.—This invention relates to a new and improved method of producing a reciprocating motion, more especially designed for reapers and mowers in operating the cutter bars of those machines, but applicable to other purposes. LOG TURNER AND LOADER.—Samuel Snyder, Delaware, Ohio.—This invention relates to a new apparatus, by means of which logs can readily be turned on stationary and portable corn mills, and by means of which also logs and lumber of all kinds can readily be loaded upon sleds, skids, or other devices. MOISL'ENING X.TTACHMENT TO LITHOGRAPHIC MACHINES.—John Crawley, Brooklyn, N. Y.—The object of this invention is to regulate the flow of water from the water reservoir to the absorbing fabric by which the lithographic stone is moistened, and to prevent the too rapid discharge of the water. INVALID BEDSTEAD.—Franklin H. Smith and Wm. F. Wood, North Hebron, N. Y.—This invention relates to an improved bedstead for invalids, which is so arranged that the occupant can be elevated above the bedding to have the same rearranged. BAG FILLER.-Asa J. Olney, Van Buren, Ind.—This invention relates to a new bag-flUing attachment to the elevating apparatus of winnowing a-chinee, and has for its object to be readily detachable, and to operate without injuring the bags. j COMBINED YARD MARK AND KNIPE.—E. D. Richardson, Chardon, Ohio.— : This invention relates to a new device to be applied to counters in stores and salesrooms, and has for its object to serve at once as a measure like the ordinary buttons put into counters, and as a knife for cutting the edge of the cloth or fabric measured preparatory to tearing the same, and lor cutting twine, etc. TELEGRAPH SOUNDER.—Wm. E. Davis, Jersey City, N. J.—This invention relates to a new manner of constructing the sounding column of a telegraphic sounding apparatus for the purpose of producing a clearer tone, and also to certain improvements in the construction of the other parts that pertain to such apparatus. MAGIC LANTERN.—L. J. Marcy, Newport, R. I.—The object of this Invention is to prevent the over-heating of case, or shell, of a magic lantern and of the lenses, and to provide a convenient manner of removing and inserting the lamps. MUZZLING POR DOGS.—Hermann Kaempf, Newark, N. J.—This invention relates to a dog's muzzle, which is so constructed that it will be light, substantial,and entirely reliable, without being in the least cumbersome to the animal,and without preventing the same from drinking. The in vention consists in forming a muzzle, partly of wood rods, and partly of a flat metal spring, the collar band being an independent wire sprinjj or ring. HABROW.—Jay Knickerbocker, Dunning, Pa.—This invention relates to a new jointed harrow, which is so arranged by being made of several pieces, which are hinged together,that itwillaa,just itselfto the nature of the ground, and that it may, to avoid trees, stumps, or rocks, be folded together, and made narrower without difficulty. APPARATUS POR OPERATING SCRAPERS.—James F. Brooks, Stafford Springs, Conn.—This invention relates to improvements m apparatus for operating scrapers, more especially adapted for employment in connection with an improved scraper, heretofore patented by me, which said improved scraper is liable to a considerable lateral or side draft, which it is the object of this invention to counteract. HANGING WINDOW SASIIBS.—R. A.Warner, Columbus, Ga.—This invention relates to improvements in hanging window sashes, the object of which is to dispense with the employment of weights and the consequent necessity ot providing the boxes for the weights. It consists in connecting an endless cord to the sash and passing it over pulleys at the top and bottom of the window frame, and applying friction to the pulleys to hold the sash suspended. OIL CAN.—E. G. Kelley, New York city.—This invention has for its object to produce a cheap can, for retaining petroleum and other hydro-carbon or oily substances, and consists in the use of paper, or paper pulp, for this purpose,togetherwith oil and water-proof cements or coatings for the cans. LUBRICATOR.—H. A. Daniels. Thomaston, Conn.—This invention relates to a new adjustable lubricator, which can be turned in the journal box so as to adjust its valve to a greater or less supply of lubricating material. The invention consists in screwing the shank of the lubricator into the joarnal box, so that the valve stem may rest upon the shaft when the valve stem is open. BOEING TOOL.—Charles Carrol Strong, Defiance, Ohio.—This invention relates to a new boring tool, which is to be applied to lathes of all descriptions, and which is so arranged that it will be guided and held in the proper manner. The invention consists in arranging a loose collar on the tool, said : collar turning freely on it, so that it may be supported in a suitable stand, , or in the article bored, as may be desired. ; SELP-CLOSING CIRCUIT KEY POR TELEGRAPHS.—William E. Davis, Jersey City, N. J.—This invention relates to a new key for automatically closing the circuits of telegraph lines, and consists more particularly in the application to a swinging lever, by which the circuit can be opened and closed in the ordinary or suitable manner, of an elbow lever, which is by means ot a spring held against the stationary part of the key, so as to automatically establish a circuit, when the apparatus is not used. STEAM ENGINE.—F. C. Richer, Gilmer, Texas.—This invention relates to certain improvements in that class of steam engines in which an oscillating cylinder, for moving the driving shaft, is employed, and is applicable to locomotives or shops, as well as to stationary machines. The invention consists in a novel manner of introducing the steam into a valve box, arranged upon the cylinder, and in a novel packing device for the hollow ! trunnions of the cylinder; also in arranging a water bos, around or on the supporting frame of the cylinder to receive the exhaust steam from the cyl-1 Inder, and to utilize its heat by supplying the boiler with the water thus I heated. The invention also consists in the application and arrangement ot two pumps, which are used to inject water into the said box, to exhaust the steam, and to force the water from the box into the boiler. DEVICE POR DETACHING HORSES PRO3I CARRIAGES.—C. McElroy, New Baltimore, Mich.—This invention has tor its object to furnish an improved device, by means of which the horsesmay be instantly detached from the carriage when desired, and which will securely connect the tus to the thills,holding them firmly. PLOW.—A.G. and J. R. Cummins, McKenney, Texas.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple and effective substitute for the usual cumbersome and expensive gang plows, as heretofore made. HAND STAMP.—E.D. Chamberlain, New York city.—The object of this invention is to provide for the common hand stamp, a simple and convenient device, which will always indicate to the eye the day of the month to which the stamp is set, without putting the operator to the iuconvenienc-e of turning thestampbottomup, or of takingan impression in order to ascertain when he has turned the cylinder to the right point. DEVICE POR PROPELLING CARRIAGES.—Thomas A. Hares, New York city. —The principle involved in this invention, is that of employing a spring and clockwork apparatus for driving each wheel, there being one such apparatus on each side of the carriage, and the driver winding up the apparatus on one side, while that on the other is running down and impelling the carriage forward. In connection with these devices is a steering apparatus, and a new and improved form of the carriage to adapt it to the mechanism employed, and the use to which it is to be put. LOCK WARDROBE HOOK.—Oscar Nicholson, New York city.—This inven-I tion has for its object to furnish an improved wardrobii hook, for holding; clothing in halls, offices,and other places to which others beside the owner; of said clothes have access, which shall be so constructed and arranged that : it may be securely locked to secure the clothing; from being carried ofi'. i REVOLVING DINING TABLE.—R. Wilson, Rees Cornera, Md.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved dining table, which shall be so constructed and arranged that the plates and other dishes, which the guests use in dining, may stand upon a stationary part of the table, and the dishes from which the guests are served, may stand upon the revolving part ofthe table, so that each guest can couvenicntly bring ivny dcired dish within his reach. REVOLVING CREEN POR CLEANING GRAIN.—Daniel Locffel, Mount Vernon, Ind.—This invention lias for its object to furnish an improved revolving screen for separating small seeds from wheat, or other grain, which shall be simple in construction aud effective in operation. COMBINED DRILL AND SEEDER.—John E. Buxton, Owatonna, Minn.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple and convenient machine, which shall be so constructed and arranged that it may he quickly and con veniently adjusted, to operate as a drill or as a broadcast seeder, as may ba desired, evenwhilethe machine is in motion. SCROLL SAIVING MACHINE.—William H. Dobson,Medina, N. Y.-This invention has for its object to furnish an improved tcnsioii strain Lcroll sawing machine, simple in construction, and convenient, effective, and reliable in use. SEED SOWEE.—J. G. Thompson, Stockton, N. Y.—This invci:!on has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective machine 'or sowing different kinds of seeds, which is designed to be carried by the operat:)r, and operated to sow the seed by hand. 61 ICE PLANEE.—Samuel Lewis, WiUiamsburgh, N. T.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of the improved ice planer, patented by the same inventor, March 3d, 1868, and numbered 75,029, so as make it more convenient in use, more easily adjusted, and more effective in operation. Cor.N PLANTER.—Kobert Forman, Normal, 111.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved automatic corn planter, simple in construction, accurate and effective in operation, and easily operated. CiTTjENiNG ]lACHiNE.—W. A. Khoades, Lincolnville, Pa.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine, by means of which the churning may be done easily, quickly, and conveniently. TOY VELOCIPEDE.-H. C. Alexander, New York city.—This invention has for its ob,j 3ct to furnish a toy velocipede, provided with a toy rider, and so constructed as to operate automatically upon a circular track.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 21, 4, 60-61 (July 1869)