WINDOW SHADE AND CURTAIN FIXTUBE—J. W. Foard,San Francisco,6al. —The object of this invention is to produce an improved device for adjust-ng the tension of the cords used in operating window shades or blinds. MINING MACHINE.—David Morris, Bartlett, Ohio.—The object of this invention is to produce a new and improved instrument for cutting out coal n the mines, which will operate more easily and conveniently, and with greater effect, than any heretofore in use. RAILBOAD JOINT AND TRACK BBACB.—Granville E. Jarvis, Grafton, West Va.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple, cheap, and durable brace,adapted to be fastened to the cross ties so as to press against the outer side of the rail, and support it at the joints and elsewhere, and at the same time to hold the rail in place and prevent its sliding or '* working " endwise on steep grades. VELOCIPEDE.—David J. Farmer, "Wheeling, "West Va.—The object of this invention is to provide for the public a velocipede designed for use, ordinarily, on land, but capable of running equally well on water, so that when the rider arrives at a lake, river,or other sheet of water,he can ride directly on to it, and cross it in that manner, without the necessity of dismounting, or stopping to effect any change in his vehicle. COTTON-WABP DBESSEB.—"W. H, Boyden, Rockland, B, I.—In this inven, tion the racks and bars are constructed and hung differently from anything of the kind in use heretofore, in order tljat they may be more readily and conveniently cleaned when necessary, and a motion is given to the racks, bars, and rods, entirely independent of that given to the thread, in order that when thethread stops, the other parts referred to may keep in motion, and, thereby, the sizing of the thread may be prevented from adhering to them. HEATING STOVE.—George A. Huntley, Quincy, 111,—This invention relates to that class of stoves in which a current of air, to be heated, is caused to pass up between the outer wall of the lire pot and the inner wall of the stove drum; and the invention consists in the peculiar formation of said air passage, whereby tlie current of air is made to pass, eitherback and forth, in a zig-zag course, as it rises, or else to pass around the fire pot in an ascending; spiral line, so as to become thoroughly heated before it is discharged from the stove, the outer wall of the stove remaining comparatively cool. EOTABT OVEN.—D. A. Kennedy, Darien, Wis.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective oven, which shall be so constructed and arranged as to do its work better, and withless expenditure of fuel, than the ovens constructed in the ordinary manner. EAVES-TBOUGH.—Lewis Granger and Luke Phillips, Memphis, Mich.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machinery means of wliich eaves-troughs may be easily, quickly, conveniently, and accurately formed. SHELVING FOB STOBES.—"William Koijh and George Koch, Cass, Pa.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved mode of constructing store shelves, which will enable the shelves, and the goods which they contain, to be quickly removed from the store, should it become necessary on account of fire or other accident. SAFETY STOVE FOE RAILEOAD CAES.—Cyrus Sanborn, Chichester, N. H.— This invention has for its object to furnish an improved railroad stove, which shall be so constructed and arranged, that should the car or stove be accidentally overturnedtheflremay be extinguished before itcan do any damage, and which shall, at the same time, be simple in construction, and will occupy small space in the car. COEN PLANTEE.—II. C. Beshler, Berrysburgh, Pa.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, strong, durable, reliable, and cheap corn planter, and which shall be so constructed that it may be conveniently adjusted to drop the corn continuously, kernel by kernel, or in hills, as may be desired. PLOW BEAMS.—James L.Baldwin, Troy, Pa.—This invention has for its obj act to furnish an improvement in the construction of plow beams, so as to diminishtheshockwhentheplow strikes an obstruction, to prevent the plow from being broken or the team from being injured, and which shall be simple in construction, inexpensive, and readily applied. TUB.—Ezra Caswll, Lyons, N. Y.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved means of connecting the cover, or lid, with, and securing it to the body of the tub, so as to make the said tub perfectly tight, and which shall at the same timebe simple in construction, effective in operation, and easily and conveniently operated. MEASTJEE HOLDEE.—George "W. -Bnrwse Zanesville, Ohio.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved holder for holding the measures in which molasses, sirups, oils, etc., have been measured, which shall be so constructed as to allow the drainings from the measure to run back into the cask, and at the same time protect the measure and cask from flies and dust. TIBE TTPSETTEB.—N.P. Quick, Carmel, N. Y.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved tire upsetter, which shall be so constructed and arranged that it may be readily attached to the rear part of the anvil, and easily detached when no longer required for use, and which shall at the same time be simple in construction and effective in operation. CENTBIFUGAL HULLING MILL.—Charles S. Bailey, New York city.—This invention has tor its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective hulling mill, designed especially for hulling cotton seeds, but which maybe applied with equal facility and advantage for hulling other seeds, and which shall atthesametime be so constructed as to remove automatically nails or other pieces of iron that may have got into the seed accidentally. PLANT PBOTECTOE ATTACHMENT TO PLOWS.—John Ahearn, Baltimore, Md.—The object of this invention is to provide an easily adjusted plant protector for plows, such as are used for plowing between the rows of young plants for cultivating, that can be readily attached to any size or style of plow, whether single or double mold board, without driving screws, or boringholes in any part of the plow, and which may be readily adjusted to allowmore orless earth to be turned up towardtheplants in therows and turn the clods back into the furrow. COTTON SEFDPLANTEB.—J.M.Elliott,Winnsborough,S.C—This invention consists of a peculiar arrangement in a one-wheel planter of an adjustable plow,relatively to the wheel, so as to be gaged by it. Also, of an improved arrangement of feeding pin wheel and fixed pins in a hopper surrounding in part the axle of the supporting wheel. Also, certain other details of arrangement. DUST PAN.—P. A. SchancV, Matawan,N.J.—This invention consists in pro--viding a stiffening plate for the mouth, to prevent it from bending upwards and in so shaping the bottom, that, when resting;on the floor, the edge will fit closely to the floor, and admit of sweeping tile dust into it without re* quiring the heel to be held up by one hand to bring the edge down, as must be done with those now in use. HABEOWS,—E. A. Goodes, Philadelphia, Pa.—This invention relates to improvements in harrows designed to adapt them to work in uneven ground and also for transportation to or from the place of operation more advantageously than any now inuse. SMOOTHING-IBON POLISHER AND GLOSSES,—James Pavies, East New York, L. I,—The object of this invention is to provide a simple and convenient implement for polishing sad-irons to remove the starch, which sometimes adheres to tbe faces thereof, when ironing and also to lubricate the same, with a substance which will cause the iron to impart a glossy surface to the starched clothes. MACHINE FOE DBESSING FEATHEES.—Robert Glore, Nashville, Tenn.— This invention relates to improvements in machines for dressing feathers by steaming, designed to provide a more efficient apparatus than any now inuse; and consists in an improved arrangement of heating tubes and valves within the cylinder commonly used in machines of this character. CAB COUPLING.—W.C.Tilton, Spring Place, Ga.—This invention relates to improvements in car couplings, designed to provide an arrangement whereby they may be self-coupling and thereby prevent the necessity for an attendant to stand between the cars when they come together to present the links to Hieopenings in the buffer heads, whereby persons are frequently severely injured. COOKING AND HEATING RANGE.—C. K. Edwards, New York city.—This invention relates to improvements in ranges having for its object to provide certain improvements in the arrangement of the fire part,calculated to concentrate the heat either under the kettle holes or under the oven when required or to equalize it between the two. Also, to provide in connection with the improved cooking ranges, heating chambers or radiators for heating air andgivtng it off to conducting pipes to be conveyed to rooms for heating, j APPABATUS FOE OILINGMACHINEBY.—Chas.A.Morton,Biddeford,Me.— The object of this invention is to provide an oiling apparatus for machinery, whereby the oil maybe supplied in measured quantities and thrown in jets in such places as it is difficult to reach readily, and which maybe also used with equal facility for ordinary purposes. It consists of an oil vessel provided with a pump, and a directing tube, which is so constructed that it may be held andthe pump worked by one hand, while the tube may be guided bytheother. FLEECE BUNDLING APPABATUS.—Jas. Walton,Roseburg, Oregon.—This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for bundling fleeces of wool and other substances of like character, and has for its object to provide a means for accomplishing the same more rapidly and in a better manner than can be done by any devices now in use. It consists of a compressing case, having three fixed sides, two folding sides, and a vertically moving bottom in which the wool or other substance is compressed, cords being previously arranged in the saiicase and held by hooks around the bottom and prongs of a trifurcated cover and other hooks, so that they will encircle the bundle twice laterally and once longitudinally for tying when it has ben fully compressed by the folding sides and movable bottom. The cords are disconnected from the bottom hooks by the upward movement oi the bottom in compressing the bundle. MACHINE FOB CEOSSING THE FIBEB OF FELTS, BATS, "WADDING, ETC.—L. Robinson, Matteawan,N. Y.—This invention consists of a machine having a broad platform over wljich the fabric is passed back and forth from the carding machine, whereon suitable rolling or laying mechanism is placed to receive a thin webbing from another carding machine delivered in a direction perpendicular to that in which the first named fabric moves, and deliver it under the pressure of the laying rollers moving back and forth, and layingit in a zig*zag course as the fabricmoves in one direction, the vacant angles being filled as the fabric is moved in the other direction. GAGE ATTACHMENT FOE HEAD BLOCKS. —'Nathan Hunt, Salem, Ohio.— Thisinvention consists of a sliding nut applied to a dovetailed way on the bracket of the head block, and capable of being readily clamped to the said way to move with it or loosened to slide back on it after setting, and provided with a screwed rod sliding freely through a fixed bracket in the same direction with the nut, and having a collar, which, striking against the face of the bracket through which it slides, arrests the motion of the nut and the sliding bracket, at the point required for setting the log. The saidnut is then released from the bracket to which it is clamped while setting, and drawn back together with and by the said screwed rod againsta stop preparatory to the next setting, and then clamped to the way or bracket again. The invention also embraces certain swinging stops to be interposed between the collar of the screw an d the arresting bracket, to be used where required for setting for stuff of different thicknesses. LID LIFTEB.—"Wm. "Worley, Newark, "West Virginia.—This invention relates to a new and useful household implement, designed for various pur* poses. RAT AND GAME TEAP.—Thomas B. Van Pelt, "Westport, Mo.—This invention relates to new andusetul improvements in traps for catching rats and other animals. HAT MACHINE.—John D. Parsons, Yonkers, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new and improved method of brushing the brims of hats while they are being manufactured. MOUNTING PICTUBES.—C. J. Billinghurst, McArthur, Ohio.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the operation of mounting photographs and other similar pictures. FIBEAEMS.—L. T. Delasslze, New Orleans, La,—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in firearms. BBICKMACHINE.—S."W.Bennett, Jr., Monroe, La.—This invention relates to anew and improved machine for making bricks, and has for its object simplicity and economy in construction, rapidity of execution, and pressure power requisite to form perfect bricks from well-tempered clay. POBTABLE AND CONVEBTIBLJE COTTSM DAM.—Samuel Lewis, Williams-burgh, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new and improved method of constructing coffer dams for building piers and other submarine structures, an din making the same convertible into other forms, for raising sunken vessels; and it consists in forming the coffer dam in two or more sections, the sides of which are partitioned off into water and air-tight compartments, each section having a removable side, and all the sides being provided with suitable tubes and other appliances for filling the compartments with either air or water at all times, whereby the sections may be submerged or floated, as may be desired. It also consists in so constructing the coffer dam, that it may be made (with two of its sections) to inclose a sunken vessel, thereby affording means for raising the same. Patented July 6,1869. MACHINE FOB THBASHINGAND HULLING CLOVEB SEED.—Z. Miller, Canal Fulton, Ohio.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine for thrashing and hulling clover seed, which shall be simple in construction and effective in operation. HOESE COLLAB.—Jacques Meyer, Williamsburgh, N. Y.—This invention relates to ce'rtain improvements in horse collars, whereby the same can be made adaptable to all sizes of horses'necks, and whereby separate hames can be dispened with. The invention consists in the applica tion within the leathering covering of a wooden stay, or frame, whereby the collar is made strong and stiff, and whereby the use of hames is dispensed with. STOCK SHED AND RACK.—T. Brod. Myers, Palatine,"West Virginia.—This invention relates to a new sheep shed and rack, which is so constructed that the roof can be readily swung up to protect the animals from the in* clemency of the weather, while it can as readily be thrown into a vertical position to keep the animals away from the rack while the same is being filled with hay. The roof can also be entirely removed during fine. weather, MACHINEBY FOE FEEDING "WOOL AND OTHBB FIBEES TO PBEPAEING AND CABDING MACHTNES."Wm, Clissold, Dudbridge Works, near Stroud, county of Gloucester, England.—This invention relates to a new feeding apparatus, which consists of a box (for receiving the fibers to be fed) fitted with a bottom formed of reciprocating bars, which move forward the fibers to the discharging mouth at the front end of the box. Over the discharging mouth works a pair of inclined reciprocating transverae comb plates, which slide in vertical guides and mass the fiber as it passes from the "box into a loose, thick sheet or bat. PLOW.—A. N. Edwards, Greenville, Ala.—This invention relates to a new fastening device for plows and shovels of all kinds, its object being to re* tain the sharefirmly and still to allow the ready removal and replacement of the same, so that shares and shovels of different kinds maybe used on one standard. POCKET OIL CAN.—John P. Haines, New York city.—This invention relates to an improved oil can for lubricating purposes, so constructed that it can be readily carried in the pocket of a person, to be used when required without soiling or tearing said pocket, or otherwise injuring the garments or soiling the hands of the party using it. WATEE ANDSTEAM ENGINES.—I. N. Forrester, Bridgeport, Conn.—This invention relates to a new manner of operating the slide valve on water and steam engines on which a fly-wheel cannot be applied, and has for its object to prevent the stopping of the engine when the slide valve, during its passage from one port to the other, closes both. DAMPENING ATTACHMENT TO LITHOGBAPHIC MACHINES.—Jonathan Walton, Brooklyn, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new apparatus for dampening lithographic stones in printing machines, and has for its object to regulate the amount of moisture imparted to thestone at eachmove, and. also to adjust the device to longer or shorter stones. ADJUSTABLE STEP LADDEE.—Robert R. Croasdale and Peter Rink, Rea-ville,N.J.—This invention has forits object to construct a step ladder, in which the steps can be adjusted into a horizontal position, whatever may bethe degree of elevation of the ladder. The invention consists in pivoting each end of each step in two side bars, so that the latter will be adjustable to set the steps at any angle to the bars; and in providing a brace frame which has an up-and-down adjustable connecting rod. SOLE SEWING MACHINE.—Frederick Vetter, New York city.—This invention relates to a new machine for attaching soles to the uppers of boots and shoes, and consists in the general arrangement of parts for operating the needle and for adjusting the shoe holder to the same; also in the means for adjusting all parts to sewing shoes of different size. "WATCH WIIEEL HOLDER.—August Wilhelm Kientoff, Oakland, CaL—This invention relates to a new implement for holding small wheels, such as are used for watches, to allow their ready cleaning and repairing. The invention consists of a tool, in which a series of spring jaws are held that will, when fitted over the spokes of the wheel, securely hold the same to the tool. METHOD OF RAISING SUNKEN VESSELS, ETC.—Samuel Wm. Maquay.Foots-cray, near Melbourne, British Colonyof Victoria.—This invention consists in the use and application of hydrogen, or other light gases, singly or in combination (excepting only atmospheric air) for the purpose of raising sunken vessels or materials and sustaining those which are afloat, whether such gas or gases be produced above or below the water. But as it is proposed to use hydrogen gas as the flotative agent (believing it to be the most suitable for the purpose), there is designed an apparatus for producing the same while under water in order to save the trouble and expense of pumping it down from above the surface. And further, as the pressure varies according to the depth of water, there are constructed receptacles for the gas which are self-regulating: so as to prevent their bursting as they rise to the surface and the pressure becomes lessened. WINDMILL.—Henry C. Brings, Fishersville.N.H.—This invention relates to improvements on the windmill heretofore patented to Nehemiah Trull on the fourth day of October, 1864, and consists in an improved, arrangement of means for supporting and adjusting the vanes. TANNING APPARATUS.—O. W. Bean, Farmington, Texas.—This invention relates to improvements in machinery for treating hides in tanning, and consists of an arrangement of apparatus to be placed in a vat containing water, and adapted to break and scour the hides. CURRENT WHEEL.—John Dennison.Hillsboro', N. H.—This invention re* lates to improvements in current wheels, having for its object to provide an improved feathering arrangement of thejbuckets, calculated to adapt the wheels for application to the current, either transversely or longitudinally. Also for spreading the buckets to be acted on by the water or for adjusting them so as not to be acted on. WATER WHEEL.—Ferdinand Mehrmann, Fountain City, Wis.—This inven* tion relates to a new water wheel, which is so constructed that the power of the water will be entirely exhausted, and that the whole apparatus be very effective and operate most satisfactory, DITCHING MACHINE.—Robert Conarroe, Camden, Ohio.—This invention consists in an improved arrangement of the driving and supporting mechanism, whereby the cutting is gaged irrespective of the surface of the ground. Also in an arrangement of the suspending devices for the elevator and the plow, whereby either may rise and pass over obstructions which may be encountered. Also in an arrangement for adjusting the tension of the elevator chain. Also in the draft apparatus for the application of animals in advance of the tongue; and also in an improved arrangement of the discharging chutes. HARROW.—Henry C.Lezott, Osage, Iowa.—This invention consists in an Improved construction of the harrow in respect of the adaptation of the form thereof for the application of the teeth to the ground. Also in the combination of the same, with a truck under an arrangement whereby it may be readily elevated above the ground for transportation by the operator, whether sitting on the truck or walking behindit. FANNING MILL.—J. Ashton, Red "Wins, Minn.—This invention consists (1) in an improved arrangement of the hopper, slide gate, and shoe, for equal izing the grain upon the sieves. 2. In an improved arrangement of spring-suspending devices for the shoe which supports the sieves. 3. In an improved arrangement of the wings of the fan to facilitate the movement of the inflowing air. 4. In an improved arrangement of the orifices in the sieves for separating the grain. 5. In an improved construction of the sieve-supporting shoe, whereby the'pitch of the sieves can be adjusted without changing the others. 7. In an adjustable air-regulating sieve for regulating the blast upon the final screen.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 21, 6, 92-93 (August 1869)