PUMP.-—R. W, Grouse, Westminster, Md.-The object of this inveniioii i to provide for public use a double-acting pump, so constructed th*t it ca be conveniently repaired when the packing becomes worn or injured. Machine for Govering Lightning Eods with Sheet METAii.—W.S. Rej burn and F. J. Martin, Philadelphia, Pa.-Thi8 invention relates to a com pound lightning rod, composed of an iron body, to give support, and a cop per sheathing to furnish a good conducting: surface. GoNVERTiBLE HoE AND FoEK.—John H. Foster, Gharlottesville, Va.—Th object of this invention is to provide for public use a simple and durabl instrument which can be adjusted to operate either as a hoe or a fork, an( which can, at any time, be readily changed from one form to the other, a the work requires. Apparatus for Printing Vignettes.—Jean Elie Richard, Golumbia, S G.—This invention has relation to printing largo vignettes from the sola: camera. In order to print large vignettes, it is a ccessary that the preparec paper or blank should be placed at a distance irom the camera, varying ac cording to the diverging power of the lens and the size of the picture re quired. Glass House Pot.—Thomas Scanlan, Birmingham,Pa.—The object of thii invention is to provide for the use of glass manufacturers a pot or crucible in which to prepare the glass, so constructed and operating that it will pro duce more glass to a " filling " than those heretofore employed, and do it! work in less time, and with greater convenience. GoMBiNED Hay Rake and Seeder.—A. P. Routt, Liberty Mills, Va.—Thii invention consists in an improved mode of fastening the teeth of a rake tha may be used for raking hay, or for scratching in seed falling from a seec box placed in iront of the rake. Also, in an apparatus for rendering th( seeder inoperative when the machine is to be used solely as a rake. Excavator.—H. H. Beard, Friar's Point, Miss.—This invention relates tc a machine for ditching and leveling, in which the soil, cut out by the plows is received upon aiTendless apron, and by that conducted to a second trans verse endless apron; and the invention consists in making the said trans I verse apron in sections, and articulating said sections together, and in usinp I plows of peculiar form. I Process for Preserving Vegetables.—Francis H. Smith, Baltimore Md.—This invention consists in taking Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, and onions, in the raw state,slicing them,and then subjecting them to the actior of steam or hot water, from five to fifteen minutes, as the nature of the vegetable under treatment may require. This operation " sets " or coagulates the albumen and starch contained within the vegetable cells, and prevents discoloration. Washing Machine.—D. G. Delinger, DecPtur, Ohio.—This invention con-sists in providing a washing machine with two receptacles—one for water alone, and the other for water and clothes ; said receptacle being connected by a pipe so that water may be forced from one receptacle to the other and back again, to effect the more thorough cleansing of the clothes ; also,in an improved aperture for throwing the water from one receptacle to the other, and, at the same time, washing the clothes. Side-saddle Thee.-Jacob Straus, St. Louis, Mo.—This invention consists in combining in one tree a cantle, a back rail, a back spring, and an exten-sion spring, in such a manner as to form a continuous flange along the ofl and back sidGS of the tree, so that the latter, when covered with raw hide, forms a saddle in itself, sufficient for all ordinary purposes, and is, at the same time, a perfect tree, upon which a saddle of any sort, and of the most desirable shape, may be built up by an ordinary saddler. Microscope.—James H. Logan, Allegheny Gity, Pa.—In this improved microscope, every part except the lens, screw, clips, and reflecting surface of the mirror, is made of wood. The main features of the invention consist in the general construction and arrangement of the parts,whereby it is possible to make them all of wood, Without sacrificing strength and efficiency, together with a new and improved method of effecting the focal adjustment and the peculiar adaptation of the microscope to the convenient and eflicient use of globule lenses. Treadle for Machinery.—Carlos Stebbins, Pike, N. Y.—This invention consists of a platform for the foot to rest upon,rigidly attached to the lower part of an oscillating stirrup,said stirrup having an arm projecting at nearly a right angle from the upper end of one of its side arms.the outer extremity of said arm being joined by a connecting rod to awheel running upon a fixed pivot, from which motion may be communicated to machinery, the whole arrangement being intended to do its work with much less friction and resistance than ordinary treadles. Attaching Bells TO Straps.—Dwight M. Welch, Middle Haddam,Gonn. —This invention consists in attaching bells to straps by means of a button or disk, which is soldered to the end of the shank of each bell after the latter has been inserted in a hole previously prepared for it in the strap, whereby a string of bells can be prepared in a few minutes, and at comparatively small expense. Patented Aug. 10,1869. Steam Generator.-J. Quipp and Robert Law, Buffalo, N. Y.—This invention consists in the use of a primary boiler, in which the steam is generated by the fire, and one or more secondary boilers in which the steam for use is generated by the steam from the first boiler ; and it has for its object to provide a uniform application of heat to the secondary boilers, which is accomplished by the steam used for heating, which will be of the same temperature throughout the heating space. Combination Lock.—Nicholas Reed, Otisville, N. Y.—This invention consists in an arrangement on a sliding locking bolt, engaging in a notch in the side of an ordinary slide bolt for locking it, of a series of combination disks caprable of rotation thereon, and adjustment, to permit the said locking bolt to slide, or to prevent it, and also so arranged as to permit the changing places of the disks, and the position of the locking bolt to complicate the combination. It also consists in a guard attachment to hide the letters of the combination when locking, and to hold the disks in the right position while locking or unlocking. Stem-winding Watch.—James Nardin, Locle, Switzerland.—This invention relates to improvements in stem-winding watches, and watches having stopping devices for the second hands, having for its object to arrange the slides by which+he winding devices are changed to gear with the hands,and the stopping is effected for better protection against being moved by the accidental contact of the said slides against anything whether the watchisin the pocket or otherwise. The invention also comprises an improved mode of operatiag the slide of the winding apparatus to gear the winding stem with the hands for turning them. Soda Water Foxintatn-Wm. Gee, New York city.—This invention relates to an improvedmethod of connecting bungs, pipes, faucets, plugs, etc., to soda water and other cylinders, when made of thin sheet metal, and either coated or lined with tin or not. The object is to provide a connection for the bungs, etc., which will permit the ready removal thereof when they become worn orrequireremovingfrom any cause, without disturbing the tin or lead linings of vessels, and without the employment of solder to make the connections tight, the solder being objectionable for the reason that it is difficult to remove for disconnecting the said bungs or other parts, besides being exposed in some of the vessels to the action of acids which destroy it and loosen the parts. Boiler.—A. J. LeGrand, Boonton, N. J.—This invention relates to improvements in heating boilers, such as are used in houses for supplying hot water or for generating steam for heating buildings, or for heating by hot water, as in horticultural buildings. Button Fastening.—John L. Remlinger, Providence, R. I.—This invention has for its object the construction of a simple device for retaining buttons, studs, etc., on shirts and other articles of wearing apparel. The invention consists of two L-shaped plates, of which one projects from the underside of the button, while the other is pivoted to it, so as to swi freely. Self-clop''' TELErTRAPH Kky.—J. H. McElroy (assignor to himself, D. J. F Holly, and H. McElrory), Warwi;-, N. Y.—This invention relate* improvements in telegraph keys, whereby it is designed I to.'ovide an improved self-closing arrangement ?ly the employment of only one spring, s o guarded that i t cannot be opened b y any slight inadvert-ant touch, or by anything dropping on it; also the combination therewith of a simple and convenient cut out device. Velocipede.-S. H. Sawhill, Cambridge. Ohio.-This invention relates to a new two or three-wheeled velocipede, which is to be propelled by hand, andwhichis so constructed that it can be easily operated, and that the body of the rider will be sustained in the most advantageous position. The inventionconsistsin several improvements of the driving mechanism of the foot supports and steering meohanism, which,'separately or combined, tend to produce a simple and convenient apparatus. Seed Planter.—John Stark, Thomasville, Ga.—This invention consists in a new manner of operating the seed slide, from the axle of the rear supporting wheel; also, in arranging a rotating reel within the drop-box for separating cotton seed and for breaking up lumps of fertilizing matter that might enter the box ; and in providing adjustable gates for the seed apertures, the position of said gates being regulated by the aid of grad-uator scales. Button and stud.-Henry Link, Little Falls, N. Y.-This invention relates to anewmannerof connecting the shank of a button or stud to the head or body of the same, so that the latter cannot fall off spontaneously, while it may be removed at will without difficulty. Reeling Machine.—E. L. Buckup, Stapleton, N. Y.-This Invention relates to a new machine for automatically dividing thread into skeins and hanks, while the same is being wound upon a reel, thereby doing away with very tedious manual labor and with much attention, heretofore required in forming skeins and hanks. Grinding Tool.-E. Babcock and T. B. Farrell, Laurens, N. Y.-This invention has for its object to provide an apparatus by means of which it will be possible for one man to hold a tool to be sharpened against the edge of a grindstone and to also turn the stone. Axle for Vehicles.—John Grabaeh, Clyde, Ohio.-This invention re lates to a new spindle and oil reservoir for wagon axles, and has for its object to provide a continuous self-acting lubricating device, by which the axle willbe kept greased in a uniform manner. The invention consists in forming an oil reservoir with an adjustable slide on the shank of the spin-die, and a spiral groove on the body of the spindle. Devicefor Utilizing Recoil of Heavy Guns.—J. B.'Eads,St.Louis,Mo. —This invention relates to a new method of storing up the power developed in the recoil of large guns, so that it may be afterward utilized at the will of the operator, to run the gun into battery, or to raise It above a parapet or other defense, to admit firing over the same. The Invention consists principally in devices for causing the force of the recoil to compress an elastic substance or material, such as metallic or other springs, air, water, or other fluid, so that such compressed article or substance will, when allowed to expand, run the gun forward or elevate it as aforesaid, to bring it into position for firing. Curd Grinder.—C. W. Terpenlng, Geneseo, 111.—This Invention relates to a new machine for grinding curd and mixing It with salt, by means of grinding disks that operate above a vat. The object of the Invention la to obtalnmeansforrapldly treating and manipulating curd, and for properly I blending the salt, so that there will be no danger of souring the curd and spoiling the cheese. Pipe Wrench.—Wm. H. Downing, Pioneer, Pa.—This Invention relates to a new pipe wrench, which Is so arranged that It will securely hold gas and other pipe, and allow It to be turned In either direction without releasing the pipe, and so that It can be adjusted to different sized pipe. Murrain Remedy.-Henry Jacobs, Fayettevllle, Tenn.—This Invention relates to a new medicine for the cure of murrain in cattle, and consists In a new combination of Ingredients, which are compounded so as to produce an effective medicine. Tire and Band Shrtnker.—G. W. Dalbey, Carrollton, Miss.—This invention relates to a new device for shrinking all kinds of tires and bands, and corisists of a novel arrangement and combination of parts, whereby both large as well assmalltlres and bands of all kinds can be shrunk to suitable sized circles. Floor for Malt Kilns.—Wm. Gerhard, Jr., Florence, Ma ss.—This Invention relates to a new manner of constructing malt kiln floors of longitudinal wires, and has or Its object to avoid any projections on the drying surface. Safety Lamp.—E. G. Kelley, New York city.—This Invention has for its object to construct a non explosive lamp which is to be used with benzine, kerosene, naphtha, or other hydrocarbon liquids, and in which a collection of dangerous gases Is Impossible. The Invention consists in providing the reservoir of the lamp with a vent for the escape of the gases that may be createdln the lamp, and In covering such vent with wire gauze, or perforated metal, for the purpose of providing against the danger of igniting the contents of the lamp by igniting the escaping gases. The Invention also conslstsln applying a wire gauze, or perforated sheet metal plate, to thelower end of the wick tube, to prevent the ignition of the contents of the lamp In case the flame on the wick should be blown Into the wick tube. Water Wheel.—P. H. Walt, Sandy Hill, N. Y.—This Invention relates to a new manner of constructing the buckets of that class of water wheels which operate with a vertical Inlet and discharge Inward or central Inlet, the guide chates being formed similar to the buckets, but in opposite direction. The object of the invention Is to prevent the difficulties arising heretofore In wheels of the said class in which the direct acting point of the buclict moves at a velocity considerably less than the reacting point. FrijitBox.—Geo. M. Fenley, Medora, Ind.—This Invention relates to a new and useful Improvement In the construction of a fruit box for transporting berries, etc., to market, the fruit box being so hinged together that, when empty. It may be folded up perfectly flat, thus enabling a large number to be packed In a small compass for re-shipment. Rat Trap.—j. M. Henrie, Vandalia, Iowa.—This Invention consists of a box, preferably having two chambers or spaces, one being permanently covered and the other provided with a sliding cover, which is connected by rods to a crank shaft, to which a weighted cord Is attached for rotating It. Each revolution of the crank shaft will withdraw and return the cover, and at each return It Is locked, and held until the animal, 2:ettlng on the cover for the bait, by his weight depresses a hinged part and unlocks It, permitting the weight to draw it back suddenly under a plate which scrapes the animal off Into the pit below, where he is secured by the return of the cover. Thelnventlon also comprises a locking device for holding It closed when run down, an araangement of springs for quickly setting the cover Into motion and arresting the motion of the said cover at the close of the return movement; also, a means of enticing the animals from the receiving chamber Into another. Hot Air Fubnace.-Joseph E. Chapman, Cannon Falls, Minn.—This Invention relates to a furnace for heating air for warming buildings, or for other purposes. Gas Generating Lamp.—Lasslo Chandor, St.Petersburg,Russla.—This invention relates to an improvement In lamps, whereby It Is designed to provide a simple, efficient, and safe lamp, which will, self-acting, generate gas from hydrocarbon oils, namely, petroleum, kerosene, naphtha, benzine, and turpentine, singly or In any way mixed, and all combustible fluids whatever, and burn the same without the aid of the glass chimneys now com monly used with lamps for burning these substances. Piston Packing.—L. P. Garner, Ashland, Pa.—This Invention consists In forming wedge-shaped recesses at the ends of the packing rings, and the employment of wedgesfitting them, to be acted on when the cylinder takes steam, by the steam, to force them Into the recesses to spread and thereby tighten the rings. The direct pressure of the steam on the Inner faces of the rings Is also made use of in conjunction with said wedges when required. 157 Hat Pbessikg Bag.—Samuel Wing, Munsn, Mass.—This invention relates to improvements in india-rubber or other elastic bags such as are used in the manufacture of straw, felt, and other hats, for holding them when in the pressing molds. The invention consists in the application to such bags of metallic forming rings to insure the proper formation at the corners or all points or angles where two walls or parts meet. Hinge Coupling.-S. W. Perkins, Geneseo, 111.—This invention relates to a new and usful improvement in hinge couplings for the thills, shafts, or poles, of single or double carriages, and for many other purposes. Combination Pencil Shakpenek and Pen Holdek.—Moses W. Dillingham, Amsterdam, n. y.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in a device for sharpening lead-pencils and holding a pen. Rock Dkill Point.—C. H. Davis, SanFrancisco, Cal.—This Invention con-gists in removing parts of the edges of flat pointed drills by making notches or recesses from the point upward, so that the drills will cut only a part of the distance of their breadth, the stone along the other part being broken by the effect of the cutting part. Vine Cuttek.-Charles Crenshaw, Bartlett, Tenn.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine for cutting potato and strawberry vines, which shall be simple and inexpensive in construction, and effective in operation. Cak Wheel.-W. R. Thomas, Catasauqua, Pa.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved car wheel, simple in construction, strong, and durable. GiTAKD fok Cibcijlar Saws.—Isaac Holliday, South Brooklyn, n.y.— This invention has for its object to furnish a simple and convenient device, by means of which the upper or exposed part of a circular saw may be covered in such a wayas not to interfere with the operation of the saw, while preventing anything from coming in contact with and being injured by, or injuring said saw. Truss for Connecting Boo]vis to Masts.—James E. Tibbetts, Trenton, N. J.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved device for connecting booms to the masts of vessels, which shall be simple in construction and safe in operation, and which will allow the boom to be conveniently removed when desired. Electric Fire and Burglar Alarm.—Eugene Fontaine, Fort Wayne, Ind.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of electric Are and burglar alarms, so as to make them more convenient in use, and more reliable and effective in operation. cubrt Comb.—h. Mithoff, Columbus, Ohio.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved curry comb, simple in construction, easily and cheaply made, which will at the same time be strong and durable. Penholder.—c.g.Wilson, Brooklyn, n. y.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved pen holder, designed more particularlyfor those having stiff or crooked fingers or hands, and which shall be so constructed as to allow the pen to be held at any desired angle or inclination. Water Wheel.—s.d. Taylor, Hazleton, Pa.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in that class of water wheels known ae turbines. Lamp.—P. Prettyman, Paradise Spring Farm, Oregon.—This invention relates to improvements in lamps, whereby it is designed to provide an improved means f orholding the glass chimneys thereon; preventing the wick tube from heating and the communication of heat to the oil chamber, and for facilitating the process of combustion. Registering Apparatus for Spinning Frames.—Henry P. Gregory Plattsburgh, n. y.—This invention relates to improvements in registering apparatus for spinning jacks, and other spinning machinery, the object oi which is to so arrange them that dishonest operatives may be prevented from working them to make them register more than they would do by the legitimate operation of the machines to which they are attached. SteamPump.—L. P. Garner, Ashland, Pa.-This invention relates to im provements in that class of steam pumps, whereby two pump pistons are actuated by one engine, the piston rod of. the engine forming one of the pump rods, and actuating the other through the medium of a cog whee: gearing into teeth on the piston rod of the engine, and also into correspond ing teeth on the other pump rod. Horse Hay Rake.—Thomas J. West, Alfred Center, n. y.—The object o this invention is to provide a sulky attachment to the common horse liaj rake, and suitable operating mechanism whereby the rake may be manipu latedby the attendant while sitting on the seat of the sulky in advance o the rake. Horseshoe Machine.—Charles P. Williamson, Louisville, Ky.—This in vention relates to improvements in machinery for forming horseshoe blanks, and has for its object to provide a simple and efficient arrangemen of means for the purpose. The invention consists in an improved arrange ment of oscillating bending dies, a sliding former, pressing and creasini die, and discharger.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 21, 10, 156-157 (September 1869)