Under this heading we shall publish weekly notes Of some of the more prominent home and foreign patents. Bolt Feeder.-OSCal Van Tassell, Naperville, Ill.-This invention has for its object to furnish an improved device, by means of which the flour or meal is fed faster or slower to the bolt, as may be desired, an(l which shall, at the same time, be simple in construction and easily opcrated. SrRingBed Bottom.-D. M. Bye, Roanoke, Ind.-This invention has fee its object to furnish an improved adjustable spring bed bottom, wh ich shall be simple in construction, strong, durable, and elastic in use, which cun be readily attached to any bedstead and which can be made and sold for a comparatively small amount. Plow.-J. C. McVutt and A. B. Furmnn, Strattonyille, Pa.-This invcntion has for its object to furnish an improved plow, which shall be so con w structed and arranged as to be of lighter draft, and more efficient in operation than the plows constructed in the ordinary manner. vneelbaRRow.-B. ". Tuthill, Oregon City, Oregon.-The onject of this invention is :to construct wheelbarrows with metallic frames, metallic boxes, or trays, and also with certain improvements in the construction and arrangement of the hubs of tha wheel8, all designed to provide cheaper and morc eurable wheelbarrows than ,hen made ot wood in the CQtl mOll way. Feeding AIlARAtus foR CaRding MacIines.-A. A. Dow, Glenham, N. Y.-This invention consists in providing the toothed or spiked feeding strap, on the short side of the said feeding device, with operating devices having "positive" movements ; also, lin providing the rollers of the tray eler, which lays the roping. with means for operating them positively. Pness.-W, J. McDermott, Covington, Tenn.-This invention relates to improvements in presses for hay, cotton, and the like, and has for its object to provide a simple and convenient arrangement for changing the npp1icaHon of the power when the resistance increases to give a greater force the speed being decreascd. Stop ValYe.-John Paterson, Troy, N. Y.-This invention comprises a pair of sliding vulvcs,suspended from a screwed stem working up and down in a chamber at the ends of two pipe connections, and a cam arralgC\ent bet,yeen the saw valves, by which, when they have arrived at their seats on the ends of the said pipes, they arc pressed down tightly thereon, and which releases the said pressure as soon as the valve stem is rafsed a small amount in the directiou for opening the valves. CoHn HuskeR.-Elihu Field, Geneseo, IlL-This invention consists in the arrangcment of the shank of a bent pOinted metallic instrument, to be held in the hand so as to past in a straight line across the inside of the fingers and terminate in a bow for taking in the three fingers, beginning with the little :nger, leaving ,the fore Huger free for independent action. with the thumb. Heating FuRXa u e.-A. L. Otis, Normal, Ill.-This invention consists in ccrtain improved arrangellcnts i^the COYeIS of horizontal furnaces, calcnlated to secure the heating 01 the air as m uch as possible before passing off through the conducting pipes ; also, certain improvements in the construction of the valves of the furnace, calculated to give out more heat by radiation and by convectioni also, certain improvements in the arrangements of the grates, and, also, certain impove.ents in means for heating the air previous to supplyillg the fre. Shaft CouplTXg.-Edward G. Shortt"Carthage, N. Y.-The object of this invention is to proyide an improved mode of coupling shafts together, and comprises a pair of curved -edges, a sleeve, a pair of set screwl, and radial pieces in the shafts, which are used hy placing the wedges, which have semicircular frooves propelling the shafts, OIl the tw C sections to bejoineu togetller, and plaCing the sleeve over them, to Which they arc ftted,'and then screwing the set screws through the side of the sleeve into conieal recesses in the said wedies, to clamp them tightly between the shafts and the interior wall of the slceve. Hat 'Rap.-J. Ward Fifleld,Franklin, N. n.-This invention consists of a double walled vessel, which may be either square or round, with inclined passages bet"een the walls leading from openings in the cxterior wall ncar near the bottom of the interior chamber, through other opening5 in the inner ,valls, the interior openings being provided with doors which open readily inward to the animals seeking ingress, but close effectually against their efforts to get out. Locking 'II Socket.-W. S. Hill, Manchester, N. H.-The object of this invention is to combine with a whip socket, for carriages, a lock with a swinging hasp, similar to padlocks, in such a way that the hasp may be locked around the whip above the buttons,or enlargements at the ends, when not using it, to prevent it from being wrongfully taken away, and so that when uliyjng and requiring it for use, the hasp being unlocked may 10 opcned for readily imlerting the whi" in the socket or removi1t it. The invention also comprises an arrcmgement of leather, or other flexiblc substance, with the hasp and the lock to prevent chafing thc whip. ]IEATEE.--Edmund Schwiedter, Hoboken, N . J.-'he object of this invcution is to construct a heating apparatus, in which the smoke will bc to a very large degree consumed, so that with a comparatively small quantity of fuel a greater degree of heat can be obtained. Multiple E:bRoideRing MachJne.-Hermann Berger, .artjplen, Swttzerland.-The object of this invention is to construct an embrOidering machine. which can be used on gauze, or other fabriC, in such manner that one or more pairs of curtains, or other articles, can at once be embroidered thereon 'ith the design in rcverse. Thereby a very large amount onabor is saved, as in the machincry heretofore in use but one single piece could be treated, and as for the reverse posHion required on every pair of curtains new designs had to be gotten up. Clo''h and Hat BnusI.-Joseph Marshall, New Yorklcity.-This inveR-tion relates to a nmy "brUSh, which, when used on broteloth, silk, felt, and other fabrics, will very thoroughly free the same of all dust and other impurities, [md impart a polish to the surface to which it is applied. The invention consists in arranging a velvet, plush, or other cushion within the bristles, which form the outer part of the bush. This cushion will aId in removing impurities, and will, at the sallle time, polish and lay the fibers on the 1rushed surface, Cane Stubble Shaves.P.G. Kleinpeter, Placiuemme, Iberville Parish, La.This invention consists in the use of a horizontal knife, which is attached to the landside of an ordinary plow to cut the stubbles while the plow is forced through the ground. The invention also consists in attaching a rake to the outer end of the knife for raking the cut stubble into the furrow. IoistiNG aNd DumpiNg MaChiNE foR MiNes.-Geo. Martz, Pottsville, Pa.-This invention relates to hoisting water and coal from mines,and dumping the same into chutes. Tm BKder.-Wm. Willhide, Fetterman, West Va.-The object of this invention is to provide a Simple, convenient, and e1cctive apparatus for the purpose of bending tires and other metallic bars. Grai: S\Veater, Dryer, aNd CleaNeR.-"m. Hull and C. W. Hammond, Baltimore, Md.-This invention relates to that class of machines for cleaning grain, etc., in which a hollow rotating cylinder is employed, provided ,ith oblique or "worm" flanges, partitions, or deflections for moving the grain longitudinally with the cylinder as the latter rotates. I-ow-water De'I'ecton.-G. B. Massey, New York city.-This invention relates to a new safety attachment to steam boilers whereby nn alarm will be instantly given as soon as the water sinks below a certain desired level, and it has for its object to construct an apPlratus which will operate with with certainty at 10 as well as high pressure. Railroad-car Jo"lmNal Box.-J. B. Collin, Altoona, Pa.-This invention relates to a new journal box for railroad cars, 1hich is so arranged that it can be conveniently opened or closed, but not spontaneously drop open during the motion of the car, and so that the oil, flowing over at the bank of the box, cannot reach the wheel, and so that the paclring within the box cannot be thro\l forward against the lid to force the same open. Cot1oN aNd Hay Press.-Joseph K. Davis, lenticello, S. C-This invention relates to that class of cotton and h[Y presses in whjch the bale is. formed at the top of the press, the platen being worked upwird by means of two vertical screw rods. Such presses must of necessity have doors tlrough which to get into the upper end of the press box,as well as a covel' which can be removed whcn occasion requires. "Wagon Brake.-Milton Sp,tterlee. Forestal, Ill.-This invention relates to that class of wagon brakes in which a lever is employed to throw a shoe or drag under one or both of the hind wheels, or rem0ve it therefrom : and this improvement consists in a peculiar construction of such shoe, whereby it not only better adapts itself to the inequalities of the ground, but, also, prevents the sliding or sluing of the wagon on ice, or other smooth surface. Ice laclIine.-D. L. Holden, New Orleans, l.a.-This invention relates to that class of ice machines in which chimogene gnsoline, rigolinc, and othel kindred substances are sprayed into a freezing chamber, or into freezing pipes, and consists in a new and impl'oved construction of the spraying apparatus, whereby the cleaning and repairing are greatly facilitnted,together with a new apparatus for purifying the gasoline, and during the process. and a new and improved arrangement and combination of all the parts, whereby the whole is greatly simplified,and its cost and expense of running I'cdnced, while its effectiveness is increased. Construc'ion OF Vessels.-W. A. Farley, St. Andrew's Bay, Fla.-This invention consists in producing patterns of two different curves taken from two radii; the one obtamcd by taking two thirds the measurement of the beam of the reqnired vessel, and tIle other from a radius of one half the said measurement. Also, in the use of the said pattern, in a manner to obtfin the required curves for any part of the sides and bottom of the vessel, by one pattern. Hat Pouncing Machine.-John Rosencranz, Boston, Mass. -This invention consists of one or more pairs of conical rollers, and a vibrating brushing or rubbing device, arranged and adapted for imparting a rotary motion to the hat, by passing the brim through the rollers, which press it and move it against the brushing apparatus for brushing and finishing the "brim. TracI SigI'rer.-Geo. W. Plumb, Milford, Conn.-The object of this *nvention is to provide a simple and efficient instrument whereby the rails of railroads may be Sighted for adjusting and trueing without the labor and telay of plncing the head down upon the rail, which is not only tedious but injurious to the physical condition of the sightcr, when the rails are hot in warm weather. Pu3p.-Chalkley Griscom, Lewis Griscom, and J. P. Griscom, Mahanoy Plajn, Pa.-This invention relates to a Dew pump, to be used for mining and other purposes, and its object is to throw a continuous stream and to keep the water at an uninterrupted flow, so that when the column of water is once started, it will continue to move as long as the pump is in motion. Feed At'acImen' to Carding MaclIines.-Jamcs Lawton, Glenham, N. Y.-This in'ention relates to a new attlclllnent to carding machines, which is to be a substitute for the ordinary strap heretofore in use. Hod Elevator.-Thomas M. Pelham, New York city.-This invention relates to improvements in hod-elevating platforms, such as are used by builders for elevating and returning the hods containing bricks, mortar, and other subst3nces, and has for its object to prOVIde an arrangement whereby the persons who take the hods from the platform after being elevatcd may do so without reqniring to step on the platform in shouldering the hods, as they must now do, as the elevators are at present constructed, by which serious accidents occur by the falling of the phltforms owing to the slipping of the hoistmg gear, breaking of the ropes, and other causes' 'he invention also has for its object to provide an arrangement whereby a greater number of hods may be carried up in the same space or on platforms of equal size to others now in use. vater Doons for Furnaces.-Joseph Philips and Davis Keeley, Phamix-ville, Pa.-Thls invention rehtes to a new and usetul improvement in doors for puddling, blast, and other fnrnaces, and consists in producing a circulation of water in a serpentine channel through the door by means of partitions. Miter Vise.-Charles \V. Wilson, Norfolk, Va.-This invention relates to an improvement in means for fastening miter jOints, more especially designed for use in ma]ing picture frames, but applicable to other purposes. Machine for Cutting Shee' Me'al.-John A. \ells, Holly Springs, Miss.-Thjs invention relates to a new and improved mnchine for cutting circles from tin and other sheet metal. Hydraulic Dredging MacIIine.-R. S. Elliott, St. LOUis, Mo.-This invention relates to improvements in machinery for dredging river bottoms and the bottoms of other water ways used for navigation, and is intended for removing bars of sand and other similar matter from navigable channels. Bur.iaJ Case.-.J. A. Dandl'idge, Tuffalo. N. Y.-In earrying out this nvention the cases are constructed preferably of wood, and are covered with a metallic covering, formed by electro-plating upon wax or any other substance that can be easily molded into ornamental deSigns of raised fgures, and to connect the said ornamental covering tIle buek is filled with a cement impervious to wet, which will adhere to both wood find metal, and when so filled apply t.m to the exterior, thus uniting them together and protecting the cases from penetration by moistnre, or the same may be applied to metallic cases as commonly Constrlcted by the ordinary process of electro-plating or to cases ot other substances capable of electro-plating. " achine foR Fastening the Bottoms to Polygonal Sheet.Metal Cans.-Reuben Brady, New "orIi city.-This invention relates to a ew m!chine for crimping the turned-up edges of sheet-metal plates to the sides Of polygonal sheetmetal vessels so as to thereby securely fasten such plotes or bottoms to the vessels, STEERING ApPARATus,-Henry EdWard Skinner, London, England.-This invention relates to a new steering apparatus, which, while it is of very simtlo construction, will develop much power, and give full control Of the rudder. The invention conBists in the applicatlon of two screws werking oue within tile other. I [High and Low-WaterIndicatoe.-G. B. Massey, New York city.This invention relates to anew alarm attachment to steam boilers, which will he operated when the water is a certain distance above as well as when it is below the proper night, and which will also, when it is operated,indicate whether it is put in action by high or low water.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign patents" in Scientific American 21, 16, 252-253 (October 1869)