Valve Geab fob Steam Engines.—Charles L. Inslee, New York city, and . Wm. H. Inslee, Newark, N. J.—This invention relates to new and useful im- provements in valves, ports, and operating devices, whereby it is designed , to provide a simple and cheap plan of construction, and a more efflcient [ arrangement of the same for operation, than any now in use. The inven-tion consists in an improved arrangement of steam chest passages and pipes, steam and exhaust balance valves, and operating devices. Tbanspobtation Case fob :cking Cans.—Edwin Norton, Toledo, Ohio. —The object of this invention is to provide an improved packing case for the protection of tin shipping cans, such as are used for shipping oil and other substances, and are sent back and forth, both filled and empty, and are thus subjected to damage from careless handling and other causes. The invention consists in a packing case made of wood, or other suitable substance, permanently inclosing the can, and provided with a sectional lid, cover, or door, arranged to open a sufficient space only at the nozzle, to permit of readily filling or emptying the can, the said cover or door, being arranged at any position in the case, to coincide with the nozzle of the can. ibon Manufactubing Appabatus.—John Coync, Allegheny City, Pa.— This apparatus consists of a circular carriage arranged to revolve on a circular table, in a horizontal plane, and provided with receiving and discharging molds, which move slowly past the tap of the furnace, and'receive the molten metal flowing therefrom, and convey it to the place of discharging as it cools, and from which It is discharged by the dumpiag of the molds by the attendant. Shaft and Pole Holdeb.—James S. Totten, Lebanon, Ohio.—This invention comprises the application f holding straps of any form or arrangement, when adapted for ready attachment, to the spring bars and shaft cross bars, by buttons connecting the one, and by buckling or looping around the other. Hose-Pipe Nozzle.—Archibald Williscroft, Wilmington, Del.—This in-ventionhas for its object to furnish an improved nozzle for hose pipes, which shall be so constructed and arranged that it may be easily and quickly adjusted to throw a larger or smaller stream of water as may be - desired. Mill Bubb.—George W. Wilson, Tolono, 111.—This invention has for its object to enable the burrs of mills to be conveniently and easily balanced to a perfect standing, or running balance, by means of a device simple in construction and easily applied and adjusted. Peat Mold.—Kingston Goddard, Richmond, N.Y.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved mold for pressing wet peat into bricks or blocks for fuel, which shall be so constructed as to allow the water to escape while retaining the flne particles of the peat. Plow.—Edward Wiard, Louisville, Ky.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of wrought iron, steel, and cast-iron plows, so as to make them simpler in construction and more efflcient in use. Plow.—Edward Wiard, Louisville, Ky.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved plow, which shall be so constructed and arranged that various kinds of plow plates may be used with it, according to the particular kind of plowing required to be done. Manufactitee of Illuminating Gas.—Cleaveland F. Dunderdale, New York city.—This invention relates to a new and important improvement in manufacturing gas for illuminating purposes. Puddling Fubnaoe.-J. B. Robinson, Duncansville, Pa.—This invention relates to new and important improvements in puddling or boiling furnaces, whereby they are rendered much more durable and more easily man-aged than such furnaces has hitherto been. Wheel Hub.—A. S. Woodward, Pepperell, Mass.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in metallic hubs for carriage, wagon, and other wheels, and consists in forming a hollow or shell hub cast in a single ' piece. ! Bag Holdeb.—J. N. Collins, Menasha, Wis—This Invention relates to a [ new and useful improvement in the method of holding bags for flliing with grain or other articles. DiEECT Ibon-Pboducing Fubnace.—William Griffith, Jr., Pottsville, Pa.—This invention relatesto anew furnace for reducing and producing iron;directly from the ore by a continuous operation, and has for its object to reduce the expense of, and to economize time during the operation. The invention consists chiefly in arranging a deoxidizing chamber above the welding or puddling furnace, said chamber being heated by the gases that escape fftm the fite in the said furnace. Pin Catch fob Bbeastpins and Similab Abticles.—Samuel Ayres, Danville, Ky.—This inrention has for its object to so construct breastpins and other similar articles, such as badges, etc., that they can be secured to garments by means of an ordinary pin,lin a secure manner, and with great convenience. Revolving Spbing Gun.—Charles Bunge, Geneva, N.Y.—This invention relates to a new spring air-gun, which is so construct ed that it can be readily set to automatically place a charge into the barrel, or at least in line with the same; it being provided with a reservoir which contains a suitable large number of charges. The invention consists chiefly in the conbination of a perforated revolving feed plate with a stationary supply or reservoir chamber, from which, as the feed plate is turned, the balls constituting the charges, are transferred into the apertures of the feed plate. Spinning feame.—Wm. H. Brothers, Winooski, Vt.—This invention relates to a new spinning jack, which is so arranged that the mule or carriage will receive its motion by automatic machinery, without requiring any personal attention of the operator or attendant. The object of the invention is to do away with the necessity of working the shipper bar for reversing the motion of the mule, and to provide automatic means for changing the motion. The invention consists in the construction of devices for changing and reversing the motion of the mule for imparting to the thread the necessary drawing and twisting motion, and the requisite tension while twisting, and for operating the whole mechanism. Feinting Telegbaph Machine.—Charles T. Moore, White Sulphur Springs, West Va.—This invention consists of a set of sending apparatus, a set of receiving operating apparatus, and a set of apparatus for " calling " the office or station to which the message is to be sent, all conveniently arranged upon a stand, and adapted to work in conjunction with similar machines at all the stations, and capable of communicating with all the stations, simultaneously, or with only one, as required. Planting and Cultivatijg Machine.—Nicholas Whitehall, Newtown, Ind.—The object of thisinventionis to provide a machine capable of planting and cultivating corn or other grain planted in a similar way, which may be readily adjusted to the condition of a planter or cultivator.. Nail Machine.—F. Davison, Richmond, Va.—The object of the present inventionis to provide an improved feeding apparatus, whereby the plates will be self-actingly fed in succession from a feed box containing a number of plates ; also, an improved arrangement of vibrating feeding apparatus whereby the plates are so presented as to ensure the disposing of a sufficient amount of metal at the wide ends of the blanks and delivery of them to the griping dies to form the heads which are alternately on opposite sides of the griping dies ; also an improved arrangement cf carrier guides for conveying the blanks from the cutters to the griping dies. Presses for Cotioit and qtheb Substaitces.-John Simpson, Chester, S. C—This invention consists' in an arrangement of two followers to be moved toward each other by pinions working into toothed racks upon each end of the followers. Tachtpodoscaph.—Jules Marie de la Rue, Nogent sur Marne, France.-Thisinventionis compssed, according to the use for which it is intended, of two, three, or more boats or floats, which are connected together by crossbars, and so held apart as to allow the driying paddle wheels to be at.ted bpitwRftn thfim 189 Implement foe Holding Eaks of Cokn.—Wm. A. Morgan,Brooklyn, N.Y., and T. B. Mosher, New York eity.—The objeet of this invention is to provide a deviee, by whichboiled ears of corn can be conveniently held to the mouth so as not to soil the hands. The invention consists in the construction of a spring clamp, having two pointed jaws and a shank, the jawa having sufficient spring to cause them to fit and hold cobs of different lengths. The spring is also sufficieialr to preyeut the cob from turning loose on the jaws. evapoeatoe.—Thomas and James M. Scantlin, Evansville, Ind.—This invention relates to certain improvements in sugar cane, and other evaporators, and has for its object to produce simple action and perfect satisfactory operation. Plow Coupling.—Wm. Eeck, Mendota, 111.—This invention relates to a new device for connecting shovel plows and for allowing their adjustment apart. The invention consists the use of connecting bars and a connecting clamp and stop. cae Wheel.—C. Delafleld, Castleton, 8nd Erank G. Johnson, Northfield, N. Y.—This invention relates to improvements in car wheels, whereby it is designed to provide more elastic, durable, and cheaper wheels than those now in use. The invention consists in an improved construction of car wheels made of metal and wood. Regltlating Apparatus foe "Water Tanks.—J. M. Crose, Lebanon, Ind.—This invention consists in a peculiar arrangement of valves, water recesses, a tilting bar, and balancing weights, in connection with the water tank and supply pump, to be set into motion by a float in the tank when the water falls too low, for closing an air passage to a constantly-moving pump by which the tank is supplied, to cause the said pump to work for fllling.the tank, and to be operated by the surplus water to cause the pump to cease working,as required by the supply of the water. Appaeatus foe Buening Heavy Clay Pipes.—W. Wassail, Wellsville, Ohio.—This invention consists in a semi circular holder for the tB.be, arranged on rockers, pivoted or otherwise, and adapted for standing on end beside the tube which stands on a board or floor, so that the tube rnay be tilted into,or with the holder, as the latter is rotated on the rockers to turn the upper end down. Washing Machine.—Herman Carmer, Sonora.Cal.—This invention consists in an arrangement of a grooved rotating cylinder in a suitable tub and operating mechanism ; also the same of a heating furnace for boiling or heating the water in the tub. Chuen.—J. A.Ham and W. Carpenter, Jr., Barry, Mo.—The object of this invention is to provide an improved arrangement of means for operating a double churn dasher, or agitator, in opposite directions simultaneously : also for removing the operating machinery where access to the interior of the churn is desired. Combined TuN and Subsoil Plow.—J. C. Gross, Goshen Hill, S.C.— This invention nas for its object to improve the construction of the plow for which letters patent No. 27,026 were issued, Marcli27,1868 (which letters patent were assigned to Mr. Gross, May 1,1868), so as to make It simpler in construction, stronger, and more readily and conveniently adjusted for the various purposes to which it may be applied. Machine foe Cutting Tubulae Papee Boxes.—Joseph Spooner and Ebenezer Spooner,New York city.—This invention has forits object to I furnish an improved machine, by means of which tubular paper boxes may be cut from tubular paper rolls conveniently, rapidly, and accurately, and which shall be simple in construction, and easily and conveniently operated. Ditch Gage and Scoop.-David Gore, arlinville, 111.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple and convenient gage and scoop for forming a groove in the bottom of open ditches for laying tiles, by means of which the groove may be formed accurately, and of the desired form and size, and at the same time at the desired grade. Ax.—Alden H. Jumper, Sunman, Ind.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of the various kinds of axes, so as to make them more convenient ana S3xis4etaryAiLna&. Self-watbbing Scrubbing Brush.-A. D. Granger, Talbotton, Ga.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective scrubbing brush, which shall be so constructed as to discharge water upon the floor while being used. Beick-pbbssing Machine.-j. F. M. Pollock, Manchester, England.— This invention has for its object to furnish an improved machine for pressing brick, which shall be simple in construction, effective in operation, and convenient in use. Adjustable Thill Coupling.—T. H. Andreas, Sparta, N. J.—This inyen-tionlias for its object to furnish an improved thill coupling, which shall be simple in construction, and easily and quickly adjusted to the distance apart of the thill or tongue irons to be attached, and which will hold them securely and safely in whatever position they may be adjusted. Combined Planer and Cultivatok.—James A. Currie, Xenia, Ohio.— This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, strong, and effective machine, which shall be so constructed and arranged that it may be readily adjusted for use as a planter or cultivator, doing its work equally well in either capacity. Potato Digger and Picker.—H. M. Smith, Long Branch, N. J.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved potato digger, which shall be strong, simple in construction, and effective in operation, and which shall, at the same time, screen the potatoes and deposit them in a basket, or other receptacle, suspended at the rear of th machine. Cotton Seed and Corn Planter.—John G. B. Gill, Chestnut Grove, S. C—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple and convenient machine, whichshallbe so constructed and arranged that it Tyill be readily adjusted for planting corn or cotton seeds, or for distributing fertilizers, may be desired. Syringe.—James F. McMillan, Mansfield, Ohio.—Thisinvfjntionrelates to a new and useful improvement in syringes, to be used io. the practice of medicine and surgery. Weighing Scales.—John Decker, Sparta, N. J.—This Invention relates to a new and useful improvement in scales for weighing, more especially designed for domestic use, and the invention consists In a balance beam, or bar, so marked or graduated that it serves as a measure, and so that each inch indicates one pound weight. Double Window.—Stephen, Earl of Mount Cashell, Moore Park, Ireland. —This invention relates to improvements inthe windows of dwelling houses andpublicbuildings, whereby the same are made much more effective in excluding cold air in the winter season, as well as insectg and reptiles in the summer season, than the ordinary window. StraineIi and Cut-off for Cisterns.—Samuel Ayres, Danville, Ky.— This invention relates to a new apparatus for straining the water running from a roof into a cistern, and for cutting it off, when it is to be conducted into a garden, or some other place, or to prevent overflowing of the cistern. Garden Plow.—W. F. Pagett and S. h. Gard, Springfield, Ohio.—The object of this inventionis to provide for public use a simple and easily-adjustable instrument to be propelled by hand, which shall an8Wr the purpose of a garden plow or scraper. Vehicle.—B. N. Carpenter, Mt. Jackson, Va.—This invention consists in providing, upon the under side of the bar which couples the forward and rear axles of a wagon, and longitudinally of the same, two or more friction rollers, against which the triangular frame, that forms the rear part of the tongue,may play, as the forward axle turns to one side or the other, the ar- angement taking the place of a fifth wheel. Washing Machine.-J. W. Myer8,Lyons, Iowa.—The object of this, invention is to provide a simple, cheap, and efficient washing machine forwash-ing clothes, and it consists in an arrangement of horizontal grooved rubbing disks, a tub, and operating mechanism. RiQGiNO Vessels.—E. W. Brown.Cambridge, 111.—This Invention consists in aG arrangement of vertical rollers around the maste and rigging for preading the 8ail8,which are connected to the said rollers by drawing them mtwardly along the spars as they are unwound from the said rollers, and aking them in by an opposite movement. Ice Cream Freezer.-Wm. Hawkins, Oregon, Mo.—This invention con. ists in so arranging the cream holders, and the beaters therein, that both hall be rotated, but in opposite directions, and providing the holder with sxterior ribs, to keep the ice in motion, and thereby withdraw the heat Qore rapidly from the cream ; also, in other details of construction. Nail Machine.—John Coyne, Allegheny city. Pa.—This invention relates o improvements in cut-nail machines, designed to provide an arrangement vhereby the nippers will be prevented from opening before the gripers do, vhen the griping cam becomes worn, and, consequently, lengthened in the art which holds the gripers together, thereby holding them in contact onger than when in the original and correct form. Screen Punching Machine.—J. Wellington Nesmith, Black Hawk, Colo-ado.-This invention consists in improved arrangements of a punching oiler and grooved roller between which the sheet is passed to be punched, vrhereby they may be varied, to punch finer or coarser holes ; also,whereby he sheet may be readily inserted and removed, so as not to punch the bor* ler. The said invention also consists in an improved construction of the junching roller. Treating Farinaceous Substances.—John j. Ridge, St. Johns, Eng-and.—This invention consists in subjecting the said farinaceous substances ,0 a roasting or drying process while contained within closed vessels or jhambers, surrounded by and maintained under heat, uniformly, for about lix hours, to the temperature of boiling water, steam, or otherwise,ST3itable mtlet pipes or passages in the apparatus being provided for the escape of ;he vapor or gases evolved during the process,the ingredients thus prepared ire then to be mixed or incorporated with other substances of an alkaline )r saccharine nature in such proportions as may be found neeessary for al-aying acidity, or otherwise rendering the same soothing or agreeable the palate. The invention also comprises an improved apparatus for treat-ng the said substances.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign Patents" in Scientific American 21, 12, 188-189 (September 1869)