PREPARING PETROLEUM.—H. J. Berg, Butler, Pa.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in preparing petroleum for market; and it consists in separating: from it the lighter and more volative substances, as benzine and naphtha, which are combined with,or held in suspension by the crude petroleum as it is taken from the wells. CURTAIN FIXTURE.—John W. King, New York city.—This invention relates to that portion of a window curtain fixture which is called the " roller1' to which the curtain is attached and from which it is suspended. PUMP.—M. C. Hawkins, Edinboro', Pa.—This invention relates to anew and useful improvement in pumps, designed for combined forcing and lifting pumps. HOE.—J. F. Wilson, Athens, Ga.—This invention relates to a new and use-fulimprovement in the construction of hoes for agricultural and other purposes. CANT HOOKS.—PeterShults, Rockwood, N. Y.—Theobject of this invention is to furnish a canthook for moving heavy bodies, as saw logs, stones, etc., which shallbe adapted to more general use than cant hooks of ordinary construction. COMBINED HAT RAKE AND SPREADER.—Henry C. Varnum, Hartford, Vt.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple and convenient machine for raking and spreading hay, which shallbe so constructed and arranged that it may be readily adjusted for either uae, doing its work well and thoroughly in either capacity. SLEIGHBELL.—George W. Lamb, Cobalt, Conn.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved mode of attaching sleigh bells to their straps, so that they may be conveniently attached and detached, and so that they cannot turn in said strap, and that they will be held securely. CLARIFYING CANE JUICE.—Adonis Labauve, Convent, La.—This inven-tionhas for itsobject to furnish an improvement in clarifying cane juice and other liquids with sulphuric acid, which shall tie simple and efi'ccUre and r.nnvenientlv annlied. ATTACHMENT FOK SIDE "WALL REGISTERS.—J.M. W. Kitchen, Brooklyn, N. Y.—This invention hasfor its object to furnish an improved attachment for side wall registers, to enable people to conveniently warm their feet at such registers, and which shall be so constructed and arranged that, when not requiredfor use.it may be closed up so as to be out of the way, and so aB not to disfigure the register. ROCK DEILLEE.—Wm. F. Banks, Brookfield, Conn.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine for drilling rocks, which shall be simple in construction, easily operated, and effective in operation, and which shall be so constructed and arranged that the holes may be drilled at any desired angle. PEINTEES' GALLEY.—James "Wilson, Jr., New York city.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved printers' galley, by the use of which the time lost inmaking register on book forms, and the enormous wear and tear oi type,under the planer and on the press, when off their feet, may be verygreatly diminished, and whichshall,at the same time,be simple and inexpensive in construction. FLEXIBLE "WAINSCOT.—John F. Worth, Brooklyn, N.Y.—This invention hasfor its objectto furnish an improved board lining f or wallsand ceilings which may also be usedfor partitions in offices or other rooms, for casing steam cylinders, and for other similar uses, and which shall at the same time be simple in construction and flexible, being capable of adjustment to angles or curved surfaces. UPHOLSTEEEES'PICKEE.—Harris "W. Axford, Richmond, Ind.—This invention relates to a new upholsterers'picker, which is intended to pick hair or moss from old furniture, and to prepare it so thatit can be used over again. MAKUFACTTTEE OF WOODEX TETTNKS.—Jacob Lagowitz, Newark, N. J.— This invention relates to a new manner of manufacturing wooden trunks, With a view of adapting the process to the use of machinery, BO that the trunks can be quickly and cheaply made. The invention consists more particularly in the manner of treating the separate boards before they are put together to form the trunk. BUTTEEMACHINE.—D.Rogers, Mount Gilead, Ohio.—This invention relates to a new machine for agitating butter after the same has been produced in a churn. The invention consists in a novel arrangement of a conical vessel containing a revolving toothed cone with beveled teeth, whereby the butter Is gradually carried from one end of the vessel to the ther and thoroughly cut up and agitated duripg the passage. RAILEOAD CAE SPITTOON .—J.S.Du Bois, St. Louis, Mo.—This invention relates to a new spittoon, to be fitted through the floor 8f a railroad car, so that it will at once let all liquid matter escape, -while solid articles, such as cigar stumps, tobacco, etc., will be retained in it until discharged by turning the bottom of the spittoon. MAGNETOELECTEIC MACHIXE.—D. F. J. Lontin and E. L. C. d'lvernois Paris, France.—This invention, which comprises new arrangements and applications of *the magneto-electric machine, consists in certain im-jtfevements upon that class of machines which have, upon the same rotating axis, several bi-branched soft-iron armatures having the form of elec-ttro-magnets, but non-magnetized, and the parts or poles of which (were these armatures magnetized) are placed on the same circumference, the curve of which they assume; second, in uniting several electro-magnets (magnetized one first time from any source), fitted outside the circumter-ence described by the soft-iron armatures, so that their poles may be placed very cloae and in a concentrical circumference to the former one. BOLT AND RIVET MACHIXE.—David G. Morris, Catasauqua, Pa.—This invention consists in an improved arrangement of the sliding clamping die holder and its operating devices; also in an improved arrangement of the cutters, and also in an improved arrangement for varying the throw of the header slide. UMBEELLA.—Thos.McCreary, Matteawan, N. Y.—This invention relates to improvements in the construction of frames for umbrellas, whereby it is designed to provide amore simple and durable construction than the present arrangement, and also better adapted for restoring the ribs or braces when broken. STOVE.—M. R. Barr and "W. T. Black, Erie, Pa.—This invention relates to ;an improved oven attachment for base-burning stoves, and has for its object to provide an attachment, under an arrangement calculated to be useful not only forbaking butfor cooking in other ways, as frying, stewing etc., and so that the heat shall pass directly under and around the exteric r of the oven or not, as required. AUTOMATIC FIEE LIGHTEE AXD ALAEM.—John Rigby, Fort Howard, Wis. —This invention consists in an arrangement of a rotary disk to be operated by aspring, and held in check by a catch, to be disconnected by a weight, let fall by the action of the hour hand of a clock, Tor allowing the spring to operate the disk when required, which rotary disk carries a piece of sand, paper to scrape a match, the end of which is held against the scraper. This match is so arranged as to light a wick saturated with oil, and arranged to give a sufficient flame, and to burn long enough to waken persons sleeping in the room. BUGGY TOPS.—J. S.Wayne, Quincy, 111.—The object of this invention is to provide an elastic support for the bows of buggy tops when turned down, to prevent the wear and danger of breaking to which they are now exposed, when they rest on the rear prop, and over which they project about two thirds of their length; also, to prevent the wrinkling of the leather portion of the top between the two rear bows. CATCHES FOE TABLE LEGS.—John M. Lemon, Polk City, Iowa.—The object of this invention is to provide simple and efficient floor catches for table legs, to hold tables stoadily and prevent them from rolling over the floor-when ironing upon them,or doing other kinds of workliable to cause them to move about, and applicable also to other articles of furniture. ADJUSTABLE SPEISTG.—"Wm. Evans, Eureka, Wis.—This invention relates to improvementsin springs, whereby it is designed to provide a simple and cheap adjustable spring; especially adapted for wagon springs, which may be readily adjusted to maintain the proper degree ofspringingqualitiesfor carrying light or heavy loads. FEICTIOXPOWEE.—JohnB.Bolinger,Detroit, Mich.—This invention consists in a peculiar construction and arrangement of a friction pawl grooved pulley and loose pulley, the latter being arranged on the driving shaft and having an oscillating movement imparted to it by a treadle belt and spring in the usual way. HAEEOW.—Fenton Y. Tavenner, John"W. Galbraith, and AlfredSmith, Se-dalia, Mo.—This invention relates to improvements in harrows intended to facilitate cleaning the teeth when clogged with straw, grass, roots, etc., and to provide an arrangement whereby the teeth may be so adjusted that they may be prevented from engaging with the ground, when it is designed to move the harrow from one field to another, or along a road. REVEKSIBLE PLOW.—John "W. Jones, Thomson, 111.—The mold board in this invention is made in two parts and suspended on vertical posts, the rear one being a crank shaft, and provided at the bottom above the runner with a supporting frame for the rear part of the mold board, to which the front part is connected by two connecting rods to cause the two parts to vibrate simultaneously. The rear part is also provided with a locking device for securing the said double mold board at either side. REMOVABLE SAW TEETH.—J. Newton,New York city.—This invention relates to improvements in the arrangement of removable saw teeth, and the means of holding them in the saw plate, calculated to provide a ready means of inserting, removing, or adjusting them, and of holding them in the required positions by the frictional action of springs, arranged to be capable of imparting the required amount of friction without danger of warping or lauckling the saw plates. It also relates to an improved adjusting instrument for releasing the frictional contact of the springs to adjust the teeth. WASHING MACHIXE.—C. A. Calaway, Madison, Ohio.—The invention consists in an improved construction and arrangement of a concaved grooved "bed in the bottom of a case, or tub, a pair of rollers pivoted to an oscillating frame, and a treadle device for varying the pressure ot the oscillating rollers upon the bed, or the clothes thereon. SPEIXG BED BOTTOM.—Joseph Moore, Tarentum, Pa.—This invention consists in supporting the longitudinal spring bars upon transverse bars, one near each end, which are suspended by springf ollowersinclbsed in suitable cases on the said cross bars, and connected bystraptJ to the frame of the bedstead in such a way that the followers work out and in, in connection with long elastic springs as the pressure varies. CULTITATOE.—Isaiah Henton, Shelbyville, 111.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of the improved cultivator patented by the same inventor, March 6,1866, and numbered52,998, BO as to make it more convenient, satisfactory, and efficient in operation. Patented July 13,1869. WASHIXG MACHIXE.—Jerome B. King, New York city.—This invention consists of a rotating cylinder and expansible casing for the same, within which the said cylinder works; the clothes to be washed being placed in the space between the surfaces of each, and subjected to a squeezing pressure imparted to the casing by springs, cords, and weights, or other means while rotary motion is imparted to either the cylinder or casing, and both are immersed in water contained in an exterior tub or case. COMBINED HOESE COLLAK AXD TEEE.—Howard Connick, Albert Lea, Minn.—This invention consists in an arrangement of collar tree or hame in two sections, connected by hinge joints to a stock, maintaining them in the proper relations and positions, and supporting the rein ring and the loops for the attachment of the top buckling strap. It also comprises an adjustable tag connection, also an improved buckle attachment for the. lower hame strap. SEEDING MACHIXE.—W. A. Van Brunt, Horicon, Wis.—The object of this invention is to improve the construction of seeding machines by the application of new devices for adjusting the teeth and their drag bars,and a novel construction of the boxes inclosing the feed cylinders. CLOCK ESCAPEMENT.—Michael Tromly, Cincinnati, Ohio.—The object of this invention is to improve the pendulum escapement of a clock in such a manner as to diminish the rigidity and consequent friction of the working parts, and to secure greater smoothness and uniformity of action, and more ready and perfect adjustability. MACHINE FOE MAKING SOD FENCES.—Jairus Osgood, Blue Hill, Me.—The object of this invention is to provide for public use a machine,so constructed and operating, that it will cut and raise successive sods from the ground deposit them, O"ne on another,and press them down, so as to form a neat and compact sod fence. HOESESHOE NAIL ANDSWAGING MACHINE.—B. J. Farmer,"Wheeling,"W.Va. —This invention has for its object to simplify the construction and render more convenient and effective the operation of machines for making horseshoe nails, and for swaging iron into the form required for such nails and other small articles. GAEDEN IMPLEMENT.—Henry MIHer, Roadside, Va.—This invention consists in adapting to one stock a variety of different instruments; to wit: a shovel, which being reversed, may be used as a plow, a four-edged hoe, a circular hoe, a reversible coulter, a roller, a rake, and a transplanter, all which may be used in succession, with very little trouble of adjustment. GANG PLOW AND CULTITATOE.—Freeman F. Reynolds, Bethany, Ga.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple, convenient, and effective method of adjusting the plows, so that they will run at any desired distance from the central beam, and can be readily changed and adapted to the different purposes for which they may be required. METHOD OF POTENTIATING SUBSTANCES.—BernhardtTTincke, Brooklyn N.Y.—This invention consists in facilitating and improving the process of potentiation, which is a process for gradually lessening and retining substances, by means of an indifferent vehicle in certain proportions, and, more particularly the process of potentiation by dilation, so as to obtain higher potencies than ever reached before, and in less time and with less labor and expense than it could be done without this invention. VELOCIPEDE.—A. Combs, Helena, Montana Territory.—This invention relates to a new manner of propelling velocipedes, of steering the same, and of arranging an elastic support. The object of the invention is to simplify the construction of the apparatus, to facilitate its operation, and to improve its appearance. "WAGON REACH AND HOTJNDS.—"W. R. Santley, New London, Ohio.—This invention relates to an improvement in the construction of the reaches and hounds of wagons and carriages, and consists in making the reach and hounds of a single piece of wood. COEK-CUTTING MACHINE.—Edmund A. Brimson, New York city.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in machines for cutting corks. LAMP EXTINGUISHES.—"Wm. Gray son and C. D. [Hyndman, Odell, 111.— This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the mode of extinguishing the light and fire of kerosene lamps, but applicable to lamps in which other fluids are burned. PUMP.—Charles Powell, Birmingham, England, now of Newton Brook, York county, Dominion of Canada.—This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in pumps and hose and rod connections therefor. FANXIXG MILL.—T.B. Kirkwood, Dublin, Ind.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of fanning mills so that they may be simpler in construction, more effective in operation, and less expensive in manufacture, the screen shoe being no longer necessary. WASHIXG MACHIXE.—Alexander King and G. H. Kins:, Painesville, Ohio. —This invention hasfor its object to furnish an improved washing machine, which shall be simple in construction and effective in operation, doing its work quickly and thoroughly. SHOVEL PLOW.—Gregory Jennings, West Cairo, Ohio.—Thisinvention has for its object to improve the construction of the shovel-plow for which letters patented No. SIIS were granted to Aaron Jennings, August 18, 1868, so as to make it more convenient and effective in use. COMBIXED ROLLEE, HAEEOW, AXD DKILL.—Samuel Bradbury, Dresden, Mo.—This invention hasfor its object to furnish an improved combined harrow, roller, and drill, which shall be so constructed and arranged that the roller maybe used alone, or the roller and harrow, or the roller and drill, or the roller, harrow, and drill, as the circumstances of the case may render advisable, doing its work well in either capacity. JUMP SEATS FOB CAEKIAGES.—W. H. Gregg and "W. Bowe, Wilmington, Del.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of that class of carriage seats known as "jump seats," so as to make them self-supporting, and, at the same time, strong and simple in construction, and convenient in operation. CLOTHES FBAME.—Darwin E. Crosby and Sarah E. Strickland, South Vineland, N. J.—This invention has for its. object to furnish an improved clothes frame, which shall be so constructed and [arranged that ladies' dresses, and other articles that cannot be folded without being wrinkled, may be conveniently hung from it. HAIE TEIGGEE.—F. Schenck, San Antonio, Texas.—This invention relates to the arrangement of a hair trigger, of such a construction that it maybe applied to any of that class of firearms which have but one notch in the hammer for the cocked position of the same. When a fly is used in the hammer it may be applied also to such arms that have a second or rest notch in the hammer. HAIE TEIGGEE.—F. Schenck, San Antonio, Texas.—This in ventionrelates to the arrangement of a hair trigger, so complete in itself that the application of the same to any one of those firearms that have a guard and a trigger, may be effected without the slightest alteration of the interior mechanism of the gun lock, not even necessitating the application of a fly in the hammer, to prevent the catching of the trigger in the rest notch of the hammer. MANUFACTUEE OP BEICK.—Smith D. Arnold, Pittsfleld, Mass.—This invention relates to a new method of preparing non-pressed brick for use, with an object of obtaining; smooth fronts and tight joints.; Facts for the Ladies. I have used my Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machine for more than ten years steady, at dressmaking, from ten to fourteen hours a day. For the last nineteen months I have used the same needle, and am still using it My machine is in as good working order to-day as when I first got it. MAETIIA CAVAN New York.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 21, 11, 172-173 (September 1869)