Under this heading we shall publish weekly notes of some of the more prominent home and foreign patents. Gkain BiNDEK.—E. H. Clinton, Iowa City, Iowa.—This invention has for its object to furnish a convenient and effective machine for attachment to a reaper, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to receive the cut grain from the reaper platform and securely bind it into bundles. It consists in a novel and ingenious arrangement of mechanism, by means of which the binding cord is passed around the grain and tied automatically in an ordinary bow knot, after which the cord is cut, allowing the sheaf to drop from the machine. The entire mechanism is simple and compact. Atmospheric Tanking Appakatus.—J. E. Kauffelt, Shrewsbury, Pa.— This invention consists in applying atmospheric air to the processes of liming, bating, and tanning hides, for the purpose of producing a mechanical action upon the compound in the leaches and vats. Appakattjs foe Planking Ships.—Peleg Staples, Stockton, Me.—This invention consists in the application of various mechanical powers to the process of bending planking, so as to make it conform to the curve of a ship's side at the time the planking is attached to the ribs, among which powers may be enumerated the windlass, the screw, the pulley, and the wedge, conjoined with certain clamps for holding the planks so bent.where-by a verylaborious manual operation is converted into a very easy mechanical one, and a vast amount of time and labor saved. ikoning Machine.—Louis Ringler, New York city.—This invention relates to a new machine for ironing pantaloons and other garments, and for smoothening the sewed seams of the same. The invention consists in the application of two smoothening tubes, of which one is made to revolve while the other can be moved in its slotted bearings. Vapor Burner for Lamps.—Joseph H..Melick, New Germantown, N. J. —This invention relates to certain improvements on that class of lamp burners in which the vaporized hydrocarbon escapes through small apertures from the burner, the jets thus produced being ignited. Lantern.—P. J. Clark, West Meriden, Conn.—This invention 'relates to a new manner of securing the canopy or cap of a lantern to the guards of the same, in such manner that it can readily be taken off and put on, and that whenputonit will be securely fastened. The invention consists in making the guard wires in pairs, and in connecting the upper ends of each pair by a cross piece, which, at its junction with the guard wires, forms a catch, to which a hook projecting from the canopy can be locked. Steering Gear.—Henry York, Smith's Landing, N. J.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple and effective steering apparatus for vessels. Adjustable Bracket.—J. H. Davis, Chilicothe, Mo.—This invention relates to a new clock bracket, which is so arranged that it can be readily attached to the wall without marring the same, and that it can also be readily removed and adjusted to bring its surface level. Blast-Heating furnace.-Homer Hamilton, Youngstown, Ohio.—This invention has for its object to construct a simple and effective device foi heating the air that is carried to a blast furnace; and consists in such an arrangement of pipes that the air will be in thin sheets exposed to heated surfaces, and that expansion and contraction of the pipes will not injure the apparatus. The device will therefore operate successfully, and will not readily get out of order. Blast Furnace.—George Atkins, Sharon, Pa.—This invention has for its object to so construct a blast furnace that the waste gases escaping from the ore may be utilized and carried back to the ore, together with steam, hot air, or superheated steam. The invention consists in the arrangement of gas pipes, which lead from the upper part of the furnace down to the tweers, 1 hrough which the blast is inj ected. Weaving Loom.—Wm. Gadd and John Moore, Manchester, England.— This invention consists in the method of giving motion to the lay," "picker shaft," and other moving portions of the loom, whereby the construction of the loom is greatly simplified, and the cost much reduced as compared with ordinary looms. Elastic Tackle Block.—J. E. Jones, Wiretown, N. J.—The object of this invention is to construct a tackle block, which is more particularly to be used on ships, and which is to be yielding to sudden motions of the sails, to prevent jars and the consequent injuries to the sails, masts, and rigging. Out-Haul for Booms.—Thomas O'Neill, New York city.—The object of this invention is to so construct the out-haul for a boom that it can be operated from the deck on fore-and-aft booms, and that the apparatus by which it is worked can be applied to the inner part of the boom. Wagon Brake and Lock.—John T. Bennett, Lenora, Minn.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple and effective arrangement of devices for braking and locking wagons. Velocipede.—Henry Wolf kill, Millcreek P. O., Pa.—This invention relates to a new mechanism for propelling three and four-wheeled vehicles, and also to certain improvements in the steering apparatus. The invention consists chiefly in the application of adjustable chains, which transmit the power to tlfe driving axle from the crank axle, with the requisite degree of speed. The invention also consists in so notching the steering levers that they are held in place by their guides when not used. Endless Blackboard.—William].H. Joeckel, New York city.—The object ofthisinventionis to provide a blackboard for schools, lecture rooms, etc., which can be adjusted, so that marks made upon its lower part can be elevated to be in sight of the whole audience, and so that such marks which are not used at a certain time may be concealed on the back of the board, to be brought forward whenever desired for future reference and without shifting the frame. Balanced Cylindrical Slide Valve.—J. G. Millholland, Harrisburgh, Pa.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of balanced slide valves in such a manner as to make the steam pressure perfectly uniform and equal on all sides. Weighing Vessels' Cargoes.—William O. Eeim, Springfield, Ohio.—This invention consists in a device for indicating the weight ot a vessel's cargo by measuring the depth to which the vessel, when loaded, sinks into the water. Paint Mill.—Wm. E. Axe, Eockton, 111.—This invention, which is an improvement upon the device patented by Samuel J. Goodwin, April 2d, 1867, No. 63,502, consists in combining with said Goodwin's invention a loer grinding disk, revolving in a direction opposite to that of the hopper, and m adjustable and detachable spindle step of peculiar construction, all arranged and operating in connection with the frame and motive apparatus. Cockle Separator.—S. W. Andrews and L. Godfrey, Greenville, Tenn.— In this invention the impure wheat is fed through an adjustable hopper so is to fall between a gum roller and a hard roller. The two rollers being put n motion, the cockle and wheat are pressed between them, and the cockle is thereby caused to adhere to the gum roller, and to be carried round and iropped into a receptacle prepared for it, while the pure wheat falls direct-y from the rollers upon a screci wh separates the small kernels from the large. Spring Fan Attachment.—John Carey, Victoria, Mo.—This invention re-ates to improvements in spring-propelling fan attachments for chairs, beds, md other places, the object of which is to provide an improved attaching ipparatus adapted to support the fan in any required position for directing ;he blast; also an improved arrangement for propelling springs calculated ;o give a more steady and uniform motion and to continue the motion a jreater length of time. Pipe Cutter.—Edward Clarkson, Carbondale, Pa.—This invention re ates to improvements in pipe-cutting tools, and consists in the double" jlawed shank made in two parts, adjustable relatively to each other, to )pen or close for large or small pipe, one jaw having a sliding cutter work-ng in a recess to or from the other jaw, and a feeding screw working longitudinally through the stock for forcing the cutter against the pipe. | Washing Machine.—Moses A. Page, La Crosse, Wis.—Tlris invention re-ates to improvements in washing machines, and consists in a vertical )scillating frame arranged with a tub provided with vertical rollers around he interior wall, against which the clothes are rubbed by the oscillating "rame, the latter is operated by hand through the medium of a lever and uitable gearing. Car Coupling.—Joel E. Simpson, Maiden Bridge, N. Y.—The object of his invention is to provide a car coupling, so arranged that when a car is hrown from or runs off the track, and the coupling parts thrown out of ine to a materially greater extent than occurs when on the track, it will ecome self-uncoupling and thereby save much of the damage both to pas-engers and cars in cases of running off, due to dragging the cars over the ies and rough places. Excavating Machine.—J. A. Bailey, Detroit, Mich.—This invention con. ists in arranging the scoop upon pistons working in cylinders, wherein wa-er or air may be used to force the scoop back and forth in performing the xcavating or dredging operation. It also consists in the combination with he said cylinders, of guides or rails whereon the supporting arms of the coop slide to and fro in the operation of the machine. It also consists in he combination of the said cylinders and supporting arms with a walking leam or frame, lor elevating the scoop when loaded, and for lowering it gain to the working position. It also consists in the combination with he said walking beam of a water or air cylinder and piston for elevating nd lowering the said walking beam, whereon the weight of the apparatus 3 mainly supported, and which constitutes the axis of horizontal oscilla-lon. It also consists in an arrangement of devices for dumping the scoop nd restoring it to the working position. It also consists in certain details nd modifications thereof, for the adoption of the apparatus for use, either s an excavating or dredging machine. Auger Handle.—S. T. Peat, Florence, N. J.—This invention relates'to nprovements in auger handles, such as are used for holding shanks of va-Lous sizes and form, and adapted for readily attaching and detaching the ame and consists in certain improvements designed to cheapen the con-bruction, and provide a more reliable holding device. Ice Planes.—Wm. F. Pough, Esopus, N. Y.—This invention relates to im-rovements in ice planes, and consists in an improved arrangement of nives whereby the cutting is made easier. Also an improved method of 3curing the cutters to the framing or runners, and, also, an improved ar-angement of means for adjusting the knives to vary the depth of cutting. Mathematical Books.—F. B. Wells, Fishkill, N. Y.—This invention re-ites to improvements in mathematical and other books, the object of which 1 to provide such books with leaves, or sheets of silicated paper, for con-enience in working out examples, the said silicated leaves or sheets being iapted for reuse, as slates ; and, it consists in combining the said silicated saves with the said books, either by binding them together with the leaves f the book, pasting or otherwise securing them to the surface of blank saves or to the covers, or in any preferred manner of accomplishing the ime. Necktie or Collar Holder.—Samuel A. Fite, Philadelphia, Pa.—This invention consists of an arrangement of small wires or flat springs for at tachment to the stud or shirt button and adapted to impart a vertical pressure to the collar and on the folds for stiffening it, also to press the coUar or necktie snugly to the neck, and to prevent the collar or tie from disconnect tion from the stud. Spice Can.—Ed win Norton, Brooklyn, N. Y.—This invention relates to improvements in packing cans, for spices, having for its object to provide a simple and cheap arrangement of the same, whereby the contents may be permanently and securely inclosed as long a required for shipment and for storage, and by a slight change readily made, the said cans may be adapted for the delivery of the contentsthrough a perforated cover, in a separating and distributing way as is required for ordinary purposes. Can Opener.—M.E. Davis, Folsom, Cal.—This linvention relates to im. provements in implements for opening tin cans bycutting a circular piece out of their ends, whereby, by the employment of a peculiarly formed knife, arranged to be adjusted to cut holes of any size on a radial arm having a center pin for thrusting through the can, to serve as the fulcrum around which the knife is caused to rotate on the said radial arm, it is designed to provide a simple and cheap implement which will accomplish the work with greater facility than can be done with those now in use. Tongs.—M. C. Heptinstall, Enfield, N. C—The object of this invention is to provide an improved construction and arrangement of fire tongs that will prevent the legs from having lateral play at the griping ends,as is common with tongs as at present constructed, especially when worn at the joint. Combined Collar and Harness.—F. Jones, Burlington, Iowa.—This invention has for its object to simplify and cheapen the construction of harness collars and hames, and at the same time to make them more conven. lent and effective in use. Feed Cutter.—Felix Sims, Ridgeville, Ind.—This invention'has for its object to furnish a simple convenient, durable, and; effective feed cutter, by means of which more cutting can be done in a given time and with more ease than is possible with cutters constructed in the ordinary manner. Gate.—William H. Goodale, Colton, N. Y.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved gate, simple in construction, durable, and easily and conveniently operated. ; EecordingDesk or Table.—W.B. C. Stirling, Batavia, Ohio.—This invention has tor its object to remedy the difficulty heretofore experienced in writing in large record books of several hundred pages, from the unavoidable elevation of the fore arm above the top of the desk or table. Carriage Spring.—George R.Groot, Cincinnati, Ohio.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of the springs of what are known as three-spring carriages, to make them easy riding without too much weakening the side or parallel springs. Cork Extractor.—Charles G.Wilson,Brooklyn,N.Y.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple and convenient machine for extracting the corks instantly from beer, wine, and other bottles, without the necessity ot previously removing the wires or capsules from said bottles. Portable Field Fence.—William Wilson, Jr., Raymond (Sidney P.O.), 111.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, cheap, strong, durable, and substantial fence, ami which shall be so constructed and arranged that any of the panels may be easily adjusted for use as a gate. Potato Digger.—W. W. Cole and T. McGhee.Eudora, Kansas.-This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine for digging pottitoes, which shall be simple in construction, easily operated, and effective in operation. Baking Drum.—George F. Eeinhardt, Lincoln, 111.—This invention relates to a combined baking and heating drum for stove pipes or pipe flues through which a current of heated air or gas is passed. Power Door Clamp.-H. O. Hooper, Diamond Springs, Cal.—This invention relates to anew and itnproyed device for clamping doors, and similar articles, by means of horse, water, or other power than hand or human power. Saw Buck.—Erastus H. Clark, Appleton, Wis.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in saw "bucks," or saw " horses," for holding wood in sawing, by which improvement the wood is firmly held while it is being sawed and clamps supported for holding the saw while the saw is being filed. Lightning Rod.—Leland D. Vermilya, Dayton, Ohio, and William S. Reyburn and Edmund A. W. Hunter, Philadelphia, Pa.-This invention consists in covering twisted angle iron with sheet copper, whereby the stiffness and tensile strength of iron is combined with a broad surface and superior conductive power of copper. Window Sash Supporter.—William Stanfield, Flora, 111.—This invention relates to a new and improved method of supporting and operating th sashes of windows. Wire Cutter.—Henry Axtell, Yreka, Cal.—This invention relates to a new and improved implement for cutting wire or bolt iron of the smaller sizes, whereby much time and labor is saved. Velocipede.—Richard C. Hemmings, New Haven, Conn.—This invention relates to a new and improved method of constructing and operating velocipedes, whereby they are made more durable and at less expense than than heretofore, and it consists in rotating the rim of a traction wheel, by means of a traversing wheel bearing on its inner surface and revolved by the operator within the rim of the wheel. Fence.—Thos.Barnes, Wayne, Mich.—This invention relates to improvements in fences, designed to provide a simple, cheap, and durable construction of the same adapted either for permanent or portable fences. Stove.—Isaac J. Baxter, Peekskill,N.Y.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in stoves, whereby they are rendered convertible for different uses. Vehicle.—J.R.McAlister, iHeuvelton,N.Y.—The object of this invention fs to provide a front coupling for vehicles which is simple and durable. Water Wheel.—Jeremiah Barney, Perry's Mills, N.Y.This invention has for its object to furnish an improved water wheel, which shall be so constructed as to utilize both the head and weight of the water for the propulsion of the wheel to a greater extent than is possible with wate wheels constructed in the ordinary manner.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 21, 5, 76 (July 1869)